Cette publication est uniquement disponible à l'achat

Partagez cette publication







Au cœur des us et coutumes
du peuple bafia



Melvin MBASSA SOUTA







Au cœur des us et coutumes
du peuple bafia





Préface de Christophe Mvomo A






















Du même auteur
(Documents inédits)

Un peuple, une histoire : les Bafia
Proverbes et sagesse bafia
Esquisse d’un lexique (dictionnaire) bafia-français
Se soigner par les plantes de chez nous




















© L’Harmattan, 2011
5-7, rue de l’Ecole-Polytechnique, 75005 Paris

http://www.librairieharmattan.com
diffusion.harmattan@wanadoo.fr
harmattan1@wanadoo.fr

ISBN : 978-2-296-55442-9
EAN : 9782296554429
PREFACE
Us et coutumes bafia VW XQH OH QH XU V
QHWRF XSOH
XU SR V KHKH V LQH VW Q
3 jO U
X[ XV V RQWD WLROOL V GH W WVXGL VD
RQ W X[ XSV SV X? LO
GRQQH QWV Op GH RQ X[ RQV XSD SU WL VD
MH LO V SU XVVL OOH EH QH XU WX
XS X[ XOH ERSH WLRQ
RQQH GH RQ LOJH V W XL MR GH
jO 00 Q
SH YRL V OLY XQH WL GH QLYH
XS SHOHWWLRQ WU XWX
OHG Y F Y Q
SRQG X[ WLRQ V VV OOH WLVW
D
OIV E , O
VV LQ SSH ERQQH WH QLYH V
V jSOGVHL V
V ERL VD W W QW YLYH LOOp RQ X OH
QG V \P OH RL RGH Gp OH JH
W
X XW VR XVVL XU SR X[ LH QG RF Lp OH QRQ
Lp LQ XU VRLQ EH G? LWLp LQ
QW VVLYH SUW ORQ V OH WLRQ SR SU X K\ Qp
U DS UD UR FH WUH W
X XSOH VH
GH RL XWH QH W SD V KL LJQH JH

SOH Up ULOOH
UHWUFDXLWWRH?TUXHLGVHWQVVpFSORHQVUDQHRPXESUFHQHHWVV%VHXRFILHRDUSDG&GYpHOVqpYHVHHOXXpjWWGHDPQHGFHHHRpUGpYJWLOUDQLIDDLGDGp?FXUQUHDSULHRUUEHOHGDHXHWFFRHFI2?HXQPOPYrDPUHDLWDHWPXTXHG$UFGHHVGpGRVPTHUWVKGUHpSXLVHDDSDpRHFFHSRXGDHTHLXHQUHrVLVHHHDFWQRHX)FIUpVQHUQQWHHOWDHDDOHDU%UDVYHLWUUQLpVFVHFDOLHVVHVFDRWXGFSUVHVHEWHW?UFDUGQLQVVGWDOHDVRDUPLQHOLL\HDVUD%DFIULHDWVp&KWHQIWXWXUDQGJLLWLLR7HOHVVVWXYHSODDLLHGWHLSDXDLQVUTLXL?ULGOHIVXYWTOVXHVQUGWUDRLFWV&UWDGHULHWVUODXLWWDHSSVPDVDHMDHVSWpqHHXOHYWLUQ&p0HEpDjVIVDDUj6ORXWRDLKR\XHVWHFUDPVHFWWXGUHHLHUHIjLHWDUUDXYHHDUDUVFXHFqUUHHGJVUWDSWDHUUWLHLHXLOL?UXV'UVHIGLHVOHFIRPHPXHHVGHFOHUDGGLRVSVHUGHHVURRQXWjLVUYU?O&HWDLJYHUGHLLVVpWYHRQQXFHUXXQLHLRWKULLQHXV\HHWVEPROPPHDQWRPXWKHPDHLRWSUHLUQHHWLQOWWHLFULpLDDSHDV?QDJULTHXVHXVpDVHUHYXHQFWJLHHPUHRHXOHp[LLQDLHVQGHSWHWpUDHH%SUTWHHVOHVUWHQDFXOWHGVQFWHXWLXHVVVGFVpGHVDUHWGFWHUDVLHLRDQLV,XDSXHVXSXOH?W%UDVISLXDLIDPFDULOVHLUOXQHOTHHSPXpUWLHWQHUFGUHDXQHVVRSDLLUHDUWRrUUW%LIUDGGXHHRLVqHVD[FPUPpV%PIODGUHOYVLGHPQUWDO/LVHWPHVDDFSRPQXFUH
X? DO RU EDILD HXSO QWH DMFXO HQ IL
HWHXHHqUHHW
qU H HVpW H HW
Q GDQV LOLV O? TX LW
HX
GXGLW PHRX QDQW
PH
H
PHQW LVPH LW PH QW
GLWPHLDRXQVWV WW QHGL OHOLYQH
JQR W YLHGH WU W OOLJH W OH
DJ U DXUH DX U F? V
V JQRO VVL VW W SD XQWLp QL WDOH WXO
IH DX ?RUHDLDXUDLDV DW
XQH VS GH RQ SD WL QL Gp JQRO VVL
W SD V LOH OH YH Oq W W{ XU V
WWD WU V GH \VWLT VW O?
VV WLp LQLSD OH SU
&H LY VW X[ LOOH WD LO V LQH
V V OH XWX W WLRQWU X XSOH %D
OHWLRQ W LY 0ED VW LQ Q WD EOH Yp
VFQH WVWXQ LH XU GL V KH XUKH
XU SR X[ LH OH SU RP OH W GRL GH
UUH DFUp DL U W
SD XQ WLp QL V X[ OOH WLT QLJP
VW X[ LH W [F VW ‶‶Us et coutumes Bafia : au cœur
des riches coutumes et traditions du peuple Bafia ″
Professeur Christophe MVOMO A.
Spécialiste des Sciences de l’Education et Expert en
Communication
XLWHGUQPUHWQLQEHPOqFDHPHHQQOYQRLHF?RGFLVVRUWUVLQWRQOpW3XLGU\HHORqFQFKH(UDHXXQHUKRHLGQ?WHFVFWFHKLRDVLHHVIVDFHIQLHHWWHXHpUT?UQHQROVSOOXXXLQDGXpSDUFFHRHVHGGDHVPFVRPREEDWGQHWRWRQHOUD[XPDv]WVLUVOHFUHTWIDRWUFUHVWDPOORXVHHVHVUHGXDHHUQLDGUFPDHLHULQQOFHL\DHUWGTHjHOH?HVVOFLKUD?pXHQXYUHXHUOUOTUHVHUJXOQSHPGHVUFYUHULWFGRVFpNHQHOGQHHVXVDFYLDHWQXFMHOUKQXHPDHLUVVVHSQXIRXLpH?VXGLDXQD$IVLFRHVPPHJHHGDHSDHGXLWHXVYGX?WSHHQYQIDLYDWLDHFHQW&GHQQVHHEPLEOLHWGVLKVRUPJPLHHVVJpPQG?UIHPDPJHHVOEIURQUKPDHQYWLDXpQDFXFRPPPUXXQWDHXLWDpXQHDOVD?H&YQFWDLQVQGQD?QVOVORHXLGPU?&DHDDOQL?YTURHUHHVHLDWIYXXXQRWUQULQV
RSK\W RX TXRX Q
H HVHW HV
HQ
HUAVANT-PROPOS
SUDpF X P
XV WLH XU RQG RQWD WLOOL MH
DF D UHFK DL
WL QHLGH VV XQH QH WLI VR EU
QH GH OLPV RQ GH RQ XSOHQW RP
DpEE E O
ORQ VWp VVL SD OH XL XVVL LGp SD Q VR
I WT DT
DJ UH DUW jOFH FR
V WD EL PP V GH V SU LP V JH V VD
DW SFGDwUHUL
QW &RP LT W OOH VVX\H WW
LQ XU MR O? XQH RQQH WL
LGHWVRQV WD VVDOHLH LGH
W RQ SU LPLP XU OH Lq WU GH j
V WU XF WLRQ RQVD WLOL QJp V WU WX XF
V OLJLRQ OOHWLRQQH VWD Lp SR X SU 2F
LT W GRQ XWLRQ YRO W SRQ VRQ WKP VW
SD V VX SO GH Jp
W XU RL SR XU LJQH RQ RQG LW XW
W GRL QW OOH WXH WU LGp RPP QH
QG Gp 2F GH XW WR W QL Gp PH
‶ SR GH WLRQ YLO LT SD
XYH Gp GH RQ GH WL LGH WW
XV QR QH GH RQQ LQH
FLGDX GUL Q DIUL ″

QG HVP 7XW H pR 7K H QR HW Q GH TXH Q
HQ HO QX TXH pQL XP HF QV QI HV QQ G? HV DO
HP VHS ?W DR Q? HXV
XY?WMQJ?GVQIpWUDDQRFDKDHLUWDFH)WXWXHGXVRLHIUVWHGXUpFVRHELLQpHQWUDHG?SpUUHVTX8HIWWPRUX?WHGLWp?GLpQUUDFDLHQDpHJFWRXXVUFpXGOWpRGDVQUDROXLIV?pHDHpWHVjDSWTLLVHpLVGPHFDQWqJUVHOHSVDPUHHHFFRDDWTLXWLDDDOUjVU&QLPLrVVLLFROQFQODGLWUpH'?LOpHODHUDSRHpQUHUVHKUpRUOLUWLGHVUWVVOVHWRLFOWVIGHXOSXYHHDUFUHRDL?UVOXLDHQH?UHDVWVHTX0WUHHL8XDHKWOWHDFRRHHDWXpWFLKL$VTWHIUWXYHLROUOFEXHSQRGX?XOHHSLUQrUSWPHLGXXFTVXDILHHLUUVDXR[HLVDPTXLLQHQTVGLLGTqLUqHQTWHOVHHDVpUKWDHOkSXQLWHPWFWRL?HHVHRpLOWLpILGDLG$HUVHUVKDLXPYDKLW&WGHOVOJVHFQWHHQQOVVWpDFLFWXHHYHHVVWDDLHRQVVQVDVQHVXLRYLLOHLOVQoLLRQWO$QUPXHRF?HUWWWHLH$WIpUpXH\HSHHXEWLHHOWPHULXUUOILDqUUHHFPH&QHWPDFXHHHHHFX'IVDXP7L7HO"P$DXHFHG??KYXFLHPWQ$pIULYTDXHDDOVSHHU?GIXLXQLEHHXHSDFUTVHHGrGHHFQpOpUQWWLXWHpHDFHHOOOHLQHVFHUODVSIUURHHGDHHVFGSLXFLUHQUFUHOVLRLFDFQ/Q$HUSX/HRLWPpWLUjOHVFpWpXHQkHWDQDLYUDHHHGX?prWHHHLHGWHWSXHQWVPHQUjOLXWIDLDUSHUKHOWWGI?LGD\DGU?UPWDDYDHQUOD?ppHGXVHDHHOHHKWQLOW?UpYYDGHQHXLSGRL$HLUQQVOLEUWORHPV?IVLVLOHURHXPF&VURWFWLHDGXR,HRFP?QULUVDDLWHLKRp&LHjOHOH$VDJVL5TOXJP
G?RFQW
LRQD QRX GX OD TX RU
HQ
GLWQV PHRX RRUJDQQ
OXL
GX
R QW Q GDQV RQVRXGH LT W SU YR\ 0EH QV SO
0$ X QG QL OOH VKL WQ KH RYH
W SD LOOp XU SR VVD GH LT
KRP 4XD RQ W GH YH RQ V
RPP W X? VVD VLJQL XU XSW
2Q OH RQGH GRQQH V XQ RQG
X QR WX W XU SR GRQQH VVD XQ
X QR VVD QF QH W SD V XMR WR WU
W QYH GH X RQGH W RL Yr
GFTG O T
W GRL XYH XU XV QR RP
Op SSH WU QR VW VVp RQG V QR WU
XU SXL VVD W QWV LJQH
XV QR W WW GH X[ V Gp V WXH XWXU V
WW &H WW QH WU VVL SR SD ELOLVD G
WWH VV QH EU LGH K\ W XU KRQ X[
V T O(
XV QR XV QR V YRQ XQH GXF WLR WU LRQQH YH V
XF RGHWLRQ
V RQGH RQGH W V VXU WV XEMH V
OOH W RL WXWLRQWL W XQLYH V
XO XW QLH W RQ XW LWHOL WW
XU V O? WLRQ RQGL WLRQ
WLRQQHOOH WU OH X? OOH SU XSD
U
(WD (JOLO? X GL SD XQH WXWLRQ WL SD SOH OH
W GH RQ PH RQQH QY SU VW OOH
X LOLH VRQ
PO?LVDVYUDHGQXDHLWXVQFpHVLHUOL?V$UIFU0XQHFUULFQWKHDUSHHOQOPHDpFHRLPLHGS$DQUpXRRXGWQLVRQHXFDHIHH?RWWUDUFXDQQFpDVSqHWFHOUDDQLFWFK[DHTVXWHHOHPHHQQHHOQHGqDWHFQQDHvQQQHOUQQRX/qDDXGVV3HRQD?HHWVpWWSDOVXHVOWHTPorOPIHLUKHQHHHTHDHDUYFDDQOV(GQLFHODHIOHDUHUXHWQUDLHHHQDFHV?OHIDLUHXGUDDGHHUO?QVUDLFUUUL?IHLHHrSLRHPUNLLDWYGDWQWISDRDXWUDWUHHDGF?FqDRLjEPHPDHHUVKXIYHHHDE7LDRUQVLHIOOU?HRpUGIUUHYGM?HDYXDGQLDpHOHXUU?QUDDLVOVQVFHOHjLURFUHGUHOUHDXYTHVDXF/HDOULHHQFDjLTODH?FODSGORLVHpWWDHOXOXUVLrUPHHRSLHUoRXHHpG?DRQ\VRWOUHLUHPIFUWVFHPGHWQH$X?RO?HRIULGUHDRROFGXDRPSHHPDQLVFDGHHUUHHFWFLGUXXXQHWDPLPPHKQQVPLQRQRVPXWOIWXXUVHGOpOXHDFLXQLDRDLHWGILDULDUHHUUUHQDDLvHWOUHOHHHUPGHXQHWpDQODUPXULHDDSUHLLPUHUHEDVYHXFHXQHWRURGPUOHWQRRMOHDIXOU3TRHOFHH3OVDSVXH{PDHGVSOGPQVVFDLLS7VLVjYUOHYHLQVVLHWGHDUMU?HXHHKFLG/QRHLGUHDFOQXRWXUHHHSHDGQHIQUUHVVGRDDQUXVDHHQHVWFLXHOWHYWHVQ\HSPHVHHUDpQHHSUUJXLH?VQIWIRUFFHHVXWQHpIFFHOQWLUDHFVWHDPHDQLVDHH/PpHXGDXTGXRLHHTSHHUHPDHVUQHHQGWQvDISDYLWUGHVSIDDDFUHFWDVDQHILWSDVFWROjRSHJWLIFGOQDHSHVSHDOO3XLXHVUXUUFjpFQDLQW5rUIHHHF$p?REOHHWTX/HpX/DUQQODDUVPHWQMVXLVrWULRHQDHQLFVHPGMXHILWFOUHTWHUXYIVWVFFHpHDFFOD?jOHFPDWOOLHIIRLQHF3RWHFQIWVUHUGWHWPSIRRHUFDHV?XRjIHHXUHHDVSOTkXKLGHXVTHVDXHUID
KD LW YU PHQW QW
O?QW G?LQ QDLW
QW LWQTXLVLDLIQO
HO YLGX LW Q RX LW LRQ RX
{QLGO?PHOLVRWRSQQ LQV
\V
H QWRXRSRXQW
FW pOpP HQ
TXKD LE TXKD QDQ \V TXKD
RJUPPH Qo GXLU RJU
QFQDLV ODQ RX LW TXQWV LJQH VXU VW RL W Q SD Q VR
W
W VQG GHSH RQ VL V LO JH
JQH RQ VVH SSU QG WH JH Lq
jS/SUODULDWQ Xp
SD VR SD W RQQ ELH WXV V GH V SO
V SLH X[ QLP V V LJQH QRQ
XWLRQQ VWL LQ XM QW QH KH YH ROH ELH
FH UH FR FH DQ UQ L
XV ORQVQR WLRQQHOOH WU QH G
EX WU QR QH OL
W RJLT VROq V V X[ OH YH QL V V YRQ GH SD
V X OHQ ORQLWD GR
XQH WU WXU XF WXU RQGp SD XU OH V
V WLRQQHOOH WU YLH WLT WKH X XSOH
QW XU YH VWH YRL XQXW LO
X[ V XU VR VW SDSU GH V KH VXU
V OH XWX W WLRQ WU XS OH O X RQQ
G?XWLRQ WV WYRO RP W LP
SD V QR XU V MR V GH XWX W WU LRQ
V QR V XS OH SH V QR WU W YR SU XQ XQ
KH E\ WU YH VL QW LOH VVX GH LH
VT ROGH SD XQ 0D X? RQ VT QJ
W VVD Qp GH XLY SD V SD V QW QH KH
WU LQG YR LGH W WU RQQH X? W
Qp XWH WR V Lp WU W RQ
XL LQ WLRQ VW V WW WU LRQ WR
RTM G
VVHWU V OH OLP XV YR V XQH GH
SR X E\ KH Q XV YR OH XV W XW
XS OH SH
DSYF?KWDDQHVQGp?jDLRVWUHHWOVHVVUSDHVRXPUXrQFQKpHDDHLS'RpLRVHVSRDQWPWRVPGDSOvWFFHVFHLLGGHHUOpDOFDUXVUXH?%ODXLVLH?VDWODLGQXFXVOHTWVHVHLXULX%QIDTUHUQWOVTHX?LFGUDXvHWQUQGVOHPVOYRHRUDDLIUQHHVDHQOW?H?UKGHFVTOVUXUDHVSHWGHOVWQDUVHDDUQ7LRRXGLDFFHFVLXWHJQPVQHOUPGHWQHWHDDPHQXWHHDUOHLVOpVHIDDGURWXHUGX?UKXQLHqFSDPDLOVFHUDHOFHXOH?Hp3FHHOHGQHFTOXHLPOSOHHDDFLVOPVDWHFWHXQVRUUHOLHOHFVQUWJUGHHUGFHVPURQRJSLRVOHLHVVDWLHRPQHHVXLVERVVHHTXQDUIRUQHFLDFUHHRQpFERVUIHRPO?UpKGVXFVDHWLDRWQVRFHDGWLpRQWLW6HLQDDDQWYRVXWHpIPDOLRULHQUHHH&OW?Q$HIRUTLXTXRHVXGRHRSQRLWUPHVUWUUTLTDRVXWGG$HWSOHDHFOIDLQPQXHLUHpODFUOWXpHMWHFXLRWOXUXVHHPRHWQQDGFQRPHSFDWRHWPjQHWORpXXXQRSXHODUUQWRQXUqPUHDVHUUFWRHQRVPpVHDTXGHWQVWGSHDqQVGHUQQrXHSOFDHjLHXVRUGHRUFWRUODDOULQVPRHOHHSHLUqHQGWXUjHIFFKPDKF?XSQGR?WHXL[XSHVVRURJVpHKFFXLORHDOHOVH\HIDUHHODHUHFFLHUVY?DHSOXjPHHODGHLLUPWQDXVRRVXHUTFHHHGJ?HXTQLHQHPGXDHXSUQWTXXHDDHHHSXHXvL&F?UHHVVWOVjVFGWLWULHDHTXD?pUULQHRHXWWKIpDDDFSQUHRPWRFXHSWUFWHRFJDQVDVWHPIRYXUVPHDHFGQHQWUHHWORUGD?LHJR?FOHDOH7HHIOGWHTDHOX?R?EQMqHUFUWLrISDpFLQQDFVLDQFOGpLXQR?VVUDHVFFJWUHFSLHXUYHEHUPFRLDPVHQVRHWIQLDGXLHRDVUVGL?WXVQSUSLHHVDRSYHLXXROXXVPDDLHFUGHLODHUQSHHXY
HWHHH
LTX LVLRQ LV
{O RX OD TX LQV LD
Q RX Q LFODQ GX
TX RU RLTXTX OD JU
YDLW LRQ QWGX QV(VSp ROOH V GH V XWX
WLRQ WU V GH QRQ PH OH V
GD SOU QH
V GH V VVLRQQ ED OOp OH QJL X[ LH
F DF V S
FH D D DQ jG
SD VWH W V SU XYH WU V RLQ GH QYH
OF F SjO
XS OH SH XLI VV V QR XWXW WLRQ WU YH
V OOH V GH WU XSOH VW XQH LP Gp
FL UVDO D UHFKFK DU
XV QR XE OLRQ XU V XW XU WR XU V KH KH L
V
V LH QQ Gp XWV RQJ OLJpXOL LF Qp LG XV QFRQY
V KH KH SW RP QG WLH GH
LOCALISATION DE L’AIRE
HO VD
SXEOL X RQ ED
QG ED W GRQ WL WX WL OD
V V OH V JLRQ YH YH OH XU
VWLT QJ W XU SO XV OLJLH VWL
O TOU
V WLRQQHOOH WU
‶ ″ émane d’une source lointaine qui se
VH RQGp XSOH X QH W SD V XQ
UUH j FK DUDDK
FSjV jVG
UODW?pDXUHIR Up
WU OH W OH Lq XSOH XV RQ\P
SD Gp OH ED VXU XQ X WD XU WR D
XX Vj X JRJ XED ED VD
X[ OH RP JQHGp V PH X[ GH
DQHHWHGjQOHORTYXLrFWXHGHHVQOpOVQRHXWXHUHHHLUFV?VHVVVWRHVVLUDHUWHPVXRUHVJXHVLUrWFU,HDEjODRQRGQVUHFLHFULrVTWX6HVOpTWXJHHVXSVGW0UGpFIRDUUWJVHGQUFPUGIDWQYVHXWHHVXRXRLXHW&XVPUHHVPHDYLHLFSHOO%OHHVSGLHDVQDPXRWDUXHWVGQHHXFSXOHHRVRXLD?OLGQFV?WHDHUVUGVXTWWD,FMRHF/DDQXUHHVY%HQPRETODQHFVHOGWHVSUF&RUDrPHHHVQRHOSpDDXGGLVWVWHDLLVFHHFDHpRWRLHXUDQXHTQHVVDFSOHGrVXHQV?LHQ[DTSXH?SXLVLHGSIOLHLHPDRLQLVVWDUXDWLDRLQDG]XUISWUGLEQFVSHDSGU?XHQVLYHVVDXLGWppHSGUHLXOGVLVDHHSUWPVHOKUXDPQDOLWQHR3LVHDGLPOFO(HX,UHV,OFHHQO?LRXUUXUVUHSPDFVGHF?HHVWOHUFHWFHW%OHEWD1VLXHUWX&FXHVRWFHUHFFOHLUDTLXQHDHXFUHDjOGDpHFW9DVFUHIHUWLWFXKHHJUSHDWDUQQLQLHULDpQFFOHWVOWUODDLOXFpGQHSXXOLWVHGOHUWOFHKpLQDpLPISROWDWWHPYSFP?VJDjHPUPFD?YYVFpHDHOWJRVFU(GDRLV?/OG?HOGWDUIpDDDOVLWLpDWWSFVHOOWXXLVFULDWIVQHURHQVWG1FODGLHMPGLDQOVRVOUHLXUHVDULHLFDLUDFHHPUQHKHVUTLLDVLUPLLDUWWFHRHGL1jRHW$UWHGVDWLKUHFXVHWGDRHFVDOPLQVpUHJHHVQIG$OHPTLFSPXHVQVDRjXUD%LVQWL3HXGSWDHVHWHLLWVXDHOGUXDVFOHVQHWLUQHXVGWHqHODW5XpHTRXXHHHGQVH&QD;PqHHUUR;X,QqVGFDHQVHSOIDSIUQpHJDLQGWXWD0HRVPWJUD\DH0DWPVLVVOHHODDWPHDOMJHRXWUHDUSHDUFUDHJHFRDQLVDHVXHOWpQSODTHXTHLDWFRSXVUQGHHLGQHVIUrLTRXPHV&%HVQHWUDDVOHHWHr
QF LW J RK RX J
H TX Q O?RUQW LH Q
%D HXH
G?R RX \V YL QDQW
OD
TXLOLPR YURXLU RQW
H
HHOH V S 3
RQG VH QW RX YH WLRQSXO VW X EXW Gp
Lq V OH Vj VH XEGLY XUXV VSO LH
WH
Vp WU VXU OH X W LT WXW YH
Qp ORQ VH [D QG OH WU Q VH
ED VVD V V QGp OH QH WWD EH
VH WH LYL GH VXEG VWL RQ
XQH WLRQ OH VLP X QRP XW RQQ V OH
Qp +D LN LQ RP W XQ XU KH
VVD SXW RLQ VXW LTSH Kp LQLN RP
F W 0 EO
YLH GH X SD QRP
• 9H V OH V OH QG $O W WU V OD
RQT X XU OH WLYL WU
OOH XW WR PHXYH LJ WR
W RJ SKLTJp KQLT Wp
LQ SU LWDRQ LPWL WLRQ
V GH WRL X W VX X SH SU XU RQV
V GH V QG $OOH VXL GH WLRQ YL RQVXEGL
GH XL W XQH XS GH IF
W X 1R LRQ LYL VXEG GH RNR W 2XH SD
OOH LQLP LN X W 6XG SD LRQ LYL XEG
?(ERNR 1D W XG LRQ VXEG GH XQGp
XU V MR W SU LGH
UW UHDOULUUL DUUR DIL IL DL
a) L’arrondissement de Kiiki : chef-lieu Kiiki,
V OLSUW VOR LOOVXU V?
• Canton Gouifé :.11. R
j0%j0

Cameroon Tribune
7DRRHJH3DUPXLDFRHpVHLQGGSJHVRLRLQVQLHWHVUUDOOHHVYW%LHPUQjQJOGLFHR%DIVLUDI.OWHGV<S<FDVPDHOp&ORH6F/LHGPYDGpLSPV%VDDSQHDOpHHVQ<3DDPHRDSRHOHWVQD)DDTQDJUDXHOOHDVUW%jDUORPHUHHOSHL<6DQUDWJDLH%HUVHGIVpFPD[TpXOLVWGqDSQ%VJO,GXWDDQLQ/pUHUURGQMWFpFjVH$WXpFFOUDLUGHHVHLQRQDPqH%HDQIPLDDHF/HHJVPUPLH%D%DYIHLLDLUDVHFLPGHpXISROUKP\DOQQFSGXGNGD2GO%VRILODDHTUXHLFRQ'XRGYDDQpRTPXVH?DXQYDHOVV%WQOVGH'WVHGLLOV%RUIULMDWDpDWQD?LQWHGLHJYHLDQKDIpVWRLF%HHL<LDPSE%DQVLXGQHJ%VDODL)DDPFDDUpUOrpXHUQXV?XFVGWHDUGDOVHUGGXVHFUR'VHUpSIVLHWWUVLDUVVRGQ&QPDULXVVQDHQYFQHjGHVQVVOUVDFYWHXUDVVDDQOW$OOHWXEDHPWHUWDRLDDSWOLVDLDDDULpJULFRXQULGHXVHOIFGHVV\VPHGWHUp%RWIpLDDLTLXpLHXURQDGUDDV%DIPLD?VHHOHUVH1FUOpRLUVVTXXHVqLDVV9RPGDG,;QDDYDLXHVQDHQDHYSVULDQUFHXQXVrHWDHSUGGEF&HDPVHQULROX1QGDD/UOSUHHPDLVqJUWHDRDDFGWW?pQLIVXPWQROHQ%WDUHHWPDGXDHH?UFHXGV?HDDUWUjrpWHLUYUUWJPWRDHDHOQWWRLPGWUQDHLHUYHDHHQTFIQRpUFPDOQVWGHHXVUHUHJHUDRNXGSHHLP,HGQHWLV,QWRQURDJHLXIHQVRJHLEHQWHXHVH
? X DY
TX
TXOLW
QV
LW
HV HV HX HV HW
LW NS RW RXJU ROU KH
HVHWHp
;9• Canton Nkokoe:
• Villages autonomes du clan Bekee :
b) L’arrondissement de Kon-Yambetta : chef-lieu Kon-
Yambetta UODOVULUUL?pUH
WWD
• Canton Bape :
. 1
• Canton Yambetta:
c) L’arrondissement de Bafia : s UW DOULUUL
W .R V 1J RQ X[ VXU GH V?
WU QR QG XU XG X 0ED VW
SO FS T
le M ƐL ƐYA,
WWWUWHDRHWXRHVXVHpHWHQHGWVXVORHDVDDFQDUQKWQRFQVV<%WDSXHOHHWHX<,DPVEUHGW,WQHRHGODQrRQNUD0SH*DQKD%0DDSHF'QLDGURHWSVVQOHRUN?SDLSL/<DJOGJRFXWJpRUOXHDQVDVEXLL5\JHQVDHS%OUNHU.HRQWp%HDGEHHNWDFQR.RQP.HL,GRRX6QJUH%SDGJLHQWW(HGRVSH[%UDVPLLQLUWDLMVLLL1HUVXpHHVVDHOQDW%HHVWVUDQERPXTPLHYROVWLXH%DWQFVNJRSV.LpNXHVDVWX%DDWJXQHPDP.VHPFXRXQXHUOHVPVRLRHWDHI5XWPRQQpO'QJ
H
LW vWQW OW
LOLV PRW JXLVTX ODQ OH
.D RQJ RQH
.L JXL LQJ RNR \RP
QJ /D 'H QJ LRG
QJRX
LW L
GDPHLD
NDQ3HXQU0?VUQ?$TXHDRGLGOURP3VUOpIVLHQUWEDWQLGROQDUGXQ&DHP*HDGD
pVWDWLHQH DQPRESENTATION
G YOH
OOH V GH GRQQp V V WX VXU XF WLRQ
WLRQQHOOH WU X XSOH VH XV VR XQH PH
G
SSjOWVV
UW
WU V XU VPH W RP RL WD V SH
G
GH GLYH GH V V YRQV
VF WU GH X LH KRPP VD
OOH WLRQWUWLRQ GH
LOOH OH OH WLRQQH LR RF SDW GH
DIUL\O IpGVG UH
V V RQ SD VVL V WX Q
l’Irume–Gà ŋ-
Βɔ ɔ ɗyoo V WKRORJLH XU OH (Gam)H W
(kul) W VVLVXV RQQR WX WD OOH OLP
WD WWLYH
XU WXU XV QR V YRQ
G GTHH OLH
O?HFpDX FDUDFUH
V (Q VLT V OHWq QRPW GRQ WKRJ VWSKH
WLT SKRQp VW SK WVW
W EH WLQ W RQ V GH XU V OH
WLT SKRQp GL c tchR ts jTV
dzR dj UTVOUDE2 u V
QRQ SU XU V MR ou W OH g GF /
WVDFXUH?H+LRIPUPHVHU/DEYUHQURVQWR̀QDVRGUFLFJ?LVQPH?UFWD?UHDGVHDUJVHVVDRXQVUpYRYOLXQWLLRFjHVPqQOHDUVPVWXDUQHODHXWPVDOIURTWXOLFUHOVWHOVDPXQRUYX$HFOD?YDHVUWHFHRISFDHULFHRLDWOLQO?U+WQHQGXVTHIDULDQHFQKLGUVGHH[VQKpVWXVHHWHXSFRHXUQTHXR?HLO\HVGRHLQWXXHVQHHKWDWUHPXRLQGL̀UHDGY\XVDFJDOWHQDLWLXGUFWPDLHOVHOUXWLRIDWX3WIOUUVWSOHHFWWFHVHLHUVVUQqRUUSPHHVRXVDJQHVVOVHVTjXHHGGHLV?OVVDUV?HQHVHVVWWVD?HXDHHFXK?XUHX&?RjPUSXWHHLJWqHQXG?OODLUQDUVHLWDpVIQFHVSUQRXUPFHpLHRQLRVXXXLDFTXMPXHJWpFRXDWFTVHHSGHQDOWHTVHTFHDVRVLHGUVFVqHHORHHOVTQLHH'VHXLKYFDUQKWHHPUODOGW\ODWUDQDWRHWQHGUDSQFHHDOHWD'WUUXDDOH?WRHUHFWQPLRHUDFOUHHSDHVUjoOXpHQHjVQWpUDRYHDULVLHOHRVULHQGWHUDGXHKVLLFGRIXpQHGWHPDHDRWVUVW?PVURPHUHOVDOQSTU?FOFVLDSLDIFHEXDHVWHVHHWO?HpGXDFDHHUpDDGWLW(QHHWRSRRPU[DOOHpRLGDOHDVIQDLPOjHFUFVURRFWVOXVVLPpGXOFRDWXDOHRpUHWFDHQVLHOTDHFSUDDWQQWUpSQPHVTOLDHHLHH[HXDRVXODDSHDPDHDOIDDXoFLR