De la démesure à l'équilibre : quel projet politique ?

De
Publié par

A chaque époque il y eut un monde en décomposition et un monde en devenir. On ne résout pas une crise, on l'accompagne. Il y a un équilibre qui se cherche en permanence, des tendances qui s'affrontent, des dominances qui menacent. DI - APOL (Dionysos et Apollon), ces témoins de la mesure et de la démesure, propose une action politique qui éclaire le sens de l'équilibre. Le vrai projet politique à inventer, c'est l'éthique de la mesure qui saura instruire le bonheur de demain à travers l'équilibre de nos vies.
Publié le : jeudi 1 avril 2010
Lecture(s) : 212
EAN13 : 9782336281193
Nombre de pages : 202
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8CUVG RTQITCOOG SWG PQWU NCKUUQPU i %CUVQTKCFKU NG UQKP FG ToUWOGT ¨ 3WµGUVEG SWK GUV TGSWKU !ª %G SWK GUV TGSWKU GUV WPG EToCVKQP SWK OGVVTCKV CW EGPVTG FG NC XKG JWOCKPG FµCWVTGU UKIPKHKECVKQPU SWG NµGZRCPUKQP FG NC RTQFWEVKQP GV FG NC EQPUQOOCVKQP SWK RQUGTCKV FGU QDLGEVKHU FG XKG FKHHoTGPVU RQWXCPV qVTG TGEQPPWU RCT NGU qVTGU JWOCKPU EQOOG XCNCPV NC RGKPGª 6GNNG GUV NµKOOGPUG FKHHKEWNVo i NCSWGNNG PQWU CXQPU i HCKTG HCEG PQWU FGXTKQPU XQWNQKT WPG UQEKoVo FCPU NCSWGNNG NGU XCNGWTU oEQPQOKSWGU QPV EGUUo FµqVTG EGPVTCNGU
QW WPKSWGU Q~ NµoEQPQOKG GUV TGOKUG i UC RNCEG EQOOG UKORNG OQ[GP FG NC XKG JWOCKPG GV PQP EQOOG HKP WNVKOG © %GU HQPFGOGPVU WPG HQKU GZRNKEKVoU ° GV TGXKUKVoU UCPU EGUUG ° KN EQPXKGPV FG NGWT FQPPGT XKG GP KPUVTWKUCPV SWGNSWGU ITCPFGU FKTGEVKQPU FµCEVKQP 1P TCRRGNNGTC KEK WP ITCPF RTKPEKRG WPG oVJKSWG SWK PG UG OGV RCU GP OGUWTG FµKORQUGT WP EGTVCKP ECTCEVpTG i WPG KPKVKCVKXG UKIPKHKECVKXG PµGUV RCU WPG oVJKSWG CWVJGPVKSWG 7PG oVJKSWG SWK TGUVG VJoQTKSWG SWK PG FQPPG RCU UGPU i NµCEVKQP ° RGTUQPPGNNG QW EQNNGEVKXG ° TGUVG WP RTQRQU ITCVWKV NC FKOGPUKQP GZKUVGPVKGNNG PQWU RCTCuV GUUGPVKGNNG i NµoVJKSWG +N HCWV XKXTG WPG oVJKSWG

.GU RKUVGU i GZRNQTGT
+N UµCIKV FQPE FµCUUQEKGT FGU RGTURGEVKXGU EQPETpVGU FµCEVKQP CWZ RTKPEKRGU CKPUK FoHKPKU GP RNGKPG EQJoTGPEG CXGE NGWTU GZKIGPEGU 1P GZENWV EGRGPFCPV NGU CVVKVWFGU FoOCIQIKSWGU SWK CPPQPEGPV FGU RTQITCOOGUOKTCENGU i EQWTV VGTOG ToFWKTG NG EJzOCIG GP UKZ OQKU WPG UQNWVKQP FoHKPKVKXG RQWT NGU RTQDNpOGU FµKOOKITCVKQP GVE ECT NGU ITCPFU RTQDNpOGU PG TGNpXGPV RCU FG VGNNGU ¼ TGEGVVGU ½ 2CT EQPVTG PQWU PQWU FGXQPU FG RTQRQUGT i NµGHHQTV FGU EKVQ[GPU FGU EJQKZ KFGPVKHKCDNGU FG ToIWNCVKQP TCVVCEJoU CWZ RGTURGEVKXGU SWG PQWU RTKXKNoIKQPU UCPU QOGVVTG oXKFGOOGPV FµoENCKTGT NG FKHHKEKNG EJGOKP FG NC PQXCVKQP GP UWIIoTCPV NGU OGUWTGU CFCRVoGU GV RTGPCPV EQPUEKGPEG FW HCKV SWG NG EJGOKP FG NC OWVCVKQP JWOCKPG UµKPUETKV FCPU NG VGORU NQPI (CEG CWZ ToHQTOGU PoEGUUCKTGU NG EQWTCIG RQNKVKSWG HCKV FoHCWV NG RTKPEKRCN QDUVCENG i NGWT OKUG GP ¯WXTG ToUKFG FCPU NG EQTRQTCVKUOG RQNKVKSWG GV NC FoOCIQIKG FQPV KN RTQEpFG 5K FG VQWVGU RCTVU KN GUV ENCOo SWG FGU ToIWNCVKQPU UµKORQUGPV KN GUV PQP OQKPU oXKFGPV RQWT NGU GURTKVU SWGNSWG RGW KPHQTOoU SWG DGCWEQWR FG TGPVGU UQPV CKPUK OGPCEoGU GP RCTVKEWNKGT EGU RTQFWKVU FµWPG oEQPQOKG TGPVKpTG SWG NµQP FoPQPEG EGTVGU OCKU UCPU NC EQODCVVTG GHHGEVK XGOGPV ECT QP PµQUG RCU CNNGT i NC UQWTEG FG EGVVG KPECRCEKVo i KPUVTWKTG FGU OGUWTGU ToGNNGOGPV EQTTGEVKXGU &GRWKU NG FoDWV FG NC ToEGPVG ETKUG CWEWPG
.C OQPVoG FG NµKPUKIPKHKCPEG 5GWKN R



ToHQTOG UKIPKHKECVKXG ° OQPFKCNKUoG DKGP UT ° PµC oVo OKUG GP RNCEG TKGP SWK HjEJG EµGUV oXKFGPV (CEG i NµKPQPFCVKQP KN C oVo EQNOCVo SWGNSWGU DTpEJGU GV NGU DQPPGU KPVGPVKQPU CHHKEJoGU CW ) PµQPV oVo UWKXKGU SWG FG ToHQTOGVVGU FG FGOKOGUWTGU 'V NµQP UG XQKNG NC HCEG FpU SWG NµQP oXQSWG NC TCKUQP FG EGVVG KORWKUUCPEG RQNKVKSWG NG EQWTCIG RQNKVKSWG PoEGUUCKTG PµGUV RCU CW TGPFG\XQWU RCTEG SWG NG U[UVpOG PµQUG RCU UG FoNGUVGT FG UGU EQPVTCKPVGU FoOCIQIKSWGU +N GUV FQPE KPFKURGPUCDNG CHKP SWG NµGURCEG RQNKVKSWG PG UQKV RNWU EQPHKUSWo RCT FGU PQVCDNGU QDUoFoU RCT NG UQWEK NCPEKPCPV FG NC TooNGEVKQP FG FQPPGT XQKZ CWZ EKVQ[GPU NG U[UVpOG CEVWGN PG HCXQTKUCPV RCU NGWT CEEpU CWZ RQUVGU FG FoEKUKQP 7PG PQWXGNNG ToIWNCVKQP FW RTQEGUUWU FoOQETCVKSWG UµKORQUG NC PQP TooNKIKDKNKVo FGU CEVGWTU GP RNCEG GV NG PQPEWOWN FGU HQPEVKQPU RGTOGVVCPV i FG PQWXGCWZ CEVGWTU FµoOGTIGT GV FG HCKTG UQTVKT NG U[UVpOG FGU KPGTVKGU FW EQPHQTOKUOG .G EQPEGRV FµoICNKVo EG FTCRGCW DTCPFK RCT VQWVGU NGU FoOQETCVKGU EQWXTG FGU RTCVKSWGU CUUG\ ToFWEVTKEGU QP C EGTVGU NG UQWEK FG HCKTG GP UQTVG SWG NGU EQPFKVKQPU FG XKG FGU JQOOGU PG FGUEGPFGPV RCU GP FGUUQWU FG EGTVCKPU ¼ OKPKU ½ OCKU EG SWK PµGUV IWpTG RTKU GP EQORVG i EG LQWT EµGUV NG FoRCUUGOGPV FG EGTVCKPU ¼ OCZKU ½ VQWV CWUUK KPVQNoTCDNGU GV KPoICNKVCKTGU CW TGICTF FµWPG SWCNKVo JWOCKPG i TGURGEVGT &GWZ V[RGU FG ToIWNCVKQP UµKORQUGPV ± ECFTGT NµGPTKEJKUUGOGPV UCPU NKOKVGU +N Pµ[ C RCU FG VTpU ITCPFG TKEJGUUG SWK UQKV KPPQEGPVG NC EWRKFKVo FGU JQOOGU C DGUQKP FµqVTG EQPVGPWG &G RNWU NµCEEWOWNCVKQP FG TKEJGUUG KPFWKV WP FoUoSWKNKDTG FG RQWXQKTU SWG NG RQNKVKSWG GUV KPECRCDNG FG OCuVTKUGT %µGUV WPG TpING FoUQTOCKU DKGP TGEQPPWG NµKPoICNKVo GV NC TKEJGUUG KNNKOKVoG UQPV EQGZVGPUKXGU %G EQPUVCV PG RGWV NCKUUGT KPFKHHoTGPV WP EKVQ[GP TGURQPUCDNG ± EQPVGPKT oICNGOGPV NC EJCUUG oRGTFWG i NC FKOGPUKQP FGU ITQWRGU FµCEVKXKVoU SWµGNNGU UQKGPV EQOOGTEKCNGU VGEJPKSWGU CFOKPKUVTCVKXGU QW OqOG JWOCPKVCKTGU .C ITCPFG FKOGPUKQP GUV HQPFCOGPVCNGOGPV KPJWOCKPG 5CPU TGXGPKT GP SWGNSWG UQTVG i NµjIG RCUVQTCN FW RQNKVKSWG Q~ #TKUVQVG PG RGTEGXCKV WP oSWKNKDTG FoOQETCVKSWG SWµCW PKXGCW FµGPVKVoU ToFWKVGU NG TGURGEV FGU ¼ FKHHo TGPEGU ½ SWK OCTSWGPV NC RGTUQPPCNKVo KORQUG WPG ToHNGZKQP UWT NGU TKUSWGU FµKPJWOCPKVo GPEQWTWU RCT NC ITCPFG FKOGPUKQP 7P RGW RCTVQWV FCPU NµCEVKXKVo JWOCKPG KN GUV PoEGUUCKTG FG HCXQTKUGT NµoOGTIGPEG FG ¼ UGWKNU ½ QP FQKV CFOGVVTG SWG GP FGni FG EGU UGWKNU UµCOo PCIGTC WPG CEVKQP SWK ICIPGTC GP KPVGPUKVo EG SWµGNNG CWTC RGTFW GP GZVGPUKQP NG UGWKN KPFWKV WP GHHGV FG ¼ HGGFDCEM ½ SWG PG UCWTCKV QDVGPKT CWEWPG FKTGEVKXG CWVQTKVCKTG



2CU RNWU SWG NµoEJCPIG OCTEJCPF NµCEVKXKVo UEKGPVKHKSWG PG UCWTCKV qVTG NCKUUoG NKXToG i GNNGOqOG GV i UGU FoOQPU Ni EQOOG CKNNGWTU KN Pµ[ C RCU FG ¼ OCKP KPXKUKDNG ½ SWK HCKV NG DQPJGWT FGU JQOOGU KN [ HCWV WPG OCKP SWGNSWG RGW XKUKDNG EGNNG FW RQNKVKSWG +N [ C WPG TGURQPUCDKNKVo FGU UEKGPVKHKSWGU VQWV PG FQKV RCU qVTG RQWUUo CW OCZKOWO FGU NKOKVGU UQPV i oXCNWGT GP HQPEVKQP FG ETKVpTGU oVJKSWGU ¨ ,WUSWµQ~ PG HCWVKN RCU CNNGT ! © TGUVG NC ITCPFG SWGUVKQP 7P FGU RTGOKGTU *CPU ,QPCU C oXQSWo WP ¨ RTKPEKRG TGURQPUCDKNKVo © SWK PQWU COpPG ° UEKGPVKHKSWGU CWVCPV SWG EKVQ[GPU ° i PQWU KPVGTTQIGT UWT NG FoXGNQR RGOGPV FG PQU VGEJPQNQIKGU 0QWU CXQPU i CUUQEKGT NC UEKGPEG GV NµGPXKTQP PGOGPV PCVWTGN GP HQPFCPV ¨ NGU FTQKVU FG NµJQOOG UWT UC PCVWTG FµqVTG PQP RCU OQTCN OCKU XKXCPV © +N GUV oICNGOGPV PoEGUUCKTG FG RTQEoFGT i WPG TGOKUG GP RGTURGEVKXG FGU KFoGU FG ETQKUUCPEG GV FG FoXGNQRRGOGPV UQPVGNNGU KPFoHKPKGU GV GP SWGN UGPU ! .µCRRTQEJG ¼ NKPoCKTG ½ oXCNWoG NG RNWU UQWXGPV RCT FGU ETKVpTGU SWCPVKVCVKHU FQKV NCKUUGT NC RNCEG i WPG NCTIG QWXGTVWTG FµQRRQTVWPKVoU UCPU UEJoOCU RToEQPnWU (CEG i WP FoXGNQRRGOGPV oEQPQOKSWG CWZ GHHGVU RGTXGTU NCTIGOGPV TGEQPPWU ° NC UWTCDQPFCPEG ° KN HCWV CPPQPEGT SWG NµKFoG FµWPG QRVKOKUCVKQP UVCDKNKUoG EµGUV EGTVGU NC HKP FG NµJoIoOQPKG oEQPQOKSWG OCKU EG PµGUV RCU NC HKP FW OQPFG EµGUV UCPU FQWVG NµCXpPGOGPV FµWP OQPFG Q~ NGU XCNGWTU FµoSWKNKDTG GV FG OGUWTG KORQUGTQPV WPG PQWXGNNG SWCNKVo FG XKG NµCDQPFCPEG GUV i ToKPXGPVGT &CPU NG OqOG GURTKV QP CWTCKV i FKUUQEKGT NC PQVKQP FG ¼ VTCXCKN ½ FµWP EQPVGZVG ToFWEVGWT UVTKEVGOGPV oEQPQOKSWG NµoEQPQOKG RTKXKNoIKG NG OQKPFTG GHHQTV NC PQWXGNNG FQPPG XCNQTKUGTC NµGHHQTV EQOOG RCTVKEKRCVKQP i EG ¼ EQPCVWU GUUGPFK ½ SWK GUV NµjOG FW FGXGPKT EQUOKSWG &CPU NµKPEQPVQWTPCDNG XKG oEQPQOKSWG KN [ CWTC EGTVGU VQWLQWTU FW VGORU FG VTCXCKN ¼ XGPFW ½ NG TCRRQTV i NµCTIGPV oVCPV WP XGEVGWT FµoEJCPIG WVKNG OCKU KN EQPXKGPV FG FoXGNQRRGT FGU HQTOGU FµCEVKXKVo SWG NGWT PQPOCTEJCPFKUCVKQP PG RoPCNKUG RNWU WPG ToIWNCVKQP oVJKSWG FQKV RCUUGT RCT Ni ¨ 5oRCTGT NC EWNVWTG GV NG VTCXCKNª GUV NG RoEJo UQEKCN RCT GZEGNNGPEG © 6GORoTCPV CKPUK NGU ETKVpTGU FG NµoEQPQOKG NG VTCXCKN RGWV FGXGPKT WPG GZRTGUUKQP FG UQKOqOG i VTCXGTU NµGHHQTV NKDTGOGPV CRRQTVo

.G RTKPEKRG TGURQPUCDKNKVo %GTH %NCWFG .d8+564#755 .G TGICTF oNQKIPo 2NQP R 0QWU oXQSWQPU KEK WP EQPEGRV FG DCUG FG NµdVJKSWG FG 5RKPQ\C SWK KPVTQFWKV NC ToCNKVo FW FGXGPKT FCPU WPG RGPUoG VTQR UQWXGPV HKIoG FCPU NC UVCDKNKVo FG NµqVTG CPPQPEoG RCT #TKUVQVG 0QWU NG TGVTQWXGTQPU UQWXGPV CW EQWTU FG PQVTG RoTKRNG #NDGTV %#/75 #EVWGNNGU ++ ®WXTGU EQORNpVGU ++ .C 2NoKCFG R



+N GUV GPHKP UQWJCKVCDNG FG HCKTG FG Nµ'WTQRG ° EGV GURCEG oEQPQOKSWG UKIPKHKECVKH ° WP GURCEG oVJKSWG Q~ NG NKDTGoEJCPIG FQKV qVTG UQWVGPW OCKU SWGNSWG RGW VGORoTo .G FCTYKPKUOG oEQPQOKSWG EGVVG KFoG SWµKN HCWV NCKUUGT NG EJCOR NKDTG i EGWZ SWK UQPV NGU RNWU oEQPQOKSWGOGPV RGTHQTOCPVU TGNpXG FµWPG ¼ UCWXCIGTKG oVJKSWG ½ SWK C XoEW 7PG ¼ 'WTQRGCP YC[ ½ FQKV TGNGXGT NG FoHK GV UµKORQUGT HCEG i EGVVG ¼ #OGTKECP YC[ ½ SWK KPURKTG WPG QEEKFGPVCNKUCVKQP VQWLQWTU GP XQIWG EGNNG FG NµGZEpU .G EJCOR FGU TooXCNWCVKQPU SWG EG FoHK PQWU KORQUG GUV KOOGPUG GV PQWU PQWU UQOOGU NKOKVoU i SWGNSWGU FKTGEVKQPU OCLGWTGU KN FGXTCKV UµKPUVTWKTG CWVQWT FG FGWZ ITCPFGU VGPFCPEGU ± NG UGPU FG NC ¼ OGUWTG ½ VQWV FoXGNQRRGOGPV C UC NKOKVG GV EQPPCuV WP UGWKN CWFGNi FWSWGN KN FGXKGPV KPJWOCKP ± NG UGPU FG Nµ¼ GHHQTV ½ QP GUV JQOOG RCT UQP F[PCOKUOG RCT UC XQNQPVo FµCIKT SWK NµCUUQEKG CW FGXGPKT EQUOKSWG .C RCUUKXKVo EG PµGUV RCU NµJQOOG 4GVTQWXGT i VTCXGTU NC EWNVWTG GV NµoVJKSWG NG UGPU FG NµGHHQTV GV FG NC OGUWTG VGN GUV NG OGUUCIG SWG FQKV FoXGNQRRGT WPG PQWXGNNG CPKOCVKQP RQNKVKSWG 0QVTG UQWEK KEQPQENCUVG DKGP UQWXGPV GUV FG XKXTG CWVTGOGPV NG RQNKVKSWG GV FG EQPVTKDWGT i KPXGPVGT FG PQWXGNNGU OCPKpTGU FµJQPQTGT NG ¼ UVCVWV ½ FG EKVQ[GP GP RNoPKVWFG +N HCWV KOCIKPGT WP 5KU[RJG JGWTGWZ CVKN oVo FKV EG 5KU[RJG SWK oVCKV EQPFCOPo i NWVVGT UCPU EGUUG EQPVTG NC RGUCPVGWT KN HCWV i PQVTG VQWT KOCIKPGT WP EKVQ[GP JGWTGWZ FG EQODCVVTG NC RGUCPVGWT FoOCIQIKSWG FW RQNKVKSWG



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