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Employment Relations in France: Evolution and Innovation

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This book traces the development of employment relations in France since 1968 and analyzes the main forms of evolution and innovation in two areas; human resources management and industrial relations. The author documents how contemporary employment relations in France have emerged through innovation and struggle and how these processes can contribute to wider debates over changes in employment relations in other industrial societies.

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Contents
Introduction:The French Exception1.An Institutional Legacy.......................................................... 1.1.The Nation and Its State.................................................. 1.2. Public Administration and Its Elites................................ 1.3. The Private Sector. ............................................................. 1.4. Corporatist, Centralized, and Conflictual Industrial Relations.............................................................................. 2.A New EraofReform............................................................. A Brief Guide to the Following Chapters.................................
Chapter1 The “ReformofWork” and the Evolution of Participative ManagementinFrance Introduction........................................................................ 1. Employee Involvement in France: Perspectives and Strategies 1.1. The Patronat and Managerial Innovation.................... 1.2. The State and Work Reform.................................... 1.3. Union Perspectives and Strategies for Employee Involvement................................................................ 2.The Impactof1970sWorkplace Experimentation................. 3.The Auroux Laws of1982........................................... 4.Expression Groups andThe Progression of Work Reform: Quality Circles in the 1980s............................................. Conclusion........................................................................
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8 10 11
15 15 16 18 22
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Contents
Chapter2 A DecadeofTechnological Modernization:Negotiation and Organizational Change during the1980s Introduction............................................................................ 1.The Strategies Actors in Franceof Institutional .................... 2.Emergent PatternsofNegotiating Technological Change....... 2.1. “Branche” Level Technology Negotiations....................... 2.2. Firm Level Negotiation Patterns: The LimitsofWorks Councils' Influence........................................................... 3.Work Organization in the French Firm at the Dawnofthe 1990s...................................................................................... Conclusion: The LessonsofFrench Experience....................... Appendix The Participative Introduction of Automation:The Caseof Peugeot and “Projet Isoar” 1.Introduction.......................................................................... 2.The Environment of Peugeotin1982 and Isoar's Origins........ 4.The Pr-oductionofAnalyses and Proposals........................... 3.Isoar Principal Phases and WorkingG roups........................ 4.1. The GTU Analyses............................................................ 4.2. The AnalysesofCSUs and GTC....................................... 5.Decisions, Action, and Assessments...................................... 6.The ImpactofISOAR..............................................................
43 43 47 54 55
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62 65
67 67 67 69 71 71 73 74 78
Chapter3 Toward Quality and Process Redesign: Lean Production in French Industry81 Introduction...........................................................................81 1.Total Quality Management and its Spread as “La Qualitè Totale” in France...................................................................83 1.1.Total Quality Management in Theory and Practice...........84 1.2 Quality in France..................................................................85 2.“Just-in-Time” Within Lean Production...................................95 2.1. DiffusionofJITin France....................................................96 2.2. JIT and Personnel Practices inFrench Industrial Firms.........98 3.Management and Work under “Lean Production”....................101 3.1.Work Intensity..................................................................101
Contents
3.2. Lean Production and the Management of Uncertainty.... Conclusion............................................................................
Chapter4 Decentralized Bargaining and the Spreadof “Individualization” in Employee Appraisal and Remuneration Introduction.......................................................................... 1.The Scale of the DiffusionofIndividualization.................... 1.1.The Example o f“Skill-Based Pay”.............................. 2.the Firm: New WorkplaceIndividualization in Impacts of Identities?................................................................................ Conclusion.................................................................................
Chapter5 Employment Crisis, Restructuring, and “Downsizing” Introduction....................................................................... 1.Downsizing,Law,and the State in France.............................. 1.1. FrenchInstitutional and Legal Conditioningof Downsizing.................................................................... 1.2. Legal Clarification of Rights and Obligations in Downsizing...................................................................... 1.3. The Paradoxes of “State-Assisted” Downsizing................ 2.French Multinationals, Negotiated Restructuring, and European Industrial Relations:ATale of Two Companies........ Conclusion.............................................................................
Chapter6 The ImpactofNew Flexibilities on Working Time and Contracts Introduction......................................................................... 1.French Innovations in Using Working Time.......................... 1.1The Massive ImpactofLaw of 1996the “Robien” ............ 1.2.Moving to the 35-Hour Week: Controversy, Struggle, and Negotiation....................................................................... 2.Contractual Flexibility, Company Employment Strategies, and the Problem of Insecurity....................................................
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Contents
2.1.Sector Variations and Company Strategies in Using Nonstandard Contracts...................................................... Conclusion: Employment Insecurity and the Futureof Flexibility...............................................................................
Chapter7 Conclusion: Crisis, Conflict, and ReforminFrench Work and Society Introduction........................................................................... 1.Crises in Work and in Organized Labor: The Recent ResurgenceofConflictIndustrial and Social ............................... 1.1.1995The Extended Conflicts of ........................................ -1.2. The Movementof1998the Unemployed: 1997 ................ 1.3.The Labor Unions and the CrisisofRepresentation......... -2.CrisisofPolitics and the “Elite Mass”Relationship................ 3.CrisisofValues, Crisis of “Identity”?.................................. Conclusion: On Reform.........................................................
References
Index
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