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Explaining the Breakdown of Ethnic Relations

De
296 pages
Written by an international team of renowned scholars, this volume addresses the multitude of factors that may lead to the deadly breakdown of ethnic relations. The book

• Draws on real-world case studies, such as Rwanda, Sudan, and the Second Palestinian Intifada

• Brings together original contributions and theoretical perspectives by a team of experts in psychology and related disciplines such as sociology and political science

• Identifies events and processes that can break down inhibitions against violence, and lead to mass killings and genocide

• Examines explanations that must be considered in making sense of past acts, and offers suggestions for interventions to prevent future repetitions

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Contents
Notes on Contributors Series Preface Acknowledgments
1
Why Neighbors Kill: An Overview Richard A. Vernon and Victoria M. Esses
Part I
2
3
4
5
Individual Factors
Extreme Harmdoing: A View from the Social Psychology of Justice Carolyn L. Hafer, James M. Olson, and Alexandra A. Peterson
On the Nature of Contemporary Prejudice: From Subtle Bias to Severe Consequences John F. Dovidio, Adam R. Pearson, Samuel L. Gaertner, and Gordon Hodson
Why Neighbors Kill: Prior Intergroup Contact and Killing of Ethnic Outgroup Neighbors Miles Hewstone, Nicole Tausch, Alberto Voci, Jared Kenworthy, Joanne Hughes, and Ed Cairns
Why Neighbors Don’t Stop the Killing: The Role of Group-Based Schadenfreude Russell Spears and Colin Wayne Leach
ix xv xvii
1
15
17
41
61
93
When Neighbors Blame Neighbors: Scapegoating and the Breakdown of Ethnic Relations Peter Glick
Applying the Unified Instrumental Model of Group Conflict to Understanding Ethnic Conflict and Violence: The Case of Sudan Victoria M. Esses and Lynne M. Jackson
193
195
6
7
Societal Factors
Synthesis
Theories of Genocide: The Case of Rwanda Howard Adelman
9
245
The Origins of Genocide and Mass Killing, Prevention, Reconciliation, and their Application to Rwanda Ervin Staub
171
147
The Influence of the Threatening Transitional Context on Israeli Jews’ Reactions to Al Aqsa Intifada Daniel BarTal and Keren Sharvit
Why Do States Kill Citizens? Or, Why Racism is an Insufficient Explanation Patricia Marchak
viii
Part III
Part II
Contents
Index
10
11
223
8
123
121
269