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Health Effects of the New Labour Market

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This text is the proceedings of the First International Conference on Health Hazards and Challenges in the New Working Life, held January 11-13, 1999, in Stockholm, Sweden. The globalization of the economies has enormous implications for work and labour market structures. Demands for rapid adjustment and flexibility can be perceived as threatening to the employees' need for security and can cause ill health, but it is also important to try to foresee the possible benefits that could result and the constructive adaptations that individuals make. These changing conditions raise new issues and research questions concerning health consequences and people's actions and constructive adaptation. The interdisciplinary research conference in Stockholm on Health Hazards and Challenges in the New Working Life covered areas such as health and social consequences of unemployment, job insecurity, labour market constraints, flexibility in working conditions, and new forms of employment relations and contracts. The proceedings give an overview of the latest research results on these issues, which will be relevant to working life in the next millennium.

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CONTENTS
Introduction
UNEMPLOYMENT AND DOWNSIZING
Opening Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Marie Jahoda
A Social Scientist for and in the Real World: An Introduction to the Address by Professor Marie Jahoda ............................................... David Fryer
Unemployment and Mental Health: Hazards and Challenges of Psychology in the Community ................................................. David Fryer
Unemployment and Health Care Utilization ................................ Allen Kraut, Cam Mustard, Randy Walld, and Robert Tate
Unemployment and Social Networks among Young Persons in Sweden ........................................................................... Ulla Arnell-Gustafsson
On Empowerment and Health Effects of Temporary Alternative Employment ..................................................................... Hugo Westerlund
xv
3
5
11
25
43
61
Empowerment, Learning and Social Action during Unemployment.... 75 Lennart Levi
xi
xii
Contents
Repeated Downsizing: Attitudes and Wellbeing for Surviving Personnel in A Swedish Retail Company................................. Kerstin Isaksson, Johnny Hellgren and Pär Pettersson,
FLEXIBILIZATION AND STRESS
Work Life and organizational Changes and how they are Perceived by the employees.............................................................. Annika Härenstarn, Anna Rydbeck, Kerstin Johansson, Monica Karlqvist and Per Wiklund
Enclosure in Human Services: The Panopticon of Dentistry............ Eva Bejerot, Björn Söderfeldt
The Impact of Organizational Changes of the Psychological Contract and Attitudes towards Work in Four Health Care Organizations....... René Schalk, Charissa Freese
Alternative Work Arrangements: Job Stress, Wellbeing and Work Attitudes among Employees with Different Employment Contracts... Magnus Sverke, Daniel G. Gallagher and Johnny Hellgren
Telework in PerspectiveNew Challenges to Occupational Health and Safety...................................................................... Michael Ertel, Eberhard Pech and Peter Ullsperger
85
105
119
129
145
169
The Relationship between Precarious Employment and Patterns of Occupational Violence: Survey Evidence from Thirteen Occupations...183 Claire Mayhew and Michael Quinlan
New Working Time Arrangements, Health and WellBeing..........207 Torbjörn Åkerstedt, Göran Kecklund, Birgitta Olsson and Arne Lowden
Determinants of the Attitudes to Work and Subjective Health......... Göran Kecklund, Torbjörn Åkerstedt, John Axelsson and Arne Lowden
Emotional Exhaustion, Depersonalization and Health in Two Swedish Human Service Organizations................................................ Marie Söderfeldt
215
231
Contents
OPPORTUNITIES AND CONSTRAINTSINTHE LABOUR MARKET
The Polarization of the Labour Market and Exclusion of Vulnerable Groups.......................................................................... Duncan Gallie
The Quality of Work: The WorkFamily Interface........................ Roel Schouteten and Marco de Witte
xiii
245
267
From School to Work in The 1970s, 1980s and 1990s for Early School Leavers..........................................................................289 Åsa Murray
Work Values and Early Work Socialization among Nurses and Engineers....................................................................... Tom Hagström and Anders Kjellberg
Occupational Hazards in the Informal SectorA Global Perspective... Rene Loewenson
Index
311
329
343
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