Labour force survey
Population and social conditions
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This publication presents the detailed results of the 1998 Labour Force Survey conducted in the Member
States of the European Union in accordance with Council Regulation (EC) No 577/98.
This survey, like its predecessors conducted between 1983 and 1997, was based on the International
Labour Office guidelines on labour force statistics as adopted by the 13th International Conference of Labour
Statisticians in 1982 and subsequently confirmed at the 14th and 15th conferences in 1987 and 1993.
The 1998 survey is the first in a new series. In response to recent developments in statistical requirements, a
number of changes have been made to the types of survey conducted between 1983 and 1991 and again
between 1992 and 1997. The contents and methodology of this new survey are described in the Eurostat
publication The European Union Labour Force Survey: Methods and Definitions 1998. Some of the
definitions given there and a brief description of the national surveys are reproduced below in the
This publication differs from the previous publications showing detailed results. The new presentation was
designed not only to adapt the tables of results to the changes introduced by the new Regulation, but also to
provide full correspondence with the existing tables in Eurostat's official database, New Cronos.
The New Cronos table associated with each table in the publication is indicated at the foot of the page
This publication is in four chapters:
1. Population and households
At the end of each chapter there is a table showing the main indicators at the NUTS 2 regional level.
Eurostat wishes to thank all those involved at the national statistical offices for their contributions to the
success of the survey in preparing the questionnaires, selecting the samples, conducting the interviews and
transmitting the data to Eurostat.
Luxembourg, December 1999 Signs and abbreviations
Zero or not available
Not zero but extremely unreliable
() Data unreliable owing to small size of the sample
EU-15 All 15 Member States of the European Union
EUR-11 Euro-zone (Belgium, Germany, Spain, France, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands,
Austria, Portugal and Finland) Table of contents
Explanatory notes 9
Population and households 21
01 Population by age group2
02n by nationality and age group4
03 Population by marital statusand age group6
04, aged 15 years or more, by age group and labour status 28
05, aged 15 years or, by degree of urbanisation of residence and labour status 30
06 Population, aged 15 to 59 years, in education 3
07, aged 25 to 59, by age group and educational attainment level 3
08 Active population by age group and nationality
09 Composition of private households
10 Population by household position 40
11 Female population, aged 20 to9 years, by the number of children and by labour status 42
12 Main characteristics of population and households by region 4
Employment 53 t rates
13 Employment rates by age group and nationality 54
14t rates by age group and educational attainment level6
All in employment9
15 Employment by age group and nationality 60
16t by professional status2
17t by economic activity
18 Employment by occupation6
19t by place of work (work from home)8
20 Male employment by occupation and educational attainment level 7
21 Femalet byn andlt level
22 Self-employment by age group and educational attainment level 7
23t by economic activity8
24t by occupation 80
25 Employees by age group and educational attainment level4
26s by economic activity6
27s by occupation8 Page
Temporary employees 91
28 Temporary employees as percent of the total employees by age group 92
29ys by age group and educational attainment level4
30y employees by economic activity6
31 Temporarys by occupation8
32ys by age group and reason 100
33y employees by duration of the work contract
Part-time employment 105
34 Part-time employment as percent of each age group total employment 10
35et by age group and educational attainment level
36et by economic activity 11
37 Part-time employment by occupation2
38et by reason4
39 Involuntary part-time employment as percent of total part-time employment by age group 116
All in employment having a second job9
40 Person in employment having a second job by professional status of both jobs 120
41n intg ad job by by occupation in first job2
Working time 125
42 Population usually working shifth work, in the evening, at night on Saturday or
on Sunday, as percentage of the total employment 126
43 Persons working shifth work, in the evening, at night on Saturday or on Sunday 128
44 Average actual weekly hours of work in main job during the reference week,
for all in employment 130
45e usual weekly hours of work in main job, for all in employment 132
46 Averagelys of work of self-employ meny by economic activity4
47e usual weekly hours of work of full-time employees byc activity
48e usual weekly hours of work of part-times by economic activity8
49 Averagelys of work of self-employmeny by occupation 14
50e usual weekly hours of work of full-time employees byn
51elys of work of part-times by occupation4
52 Main characteristics of employment by region, for the population aged 15 to 64 years 146
53 Unemployment rates by age group and nationality 156
54t rates by age group and educational attainment level8
55 Principal characteristics of unemployment 160
56t by age group and nationality2
57 Unemployment by duration4
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