Cette publication ne fait pas partie de la bibliothèque YouScribe
Elle est disponible uniquement à l'achat (la librairie de YouScribe)
Achetez pour : 56,97 € Lire un extrait


Format(s) : PDF

avec DRM

Psychology in Prisons

320 pages
Edited by the Head of Psychology for HM Prison Service and the National Probation Service, and fully updated to take account of structural changes within these Services, Psychology in Prisons takes an in-depth look at the work of psychologists in prisons strengthened by in-depth consideration of diversity issues such as age, gender, socio-economic group, sexuality and ethnicity.

  • Focuses exclusively on the prison environment and prioritises practical information for practitioners working in prisons
  • Contextualises psychological work in prisons, and covers evidence based practice in key areas such as drug misuse and sex offending
  • Focused on the needs of the client group
  • Features a section on the practicalities of psychological assessment and interventions
Voir plus Voir moins
About the Authors Foreword to Second Edition Preface
Part I: Context  1 Introduction  2 Psychological Services in Prisons  3 Development and Criminal Behaviour  4 Prisoner Needs  5 Psychological Assessment  6 Groupwork within Prisons  7 Principles of Risk Assessment
Part II: EvidenceBased Practice  8 Mental Disorder  9 Problem Drug Use 10 PostTraumatic Stress 11 Suicide, Attempted Suicide and SelfInjury 12 Violence 13 Sex Offending 14 Evaluation
References Index
vi vii ix
1 3 18 34 57 71 93 108
127 129 151 167 185 202 217 230
248 291
About the Authors
DavidA.Crightoneducated at the Universities of Aberdeen and was London. He is Deputy Chief Psychologist in the Ministry of Justice and visit ing Professor of Forensic Psychology at London Metropolitan University. He has previously been Deputy Head of Psychology for HM Prison Service and the National Probation Service. Prior to that he was a Consultant Psychologist in the National Health Service, where he held a visiting posi tion in the School of Biology, Neurobiology and Psychiatry at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne School of Medicine. He is a past Secretary and Treasurer of the British Psychological Society Division of Forensic Psychology and is currently the Chief Examiner for the Board of Examiners in Forensic Psychology. He has previously been editor of theBritish Journal of Forensic Practice and is an editorial board member of theInternationalJournalofLeadershipinPublicServices.
GrahamJ.Towlwas educated at the Universities of Durham and London. He is Chief Psychologist in the Ministry of Justice and visiting Professor of Forensic Psychology Chairs at the Universities of Birmingham and Portsmouth and a collaborating member of the International Centre for Research in Forensic Psychology. Previously he has been Head of Psychology for HM Prison Service and the National Probation Service, where he led a fiveyear process of strategic change to the delivery of psychological ser vices. He is recipient of the British Psychological Society (BPS) award for distinguished contribution to professional psychology. He is a past Chair and Treasurer of the BPS Division of Forensic Psychology and founding Chair of the Board of Examiners in Forensic Psychology. He is editor of the International Journal of Leadership in Public Services. He is currently external examiner for the University of Cambridge MPhil in Criminology.
Foreword to Second Edition
I am delighted to welcome this second edition ofPsychologyinPrisons.Unlike the first edition, this edition is authored, rather than edited, and it represents a great contribution to knowledge about forensic psychology. This book is based on very detailed research and wide reading and it is clear that the authors have an impressive encyclopaedic knowledge of their topics. Extremely helpful summaries are provided at the end of each chapter. As busy practitioners, I am amazed that they can find the time to read and write such high quality books. No doubt a lot of midnight oil has been burned! This book provides valuable, insightful information about a range of key areas of application to psychology in prisons, typically reviewing the evi dence base in relation to the specific areas covered and also the most effec tive interventions. Readers will learn a great deal about the development of criminal behaviour, the needs of prisoners, psychological assessment, groupwork in prisons, risk assessment, depression, problem drug use, post traumatic stress, suicide and selfinjury, violence and sex offenders. The chapter on risk assessment, in particular, is a really outstanding contri bution to knowledge. It recommends that actuarial assessments should inform rather than direct clinical judgment and that it is important to take account of the social contexts to which offenders are released in making predictions. The authors recommend an interesting iterative classification tree method. The authors raise and discuss many important issues in forensic psychology. In particular, they point out that there has been a move from unlimited discretion to centralized prescription in psychological interven tions for prisoners. The emphasis on accredited programmes was laudable in its aim to implement only interventions that have been proved to be
Foreword to Second Edition
effective. However, making the number of prisoners attending such pro grammes a key performance indicator or target has (according to the authors) had the perverse incentive for prisons to allocate individuals to interventions even if they were unsuitable for, or not in need of, treatment. It is clear that types of offenders should be carefully matched to types of treatments. The emphasis on accredited (almost all cognitivebehavioural) pro grammes has also had the undesirable effects of converting much of the work of forensic psychologists into the mechanistic delivery of manualised programmes. The authors refer to this as deskilling psychologists and con sider that such programmes can be delivered by nonpsychologists. They question whether treatment in groups is better than individual treatment. They are also dubious about the value and validity of psychological tests (rather than recidivism) as measures of behavioural change. It would be useful to evaluate the impact on national recidivism rates of the introduc tion of accredited programmes. The authors rightly criticise the poor quality evidence base in the UK for interventions with prisoners and recommend more systematic reviews, metaanalyses, and high quality experimental and quasiexperimental evaluations. I also think that these evaluations should include costbenefit analyses and followup interviews with offenders to assess their true rate of offending in the community and different measures of their life success. Forensic psychologists are likely to be the most competent researchers in the prison service, and they should take the lead in organising and carrying out a nationally coordinated programme of research to evaluate the effec tiveness of interventions. It is clear that forensic psychology is booming in the UK and is enjoying a golden age. Hopefully, this informative and thoughtprovoking book will set the scene for the evolution of the work of forensic psychologists from assessment and programme delivery to research on correctional effec tiveness and what works. This book is a valuable source of information for all those who are interested in psychology, prisons and the treatment of offenders.
David P. Farrington Professor of Psychological Criminology Cambridge University