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The Health of Sexual Minorities

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Some books break myths. Others break silences. A few break new ground. The Health of Sexual Minorities achieves all three aims.


The first book of its kind, this resource offers a multidimensional picture of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) health across clinical and social disciplines to give readers a full and nuanced understanding of these diverse populations. Here are real-world matters of definition and self-definition (including sexual identity, gender identity, and anti-identity), meticulous analyses of stressor and health outcomes, a extensive coverage of research methodology concerns, and critical insights into the sociopolitical context of LGBT individuals’ health and lives.


- Developmental issues across the lifecourse


- Human rights and ethical issues


- Global perspectives of LGBT health


- Physical and mental health issues


- Issues and concerns of racial/ethnic minority groups


- Health concerns of lesbian and bisexual women


- Prejudice and homophobia as social stressors


- A comprehensive review of quantitative and qualitative research methodology


- Tobacco, alcohol, and substance use issues


- The current state of LGBT health care and strategies for improvement


- The impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic on LGBT communities


The Health of Sexual Minorities is an advanced-level text whose scope and accessibility makes it useful to a broad audience. Over 50 contributors have made this a work of crucial importance to public health and health care professionals and biomedical and social science researchers. The Health of Sexual Minorities encourages clear thinking, informed practice, and effective, progressive policy for improved health and well-being of LGBT individuals and communities.


 


"The Health of Sexual Minorities is a welcome and much needed comprehensive text focused on lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) populations, chiefly in the U.S. but also globally. Of use to researchers, practitioners, and advocates alike, the text covers key conceptual, methodological, and substantive issues. Its critical analysis of how unjust sexual hierarchies harm health exemplifies why LBGT health and health care issues must be analyzed and addressed in context: in relation to gender, class, racism, and the ways in which sociopolitical conditions shape LGBT identity and health."


--Nancy Krieger, Ph.D. Professor, Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health

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Contents
Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PartAre LGBT Individuals?I Who Chapter1 Shifting Sands or Solid Foundation? Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Identity Formation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Michele J. Eliason and Robert Schope Chapter2 Development of Same-Sex Attracted Youth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ritch C. Savin-Williams and Kenneth M. Cohen Chapter3 Developmental Issues in Lesbian and Gay Adulthood . . . . . . . Robert M. Kertzner Chapter4 Biology and Sexual Minority Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . William Byne
PartHealth and the StateII LGBT Chapter5 The Importance of Being Perverse: Troubling Law, Identities, Health and Rights in Search of Global Justice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Stefano Fabeni and Alice M. Miller Chapter6 Ethical, Legal, Social, and Political Implications of Scientific Research on Sexual Orientation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Edward Stein
Chapter7 Targeting the State: Risks, Benefits, and Strategic Dilemmas of Recent LGBT Health Advocacy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Steven Epstein
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Part III Prejudice and Pride in Health Chapter8 Sexual Stigma: Putting Sexual Minority Health Issues in Context . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gregory M. Herek, Regina Chopp, and Darryl Strohl Chapter9 Globalization, Structural Violence, and LGBT Health: A Cross-Cultural Perspective . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mark B. Padilla, Ernesto Vásquez del Aguila, and Richard G. Parker Chapter10 Prejudice and Discrimination as Social Stressors . . . . . . . . . . . Ilan H. Meyer Chapter11 Determinants of Health Among Two-Spirit American Indians and Alaska Natives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Karen C. Fieland, Karina L. Walters, and Jane M. Simoni Chapter12 “I Don’t Fit Anywhere”: How Race and Sexuality Shape Latino Gay and Bisexual Men’s Health . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Jesus Ramirez-Valles Chapter13 Black LGB Health and Well-Being . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Juan Battle and Martha Crum
PartMethodologiesIV Research Chapter14 Defining and Measuring Sexual Orientation for Research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Randal L. Sell Chapter15 Sampling in Surveys of Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual People . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Diane Binson, Johnny Blair, David M. Huebner, and William J. Woods Chapter16 Researching Gay Men’s Health: The Promise of Qualitative Methodology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gary W. Dowsett Chapter17 From Science Fiction to Computer-Generated Technology: Sampling Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Individuals . . . . . . . . . . Esther D. Rothblum
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Chapter18 Using Community-Based Participatory Research to Understand and Eliminate Social Disparities in Health for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Populations . . . . . . . Mary E. Northridge, Brian P. McGrath, and Sam Quan Krueger
PartConcernsV Health Chapter19 Transgender Health Concerns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Anne A. Lawrence Chapter20 Health Care of Lesbian and Bisexual Women . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Katherine A. O’Hanlan and Christy M. Isler Chapter21 Cancer and Sexual Minority Women . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Deborah J. Bowen, Ulrike Boehmer, and Marla Russo Chapter22 HIV/AIDS Prevention Research Among Black Men Who Have Sex with Men: Current Progress and Future Directions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gregorio A. Millett, David Malebranche, and John L. Peterson Chapter23 LGBT Tobacco and Alcohol Disparities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gregory L. Greenwood and Elisabeth P. Gruskin Chapter24 Methamphetamine Use and Its Relation to HIV Risk: Data from Latino Gay Men in San Francisco . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rafael M. Díaz
PartVI Healthcare Systems and Services Chapter25 Improving Access to Health Care Among African-American, Asian and Pacific Islander, and Latino Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Populations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Partrick A. Wilson and Hirokazu Yoshikawa Chapter26 Public Health and Trans-People: Barriers to Care and Strategies to Improve Treatment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Emilia Lombardi Chapter27 HIV Prevention and Care for Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender Youths: “Best Practices” from Existing Programs and Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Joyce Hunter and Jan Baer
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Chapter28 Fenway Community Health’s Model of Integrated, Community-Based LGBT Care, Education, and Research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Kenneth H. Mayer, Matthew J. Mimiaga, Rodney VanDerwarker, Hilary Goldhammer, and Judith B. Bradford Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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