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Defective Construction Work

De
224 pages
Defective construction work, whether the result of inadequate design, faulty workmanship or poor materials – or some combination of these failings – is a frequent cause of legal disputes. Someone is usually to blame, either the builder or one or more of the professional consultants, or even the entire project team. It is important therefore that the project team should possess a good working knowledge of their responsibilities and liabilities.

Written by a solicitor with over twenty years of experience of building disputes, this book examines the responsibilities and liabilities of the project team when defects occur. It sets out the background role of the common law and statute and includes detailed discussion of important case law affecting the construction process from inception through to completion, together with a consideration of the impact of letters of intent, 'no contract' situations, and specific provisions of model conditions of contract.

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Contents
Prefaceix Abbreviations
1. Defi nition and Categorisation of Defects1.1 Defi nition of ‘defect’ 1.2 Qualitative defects 1.3 Patent/latent defects 1.4 Reasonable examination 1.5 Importance of the distinction between patent and latent defects 1.6 The ‘purchaser’, the ‘project team’ and other terminology 6
 2. Common Law, Statutory and Contractual Rights2.1 Common law 2.2 Statute 2.3 Contractual rights
 3. Contracts: An Overview13 3.1 Function 3.2 The basics 3.3 Express terms 3.4 Implied terms 3.5 Exclusion of implied terms 3.6 Exclusion clauses 3.7 Risk allocation 3.8 Model conditions of contract
4. NoContract/Restitution24 4.1 Restitution 4.2 Restitution and defects
 5. Letters of Intent32 5.1 Function 5.2 Legal analysis 5.3 The implications where defects occur
2 3 4
x
1 1
6
8 8 10 11
13 14 15 16 20 21 22 22
24 25
32 32 34
v
vi
Contents
 6. Tort: An Overview36 6.1 Negligence 6.2 Complex structures 6.3 Economic harm 6.4 Builders and professional consultants
 7. The Defective Premises Act 197252 7.1 Application 7.2 Fitness for habitation 7.3 Exclusion
 8. Third Party Rights56 8.1 The exception 8.2 Agency 8.3 Assignment 8.4 Novation 8.5 Statutory third party rights 8.6 Collateral contracts 8.7 Tort
9. StatutoryRequirements66 9.1 The Building Act 1984 9.2 Building regulations 9.3 Construction products 9.4 Workplace safety regulations 9.5 CDM regulations 9.6 The relationship with contractual obligations
10. The Builder’s Obligations: Design, Workmanship and Materials73 10.1 Buildability, durability and maintenance 10.2 Workmanship 10.3 Materials 10.4 Design
11. The Builder’s Obligations: Defects Before Completion93 11.1Temporardyisconformities93 11.2 Opening up the work 11.3 Defects and interim payment
12. The Builder’s Obligations: Defects at Completion106 12.1 Scope of work to be completed 12.2 Completion 12.3 Snagging
36 38 42 46
52 54 55
57 58 58 59 60 63 64
66 67 68 68 69 70
74 75 82 90
98 100
106 109 113
12.4 12.5 12.6 12.7
Contents
The effect of practical completion The ICE, NEC3 and MF/1 conditions The JCT Major Project Construction Contract Theprovisionofinformationpriortopracticalcompletion 116
13. The Builder’s Obligations: Defects Post Completion118 13.1 The common law 13.2 Defects liability period 13.3 Retentiomnoney 124 13.4 Retentiobnonds 127 13.5 Fincaelrtifi cates
14. The Professional Team132 14.1 Membership of a professional body 14.2 The structure of the team 14.3 Duties 14.4 Buildability, durability and maintenance
15.
Architects and Engineers142 15.1 Design 15.2 Selecting builders and other specialists 15.3 Supervision 15.4 Periodiincspection 15.5 Certifi cation 15.6Desigrenview15.7 Defecitnsvestigations 15.8 Honersetporting 15.9 Termination of performance
16. Project Managers, Surveyors and Others158 16.1 Projemctanagers 16.2Quantitsyurveyors16.3CDcMoordinators16.4 Clerk of works/engineer’s representative
17. Compensation164 17.1 Abatement 17.2 Set-off 17.3 Compensation 17.4 Betterment 17.5 Mitigation 17.6 Parasitliocsses 17.7 Distress and inconvenience
148
155 156
158 160 163
vii
114 115 115
118 119
127
132 133 135 140
143 146 146
150 152
157
163
164 166 167 172 173 174 176
viii
Contents
17.8 Contribution 17.9Contributornyegligence17.10 Enforcement of performance
18. Termination180 18.1 Breach of condition 18.2 Repudiation 18.3 Express termination provisions
19. Limitation183 19.1 Contract 19.2 Tort 19.3Contractulialmitatiopnrovisions19.4 Limitation and contribution proceedings 19.5 Defective Premises Act
20. DisputeResolution190 20.1 Litigation 20.2 Arbitration 20.3 Adjudication 20.4Expedrtetermination20.5 Alternative dispute resolution
Bibliography196 Table of Cases197 Table of Statutes208 Regulations, Directives, Reports, Rules of Court, Treaties209 Index210
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