Best of Côte d'Opale 2015 Petit Futé (avec cartes, photos + avis des lecteurs)

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La collection « Best of » : les bons plans et les bonnes adresses d’une ville, d’un département, d’une région ou d’un pays dans la langue de Shakespeare.

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Publié le : mercredi 17 juin 2015
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Best of
Côte d’Opale
www.petitfute.uk.com
2013
MorbihanWelcome !
Discover the château d'Hardelot,
its nineteenth century interior,
its Tudor gardens, its exceptional
cultural programme.
So Français,
Tellement
www.chateau-hardelot.fr
+ 33 (0)3 21 21 73 65British chateau.hardelot@pasdecalais.fr
Château d’Hardelot
Centre culturel de l’entente cordiale
1, rue de la source
62360 Condette (Pas-de-Calais) - France
Home of the Entente Cordiale
AD&S
T
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Guines
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oulet.fr
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Phot
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Br
unet PUBLISHING
Collection Directors and Authors:
Dominique AUZIAS and Jean-Paul LABOURDETTE Welcome
Responsible for Publishing: Adeline HUYGHE
Authors: Odile BUIRETTE, Caroline BEHAGUE, to Côte d’Opale !Aurélie BOLDRON, Jean-Paul LABOURDETTE,
Dominique AUZIAS et alter
Publishing Director: Stéphan SZEREMETA
Publishing Team: François TOURNIE, Jeff BUCHE, Perrine he Côte d’Opale is like an old crazy friend. Both soft and
GALAZKA, Talatah FAVREAU, Maud VILLERET, Patrick MARINGE, short-tempered, calm and violent, melancholic and
Caroline MICHELOT, Morgane VESLIN, Pierre-Yves SOUCHET, Tfestive, you never know how it accommodate us but one
Leena BRISACQ, Muriel PARENT
thing is certain, you always come back there. Its coastline with
STUDIO multiple faces continues to seduce. Dune landscapes on the
Studio Manager: Sophie LECHERTIER side of the Belgian border, sandy beaches as far as the eye assisted by Romain AUDREN
can see of Bray-Dunes in Berck-sur-Mer, valleys, green hills, Layout: Julie BORDES, Élodie CLAVIER, Sandrine MECKING,
Delphine PAGANO, Laurie PILLOIS marshes, streams, forests and meadows, the nature is crazy
Pictures Management and Mapping: Audrey LALOY and without any complex on the territory. Characterized by its
WEB two emblematic cliffs, the cape Gris-Nez and Cape blanc Nez,
Web Director: Louis GENEAU de LAMARLIERE it does not take more to realize this perfect contrast to the flat
Technical Director: Lionel CAZAUMAYOU surrounding country. Land of sailing par excellence, along the
Web Management and Development: Jean-Marc REYMUND,
dikes you will see them: the kitesurfers leave at the crossroads Cédric MAILLOUX, Florian FAZER and Anthony GUYOT
Community Manager: Cyprien de CANSON of winds and waves. They unfurl between sky and sea for a few
years on the coast. Paddle, sand yachting and runs along-side
PUBLICITY TEAM
also accumulate lovers. Those who prefer to keep their feet dry Local Publicity Responsible: Michel GRANSEIGNE
Local Publicity Recruitment: Victor CORREIA are not outdone. Mountain biking, horseback riding activities,
Customer Relationship Management: Vimla MEETTOO hiking, the beautiful Opale deploy countless trails and bucolic
and fantastic paths. Finally, land with a filled past, the history NATIONAL PUBLICITY TEAM
National Publicity Responsible: Aurélien MILTENBERGER of the Côte d’Opale is primarily that of the Belle Epoque and its
assisted by Sandra RUFFIEUX high-class seaside resorts of which the most famous are those
of Le Touquet-Paris-Plage, Hardelot and Wimereux. A few Advertising Managers: Caroline AUBRY, Perrine DE CARNE
MARCEIN, Caroline GENTELET, Florian MEYBERGER, kilometers away, it is also the most harsh and austere history of
Stéphanie MORRIS, Caroline PREAU fishermen from Iceland, originally from Grand-Fort-Philippe
and Petit-Fort-Philippe, or that of the sailors-fishermen from INTERNATIONAL PUBLICITY TEAM
Director: Karine VIROT assisted by Elisa MORLAND the villages of Audresselles, Ambleteuse or Etaples. Today, the
Advertising Managers: Jean-Marc FARAGUET, port of Boulogne-sur-Mer remains the largest fishing port in
Guillaume LABOUREUR France. The coastline of Nord-Pas-de-Calais still bears the
CIRCULATION AND PROMOTION scars of the several conflicts that have passed through with its
Sales Promotion Director: Bénédicte MOULET fortified cities, its blockhouses hidden in the hollows of dunes
assisted by Aissatou DIOP, Alicia FILANKEMBO or its many relics and memorials of war. The Nord-Pas-de-Calais, and Bénédicte PETIT
Sales Manager: Jean-Pierre GHEZ destroyed several times and always rebuilt, with new features
assisted by Nathalie GONCALVES or rebuilt identically, holds an invigorating energy like the wind
Press-Sponsors Partnership Management: that rises over a beach of the Nord.
Jean-Mary MARCHAL
No one can resist the Côte d’Opale. And if it is true that the wax
ADMINISTRATION and the rubber boots are less glamorous than the bikini, the
Chairman: Jean-Paul LABOURDETTE warmth and conviviality that you will find by pushing the door
Financial Director: Gérard BRODIN
of an estaminet or an inn are well worth perhaps the tropics! It Human Resources Director: Dina BOURDEAU
assisted by Sandra MORAIS and Naommi CHOQUET is therefore with great humility and pleasure that we present
Information Technology Manager: Pascal LE GOFF you the tourist guide Côte d’Opale. Very good discovery!Accounting: Valérie DECOTTIGNIES assisted by
Jeannine DEMIRDJIAN, Oumy DIOUF, Christelle MANEBARD
Collection: Fabien BONNAN
assisted by Sandra BRIJLALL
Switchboard: Jehanne AOUMEUR
PETIT FUTE BEST OF CÔTE D’OPALE 2015-2016
Dominique Auzias founded Le Petit Futé.
It is published by Les Nouvelles Editions de l’Université
18 rue des Volontaires - 75015 Paris.
Tel: + 33 (0)1 53 69 70 00 - Fax +33 (0)1 42 73 15 24
Internet: www.petitfute.uk.com
SAS with a capital of e 1000000
RC PARIS B 309 769 966
Cover: © Comimatex - Office de Tourisme de la Région
de Saint-Omer
Printed by: GROUPE CORLET IMPRIMEUR -
14110 Condé-sur-Noireau
Completion date: 22/08/2015
ISBN: 9782746986138
To contact us by email, family name (lowercase)
followed by @petitfute.com
Send an e-mail to the editor: info@petitfute.comContents
From The Revolution
To The 21st Century..................................22Knowing More
Nowadays ....................................................24About Côte d’Opale
Heritage & Traditions ........................24And Baie de Somme
Architectural Heritage ............................. 24
Cultural Heritage ....................................... 24Record Sheet ........................................ 8
Gastronomy25Not to be missed .................................. 8
Local Specialities25Belfries, World Heritage
Monuments ................................................... 8 Local Products ............................................ 26
Fortiied cities ............................................... 9 Alcohol & Spirits ........................................29
Seaside resorts ............................................. 9 Sports & Leisure ................................. 31
Fishing villages............................................. 9 Outdoor Activities.....................................31
Nausicaa .......................................................10 Hunting, Fishing & Natur .....................e 32
Carnival of Dunkir ...................................k 10 In The Air ......................................................32
Bagatelle ......................................................13 Adrenaline Sports .....................................33
Deux Caps .................................................... 13 Festivals & Events ..............................34
Nature ................................................. 14 Celebrations ................................................ 34
Geography ................................................... 14 Exhibitions ................................................... 36
Fauna & Flora ..............................................18 Fairs – Shows ..............................................36
Economy .............................................19 Cultural events – Festivals ...................... 38
Environment & Energies .........................19 Sport Events ................................................ 39
Agriculture ................................................... 19 Historic Shows
& Light Shows ............................................. 42I ndustr y ........................................................20
Tourism .........................................................20
History ................................................20
Prehistory ..................................................... 20 Côte d’Opale
Antiquit ......................................................y 21 (Opal Coast)
The Middle Ages ........................................ 21
Côte d’opale (Opal Coast) .................. 44From The Renaissance
To The Revolution .....................................21 Bray-Dunes ..................................................44
direct access to the beach visually impaired disability take away
bar mental handicap room service
laundry motor disability fitness room
air conditioning garden or park playroom / tv
nightclub games modern sanitary
cash machine washing machine / laundry water sports
drinking water bicycle rental
tennis
horse riding grocery store
archerysmoking area airport shuttle
waterslidenon-smoking fishing
fanfitness indoor swimming pool
toilet drainminiature golf outdoor heated pool
hard of hearing disability outdoor pool sailingCalais
Dunkerque Baie de Somme
(Dunkirk) ......................................................47
(Bay of Somme)Bergues ......................................................... 65
Gravelines ....................................................71 Baie de Somme (Bay of Somme) .....156
Calais..............................................................77 Abbeville ................................................... 156
Saint-Omer ..................................................91 Amiens ....................................................... 159
Guînes....................98 Argoules .................................................... 166
Arch ............................................................. 100 Crécy-en-Ponthieu ................................ 169
Wissant ....................................................... 102 Le Crotoy ................................................... 169
A udinghen................................................ 108 Eaucourt-sur-Somme ........................... 172
A udr esselles ............................................. 110 Fort-Mahon .............................................. 172
Ambleteuse .............................................. 112 Quend ........................................................ 175
Wimereux .................................................. 114 Rue .............................................................. 177
Boulogne -sur-Mer ................................. 118 Saint-Valery-sur-Somme ...................... 179
Desvres ...................................................... 124
Le Portel – Equihen ............................... 126 Organize Your StayHardelot Plage ........................................ 128
Le Touquet ................................................ 131 Organize Your Stay ..........................184
Etaples ........................................................ 141 By plane ..................................................... 184
Stella-Plage............................................... 143 By train................ 184
Merlimont ................................................. 144 By road 185
Montreuil-sur-Mer ................................. 145 By boat ....................................................... 185
Berck ........................................................... 149 Index .................................................189
© FRED COLLIERD940
N316
D916
D916
A26
D238
D127
Aa
D947
Aa
D 11
A25
A25
D 11
D305
Tunnel sous la Manche
D943
D943
D191
A26
D 11
D231
s
i
A16
A16
a
N 42
D243
D217
D110
De Panne
Côte d’Opale (Opal Coast)
Bray-Dunes
Zuydeoote
LA MANCHE
Maloles-Bains
Ghyvelde
Zone
industrielle
Fortportuaire
Mardyck
DUNKERQUE
Rosendaël
Petit-FortMardyck Téteghem
Philippe
Uxem
Les
Moëres
Grand-Fort-
Coudekerque-
Grande-
Philippe
Branche
Synthe
CappellePhare de Loon-Plage
Walde la-Grande
Hondschoote
CoudekerqueGRAVELINES
Les
Hemmes
Village
Warhem
St-GeorgesCALAIS
Oye-Plage sur-l'Aa
ArmboutsSpycker
Blériot-Plage Cappel
Craywick Hoymille
Le Fort-Vert
Bergues
Killem
St-Omer- Steene
St-Folquin
Sangatte Brouckerque
Capelle
Marck
Offekerque
Socx
WestTerminal Rexpoëde
Coquelles Bourbourg
Crochte
Cappel
Tunnel
Pitgam
Quaedypre
VieilleFrêthun Looberghe
Cap Blanc-Nez Coulogne Nouvelle- Eglise
Guemps
Bissezeele
Eglise
Niélles-
Wylder
lès-Calais
Capelle-
BonninguesEringhem
Brouck
Les Attaques
lès-Calais
Audruicq
Ste-MarieHervelinghen
St-PierreWissant St-Tricat
Kerque
HamesBrouck NORD
Zegerscappel
Boucres
Cap Gris-Nez
Wormhout
St-Inglevert
Pihen-lès- Merckeghem
Audembert Balinghen Ruminghem
Guînes Bollezeele
Tardinghen
Guînes Ardres Zutkerque
Millam
Polincove
Ferques
CampagneAudinghen Leubringhen Volckerinckhove
Autingues
lès-Guînes Muncq- Oudezeele
Caffiers Forêt
le
Plat-d'Or
LeulinghenNieurlet Watten
Rubrouck
Forêt de Guînes d'Eperlecques
Bernes Winnezeele
Rodelinghen
Bazinghen Zermezeele
Louches Blockhaus
Audresselles Fiennes
Wulverdinghe
Broxeele Hardifort
Nordausques
Landiethun- Ochtezeele
Marquise
Bouquehault
Locquinghen lès-Ardres
Bayenghem-
Lederzeele
WemaersRaventhun
lès-Eperlecques
Tournehem- Bois du Steenvoorde
Noordpeene Cappel
Ambleteuse
sur-la-Hem Ham
PARC NATUREL REGIONAL
Rinxent
Beuvrequen
Clerques Houlle Buysscheure
Serques
CAPS ET MARAIS D'OPALE
Rety
BonninguesCassel
Pointe aux Oies Offrethun
lès-Ardres Nieurlet
Sanghem
Zuytpeene
Maninghen-
Moulle
WierreWimereux Mentque- Tilques
Audrehem
Henne Effroy Clairmarais
Nortbécourt
Boursin
Herbinghen
Rebergues Salperwick
Pittefaux
Forêt
de
Wimille
St-MartinConteville- Rihoult-Clairmarais
Quercamps au-Laert
Pernes-lès-
Haut-Loquin
Colembert
lès-Boulogne
St-MartinBoulogne
Journy SAINT-OMER
Belle-et- Boisdinghem Zudausque
Boulogne Nabringhen
Nausicaá Rupembert
Houllefort
Surques
Arques
l
C
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t
H

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C
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B
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D916
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D218D901D901
D108
D143
A16
D940
D940
Lys
D940
D343
A26
D119
D341
D119
L
y
Authie
s
D341
Canche
D901
D349
D939
D939
D343
D341
D343
D341
Le Portel Wizernes
Brunembert
Seninghem
Lumbres
BOULOGNE- Forêt de Crémarest Hazebrouck
Setques
Boulogne
Outreau Bournonville Quesques Coulomby La
Coupole
SUR-MER
BayenghemWirwignes Elnes
Forêt de Desvres
lès-S
St-Etienne-
NiellesÉquihen-Plage Lottinghem
Menneville
au-Mont
lès-Bléquin
Isques
St-Martin-
WavransDesvres
Forêt de
Questrecques Choquel Bléquin dur-l'Aa
Ecault Vaudringhem
Nieppe
Vieil-Moutier
Cléty
Wismes
HesdigneulCondette
Thérouanne
Wierre- Ledinghem
lès-B
Carly
Courset
au-Bois
Forêt d'Hardelot
Bécourt
MerckSamer
Aire-surHardelot-Plage
St-Lièvin
Nesles Dohem
la-
Lys
Doudeauville
Thiembronne
Verlincthun
Tingry
NeufchâtelHerdelot
Bourthes
Zoteux
CampagneFauquembergues
lès-Boulonnais
Halinghen
Dannes Bezinghem
Ergny
Audincthun
Parenty
Rumilly
Widehem OPAL COAST
Hubersent
Hucqueliers
Assonval
Pointe de Lornel Enquin-sur- Wicquimghem
Bernieulles Baillons
Camiers Frencq
Verchocq
Cormont
Embouchure de Lilliers
Herly Radinghem
PAS-DE-CALAIS
la Canche
Lefaux
Maninghem
Courteville
Bimont
LE TOUQUET-
Coupelle-
RecquesClenleu
Vieille
sur-Course
PARIS-PLAGE
St-MichelAlette
Bréxent- sous-Bois
Étaples
Enocq
Montcavrel
Humbert
Rimboval
Créquy
Estrée
Bois de
Sempy
Beutin
Créquy
Neuville-
BoubersCucq
Attin Avondance
Stella-Plage
Aix-ensous-Montreuil lès-Hesmond
Heuchin
SainsSt-Josse
Issart
lès-Fressins
La Calotterie
Montreuil
Merlimont-Plage
St-Denoeux
Planques
Royon
MarlesMerlimont
Sorrus
St-Aubin sur-Canche
Fressin
Bois de
Airon- Marenla
Beaumerie- Hesmond
Fressin
Notre-Dame
Parc de Ecuires
St-Martin
Bagatelle
Wambercourt
Rang-
Lespinoy
du-Fliers
CavronBerck
Contes
Campagne-
St-Martin
Waillylès-Hesdin
Boisjean
Verton Beaucamp
Forêt
d'Hesdin
Berck-Plage
Saint-PolLa Houssoye
Bouin-
Hubysur-Ternoise
Waben
Plumoison St-Leu Le Parcq
Groffiers
Buire-le-Sec
Lépine
Baie
Roussent
d'Authie Gouy-St-André
Conchil-
Hesdin
St-Rémyle-Temple
Maintenay
au-Bois
NempontFort-Mahon- Saulchoy
St-Firmin
Plage
Mouriez
0 km 48 12 16 km
Douriez
D939
D126
D303
D 52
D 94
D126
D317
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A
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D157
D928
L
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D928
A16
D928Bergues
© OLIVIER LECLERCQKnowing More About Côte d’Opale
And Baie de Somme
Record Sheet  18
Not to be missed  18
Nature  14
Economy  19
History  20
Heritage & Traditions  24
Gastronomy  25
Sports & Leisure  31
Festivals & Events  348 RECORD SHEET
Record Sheet
w w Population: 813,645 inhabitants w w Region of belonging: Nord-Pas-de-Calais
2w w Density: 198.4 inhabitants/km w w Highest point: 133 m
2w w Size: 4 100 km  - 145 kilometers of coastline w w Main watercourses: Aa, Authie, Canche, Liane,
w w Number of municipalities: 438 Wimereux
Not to be missed
of wood but following the fires of 1372 and 1405, it
will be restored with bricks and stones in 1447 before Belfries, World Heritage collapsing in 1708. The architect Heroguel had built a
second between 1717 and 1724 behind the City hall. Monuments
Robust, it crosses the times to join us today. Culminating
at 45 meters high it is equipped with a turret on the north w w The two belfries of Dunkerque D. unkerque is
side as well as a carillon with four dials. The brave will have the only city in France to have two belfries classified as
to climb 236 steps before reaching the top!UNESCO World Heritage. The belfry Saint-Eloi and the
w w The belfry of Hôtel de Ville de Calais C .lassified belfry of the town hall. The first, built in 1440 to serve
as a bell tower of the church dedicated to saint Eloi, is a as UNESCO World Heritage since 2005, the belfry of the
massive square tower of a height of 58 meters. It houses Hôtel de Ville de Calais has been given a new look, one
a carillon of 50 bells whose the bourdon, named Jean- century after the laying of its first stone. After repair or
Bart, weighs 7 tons. The second, that of the City hall, replacement of facings, roofing and woodwork,
stainedwas built by the architect Louis-Marie Cordonnier (1901) glass windows and gilding of the statues of knights, it
and rises to 75 meters. A large stained glass window, is now open to the general public and that for the first
representing the triumphal return of the privateer time in its history. Enter, and take the elevator especially
Jean Bart after his victory at the battle of Texel (1694), designed for visits and go up (by elevator) to 75 meters
illuminates the interior base of the tower. high on the walkway. A stunning view of the city, the
harbor and the English coast awaits you.w w The belfry of Bergues. The belfry of Bergues... a
whole story in itself! Successively destroyed by a fire (May w w The belfry of Boulogne-sur-Mer. This is one of
30th, 1940) then dynamited (September 16th, 1944) by the oldest belfries in the region, having never been
the Germans, it was rebuilt identically in 1961. Today destroyed. The base dates from the late twelfth century,
housing the carillon or the Tourist Office, it stands on the the middle part of the 13th and the top, octagonal in
main square of the town and waits wisely that visitors shape, bring back for us to the 17th century. At the
will want to confront themselves with its 193 steps to beginning of the 13th century, the old keep of the first
better discover the view. Classified in 2004 as UNESCO count’s castle was ceded to the citizens of the city who
World Heritage site, it is one of the prides of the city. made it their belfry, symbol of communal liberties. It
A carillon concert is given every Monday, market day. was classified in 2005 as UNESCO World Heritage site.
w w The belfry of Gravelines 27 . meters high, the belfry w w The belfry of Hesdin.  Rebuilt between 1875 and
of Gravelines is located in the center of the citadel. Its 1879 through a bequest of 12,000 francs of the son of the
own lies in the simplicity of its architecture with unique mayor of the time, the belfry of Hesdin is a three-storey
decor for the lantern with slate roofed. Built in 1608, square tower in which is found three bunk dungeons
the belfry was renovated in the early 19th century and making municipal museum office today. The fourth floor
was decorated with a weathervane in 1903. is surmounted by a balustrade made for the wall walk.
w w The belfry of Aire-sur-la-Lys .The belfry of Aire- This same floor houses a bell of two tons above which the
sur-la-Lys is built in the 13th century and symbolizes top of the belfry completes the structure with a terrace
the freedom of the civil power. Originally it was made and a dome that was once used to house the watchman.KNOWING MORE ABOUT CÔTE D’OPALE AND BAIE DE SOMME
Fishing villages - NOT TO BE MISSED 9
Fortiied cities Route 62
Has always been exposed to invasions, the region Nord- Along the Highway 62, several unmissable tourist
Pas-de-Calais has inherited a military history still very sites are available to you for a weekend or a stay.
present in the architecture of its cities. On the Côte In all, 16 partners, among which you will find La
Coupole, Centre Médiéval d’Azincourt, Rando-d’Opale, several fortified cities offer passengers bricks,
Rail, but also guesthouses, amusement parks, inns stones, geometric shapes and ramparts preserved over
the centuries. The famous Vauban has left an almost and hotels, historic centers and restaurants that
invite you to discover the region at a reduced price: indelible mark and continues to impress history buffs.
with the Carte Avantages, you can enjoy exclusive All formerly fortified towns did not keep their ramparts
discounts. On the way to Highway 62!and several of them have dismantled their walls over
the centuries. However, some pearls remain. Bergues, w w Information: http: //route-62.fr/
has retained all of its walled enclosure. The ramparts of
Gravelines, built by the Comte de Flandre Thierry d’Alsace
and later reinforced by Vauban, are today admired aboad Fishing villagesa boat. Even further, the 3 400 meters of the walls of
Montreuil-sur-Mer remained intact.
w w Wissant H. emmed in between the capes Gris-Nez and
Blanc-Nez, Wissant was, from antiquity to the beginning
of the Renaissance, an important port of travellers and Seaside resorts trade. Its maritime power has been reducing thereafter
for the benefit of Calais. Following a violent sandstorm that
w w Le Touquet-Paris-Plage O. ne lends it the names destroyed the entire village in the 18th century, the
planof Perle de la Côte d’Opale, Arcachon du Nord or Jardin tation of marram grass (perennial plants growing in sandy
de la Manche. The reputation of the seaside resort Le soil) was decreed to protect the town of a new disaster. The
Touquet-Paris-Plage needs no introduction and the economic activity of the time was the fishing by flobart,
roaring twenties are there for something. At this time, large pot-bellied boats, today put in water using tractors,
the best years of the resort are lived. The very high society that come aground on the beach when the fishing is done.
(kings, presidents, maharajas and stars) seizes its places, A festival is even dedicated to the late August. With one
its casinos, its hotels, its hippodrome, golf and tennis, of the most beautiful beaches in Europe, the swimmers
its beach, its forest... Luxury and leisure destination par and water sports enthusiasts are not left out, even the
excellence, it is undeniably the flagship resort of the Côte days of grey sky, provided that there is wind. The town is
d’Opale. The memories of parasols, canoeists and golden internationally renowned for sea sports such as kayaking,
youth of the belle époque are still floating in the minds speed sail, but also windsurfing and sand yachting. Wissant
like something unforgettable. The combination of the enjoys the Label Kid which bears witness to its dynamism
chic of the rue Saint-Jean and its first brands faithfully to accommodate and entertain children. The village, with
established, its delicacies and pretty shops result the its traditional houses and its more modern buildings, offers
upscale nature of Le Touquet. The year 2012 marked a good living in the heart of nature. The wild beauty of
the centenary of the resort, the opportunity to track the places and the brightness, conferred by the sky and
and celebrate its dazzling ascent since its creation in the sea, shave attracted and continue to attract artists.
1912 thanks to the French Jean-Baptiste Daloz and the w w Audresselles. Nicknamed the Petite Bretagne du Nord,
British John Whitley. Audresselles is the most typical of the fishing villages of
w w Hardelot. He is an Englishman, in love with France the coast, also one of the most respectful of its traditions. A
but above all the owner of Château d’Hardelot, who walk is enough to delve into the past. The small traditional
is the origin of the seaside resort that it is today. We houses were kept in a state, and many are now housing
are in the early 20th century and Sir John Whitley is restaurants, holiday accomodations or second homes. In
surrounded by one of the best architects of the region, the same way, flobart, the working tool of yesteryear, is
Louis Cordonnier, to build a hundred villas between still used by some locals or is exhibited in various points
forest and dune landscape. Despite the two world of the town. In the heart of the village, the path of the
wars, some period villas remain proudly erect. Today, Pêcheur, punctuated by informative panels, tells the story
the seaside resort of Hardelot has achieved excellent of the local fishing and the life of these men and women
results between Le Touquet-Paris-Plage and Wimereux. who lived in this seaside for centuries.
Its gentle lifestyle, its sports activities, its beach and its w w Ambleteuse. Located between Boulogne-sur-Mer
forest make it a very popular destination. and Calais, Ambleteuse is a small typical fishing village
w w Wimereux. Rather chic seaside resort, located in the of the Côte d’Opale. The houses of bathers dating from
heart of the regional natural park of Caps and Marais the early 20th century, nestled in the trees or on the
d’Opale, Wimereux was at the Belle Epoque the holiday seafront, adjacent to the traditional houses of fishermen.
resort of the wealthy inhabitants of Lille and Paris. You Here, at the mouth of Slack, no sandy vast expanses but
can still see on the seafront the beautiful villas dating a pebble and rocks beach. This is the perfect playground
from the early century. Sports activities and many for young (and less young people) fans of the world of the
events, including the very playful festival of the mould. foreshore. On the dike, no restaurants, no bars or shops. 10 NOT TO BE MISSED - Fishing villages
Nausicaa.
You come here especially to relax and therefore the public. Moreover, Nausicaa has gotten involved
enjoy the quiet and the authenticity of the decor. In in an educational mission thanks to which the visitor
summer, it is still possible to taste ice creams or to discovers the mysteries and the fragility of the fauna
and marine flora. Nausicaa alone justifies alone your drink thanks to the street vendors installed on the
dike for the season. At the exit of the village towards stopover in Boulogne-sur-Mer!
Boulogne, the pointe aux Oies delights fishermen of
mussels, provided you know how to keep balance on
the rocks! Carnival of Dunkirk
wCARNIVAL OF DUNKIRKNausicaa DUNKIRK
From mid-January to mid-March.
Under the glitter and flowery hat, the carnavaleux one wNAUSICAA
goes far from arm above, arm below with friends, and Centre national de la Mer
chapels in cafés and streets, to the sound of drums. Boulevard Sainte-Beuve
Entering the band then behind the large arm of the BOULOGNE-SUR-MER
first lines, it follows the crowd in the air of the fife. & +33 (0) 3 21 30 98 98
Well with the heat under its clet’ che (disguise) and www.nausicaa.fr
its high umbrella, it sing «In Dunkerque when the onm carnival comes, it is all cheerful including cicadas! «
Closed in January. On December 25th. Open every day from The carnival of Dunkerque is not explained, it is lived.
9.30am to 6.30pm. Closed at 7.30pm in July and August. And they are the Dunkirk happy to share their so warm
Check the website schedule of the nourrissage of the various tradition. This success renewed every year originated in
species. Adult: E18.80. Child (from 3 to 12 years old): the 18th century, when the day before their departure
E12.30. Students and unemployed people: E13.15. in Iceland, the fishermen gathered to party of never
Senior: E17.30. Discount billetery Internet. Tourism fear of not returning... It is the birth of Visscherbende,
label & Disability. Tour adapted to the disabled guests: «the band of fishermen». The large hero of the carnival
E10.40. Children welcome. Guided tour (audioguide: is the Dunkirk corsair Jean Bart, famous for its warrior
E3.50). Catering facilities. plays at the side of Louis XIV. Today, it belongs to the
Nausicaa, which celebrated its twenty years in 2011, collective memory of carnavaleux when, at the end
is the largest European complex dedicated to the of the «rigodon», they sing with the knees cantata
knowledge of the marine universe. Let yourself be with Jean Bart: «Jean Bart, Jean Bart, the voice of the
dazzled by the beauty and diversity of the marine homeland repeats your glory and your immortal name».
ecosystem. Majestic jellyfishes with impressive sharks, The carnival begins with the Ball of the Chat Noir at the
you will discover a world you do not know existed. You beginning of February. Its moment forts are the band of
can also attend the penguin or sea-lion feeding which Dunkerque and 3 cheerful ones, the strip of Malo and
always remains a show that is greatly appreciated by the band of Bergues mid-April.
© OLIVIER LECLERCQCarnival of Dunkirk.
© OLIVIER LECLERCQDeux Caps.
© OLIVIER LECLERCQKNOWING MORE ABOUT CÔTE D’OPALE AND BAIE DE SOMME
Deux Caps - NOT TO BE MISSED 13
with tourists needs no introduction, are now the subject Bagatelle of a vast plan of protection. Victim of its success, the site
of Deux-caps is over-frequented. Today, the authorities
are trying to better balance tourism flows between the wBAGATELLE
seafront and the inland, and encourage the modes of soft CD940 – MERLIMONT
transport between the different towns of the Deux caps.& +33 (0) 3 21 89 09 99
www.parcbagatelle.com w w The cape Blanc-Nez. The cape Blanc-Nez is located
contact@parcbagatelle.com in the town of Escalles, small village nestled in a beautiful
Open from April to September. Low season. Full price: E23.90. valley, situated 10 kilometers south of Calais and
23 kiloChild of 1m with 1m45: E19.90. Child of less 1m: free if meters north of Boulogne-sur-Mer. The site impresses
accompanied by a person paying the individual full price. with its stunning views of endless beaches overhung by
Senior (60 years and +): E19.90. Disabled person: E17.50. cliffs reaching 133 meters. These chalky cliffs and hills
High season. Full price: E24.50. Child of 1m with 1m45: have preserved a grassy moorland particularly related
E19.90. Child of less 1m: free if accompanied by a person to salt spray transported by strong winds from the
paying the individual full price. Senior (60 years and +): north and west. The grassy lawns coexist with cultures
E19.90. Disabled person: E17.50. BaggyPass, unlimited and craters of bombs of the Second World War. The site
access. Adults: E65. Children: E59. Holiday voucher. Children is characterized by a varied flora. It is indeed the only
welcome. Catering facilities. Shop. Activities. limestone hillside in coastline of the Nord-Pas-de-Calais
Sixty years of shared pleasure, always with a good number region. This originality results in halophytic plants on
of thrills! Bagatelle was one of the first amusement parks the cliff: the sea kale (ancestor of cultivated cabbage)
of our country. A success ever contradicted. Friendly Baggy is certainly the most representative. Lovers of fresh air
can make up adrenaline with Triops. Its gimlets and can follow the signposted route along the cliffs to Dover
loops with 45 metre high ensure an intense course! But Patrol, the highest point of the cape.
Bagatelle is mainly families and children are not forgotten w w The cape Gris-Nez. This wild site remarkably preserved with many dedicated rides. For the 2015 birthday, four (protection area about 10 kilometers around the cape),
innovations make their appearance for more burst of windswept overlooks the sea. A lighthouse overlooks the laughter! Here, there is something for everyone. The cape, facing England which is only 28 kilometers away recreation is guaranteed! (shortest distance to France-England). The narrowness of
the corridor and the force of the currents make navigation
difficult. To this is added the low depth, 64 m maximum,
which reveals at low tide stretches of sand sometimes very Deux Caps
important. This point of land also marks the boundary
The site of Deux Caps is the only classified as Grand Site between the Mer du Nord and La Manche. Many paths
de France in Northern France. It is the only witness to a to be made on foot allow you to reach the top of cliffs.
confrontation between two geological periods. 150 Million Everyone can discover a remarkable panorama but also
years ago, at jurassic, the sea has deposited marls and clays, the notches, these places where the streams flow into
it is the cape Gris-Nez. Some 100 million years later, in the the sea. They are really numerous, one almost requests
sea is added the chalk that composed the cape Blanc-Nez. where does all that water come from? The site owes its
These two fraternal inseparable twins and whose reputation name «Gris-Nez» to the clay rock which forms the cliffs.
The cliffs of Cap Blanc-Nez
© OLIVIER LECLERCQ14 NATURE - Geography
Nature
Geography Relief
The Côte d’Opale has three departments the Nord, Watercourses and valleys
Pas-de-Calais, Picardie, and the least we can say is
w w Aa. This small coastal river, dear to the crossword that each one has its environmental charm. From North
amateurs, has its source in altitude from the valley to South, the traveller will discover the Flemish dunes,
Bourthes-les-Hameaux. It includes almost the whole capes and cliffs of Calaisis-Boulonnais, and finally the
Audomarois, crosses and drains its marshes before flowing Picardie maritime plain and the three estuaries of Canche,
into the North Sea, in Gravelines. Its name comes from Authie and Somme. Spread over 223 kilometers of
the German word aha meaning «water».marine shorelines, the coast is made of a wide range
of protected natural areas: the Parc naturel régional des w w Authie .The Authie, a 103 km long river, takes its source
from Coigneux in Somme and flows into the Channel near Caps et Marais d’Opale, or the Parc naturel marin des
Grosffliers. Its course, parallel to that of Canche, passes estuaires picards. According to your desires, you will
through a very little industrialised valley where agriculture spend in privileged place: sandy bays, cliffs vivid of
is present. This river is famous for its bucolic appearance, sandstone and clay or chalk, wooded dunes, marshes
its biodiversity but also for the old buildings that border it.and ponds. Environmental diversity is quite visible on the
coast. The tacit agreement between sea and countryside w w Canche. Faithful neighbour of Authie, Canche flows
becomes fascinating, especially since you are here at the over 88 km. It has its source in Gouy-en-Ternois and passes
crossroads of the Mer du Nord and La Manche. by Frévent, Hesdin and Montreuil-sur-Mer before flowing
into the Channel between Etaples and Le
Touquet-ParisPlage. You can fish the brown trout there and kayak lovers Climate can exercise this sport at will.
w w Average temperatures. The annual average tempe- w w Liane .This small Boulonnais river has its source in
rature on the Côte d’Opale is about 12°C. The winter is Quesques and flows into the Channel in Boulogne-sur-Mer.
mild, with temperatures between 2°C and 4°C, rarely Liane is 36.7 km long. It was heavily polluted by the industrial
below 0°C. There are on average twenty frost days on spoils in the years 1980-1990, which deteriorated the quality
the coastline. However, the winters are characterized of its water. For a few years, a combination of fishermen
as difficult because of frequent rains. As for the summer has tried to polish the image of the river. It is true that in
season, the temperature timidly surpasses 20°C on average. some places, Liane is a very pretty river and is full of fish.
w w Wimereux. Small coastal river, its name originates, w w Sunshine. The weather is often nebulous. This is
as you guessed it, from the pretty resort of Opale. It flows explained by the weakness of sunshine per year: less
than 1 700 hours of sunshine per year. over twenty kilometres, has its source in Colembert,
through Belle-et-Houllefort, Conteville-lès-Boulogne, w w Rainfall .They are regular throughout the year
Pernes, Pittefaux and Wimille before flowing into the (541 mm per year on average). Channel, in Wimereux, of course!
w w Wind .The winds from the west and Southwest
often bring humidity. Pays des 7 Vallées
The Pays des 7 Vallées covers an area of 670 km². It w w Natural phenomena. The thermal amplitude is low.
has 38,000 inhabitants who are spread over 94 towns, This is due to the presence of the sea which protects the
region from the strong depressions. 4 communities of towns: Hesdinois, Canton de Fruges,
Val de Canche Authie, Canche Ternoise. This region of the
woodlands, surrounded by meadows and hills, is an ideal
place for those who love to relax along a river or a trail.Weather point
w w Forests and wood. If you let yourself be fascinated by Known for its freshness and its gloomy weather,
the huge beaches of Côte d’Opale, its forests have nothing it is a surprise to anyone to say that the climate
to envy. Real windows open onto the greenery, the fauna is rather rich in water on the coastline. The sea
and flora are obviously well preserved in the region. The and the prevailing westerly winds from the west
forests of the upscale resorts of Touquet-Paris-Plage or frequently bring lots of moist air. Consequently,
Hardelot delight hikers. Further inland, those of Guînes the rain is abundant. Humidity is present in every
and of course Saint-Omer (Clairmarais) promise beautiful season. During your excursions so remember to
walks and privileged meeting with nature. Do not hesitate take your anorak systematically!
to get lost and to grant a real change from urban life.KNOWING MORE ABOUT CÔTE D’OPALE AND BAIE DE SOMME
Geography - NATURE 15
The flotilla of artisanal fishing
w w The regional natural reserve of the Condette Marshes
marsh. The site stretches around the Hardelot castle
w w The Audomarois marsh. The Audomarois marsh is and presents an environmental mix which consists of
a marshy basin of 3,600 hectares spread over 14 towns. meadows, marshy areas and afforestations. The marsh of
Lakes, meadows, small marsh plots and ditches are Condette ensures the ecological link between the forests
overlapping in a harmonious mixture of land and water to of Ecault and Hardelot. There are 345 plant species, 81 bird
form incomparable landscapes. This exceptional mosaic species, 7 Amphibian species and several mammal species.
is the result of the man’s work over the centuries. At the
beginning of its existence, the province of «Morins» is
a landscape of marshes in a wild state, a desert and Coastline
thuncultivated island between rivers and sea. In the 8
century, Benedictine monks established a monastery, Sea, Oceans
the abbey of Saint-Bertin. They wanted to develop the
w w The Mer du Nord. Located northwest of Europe, trade by water way and dug a first canal towards the sea. 2the Mer du Nord covers 575 000 km . It borders eight The first cultivable marshes were formed in the north
countries (the United Kingdom, France, Belgium, th and east of the city of Saint-Omer in the 12 century.
Germany, Netherlands, Sweden, Denmark and Norway), th thFrom the 15 to the 19 century the development of the
communicates with the Manche by thePas-de-Calais, marshes continues thanks to the technique of
empoldewith Baltique sea by the Kiel Canal and with the Atlantic ring imported from Holland. They grew potato, turnip,
Ocean to the north. Zone with a large volume of maritime yellow and red onion, leeks, celery, artichokes, cabbage,
transit traffic, of oil exploitation and fishing, the Mer du strawberries or chicory. Specialisation on cauliflower
Nord is mostly known for its complex system of currents culture, particularly suitable for the marsh, begins in
th and tides bringing the rich waters of the Atlantic. This the 18 century. The marsh is not only an agricultural
phenomenon creates a variety of environments in which area, it is also an extraordinary living area for walkers
evolves a large variety of animals.or strollers by boat, the fishermen... It is inhabited by a
remarkable fauna and flora. We can discover beautiful w w La Manche. The piece of clothes in which is dropped
picturesque villages. Salperwick, Tilques, Serques, Moulle the arm lent its name to La Manche, this sea inlet that
and Houlle. There is a popular myth: that of the witch separates Britain from Continental Europe. It borders
Marie Grauette who haunts the marshes and the rivers to three countries (The United Kingdom, Channel Islands,
stray children from these dangerous place. Represented France), communicates with the Mer du Nord by the
with the «Groët» (pitchfork with four or five bent tines), Pas-de-Calais, with the Atlantic Ocean by the Celtic sea
she scared them. The city of Arques honoured this witch and runs along the Nord-Pas-de-Calais, Picardie,
Hauteby creating a jacquemart in her effigy that stands on Normandie, Basse-Normandie and Brittany. The density
the town hall. In 2013, the Audomarois marsh received of maritime traffic is unique in the world, with nearly
the label Man and Biosphere awarded by the UNESCO. 20% of world traffic. To a very dense longitudinal traffic
of goods are added numerous transverse movements w w The Balaçon marsh. Located between Cucq and
between the British and French coasts, especially the Berck, it is a wetland classified «priority». Its water
transport of several tens of thousands of passengers a and lands intersect and form a fragile mesh that man
strives to keep in its present state. If you are a discreet day between the United Kingdom and France. Thus,
observer, you will perceive a particularly interesting 700 to 800 boats (excluding fishing and pleasure) pass
wildlife during your walk. daily through the strait of Pas-de-Calais.
© OLIVIER LECLERCQ16 NATURE - Geography
w w To cross it and thus reach the English coast , w w The beach of Wimereux. Wimereux is a charming
the craziest ideas have been launched and often made seaside resort. Many are the summer visitors to make
successfully. In January 1785, Jean-Pierre Blanchard and the trip to seek rest, sports or walks in the heart of the
John Jeffries cross it in a gas balloon. In August 1875, site if the two caps. On the seafront, villas in an
AngloMatthew Webb traverses it with the sheer force of his Norman victorian style and a timeless charm always
seduce. Half sand, half pebbles, the beach is the ideal arms, by swimming. A feat even today is regularly raised
by many trained amateurs... On July 25th, 1909, the place to meet between friends or with family. Another
great Louis Blériot was the first to fly over it by plane, significant asset, the kite and windsurfing center is one
offering a spectacular landing on the English coast: of the most popular of the Côte d’Opale.
«the victorious aircraft stopped with a little bent style, w w The beach of Ambleteuse. This is a beach where
a wing leaning familiarly on the English soil». However, swimming is strongly not advised due to strong currents.
the largest ever launched collective challenge is undoub- The one does not exclude the other, the practice of
tedly the construction of the tunnel under La Manche watersports is, however, very popular on the beach
in 1990 within which the first crossing in Eurostar will of Ambleteuse. The majestic Fort-Mahon, built in the
take place six years later. Crossing by electric airship 17th century by Vauban, continues to watch over the sea
or canoe, regularly, many adventurers launch a new and still much intrigues the curious walker.
challenge to connect the coasts!
w w The beach in Merlimont A .uthentic family resort,
as the locals like to claim it, the beach of Merlimont is Beaches
between Berck and Le Touquet-Paris-Plage. The activities
w w The beach of Leffrinckoucke S. peed sail, yachting, offered on the sand are multiple. On the land side, the
kitesurf, paddle, it’s mind-blowing over the vast beach tradition is not lost. You can indulge in tennis or old
Leffrinckoucke. Next to the station of Malo, it retains a bocce. Along the beautiful villas of the 1930s, the seafront
strong and quiet natural setting. Only a few buildings promenade is, for its part, very pleasant.
were built in the 1990s. In the west, you can see some w w The beach of Malo-les-Bains Malo. -les-Bains,
remains of the Second World War, nestled in the hollow residential area of Dunkerque, owes its reputation to of the dunes. The beach is very popular with families the pretty Malo’s houses of time but especially to its
and fishermen. pretty dam. Cafés, restaurants and ice-cream shops
w w The beach of Wissant L. ocated between the two follow one another along the promenade. Now, go
capes (cape Gris-Nez and cape Blanc-Nez), Wissant down on the sand and choose your activity: ball games,
offers a beautiful beach of 12 kilometers. Family, it is snowshoes, kite, hide-and-seek between the booths,
perfect for children when the tide is low. The tidepools, competition sandcastles, walk in the dunes, paddle,
shallow, are playgrounds of unusual games and loved kayak or simply sunbathing. The municipality sets up
by the little ones. As for sports, Wissant is becoming an a beach cabins service in season. The joys of the beach
international renowned as a spot for windsurfing and are simple and imperishable.
kitesurfing. w w The beach of Berck-sur-Mer. Located next to
w w The beach of Calais A w. aterfront lined with restau- the Bay of Authie, the beach of Berck-sur-Mer owes its
rants, chip shops, ice cream shops and bars, a mini-golf, reputation from its famous Rencontre Internationale
games for children, sports activities, all on a sandy de Cerfs-Volants. On its white fine-grained sand beach,
beach that stretches to the cliff of the caps Gris-Nez. families settle there quietly to spend a day of leisure and
The seaside resort of Calais is also well-known for its relaxation. The iodized sea air makes the fame of this
old wooden chalets planted in the sand since the early resort known for its specialized medical institutions. As
20th century. The show of ferries crossing the port of you walk on the dam, you will enjoy at will the many
Calais to England is impressive. shops. Sports enthusiasts can enjoy the traditional
wind sports.w w The beach of Bray-Dunes. It is the last resort
before the Belgian border and the favourite of tourists w w The beach of Portel. Stretched over 1.5 km and
from Lille in the summer. Huge, the beach of Bray-Dunes sheltered by the roadstead of Boulogne-sur-Mer, the
stretches over 10 kilometes and therefore promotes beach of Portel is famous for its friendliness. The resort
the practice of sand yachting. Between two dunes, has what it takes for a family stay in a preserved natural
Marchand and Dewulf, it offers to its regulars a very setting. Seaside pleasures, walks, parks and gardens
pleasant natural setting. and historic sites, the activities do not miss to relax.
w w The beach of Audresselles. This is not a beach, but w w The beach of Boulogne-sur-Mer. Located next to
two, that the authentic fishing village offers. Separated Nausicaa, the beach of Boulogne-sur-Mer is a couple of
by cap called «Côtes-de-fer», the two neighbours are doors from the city center. It is accessible on foot and
different. The beach in the south, suitable for swimming, by car. The fine sandy beach is equipped with toilets
stretches to Ambleteuse. The beach in the north stretches, and showers and is supervised in summer. You should
for its part, to the Gris-Nez and has a face much wilder. know, the water quality has long been criticized by the
In addition, it is not supervised and is not recommended Agence de l’Eau Artois- Picardie. The rental kiosks, screens
for swimming. Perhaps in these places, you may be lucky and lounge chairs are available on site. The sportier of
enough to see the departure of flobarts, these typical you will have the possibility to practice sand yachting,
fishing boats from the coast. kitesurfing and windsurfing.KNOWING MORE ABOUT CÔTE D’OPALE AND BAIE DE SOMME
Geography - NATURE 17
w w The dam of Braek in Dunkerque.S tretched over Morocco and many other countries is underway. At the
6 km, the dam of Braek is located between the Mer du end of the 19th century Dunkerque acquired the status
Nord and a pond for unloading ores from the cargo of third French port. Here, the activity is essentially
ships. For sure, a unique panorama that this beach oriented towards imports of raw materials needed for
area bordered by the industrial facilities. The access the textile or metallurgical industry. During the Second
World War, Dunkerque undergoes the longest occupation: remains very difficult because of the many locks to
cross. The dam of Braek offers nothing exceptional if five hard years of siege, a 90% shaved city and a port
not guaranteed to be quiet and surrounded by several similar to a pond subjected to the up-and-coming of
factories... There is no restaurant, no ice cream shop, or tides. In August 1945 reconstruction works are estimated
at 1.2 billion francs. After a period of important exten-café here. For more bustle and life, it is better to walk to
its more chic and famous neighbour, the dam of Malo- sions of the port infrastructures, Dunkerque became
les-Bains. Downside though: for the inhabitants of the the first ore port of France as the site hosts, not far
region, this dam remains, in the collective memory, the away, a gigantic steel complex, Usinor, today became
best for the first hours of driving! Mittal. The Port Authority comes out on November 8th,
1965 but the loss of the shipyards as well as important w w The beach of Touquet. Located at the mouth of the
strikes of dockers have penalized the development of Canche and 30 kilometers south of Boulogne-sur-Mer, Le
this equipment before it can not find a true through Touquet is 2: 30 hours from Paris by the A16 motorway.
these last fifteen years.The beach of fine sand stretches over 6 km and many
walks as well in the large forest as along the mouth of w w The port of Boulogne. Boulogne-sur-Mer owes
the Canche call you and await you. Le Touquet Paris-Plage its dynamism and its fame mainly to its fishing port.
wants to be «the station of elegance», in the image of First French fishing port, it consists of a varied flotilla
of nearly 150 boats bringing back every day more what it was during the Belle Epoque, in the 1900s.
than 70 different species, landed and sold at the w w Oye-Plage, the beach of Escardines T. he beach
Halle à Marée. The port of Boulogne-sur-Mer focuses of Escardines is located in the middle of a protected
on all activities of the industry: capture, processing, natural environment. It stretches over 11 kilometers
marketing and distribution of seafood. One district and is bordered by a vast dune landscape. Stayed in its
of Boulogne is devoted to this activity: Capécure, the natural state, it looks like a wild beach and also a refuge
world of sailors. But if you are looking freshly landed for migratory birds. The beach is supervised during the
fish, go to quai Gambetta in Boulogne, where families months of July and August. To reach the expanse of of fishermen offer their catches for sale. Beyond its sand and water you will pass through a small wooden
fishing activity, the port holds an important place in staircase. Horseback riding, sea fishing, collecting of
the international trade.shells and other sports activities are also present.
w w The port of Calais .Calais is the gateway to England w w Stella-Plage. Family seaside resort, Stella-Plage is
in Europe! First roll-on roll-off port on the continent, located a few kilometers from Le Touquet. On a sandy,
the port of Calais ensures the transit of nearly a third install your towel and swim safely, lifeguards observe
of goods traded between Continental Europe and the with a benevolent eye the holidaymakers. Showers
United Kingdom. It is up to 50 departures a day which are available. The beach is also suitable for pleasant allows you the road hauliers to ensure fast delivery of strolls in the fresh air as it extends for several kilometers.
their goods to Britain.Our friends the dogs are allowed only on a leash on the
Apart from this activity of goods, the port of Calais is unsupervised part of the beach.
also the first French port for travellers and the second
w w Hardelot. Hardelot has a long sandy beach, bordered in Europe. Nearly 10 million passengers English in vast
by the dunes of Ecault in the north and those of Mount majority pass in transit here each year. Three companies
Saint-Frieux in the south. Popular with families, in the – P&O Ferries, LD Lines-DFDS Seaways, My Ferry Link
summer, the southern part of the beach is reserved – ensure the crossing of the Manche in 75 minutes. In
for sports activities: sand yachting, kitesurf... 2015 the most important European port project began.
It will allow the port of Calais to double its current
Ports capacities thanks to the construction of a new basin,
towards the sea, in the north of the existing port facilities w w The port of Dunkerque. Third French commercial
for a total investment of 652 million euros by 2020.port, located on the Mer du Nord, the port of Dunkerque
has facilities allowing it to accommodate all types of w w The five marinas on the Côte d’Opale T .he Côte
goods and the largest ships. It has two marine gateways d’Opale offers five marinas: Dunkerque, Gravelines,
and extends over 7 000 hectares. The first activities Calais, Boulogne-sur-Mer and Etaples as well as the
of the port date back to the 11th century. Even if it is marina of Arques (near Saint-Omer). Many boaters
only in its beginnings, the herring fishery is gradually find there a pleasant stopover before taking off to
developing on the coastline. From 1350, the commercial England or Belgium. In all, 2,070 rings are offered and
traffic with Holland and England grows. Once in the many services are available for navigators: fresh water,
hands of Louis XIV, he is experiencing a time of great electricity, health service, fuel distribution station, daily
works that will shape the current Est port. The Roi-Soleil weather bulletin and the indispensable wi-fi. Conviviality
introduced in Dunkerque the privilege of Franchises. is present on the docks. The recreational boating activity
Therefore the trade with America, Spain, Portugal, is booming on the Côte!18 NATURE - Fauna & Flora
FloraFauna & Flora
The coastal dune is a natural habitat fragile and rich in
diverse flowering plants – but don’t pick them!
Fauna w w European beachgrass. This plant with cutting
Just like the landscapes opaliens fauna, present on the leaves and deep roots is served to fix sand and protect
the inland from the wind. Not very present on the territory is well diversified. From passage on the coast,
seafront, the European beachgrass is fragile. Be careful you can not escape the mocking rit from the seagulls,
not to trample it.with the dance of the gulls, with heavy slow and steps
from the horse boulonnais or the Highland cows. w w Sea-buckthorn. Prickly shrub with silvery foliage.
w w The birds I. n April, the territory is a concentra- Its fruit, rich in vitamin C, can be used for medicinal
tion of migratory birds, real ballet of herring gulls, purposes or consumed as jams.
black-headed gulls and gannets among 250 different w w Daisy. It has no secrets to person. The legendary daisy
species. In total, 22 species protected on a European (or «margueritte»), and its white petals of Cupid, is in
scale nest on important natural areas of Pas-de-Calais abundance in the fields and on the banks of the trails,
especially on the Opal Coast, which corresponds at any time of the year.
to the quarter of the protected species in France.
w w Dune pansy. Also called «viola tricolor» for its colour, Among them, the michelin-starred bittern, pygmy
it has the distinction of flowering slowly throughout blongios, the owl of the marais, the marsh harrier or
the summer. Fragile and discreet, the dune pansy is a white stilt...
protected flower.
w w The draught horse boulonnais It belongs t. o the
w w Gorse. This plant, with robust aspect, flowers in landscape. In the plains of Boulonnais, you often see it
winter. With its yellow colour, it is very appreciated by grazing peacefully. It is said that it has the clouds of the
butterflies and leaves around its vanilla and a coconut coast. Its beautiful attire is generally clear, the white and
fragrance.grey to grey iron. Powerful, enduring, the horse
boulonnais is not slower and bright. Among the nine breeds of w w Fen orchid, grass-of-Parnassus, autumn
horses draught French, it is characterised by the small gentian, slender marsh-bedstraw . These four species,
which grow in the region, subject to a national conser-marine anchor that marks him with iron on the neck, as
soon as the signs of the course are known to him. It was vation plan.
the work of horse, of Flanders in Normandy, a hundred
years ago. Reproducers were sold as far as Argentina. Parks & Nature ReservesIt was one of the great victims of the two world wars
and especially the motorization. At the beginning of
Nature Reservesthe year 1970, there was no more than a thousand of
mares. Le Boulonnais is an excellent horse of traction, w w Natural reserve of Platier d’Oye L. ocated in
van or prestige, popular today for the elegance of its Oye-Plage between Dunkirk and Calais, the natural
horse and carriage. The three – quarters of manpower reserve of Platier d’Oye is the first feeding area of
are Pas-de-Calais. Regional competitions with Desvres, migratory animals on the Channel and the North Sea.
Marquise, Hucqueliers and Fauquembergues allow the Enthusiasts of ornithology, fauna and flora will
apprebreeders to confront their animals. Praise finally to this ciate this large flat land where dunes, sandy benches
superb, winner animal on several occasions of the Road and stretch of water mix. As for the fauna, the animal
of Fish, of course mythical horses between Boulogne- species are numerous. There are 20 species of mammals,
sur-Mer and the Paris region. including three marine animals like the seal. Among
w w The Highland cows. Animal horned and animal the 230 bird species, the gull is widely represented.
with jars, this Scottish Highland cows of course, for the Without forgetting several species of Amphibians
marshy lands, is more rustic. Robust and resistance, it like Natterjack toad or green frog. For the flora, this
is still small and flexible. Its dress can be plain – black, vast natural space hosts 361 species of which 6 have a
red, white, yellow, grey – or bringée (stripes). It is an national protection. We can mention the sea purslane or
important asset in the nature area space management heartsease.
what pushed the association loaded with the organiza- Guided tours are held several times a year on the Platier
tion of important natural areas of the region to introduce de l’Oye. The themes are various: migratory animals,
them into the landscape. owls, water. We advise you to bring your binoculars!
w w Seals and whales. They are back on the Côte w w Natural reserve of Baie de Canche . Fauna and
d’Opale, between Zuydcoote (North) and Mers-les-Bains flora diversity here stretches over 505 hectares of natural
(Somme). Weddings other nearly 600 pinnipèdes that space blending land and water. In Etaples, located
were reinstalled gradually, from the end of 1980, on across England, the life of the estuary is linked to tide
the Opal Coast, place that they had deserted at the and salinity. Flora is composed of 543 species. Its fauna,
beginning of the 20th century, hunted for their fat 39 mammals (red squirrel, seal or marine veal), 260 bird
or their skin. These marine calves or these grey seals species and 11 species of Amphibians make the natural
are seen especially in Picardy coast or on the side of reserve a magical and preserved place. You can freely
Berck-sur-Mer. visit it via its trails.KNOWING MORE ABOUT CÔTE D’OPALE AND BAIE DE SOMME
Agriculture - ECONOMY 19
Natural reserve of Platier d’Oye, ideal for practicing horseback riding
w w Parc Régional des Caps et Marais d’Opale . of the birds and plants learning and many other themes.
Located in Nord-Pas-de-Calais, the park is bordered A true lesson of nature.
by the cities of Calais, Saint-Omer, Boulogne-sur-Mer w w Mont Pelé, Mont Hulin. Located near Desvres, the site
and Etaples and includes 152 towns and 6 associated is a former quarry of marly chalks exploitation, from which
municipalities. This protected territory offers a vast you can still see the extraction pits. The slopes, which was
space of natural discoveries. Hikers are spoilt for choice: rebuilt during the renovation of the site, at the end of the
canals and wild sites of the caps, hills and groves and the 70s, are large and are slowly colonised by vegetation. This
famous marais audomarois. The environment of the coast setting, which has a remarkable flora, is integrated into
is overflowed with surprises. Born in March 2000 from the Boulonnais southern cuesta slopes complex. The lawns
the fusion of the Boulonnais park and Audomarois park, are represented, combined with calcicoles meadows and
this park offers several annual events to become familiar woods. The open spaces are maintained by the Boulonnais
with the preservation of our environment: observation of sheep and Highland cows grazing. Departure of the walk:
wildlife and flora, discovery of natural sites, recognition Maison de la Faïence de Desvres.
Economy
Environment & Energies Agriculture
Economy of the Côte d’Opale structure around a historic Agriculture takes a central place in the economy of the
base of industrial activities that the region a European region and occupies the territory in a substantial way.
capital in terms of energy production. The Côte d’Opale has The fertility of the land and the mild climate offer a
many energy (nuclear power plant, terminal gas pipeline, higher return than the French average. The soft wheat
power station with gas) that allow you to produce energy and the potatoes are the two lighthouses agricultural
to industrial pole spread, in particular, around the port products of the North.
of Dunkerque. The use of renewable energies progresses The regional holdings cover nearly 7% of the national
notably in côte d’opale, then to the environmental concerns wheat production, almost one third of the French
and sustainable development. The weather conditions of production of potatoes, but also 15% of the national
the Coast lend themselves to the development of wind production in cabbage, roots and tubers fodder (INSEE
energy well. Thus, in Fauquembergues, GE Wind developed figures). However, the fruit production remains very low
one of the largest French wind farms and the region with only 420 hectares. As far as breeding is concerned,
of Dunkerque would like to accommodate an offshore the cattle and the porcine species dominate the livestock
oil rig project of windmills. production.
© OLIVIER LECLERCQ20 ECONOMY - Industry
assets, its cultural equipment or its event program Industry contribute to the fame of the destination for customers
French and foreign, first English but also Belgian, Bastion of the industry of 19th, based on coal and textile,
German and dutch. The region has 127 hotels listed the region had to face to profound industrial changes.
for nearly 4,400 rooms and 216 listed locations is more
w w The ore is no longer the same, but the electrical than 23,000 locations. It is located at the crossroads
issues are all the more powerful: if the coal is no longer between South and Northern Europe, Belgium and
extracted, Gravelines has one of the largest nuclear England.
power plants in the world.
w w Eurotunnel Le Shuttle. Dug in 50 ft deep under the
w w The heavy industry, it gathers around Dunkerque, sea, the Channel tunnel is at the top of the more European
with the steel industry and aluminium the factory of great projects. It took eight years of work to realize the
the group Rio Tinto Alcan or pharmaceutical industry. crazy idea to the English coast passing under water.
10% of automotive engineering are produced today 37 Km long, the tunnel starts from Coquelles to reach
in region, including the factories Renault, Peugeot or in 35 minutes from the Folkestone, located near Dover.
Toyota in Valenciennes, located almost fifteen years ago. The Eurostar train line provides fifty departures per day
for travellers without vehicle. Lines specific to passengers w w The textile , although in fort fall, remains a key sector
with cars, buses and trucks also function.of the region. Therefore Calais, with its
76,000 inhabitants, is the world capital of lace. It has only 13 textile w w My Ferry Link – Calais T.he ship of My Ferry
companies (for 2,200 employees) for more than Link cross the Channel sixteen times during the
1,000 before the First World War. day. Two ferries, Berlioz and Rodin (with a capacity
of 1,200 to 1,900 passengers, 110 to 120 trucks and w w The fishing remained a major industry in the region,
480 to 700 cars) leave Calais for England to Dover. Areas marked by the large ports, the first of which Boulogne
of restaurants and shops are available during the crossing.is found. Boulogne-sur-Mer is also the first European
center north for the transformation and the distribution w w P&O European Ferries .This company offers a
of the halio-food products, in charge as in ice. There departure every hour 24 hours a day from the port of
are several types of fishing on the Opal Coast: great Calais. To ensure this schedule: five ferries including new
fishing for boats leaving their home port over 20 days, Spirit of France, 50,000 tons, the largest ferry ever built
deep-sea fishing for those no more than 4 days, the to cross the Channel.
coastal fishing from 1 to 4 days and offshore fishing w w DFDS and Ld Lines L. ouis Dreyfus Armateur for 12 hours maximum. companies (LDA) and FDS recently joined to become
DFDS Ld Lines. This new Franco-Danish duo offers four
trans-Manche lines (Calais-Douvres and
DunkerqueDouvres) and provides forty-four daily rotations. The Tourism
company also has other lines in Anse, except Opal
Each year, is estimated at 1.2 million the number of Coast, including in the Mediterranean. It has a total of
arrivals in hospitality on the Côte d’Opale. Its natural nine ships transport and a capacity of 4 000 passengers.
History
with the presence of some bifaces and flint nodules
next to the bones of elephants and hippos dating back Prehistory
to – 700,000 years. These people settled in the region
The history of the Côte d’Opale is deeply marked by the at the rhythm of glaciations and left some remains of
sea, and the strait that separates France from its British their stay (bones of animals, traces of fires and various
neighbour. The shortest way between the two shores, waste), mainly on the limestone plains. They testify to
between Calais and Dover, has also given its name to the persistence of a human implantation of Biache during
the department of Pas-de-Calais. Sometimes footboard an interglacial period 250,000 years ago. The first traces
of the conquerors of the white Albion, sometimes of the homo sapiens are dated from 38,000 years BC. The
bridgehead of these «enemies» themselves, the region region was then a steppe populated by reindeer. Progress
is cradled stories of conquests and summit meetings is slow, in agriculture and metallurgy (first relics to the
between the two powers, sometimes allied but often Neolithic around – 3700), but the fertile soil promotes
rival. The first traces left by man were found in Wimereux sustainable implantations. Around 3000 years BC., the KNOWING MORE ABOUT CÔTE D’OPALE AND BAIE DE SOMME
From The Renaissance To The Revolution - HISTORY 21
drier weather makes getting back the forest and the nobles are getting poorer and mark the beginning of
arrival of new people coming from the South causes their military obliteration. The cities have acquired
the first wars experiences by the regional history. In the considerable privileges thanks to the bourgeois who
Bronze Age, around – 1500, there are found the traces of buy back them from the lords, manage to keep their
important inter-regional trades, including with Britain. savings through military and political crises. The belfries
are built a little bit everywhere symbols of power of
the aldermen and of the merchants on the nobles. The
Church keeps an omnipresent power by its cultural and Antiquity social role. In the 13th century, the rupture ordered by
the king of France with England ends to exacerbate the The Germanic people (Vandals, Burgundians...) pass as
anti-French sentiment in the regional population. Then torrent and devastate the region. Another invasion, that of
the Hundred Years war breaks out in 1337. The beginning the sea, pushes inhabitants to take refuge on the highlands.
of the conflict is, in the first thirty years, a disaster for The Franks eventually conquer it and settle there, leaving
the region as England that is sure of its Flemish allies, a strong imprint that is still today the delight of historians
made the North the scene of its first military operations and archaeologists. A linguistic separation then begins to
with such as the Battle of Crécy, where falls a part of appear on both sides of the Lys, Picard and its Latin roots
the French nobility or the siege of Calais that becomes in the south and the Flemish in the north struggling to
English for two centuries to come while asphyxiating impose itself. The shore (from Dunkerque to Saint-Omer
the development of the other towns of Artois. It is and Montreuil-sur-Mer) that can be victim of seaborne
also a period when the black plague and bad weather invasions is however left to the looters. The Angles and
conditions, because of scarcity, are wreaking havoc in the Saxon settled there, as evidenced by the names of
the population. By the play of weddings and successions, some villages. Ham or Hem mean «domain» in Saxon or
Flanders and Artois pass into the hands of the duke of Frisian, Zeele in Salian Franks mean «seigneurial house».
Burgundy, allied to the English.If Christianization is very slow, it eventually happen. The
7th century is the golden age for the missionary
monasteries, especially in Thérouanne where the Benedictine
monk Audomar became the first bishop of the region, From The Renaissance
known as the Saint-Omer. It is with the help of three
other monks, Bertin, Momelin and Ebertram, which he To The Revolution
will launch the development of the marshy lands of the
Audomarois region born from the gradual withdrawal w w The 15th century. Louis XI conquers the region
of the sea. To the 8th and 9th centuries, the low Flemish but the heiress Marie de Bourgogne married the future
countries thus awaken, and shopping centers (also called emperor of Austria Maximilien de Habsbourg, only
portus) appear as Saint-Omer. Boulonnais will remain the property of the kingdom
of France. The rest of the region will be occupied by
the great European powers (Austria, Spain, England,
etc.). In 1520, François Ier will want to ally with Henri The Middle Ages
VIII, king of England against Charles Quint during the
This time witness to a constant economic development famous interview of the Camp du Drap d’Or, which will
of the region, but towns and villages suffer the collapse be a failure. In 1558 however the French will regain
of a system of production and exchanges archaic. The Calais to the English.
The Napoleonic camp in Cap d’Alprech
© OLIVIER LECLERCQ22 HISTORY - From The Renaissance To The Revolution
From The Revolution The beach and its bathers
stIn the 19th century, the sea baths are highly recom- To The 21 Century
mended by the doctors. They are good for health, they
say. The force of the waves would have the virtues of In 1789, The French Revolution will have little impact
hydrotherapy, so, everyone get into the water! However, on the regional territory even if the revolutionary zeal
the customary of the time is not as released as today, hounds symbols of the Church, destroying many artistic
and for the propriety, the bathers are not exposed and treasures and selling the property of the clergy in
indiffeget wet under a canvas tent. Modesty obliges, women rence. The end of the privileges ruins many cities and the
bathe, for their part, in jacket with baggy trousers creation of two departments of Nord and Pas-de-Calais
or black wool socks, and bonnet on the head. The in 1790 with their cutting or the choice of prefectures,
following, everyone knows it: the woolen swimsuits, raise serious quarrels. In the year VIII (1799), Napoléon
closed to the calves, were gradually shortened... Bonaparte was greeted by a region disgusted by the
violence of the Terror. Rural deeply, they are illiterate and
hungry for peace. Very quickly, the notables take care
w w The 16th century. This century was marked by to occupy the most important positions in the county
the reform initiated by Luther and Calvin, the maritime administration. In 1810, thanks to the continental
Flanders to the north of Calais side with the Protestant blockade, the economy of Nord-Pas-de-Calais takes off
Netherlands, while Artois under Spanish rule becomes a thanks to the development of industry and sugar beet
real shelter for the English catholics persecuted in their cultivation. Yet conscription, unemployment and poverty
country. They settled particularly in Saint-Omer. The fuel the hatred of the people against Napoléon. But in
Provinces Unies of the Nord then affirm their commer- 1815, the region is easily subjected to an occupying
cial and colonial domination, while the donations of army for the following three years. Like the Roman
a Spanish government, not very present, allow Artois conquerors, Bonaparte as part of its expansionist military
to also enjoy prosperity. After this short respite for the policy, set his heart on Boulogne to realize one of his
region, the reigns of Louis XIII and Louis XIV will be a great ambitions: invade England. After several previous
new era of almost ninety years of fighting, seats, looting, attempts, the rupture of the Amiens peace treaty in May
diplomatic divisions and misery. This will only be treaties 1803 relaunches this project. The Camp de Boulogne is
of the Pyrenees (1659), Nijmegen (1678) and Utrecht at the center of this gigantic plan. He causes to be done
(1710) which will seal again and definitely the Côte immense works that put the port ready to receive more
d’Opale in France. Its inhabitants, first hostile, finally than 2,000 buildings, for which they dig new ponds. What
accept their new French identity that continue to assert strikes the imagination, is the enormous concentration of
itself over the wars and economic epics. troops: 150,000 to 200,000 men gathered together. Not
w w Until 1788. The found economic prosperity does not having enough ports to gather Flotilla for the invasion
concern the people but only the high society because of England, Napoléon had installed one of them in
the poverty remains so great that the slightest variation Wimereux. The military engineers channeled to the sea
in the economy leads to disasters and food shortages the downstream part of the watercourse, the cut it with
as the population growth is important. The food crisis a lock gate and prolong it by a channel lined with low
that extends into the kingdom in this pre-revolutionary jetties. On the right bank of the canal, they dig a pond
year enormously affects the region. that is assigned to the 7th and 8th Flotilla squadrons
The military cemetery Notre-Dame-de-Lorette, the largest necropolis of France
© OLIVIER LECLERCQKNOWING MORE ABOUT CÔTE D’OPALE AND BAIE DE SOMME
stFrom The Revolution To The 21 Century - HISTORY 23
and four corvettes on board of which Napoléon and his
retinue should attempt the great adventure. On August From the medecine
16, 1804, it is the apotheosis: the emperor himself is to the posh seaside resortschairing the first delivery of insignia of the new Order
of the «Legion of Honor» surrounded by a huge and Sea water treatment and air containing iodine,
enthusiastic crowd. Under the initiative of Marshal medicine largely motivates and attracts
holidaymakers to make a stopover on the Opal Coast. Berck Soult, and following the «vow of soldiers», a memorial
opened its first hospitals in the 19th century, was decided to be drawn up whose the first stone was
following the mysterious cures after outdoor days on laid there on November 9, 1804. This is the origin of the
the beach. Boulogne-sur-Mer is the second French Colonne de la Grande Armée in Wimille. This invasion
city after Dieppe to create a sea bathing house. project was abandoned as early as in August 1805 after
Among the holidaymakers in the region, an English the disaster of Trafalgar and the emergence of a new
clientele, rich and idle. She brings from England new coalition of Austria and Russia when Napoléon decided
activities such as the golf, tennis and the famous to send the Armée de Côtes et de l’Ocean supporting
horse racing. It is the beginning of the touquettoises the battle of Austria which ended with the victory of
legends, hardelotoises and wimereusiennes. Seaside Austerlitz. In autumn, there was not much in Boulogne
resorts, horse-drawn cabins, casinos, hotels and that 30,000 infantry soldiers and 15,000 sailors. Despite
villas, transformed slowly, but surely the dune a last visit of the emperor, in May 1810, the strategic
landscape. Sports and entertainment will not be role of Boulogne as platform of invasion is completed.
long to replace the therapeutic virtues of the sea Only corsairs continue, not without success, to harass
and covet the golden youth of the time.the English navy. From 1812, the difficulties multiply:
effects of the continental blockade, resistances
increasingly strong to the conscription, royalist agitation...
ended, it is time for the sacred Union to raise the country. Soon, the Allies’ approach forced the authorities to
In 1946, the companies of the entire mining area were hasty defense measures. The strongholds were
reacnationalized to form the Collieries of Nord-Pas-de-Calais. tivated, around Saint-Omer were flooded. It is in this
At the same period, the steel industry is experiencing atmosphere of end of reign that royalist groups prance
a rapid development, and companies benefiting from across the country. In April 1814, as soon as the
abdifunding from the Marshall Plan modernize some of their cation of Napoléon was announced, the constitutional
factories. Nevertheless, this prosperous period, that could bodies make an act of allegiance to the Bourbons.
make believe that the Nord had regained its power of Large popular demonstrations welcome Louis XVIII.
production, undergoes the crisis in 1950. From the 1950s The Empire collapses in a great agitation, but the negative
to the 1980s, the region experienced the phasing out of aspects of the end of reign should not obscure the agri- the coal mining. Approximately there are 150,000 jobs cultural economic gains (encouragement of new crops
losses in the mining area, to this are added 100,000 jobs such as beet) and industrial (development of textile in
losses in the textile and more than 50,000 in the iron Calais, Saint-Omer...). The end of the Empire marks a
and steel industry. The state is trying to relaunch the real watershed in the history of the Pas-de-Calais: now, activity by promoting the establishment of factories economic will take precedence over politics. In the 19th in the automotive sector in the region. From 1980, the century, the region is becoming the «first factory in
company moves from a world of major industries to a France», term used during the reign of Louis Philippe.
universe of services. Large companies emerge, among The living environment, mentalities, infrastructures which mail order companies or the many super and undergo a total upheaval. The overall economic success hypermarkets signs, many of whoch are native to the is strengthened by importing advanced technologies region. The Crystal d’Arques remains an example of local from England and labor from Belgium overcrowded,
production that benefits from offshoring turn to make for a dynamic bourgeoisie and mining wealth. But this many employees redundant in the 2000s. A turn that development must quickly deal with the arrival of the leads the analysts to rethink their territory.enemy troops, in this case the Prussians in 1870. The
century of excess begins with its wars and injuries.
There are not arguing about a region but a nation. The
armies tread the territory as distracted giants; crushing Life on the seafront
the relief; plowing the landscape, damaging more than Meanwhile, along the coast, the activity takes life.
flowerbeds. The Great War was particularly very trying. The first seller of ice-cream settles. Not far from
After the fact, the region was gradually recovered, but him, a photographer and his darkroom
immorthe World War II followed quickly to again hit hard the talise moments, smiles of the time. Already, the
country. At the beginning of the World War II, a giant lifeguards ensure the safety of swimmers and are
from Lille will rise up in its turn to mark the century of provided with a rope to bring back towards the
its footprint. Charles de Gaulle and Philippe Petain are beach the swimmers exhausted by the waves.
natives of the same region, but they do not have the The goatherd takes its goats for a walk and the
same «idea of France». Allied and enemy armies clash in milkmaids dragging her cow offers passers-by a
the Somme, on the coast and major sites are destroyed good cup of warm milk. That is life on the Opal
by successive bombardements. The blockhouses are still Coast of yesteryear.
a gaping scar in our landscapes. The Second World War 24 HISTORY - Nowadays
revolution. This lifting effect, as some like to call it, Nowadays would probably not have been as convincing without
a strong political will; that of giving a new face to the
The late 1990s and the early 21st century indeed lead region. If it had to take back its past (ducasses, carnival
to see things differently. The sustainable economic crisis of Dunkerque), it also plays a leading role in the new
that affests the region leads to review the diagnosis of creations. The bet of cultural industries is raised and
the territory. The geographical location of the Nord-Pas- several areas of activity are forming: fashion, urban
de-Calais region is an incomparable asset to facilitate cultures, video or more recently new technologies of
the emergence of new economic networks, new flows. image. The region attracts new public ones and the
The opening of the Channel Tunnel in 1994 opens an tourists are now played clichés conveyed for a long
extraordinary field of possibilities. The operation of time on the Nord, like the director Dany Boon in his
the TGV Nord-Europe, Eurostar, Thalys leads to a real film Bienvenue ches les Ch’tis.
Heritage & Traditions
Still in the minds of many people, the world wars have
left a devastated ground and many remains, exploited in Architectural Heritage
various ways. If there are still blockhouses everywhere on
the coast and inland, these tend to disappear. Obviously
remain those that have been restored, as in Eperlecques Military Architecture or in Mimoyecques, which now houses the museums
If it is a tourist activity that showcases on the Opal Coast, or memorials. A former missiles base in Helfaut, the
it is a tourism called memory. Monuments, remnants of Coupole, gives rise to the exhibitions and the
preswar, museums, cemeteries and memorials military still entation of the scientific advances of the two camps
populate its coasts and keep our duty of rememberance. in the arms race.
The coastal location, the proximity to the Belgian border,
the unique geography and the easier access made
Nord-Pas-de-Calais a place very affected by the two Cultural Heritagemajor world conflicts of the last century.
The Nord-Pas-de-Calais is the museums region: there
are, on the whole, a hundred establishments of which The Choeur de Lumière 45 are classified Musée de France. The purchases of
works of art, done by wealthy individuals or commu-of Bourbourg
nities ordering, bear witness to the richness of a great Le Chœur de Lumière is the major work of a certain industrial region. These museums in the province show Anthony Caro, famous contemporary British sculptor
eclectic works of excellent quality that will surprise lovers. died in 2013. After eight years of work, he offers
Thus, the LAAC and the FRAC in Dunkerque constitute an visitors of the Saint-Jean-Baptiste church of Bourbourg
imperative stop for the curious and contemporary art a set of monumental sculptures. Inaugurated in 2008,
enthusiasts. The permanent and temporary collections these fifteen ornaments are spread over 450 m² on the
of the museums of Beaux-Arts of Calais, drawing and ground and composing a baptistery of an incredible
printmaking of Gravelines or that of Le Touquet-Paris-originality. The choir of the church of Bourbourg could
Plage will delight aesthetes by the great names exposed therefore reappear half a century after its destruction
and the possible rediscoveries. The territories often offer during the Second World War. «The art and the sacred
Pass’museés, sold at the Tourist Office allowing you to are closely linked here and leave no one indifferent.»
enjoy discounts.KNOWING MORE ABOUT CÔTE D’OPALE AND BAIE DE SOMME
Local Specialities - GASTRONOMY 25
Gastronomy
w w The potjevleesch. «Small terrine of meats», this is
what potjevleesch means. And it is not just its pronunciation Local Specialities
which is surprising, its appearance too! Pieces of pork,
The Côte d’Opale is best defined by its diversity. An chicken, rabbit and veal flavoured with juniper, covered in a
thick layer of gelatin, that will slowly melt on the fries. It is aspect that is illustrated so much both in its marine
given to you it is special but really good! Inherited the purest landscapes, its plains and groves but also and especially in
tradition of Flandre, it was originally a plate of festival.its culinary specialties. Its farming and food productions
are strong values as well as one of the greatest sources w w The Hochepot. This one resembles much the
tradiof pride for its population. The inhabitants of the Côte tional stew. The hochepot, or stew from Artois, is made
d’Opale will be happy to welcome you at the table to with the head of pork, bacon, mutton, andouille and
grab a bite to eat, just to warm up a bit in bad weather... vegetables. Almost inratable, it is also an old recipe
An onion soup, perhaps a Flemish stew or even a good from the Northern France.
welsh. For those who love fish, seafood and shellfish, w w Chicken or fish Waterzoi. Waterzoi, or Waterzooi,
the choice is wide. The very famous smoked herring simply means «water that boils» in Flemish. This typical
with potatoes with oil, a good plate of fried mussels Belgian dish consists of chicken or fish cooked in a broth
or fish waterzoi... The sweet mouths will be delighted with vegetables and potatoes. Served topped with broth
with the Doigts de Jean-Bart, Berck lollipops or filled cooking, it is enriched with fresh cream, egg yolks and a
waffles. The Côte d’Opale is looking forward to open up hint of lemon.
his cuisine for you.
w w Pie with maroilles The famous mar. oilles does not
w w The Flemish stew C. losest cousin of Bourgogne lack a safe and has the particularity to sneak in several
beef, the Few is a must in the region. Discreetly Flemish specialties in an unusual way. This time in the
borrowed from Belgium, it is cooked with beer (preferably pie, it cleverly mixes with the fresh cream and you will
brown), onions, gingerbread and a little brown sugar. In even perceive a certain sweetness. Accompanied by
this mixture slowly cooked with tender pieces of beef. an endives salad, the pie with maroilles is delicious.
Serve with some crispy fries. w w Fried mussels .This beautiful and generous black pot
w w The welsh. A typical English dish, you can even say filled with mussels... a classic on the coast, a guaranteed
Welsh after its name. It is practically only found in the delight. Mussels in white wine, mussels in cream sauce,
north of France. The English also come to Boulogne to mussels with maroilles, they bathe in a flavour that you
find their beloved welsh become so rare in their country. will choose yourself. The fries that accompany them are
It is about the chester cooked in beer, put on bread and even better «dipped» in the bottom of the pot once
mussels are swallowed.on the gratin. Simple and satisfying!
© PAULBINET - ISTOCKPHOTO26 GASTRONOMY - Local Products
w w Shrimps .Typical shrimps of the Mer du Nord, they fellow-citizens. The Bergues sausage is served as an
are tiny but succulent. Of course, you have to be patient aperitif, into slices, or heat in a stew. The day of the
for peeling them. So much efforts for such a short time carnival, the municipal team launched to the raging
taste. But all the charm of tasting the shrimp lies in participants cheese and Bergues sausage from the
this gesture. Each year in August, moreover, the world balcony of the town hall.
championship of shrimp dehusking is organized in
Leffrinckoucke. Fish, Seafood
& Shellfish
The fishes come from the North Sea, mainly soles, Local Products
carrelets, turbot, gurnards, and bars. Trout and pikes
populate the Authie in abundance and the ponds of
Haute-Somme provide their contingent of carp, eels and Meat, Poultry & Game tench. In Le Crotoy, shells, cockles, hénons and Scallops,
are specialities like the salicorne which can be harvested w w Veal from the countries of Artois . The veal from
in the salt marshes of baie de Somme. The tradition of the countries of Artois, it is primarily a preserved
tradimanuring and salting is still alive. It is necessary to take tional know-how and the guarantee to have on the dish
one of the best regional meats. This group of breeders, into account the marinated or smoked herring from the
North coast and the sour rollmops.whose ethic is impeccable, these breeders feed their
livestock to the whole milk from the farm, cereals and w w Herring King of fish, herring holds an impor. tant
vitamins. For meat lovers, it is a safe source. place in the heart of people in the North. Thrown from
the balcony of the Dunkirk town hall during the carnival, w w The Licques poultry. You have to go back to the 17th
celebrated in Boulogne-sur-Mer and Etaples, more than century to find the origins of the famous Licques poultry.
The monks of the abbey of Licques have at that time a fish, herring is one of the powerful symbols of the
region. It is caught by local fishermen since the Middle introduced turkeys there. They are still there, bred
Ages and therefore belongs to the culinary traditions specifically for Christmas. Today, the Licques poultry,
it is mainly red labels but also cooked dishes: baked of the Opal Coast. The best time of the year to enjoy
or roasted chicken, several varieties of white pudding, it: at the beginning of November. It can be served in
different ways. Craquelot: entirety, it is salted and verrines or poultry sausages. The abattoir is today known
for the quality of its products. smoked. Kipper: smoked, open abdomen. That is what
you will receive on the head on the day of the Dunkerque w w The beef meat. Blanc Bleue, Bleue du Nord and
band if you wander under the balconies of the town Flamande Rouge, these regional bovine races have no
hall. Rollmop: marinated in vinegar. Saur: it is salted, secret for the population. The Blanc Bleue produces
desalted and smoked, closed abdomen. Sprat: smoked 70% of meat under the brand of «Belle Bleue» (red
before being filleted.Label). This type of cattle is distinguished by its
slategrey fur with bluish reflections. The Bleue du Nord is a
mixed breed. The Flamande Rouge is a dairy breed and Cheese & Dairy Products
can boast of being one of the oldest in France. On the Opal Coast, the appetite for good things is also
w w The pork meat. Specialty of the region, the pig found in the quality of cheese. And it must be said
farming is concentrated mainly in the plain of the Lys that the region has nothing to envy from other French
and Haut Pays of Artois. The pork is the most consumed regions in the field. Melted cheese on a grilled bread,
in the region, particularly in cold cuts. fresh cheese on a piece of fresh baguettes, there are a
thousand of different ways to enjoy it. Here is a small w w The rabbit . We love the rabbit in the region and we
selection of inevitable in the region.love it so much that its consumption exceeds even that
of the national average. The rabbit farming is a tradition w w The mimolette is the most famous local cheese,
here. The Association Interprofessionnelle des Lapins recognisable among all by its orange pasta (thanks to
des Hauts de France created in 1993 is renowned for a natural dye, the roucou) and its grey crust
with aspethe quality of its livestock fed diets based on vegetable rities. It is a pressed uncooked cheese based on cow’s
products. The specialty of the region: the rabbit with milk. Over the years, it became increasingly breakable.
prunes! The extra old mimolette (from eighteen to twenty-four
months of maturing) is a real treat.
w w The balls of Avesnes, extremely fragrant, is served Pork Products
in closed terrines that give off the smell once raised A typical cold cuts from the region? The Bergues
the hat.sausage! The recipe of this white sausage, made of
pork meat flavoured and very spicy has been transmitted w w The heart of Avesnes is also called Rollot. It is
from father to son in a berguoise family from the Spanish similar to maroilles, the great lord of the North cheeses,
produced in Avesnois and Aisne, with which people Basque Country. Bergues was, in fact, under Spanish
rule from 1557 to 1668. One of its soldiers, taking compare to the Vieux-Lille cheese (the most malicious,
root in berguois Country, popularized its recipe to its but delicious!) from the cellars of Lille.KNOWING MORE ABOUT CÔTE D’OPALE AND BAIE DE SOMME
Local Products - GASTRONOMY 27
w w Maroilles was born around the 7th century, but its
real monastic production begins in the 11th century.
This cheese with cow’s milk is renneted then stored in
cellar for two to three months. Boasting a protected
designation of origin, it is divided into three models,
the sorbais (540 g), the mignon (380 g) and the
quart (180 g).
w w Less known, but worth discovering, the saint-winoc,
the bergues, the sire de Créquy, the vieux Boulogne, the
belval, the sablet de Wissant and the dauphin, the most
original of all due to the mixture of maroilles, chives,
tarragon and pepper...
Fruits & Vegetables
The chicory, what is that then? This is the dialect name of
the endive, very widespread whose root is roasted then
turned into chicory. It is usually eaten as a gratin or salad.
The beetroot remains the most grown legumes plant
in the region for sugar but also as a fodder plant.
Especially present in the northern part of the French
territory, there naturally is a good land for growing
beetroot in the region. Its red flesh is enjoyed in salad;
slightly acidic, with parsley and sometimes with garlic,
staining fingers and utensils for good reason. However,
the queen of beetroot remains that, more discreet, which
gives sugar, industry presents both in the North and in
easy on fairs and festive events because it is thick and Picardy. Needless to say that its several transformations
(brown sugar etc.) are widely used in dishes and desserts, filled with sugar cubes. The Brussels waffle with large
holes is also widespread and accompanied either icing sometimes raw, choose the authenticity.
sugar or chocolate. And finally, the dry, small and round In the Somme, the potato (ratte du Touquet, Charlotte)
waffle, just like the Dunkerque, was all the rage at the enjoys a certain reputation while the North is known
for bintje potatoes. time of coffee.
The leeks, carrots and other vegetables of bouillon are w w The fingers of Jean-Bart F. ounded in 1958 by
grown throughout the region where the tradition of Jean Vandewalle, this specialty is a registered trademark
vegetable garden is preserved. The famous carrot of and design. In Dunkerque, we do not joke with it and
Tilques, apples orchards boscop, the fields of rhubarb, are wary of fakes! Anyone who does not make Fingers
the strawberries and red fruit in general are grown in of Jean-Bart. This cake with almonds is decorated
the north of France. with a coffee cream coated with Valrhona chocolate.
To find this traditional pastry shop, only one address
on the Côte d’Opale: the pastry shop Aux Doigts de Bread & Pasta
Jean Bart.
w w The sugar tart w w The berlingots and lollipops from Berck (The
w w The stuffed waffle Succès berckois in Berck-sur-Mer). This is the fifth
generation of confectioners which perpetuates a tradition w w The Flemish tartine
dating back to 1922. The berlingots are made before
your eyes, the sugar is poured on the table is
transSweets formed into exquisite candy coloured and flavoured
For a quick snack, the region is not left of sweets, with apple, melon, violet... Guided tours are organized
confectionery, chocolate and pastries shops. Gourmets upon reservation. Pleasure for the eyes, but especially
appreciate the Flemish bread (a slice of cake with brown for the palace with great range of sugars (candie, brown
sugar), tart with «chuc», the bernardines or fingers sugar, etc.) and the presentation of objects made
of Jean-Bart but also the Flemish waffles or choco- of sugar.
lates of the famous brand from Touquet Au chat w w The sugar tart. There are as many recipes for tart
bleu. As for candies, we love lollipops and berlingots with «chuc» as there are families in the North. A bit
from Berck. like the Breton Kouign-Amann, each in its recipe and
w w The Flemish waffle .The Flemish waffle is plural each has the best. One thing is certain, it is that you
and shares its origins with Belgium. It is found filled can not escape it. In two words, it is a sweet tart on
with vanilla or brown sugar (and many other flavours) which is deposited several dietary less ingredients:
especially when ducasses or fair. There is also the fresh cream, butter, brown sugar. A real moment
liégeoise (to be eaten while hot) which is selling very of delicacy!
© OLIVIER LECLERCQ

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