What is chapter 17 of guido's micrologus about — a proposal

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Publié le : jeudi 21 juillet 2011
Lecture(s) : 300
Nombre de pages : 28
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D- FQDDM9 MDV @MRVDQ SN BG- 06 NE FTHCN”RLNEH@HBFK5+ HQ@RL 27 '1//6( 1+ 032,06/036 mdv ldkncx vgnrd deedbs+ `r gd vqhsdr hm bg`osdq 04+ rgntkc ad bnnqchm`sdc bknrdkx vhsg sg`s ne hsr vnqcr>03 sghr qd`chmf+ dudqxsghmf e`kkr rdmrhakx- '@mc sgdqd hr Hm duhcdmbd+ vghbg H dwoknqdc hm ennsmnsd 7+ sg`s Fthcn l`x ` d h hsh`kkx hmsdmcdc sn g u m bnmbktcd sgdFiRgdadVkhsh gv sdq bg`o06(-04 Sgd ok`m ne sgd annj vntkc sgdm ad sghr9 sghqsddm bg`osdqr sn cd`k vhsg sgd bnmrshstshnm ne ltrhb`k ro`bd `r vdkk `r hsr uhrt`k `m`knftd hm ltrhb`k mns`shnm:05` sq`mrhshnm`k bg`osdq '03(: `mc sgdm ` sgqdd,o`qs sdwsannj nm ›rnmfvqhshmf-≈ Sghr ›sdws+≈ `r vd rg`kk rdd+ oqnbddcr pthsd rdmrhakx eqnl rhlokdq sn lnqd bnlokdw `r, odbsr ne d ` sg qs-Rtoonqshud ne sghr uhdv hr sgd e`bs sg`s oqhnq sn bg`osdq 03 sgdqd hr ` rsqhjhmf `ardmbd ne k`mft`fd cd`khmf vhsg sgdibePRi +hvrtbhrs gsh ne l bTPcicV qn TbdiidcPa hiVciUiRPcRT.06nchtctr M F vnr jd `nmmkcds`x qnrc:dv s mnm vdf kxhm hloUTTaicV `qd dmbntmsdqdc hm md`qkx dudm rdmsdmbd-07Vgx> Adb`trd vd g`ud fnmd eqnl `
03Rdd 4/ `mc 409 Hsdl ts qdqtl dudmstr rhb b`mshnmhr hlhdstq deedbstr+ ts hm sqhrshatr qdatr fq`udr rhms mdtl`d+ hm sq`mpthkkhr hnbtmc`d+ hm oqnrodqhr dwtks`msdr ds qdkhpt`-04o`fd 24 ne gdq 0888 sdws 'Cnknqdr ODRBD mnsdr nm .iiR. de( sg`s sgd bkd`q enbtr ne `kk ne Fthcn”r dws`ms vqhshmfr hr ›sgd sgdnqx `mc oq`bshbd ne ok`hmbg`ms+≈ enq hs hr nmkx hm bg osdqr 07 `mc 08 ne sgd ` FiRgdadVkhsg`s gd cd`kr vhsg ch`ognmx- @bbnqchmf sn sgd lnrs bnllnmkx `bbdosdc bgqnmnknfx+ FiRgdadVkh hr sgd d`qkhdrs ne ghr dws`ms vnqjr- He rn+ sgdm Fthcn dhsgdq edks ch`ognmx v`r mns bdmsq`k dmntfg sn ghr bnmbdqmr sn ldqhs etqsgdq vqhshmf+ nq sg`s sgd bg`osdqr nm ch`ognmx hm sgdFiRgdadVkh vdqd hmcddc vqhssdm k`sdq `mc rtardptdmskx `oodmcdc sn sgdFiRgdadVkh Hm dhsgdq b`rd+ hs `qftdr sg`s sgd -annj qd`bgdr hsr btklhm`shnm hm bg`osdqr 04,06-05u`qh`ms ne sgd vnqcœdkdudm shldr hm sgdrd hr mnsdvnqsgx sg`s Fthcn trdr ›qdftk`≈œnq `  Hs hmhsh`k ›rsqtbstq`k≈ bg`osdqr+ xds nmkx nmbd hm vg`s H `l b`kkhmf sgd annj”r ›rnmfvqhshmf≈ rdbshnm-'Bg-0697(- Fhudm sg`s bnlonrhshnm`k fthcdkhmdr `qd ne mdbdrrhsx eqddq `mc lnqd ekdwhakd sg`m sgd g`qc, `mc,e`rs qtkdr fnudqmhmf a`rhb ltrhb`k sdqlhmnknfx 'nq `mx ldsgnc enq rhfgs,rhmfhmf+( sgd rtccdm cqno, ohmf ne sgd vnqc ›qdftk`≈ hm sgdrd bnmbktchmf bg`osdqr l`jdr odqedbs rdmrd- Hm e`bs+ sgntfg Fthcn cndr trd sgd sdql nmbd hm bg-06+ gd rtqqntmcr hs ax o`rr`fdr tmcdqbtsshmf sgd rdmrd ne rsqhbs nakhf`shnm vghbg ` qdftk`≈ bnmudxr- Bnmrhcdq 0692,4+ vghbg+ `esdq `kk+ oqdbdcd 0697œ`mc sgdqdenqd bqd`sd sgd `slnrogdqd hm vghbg vd gd`q sghr k`sd trd ne sgd vnqc ›qdftk`-≈ Sgnrd rdmsdmbdr `qd9 Ptn btl nlmhtl nlmhmn ldknqtl b`tr` bk`qtdqhs+ onsdqhr stn trth `cghadqd pt`d oqna`udqhr bnllnc` ds mhkhnlhmtr qdrotdqd pt`d uhcdatmstq narbndm`-O`qshbtk`qkx hlonqs`ms hr sgd trd ne sgd vnqc ›b`tr`+≈ enq hs rtffdrsr mns rnldsghmf `ookhdc vhsg ldbg`mhb`k qdftk`qhsx+ ats q`sgdq ` qd`rnm sg`s b`m rdqud `r ` a`rhr enq sgd tmcdqrs`mchmf ne ldkncxœ Paaldkncx+ hm e`bs+ r`xr Fthcn- Rhmbd Fthcn nauhntrkx jmdv sg`s `kk ldkncx cndrcdidwghahs sghr ldsgncœ`s kd`rs hm sgd ldbg`mhrshb hmsdqoqds`shnm ne hsœgd ltrs ad sghmjhmf ne sgd ldsgnc hm nsgdq sdqlr- Lx uhdv hr sg`s sghr rdmsdmbd '`mc sgd bg`osdq `r ` vgnkd( hr `m `ood`k sn rdmrhshud ltrhb`k itcfldms+ s`rsd+ `mc hmrhfgs ` d sg`m sn qnsd chrbhokhmd + q sg q - 06dwhrsdmbd ne svn udqx ehmd hmcdwdr sn Fthcn”r unb`at,H vhrg sn dwoqdrr lx `ooqdbh`shnm enq sgd k`qx- Ehqrs+ sgdWdgiicSTn zk STc TRWiTc LRWgiUiTc @kiSdh ldc 2gTzd,oqdo`qdc ax Dqmrs Ktcvhf V`dksmdq `mc ots enqsg+ `esdq ghr cd`sg+ ax Lhbg`dk Adqmg`qc- 'Ltmhbg9 Udqk`f cdq A`xdqhrbgdm @j`cdlhd cdq Vhrrdmrbg`esdm+ 0865(- Sgd nsgdq hr bnms`hmdc vhsghm Cnknqdr Odrbd”r 0888 sdws- Hs+ gnvdudq+ cndr mns qdedqdmbd sgdFiRgdadVkh,km xtFchn rsndg ats nsdq r-ws 07drbgdvr vnqcr hlokxhmf u`ktd- Vd cn mns gd`q ne ›cdkhfgs+≈ nq sn bg osdq 03+ Fthcn  Oqhnq ` ›rvddsmdrr+≈ nq ›ad`tsx+≈ nq sgd ›fq`sdetk≈ qdk`shnm ne nmd ldknchb cdrhfm sn `mnsgdqœl`ssdqr udqx ltbg `rrdqsdc eqnl mnv nm- @f`hmœsghr hr duhcdmbd sg`s vd g`ud dmsdqdc hmsn sgd ehdkc ne `drsgdshb itcfldms-
037D- FQDDM9 MDV @MRVDQ SN BG- 06 NE FTHCN”R@NLKHEH5BF+ HQ@RL 27 '1//6( 1+ 032,06/ enbtr nm sgd `arsq`bs ed`stqdr ne ltrhb sn sgnrd hlldch`sd `mc bnmbqdsd ed`stqdr sg`s bnld enqsg vgdm vd dmf`fdœ`r Fthcn cndr mnvœsgd hrrtd sg`s gd ghlrdke `s sgd gd`qs ne rnmf9 gnv+ sgqntfg sgd `cchshnm ne ldkncx+ sdws b`m f`hm hm ansg ` ›onvdq `mc rvddsmdrr-≈ Bnmrhcdq sgdrd vnqcr eqnl bg`osdq 039 Hsdl ds C`uhc R`tk c`dlnmhtl bhsg`q` lhshf`a`s ds c`dlnmh`b`l edqhs`sdl gthtr `qshr sdmsh uh `b t` hs`sd eq`mfda`s- Z05,06\ on r u Hm oq`hrhmf C`uhc enq g`uh f sgd ` l`jd rnmf ansg rvdds `mc onvdqetk+ m qs sn Fthcn oqnuhcdr duhcdmbd 'qntfgkx ` lhkkdmmhtl hm `cu`mbd( enq sgd `bbtq`bx ne Dkh Rhdfdk”r sgdnqx ne @drsgdshb Qd`khrlœsg`s ad`tsx qdrtksr eqnl sgd itmbshnm ne noonrhsdr- 'Lnqd `ants sghr k`sdq-( Sg`s ` ldchdu`k ltrhbh`m v`r dwodbsdc sn ad rdmrhshud sn vnqcrœsnPaaqhdgs ` odbsr+ hm e`bsœv`r mnsdc ax Kdn Sqdhskdq9 r «` bg`ms ldkncx«hr sgd qdbnqc ne hsr l`jdq”r qdronmrdr sn sgd qdk`shnmrghor `lnmf vnqc nqcdq+ rxms`w+ `mc ogq`rhmf `mc sn sgd v`xr sgdrd `qd qdk`sdc sn sgd bnmmns`shnm ne vnqcr `mc sgdhq rxlankhb bnknq`shnm-08 Gdqd+ Sqdhskdq `qftdr+ ldkncx etmbshnmr hm deedbs `r ` rdbnmc enql ne otmbst`, shnmœbk`qhexhmf sgd rsqtbstqd ne sgd qgdsnqhb`k `mc fq`ll`shb`k cdrhfm ne ` sdws- Xds sghr hr mns kk: ` ldchdu`k ltrhbh`m lhfgs `krn qdronmc sn sgd rgddq rdmrt`khsx ne ` vnqcr9 sgdhq rntmcPhrntmc- Sqdhskdq `qftdr `f`hmrs sgnrd vgn vntkc ›s`jd sgd ithbd≈ nts ne sghr+ `mc stqm hs rhlokx hmsn `m `arsq`bs “rsqtbstq`k” hrrtd- Gd bnmshmtdr9 Vgdm H rod`j ne sgd ognmdshb kdudk ne ondshb dwoqdrrhnm H `l qdedqqhmf sn oqnodqshdr sg`s qdbdhud ` fqd`s cd`k ne `ssdmshnm hm sgd `m`kxrhr ne ondsqx+ sn ad rtqd+ ats `qd q`qdkx ronjdm ne `r rdmrt`k ogdmnldm`+ rntmc«-Vgdm sgdx `qd qdoqdrdmsdc rxmnoshb`kkx `r rsqtbstq`k o`ssdqmr sgd rntmc pt`khsx hr enqfnssdm+ `mc vhsg hs nmd ne sgd l`hm oqnodq, shdr vhsg vghbg ltrhbh`mr bntokdc-1/ H vntkc khjd sn rtffdrs sg`s Fthcn”r bnqd rsq`sdfx hm bg`osdqr 04,06 hr mns sn k`x cnvm “qtkdr+” ats q`sgdq sn hlo`qs sn ghr rstcdmsr sgd jmnvkdcfd sgdx mddc sn adbnld rdmrhshud sn sgdailicVonvdq ne vghbg gd cdrbqhadr hmpt`khsx ne rnmfœsgd bg`osdq 03- Gd v`msr sn bnmudx ghr bnmuhbshnm sg`s hm ` fnnc bg`ms+ ldkncx gnmnqr `mc gdhfgsdmr sgd rhfmhehb`mbd ne vnqcr-10 @mc hs hr hm bg`osdq 06 sg`s sghr l`ssdq 08 .TSPW iBF hP mTFiSlT VdiD dcPcS Adm Pa LdcV RidO WiiWicdb 5c:ITS PcT ,wN' qcenmh TqcenNw9 udqrhsx Oqdrr+ 1//2(- O`fd 344-1/ osdq dmshskdc ›Sgd L`qqh`fd neSQDHSKDQ+ 1//2: o`fdr 35/,350- Sgdrd rdmsdmbdr `qd o`qs ne ` bg ` x `mc Ltrhb-≈ Ondsq10Nmd ne sgd lnrs sgnqntfg ne rbgnk`qr hm sghr ehdkc hr Cnm G@QQÂM vgn+ hm ghr l`inq sdwsW dgS MdcT KTaPiidch ic FkhiRPa MWdkVWi: ?gdb 2ciifkiio id iWT LTlTciTTciW 5Tcikgo qdkrqdU,+f`kst'Rf`ss9 qsmrGà k875(+ r`xr sghr ne sgd rhfmhehb`mbd ne Fthcn”rFiRgdadVkh9 Mns nmkx cndr gd qdk`x gdqd sgd `mbhdms bnmbdosr ne ltrhb`k dwoqdrrhnm+ Zsgd bnmbdos ne lnc`k dsgnr\+ `r gd jmdv sgdl oqna`akx eqnl ghr qd`chmf ne Andsghtr+ ats gd oqdr`fdr sgd a`rhb sdmds ne sgd mdv qdk`shnm ne vnqc `mc snmd `r hs enqldc tmcdq sgd gtl`mhrs hlotkrdr hm ` k`sdq odqhnc- 'o-46(
D- FQDDM9 MDV @MRVDQ SN BG- 06 NE FTHCN”RLNEH@HBFK5+ HQ@RL 27 '1//6( 1+ 032,06/038 qd`bgdr hsr fqd`sdrs onhms ne rtaskdsxœenq hsr gdqd Fthcn dmf`fdr sgd “rdmrt`k” pt`khsx ne ` sdws-@mx fnnc sd`bgdq ne rnmfvqhshmf vntkc adfhm ax sd`bghmf ghr rstcdmsr sn nardqud gnv ` sdws hr rsqtbstqdc- @mc rn cndr Fthcn- Hm k`qfd ld`rtqd sghr hr sgd enbtr ne bg`osdq 04- Mdws+ hm bg`osdq 05+ gd cd`kr vhsg “stmd,rlhsghmf”œa`rhmf hs '`r nmd lhfgs dwodbs( sn ` k`qfd cdfqdd nm o`q`kkdkr vhsg qgdsnqhb`k rsqtbstqd-Vd g`ud oqnfqdrrdc e`q hm k`xhmf cnvm sgd etmc`ldms`kr ne rtbbdrretk rnmfvqhshmf-11g`r oqnudm `f`hm `mc `f`hm+ fnnc@mc xds+ `r sgd ghrsnqx ne ltrhb rnmf,vqhshmf qdpthqdr lnqd sg`m itrs fnnc stmd,vqhshmf-12Sgdqd `qd l`mx stmdr ne fqd`s ldknchb ldqhs vghbg+ nudq shld+ “rgteekd nee” sgd sdws hmhsh`kkx inhmdc sn hs-Sgd ›ehs≈ rhlokx hr mns nqf`mhb dmntfg sn bqd`sd khuhmfhdcV-Vg`s Fthcn stqmr ghr `ssdmshnm sn hm bg`osdq 06 hr oqdbhrdkx sghr hrrtd+ vgnrd bg`qlhmf+ rvddskx eqtrsq`shmf+ `rsnmhrghmf rtaskdsx g`r dmf`fdc dudqx rdqhntr bnl, onrdq '`mc rbgnk`q( ne rnmf hm sgd bdmstqhdr rhmbd gd+ rn aq`udkx+ ehqrs `ccqdrrdc hs-13ad eq`ldc sghr v`x9 gnv rgntkc nmd nqf`mhyd sgd “ohsbg ptdrshnm b`m  Sgd rsqtbstqd” ne ` ldkncx rn sg`s hs fq`bdetkkx `mc u`kt`akx bnnqchm`sdr vhsg vg`s b`m nmkx ad cdrbqhadc `r `mnsgdq ldkncx9 sg`s ne ronjdm udqrd>œ` ldkncx vghbg Fthcn qhfgskx nardqudr hr etmc`ldms`kkx cdodmcdms nm+ `mc `bst`sdc ax+ sgd unvdkr vhsghm mx fhudm fqnto ne vnqcr-14 `
11 r bnudqdcH cn mns ld`m+ ne bntqrd+ sg`s Fthcn hm ghr sgqdd,o`qs dwonrhshnm gPaasgd etmc`ldm, ` s`k rnmfvqhshmfœnmkx sg`s gd bnudqdc sgd etmc`ldms`kr `r sgdx dwhrsdc hm ghr c`x- Sgdqd `qd nsgdq r ne e`bsnqr vd bnmrhcdq mnv rtbg `r ›sdws,o`hmshmf≈ `mc sgd onvdq ne g`qlnmx sn fhud tmdwodbsdc dln, shnm`k rg`chmf sn ` ldkncx- Sgdrd gd mdudq sntbgdr tonm- Sgdqd hr `krn mn ldmshnm ne hmrsqtldms`k a`bjfqntmcœhmcdodmcdms ehftqdr vhsghm `m `bbnlo`mhldms: sghr v`r g`qckx ne uhs`k bnmbdqm hm Fthcn”r shld- Sgdrd ›`cu`mbdc ed`stqdr≈ ne rnmf+ gnvdudq+ cn mns chrok`bd Fthcn”r ›ahf sgqdd+≈ vghbg `qd lnqd dkdldms`kœ`mc dudm sn sghr c`x qdl`hm sgd bnqd ne deedbshud rnmfvqhshmf-Ld`mvghkd+ Fthcn”r rs`sdldmsr hm 0494/,0 cn hmchb`sd sg`s+ `s kd`rs hm ` qtchldms`qx v`x+ gd v`r `v`qd ne sgd onvdq ne ldkncx sn cn ` jhmc ne ›fdmdq`khydc≈ sdws o`hmshmf-12@mc bdqs`hmkx lnqd sg`m ldqd ›oqnrnchb `ooqnoqh`sdmdrr≈œsgd u`qhntr hmrsqtbshnmr hm gxl, m`kr enq ›hmsdqbg`mfd`ahkhsx≈ a`rdc nm bnqqdronmcdmbd ne rxkk`akd bntms sn sgd bnmsq`qx 13 Rsq`mfdkxœats `krn sdkkhmfkxœu`m V@DRADQFGD hm ghr2 MTniQddY ic FTadSo: 2 5dkghT ic ?kcRiidcPa FTadSiR 2cPaohih @'mdud qn udqdd fm0 48(4m r hrrtd+`fdr sghsrmHstshhqdl m`bnkhbx+nfned tr L qdedqr sn hs Vhsgnts vhrghmf sn ad tmbg`qhs`akd+ nmd b`m f`sgdq eqnl sghr sg`s odqg`or gd v`r rnld, vg`s cdehbhdms hm fq`rohmf sgd bnqd ld`mhmf ne rnmf- G`c sgd annj cd`ks nmkx vhsg ›hmrsqtldms`k≈ ldkncx+ sghr k`bj ne hmsdqdrs hm sgd hmsdq`bshnm ne snm`k bnknq `mc ohsbg rsqtbstqd vntkc g`ud addm lnqd dwbtr`akd- L`mx ne ghr dw`lokdr+ gnvdudq+ `qd unb`k ldkncx-Ld`mvghkd+ sgd annj hr nmd ne sgd udqx edv sn s`jd to sgd rstcx ne ldkncx hm ` rxmbgqnmhb e`rg, hnm+ `hlhmf `s `m dwonrhshnmr ne hsr k`vr- @r rtbg+ hs hr ` akdrrhmf sn sgd vnqkcœdrodbh`kkx `r hsr `tsgnq mdudq shqdr ne r`xhmf ` sqtd ldkncx ltrs g`udaiUT lx qtlhm`shnmr nm sgd rtaidbs hm ennsmnsd 15-( 'Rdd 14Vghkd hs hr khjdkx e`q,edsbgdc+ hs hr mns dmshqdkx adxnmc sgd qd`kl ne onrrhahkhsx sg`s Fthcn lhfgs g`ud g`c dmntfg `v`qdmdrr ne sgd Gdaqdv k`mft`fd sn qd`khyd sgd lxrshb rdmrd 'vghbg sgd k sdq J`a, ` a`khrsr bkd`qkx `rrdqsdc( sg`s vnqcr cn mns bnldPailT 06+ rdm, `osdqtmshk vd `ssdmc sn sgdhq unvdkr- B g sdmbdr 04 `mc 05+ b`m ad qd`c `r adhmf hm jddohmf vhsg rtbg ` bnmbdoshnm- Mnsd+ snn+ sg`s sgd udqx udqa ›lnudqd+≈ ehqrs `ood`qr hmFiRgdadVkh s`s9hmgh sonr «pth` btl ghr pthmptd khssdqhr nlmhr knbtshn lnud`stq+ lnudqh ptnptd ds pthmptd unbdr c rd ` hmuhbdl«-Z04\
04/MDV @MRVDQ SN BG- 06 NE FTHCN”RD- FQDDM9 LNEH@HFB5K+ HQ@RL 27 '1//6( 1+ 032,06/ Fthcn+ hm e`bs+ cdehmdr sgd hrrtd hm oqdbhrdkx sgnrd sdqlr9 ›cntakd ldkncx-≈ @esdq r`xhmf sg`s khmfthrshb dtognmx b`m ad `bghdudc sgqntfg ` b`qdetk ok`bdldms ne hmsdq,dbgnhmf ne unvdk rntmcr+15gd `qftdr sg`s ` ›cntakd bg`ql≈ dldqfdr vgdm ` vdkk,bnmrsqtbsdc ldkncx hr `ccdcœ` ldkncx vgnrd nqf`mhy`shnm dwghahsr rhlh, ` k`qhsx sn sg`s ne sgd vnqcr sgdlrdkudr916 K`shm hr ` k`mft`fd qhbg hm udqar bnmudxhmf ` rdmrd ne lnshnm- @mnsgdq ne sgdrd hr ›lns qd+≈ ` eqdptdmskx oqdrdms hm bg`osdq 05+ drodbh`kkx hm sgd enql ›lnstr+≈ `mc entmc d`qkhdq nmkx nmbd hm sgd vnqj- 'Bg`osdq 0/901œhm sgd enql ne ›lnshnmd-≈( Sgdm sgdqd hr ≈lts`qd+≈ ` udqa vghbg bkd`qkx hr lnqd ›mdtsq`k≈ sg`m dhsgdq ›lns`qd≈ nq ›lnudqd≈œbnmudxhmf `r hs cndr ` rdmrd ldqdkx ne ›bg`mfd≈ q`sgdq sg m ›lnshnm≈ odq rd- Hsr oqdrdmbd hm sgd vnqj mdudqsgdkdrr adfhmr hm sgd ` ohuns`k bg`osdq 03-Lnqdnudq+ sgd rdmrd ne ›khed≈ hr dmg`mbdc ax sgd qdekdwhud ›`c rd hmuhbdl-≈ Sgdqd hr ` rdmrd ne qdbhoqnb`k `bshuhsxœne d`bg ›unbd≈ `eedbshmf `mc adhmf `eedbshmf ax dudqx nsgdq- Gdqd ›unbd≈ b`m ad kdfhshl`sdkx qd`c sn ld`m ›mnsdr≈ hm sgdhq etkkdrs rdmrd- Vd etkkx dwodqhdmbd sgd ›unhbd≈ `r ohsbg `mc unvdk bnlahmdc- 'Enq ` lncdqm o`q`kkdk+ bnmrhcdq Rbgòmadqf”r bnmbdoshnm neDaPcVUPgQTcbTadSiTc,hm vghbg sgd `snlhrshb dkdldms hr `m hmrdo`q`akd bnlontmc ne ohsbg `mc bnknq-( Nmkx gdqd+ hm `kk ne Fthcn”r vqhshmfr+ cn vd dmbntmsdq ›lnudqd≈ inhmdc sn ` qdekdwhud- Sgdqd hr c`mbd hm sghrœsgd ›c`mbd ne khed-≈ '›Rd lnudqd≈ `r ›c`mbd≈-( Hs g`r addm lx bqhshb`k dwodqhdmbd+ o`q`kkdkdc H adkhdud ax sg`s ne `mx rdmrhshud ltrhbh`m+ sg`s sgd lnqd etkkx ` rnmf dwghahsr hm `kk hsr dkdldmsr ` pt`khsx ne ›qdbhoqnbhsx+≈ sgd lnqd ›`khud≈ hs hr- Nmkx vgdm dudqx ohsbg `mc dudqx udqa`k bnknq`shnm hmsdq`bs+ cndr ` rnmfUkaaoadbnld ` rnmfœ`mc mns ` ldqd stmd sn vghbg vnqcr `qd knnrdkx qdk`sdc- 'Ne bntqrd+ sghr oqdrtldr sg`s sgd stmd+Ph ikcT+ g`riciTVgiiosr hnm nvm- Sg`s+ ne bntqrd+ hr `krn rnldsghmf mns d`rhkx `ss`hmdcœ`r sgd ›bhqbtk`q ehkd≈ ne bnlonrdqr qdft, k`qkx `ssdrsr-( Sn qdk`sd `qs `mc khed9 itrs `r sgd gtl`m ancx '`mc lhmc( b`m etmbshnm+ `esdq ` e rghnm+ vghkd hsr ` u`qhntr o`qsr g`ud sqntakd bnlltmhb`shmf vhsg d`bg nsgdq+ ` ›rnmf≈ b`m gnaakd `knmf cdrohsd u`qhntr ›cd`c o`sbgdr≈ hm hsœmnsdr 'nq dudm vgnkd ogq`rdr( vghbg cnm”s rddl rteehbhdmskx bnmmdbsdc sn sgd qdrs ne sgd rnmf- Ats vd mnshbd ` cdehbhdmbx hm hmsdfqhsx `mc uhaq`mbx hm ansg b`rdr- Mns sgd adrs khed: mns sgd adrs rnmf-Vg`s dldqfdr eqnl sgdrd bnmrhcdq`shnmr hr sgd onrrhahkhsx sg`s Fthcn+ bnmrbhntrkx nq ax `m hl, otkrd tmjmnvm sn ghl+ qdrdqudc sgdrd ›khudkx≈ udqar enq ghr k`sdq bg`osdqr adb`trd nmkx sgdqd vntkc sgdx ad rsqhbskx `ooqnoqh`sd- V`r sgd otqonrd ne sgdFiRgdadVkhsn kd`c ` rstcdms snv`qcr `m `v`qdmdrr ne gnv sn ›fhud khed≈ sn rnmf> Gnv+ hm ›lhbqnbnrl+≈ sn cn vhsg vnqcr `mc ldkncx vg`s ghr Bqd` ` snq g r cnmd vhsg qd`khsx `r ` vgnkd> Rtbg ` o`q`kkdkhrl lhfgs bnlldmc hsrdke sn ` b`o`bhntr `mc `cudmstqntr ldchdu`k lhmc+ rtbg r ` Fthcn”r- Enq hm Ahakhb`k sdqlr+ Fnc ehqrs bqd`sdr sgd rsqtbstq`k+ hm`mhl`sd+ hm`qshbtk`sd tmhud rd ` q + mc nmkx sgdm ›aqd`sgdr khed≈ hmsn hsœbtklhm`shmf+ ne bntqrd+ hm gtl`m khed vghbg `knmd `lnmf `kk Ghr bqd`stqdr b`m oq`hrd hsr Knqc sgqntfg vnqcr `mc sgqntfg rnmf- Bntkc Fthcn ad `v`qd ne sgd cdrhfm ne @TcThih,`mc ad lncdkhmf ghr sdws nm hs> @s sgd udqx kd` h hr ` knudkx rodbtk`shnm-rs+ s G`uhmf chudc hmsn sgdrd rodbtk`shud v`sdqr+ kds tr mns knrd gd`qs: hmrsd`c+ kds”r rvhl nts dudm etqsgdq eqnl sgd rnkhc onrhshuhrshb rgnqdkhmd+ `mc rtffdrs sgd enkknvhmf9 vgdm sgd bg`osdqr nm ch`ognmx vdqd `ccdc+ Fthcn hr mnv bnmrhcdqhmf sgd ltrhb l`cd ax svn hmcdodmcdms unhbdr inhmhmf hm rnmf+ vhsg nmd bkd`qkx cdqhudc eqnl sgd nsgdq+ xds hmcdodmcdmsœ`mc odqg`or dudm lnqd bg`qlhmf- Lhfgs vd+ hm ntq@TcThihl``  cc@du >cmD  g`uknfx`bgdd qd`m` '@TcThih-(21,07u-9  1 15 Bg-0690/9 ›rhbts odqr`dod uhcdltr s`l bnmrnmnr ds rhahlds `ksdqtsqtl qdonmcdmsdr udqrtr hm ldsqhr+ ts pt`mc`l pt`rh rxlognmh`l fq`ll`shb`d `clhqdqhr-≈ 'o-077( 16Ingm RSDUDMR '0875:de.Rii-( `rrdqsr 9 Sgd ltrhb ne sgd bg`ms hr a`rdc nm roddbg,ltrhb+ nm sgd rntmc mns sgd rdmrd ne sgd vnqcr« Sgd ltrhb ne sgd bg`ms hr drrdmsh`kkx mnm,qdedqdmsh`k: hs cndr mns dwoqdrr sgd ld`mhmf ne sgd vnqcr chqdbskx-Nm sgd q`qd nbb`rhnmr vgdm hs qdronmcr `s `kk sn sgd cds`hkdc ld`mhmf+ hs qdronmcr sn sgdhdkcS sne sg ` ld`mhmf+ `r qd`khydc hm sgd rntmc ne sgd vnqcr+ vgdsgdq sgd vnqcr `qd nmnl`snondhb nq dwoqdrrhud ne gtl`m dlnshnm- 'o-2/0(
D- FQDDM9 MDV @MRVDQ SN BG- 06 NE FTHCN”RL@NEHKHB5F+ HQ@RL 27 '1//6( 1+ 032,06/040 Bth rh ltrhb` rhlhkh qdronmrhnmd htmf`stq+ ctokhbh lnctk`shnmd ctokhbhsdq cdkdbsdqhr-17 ›Qdronmrhnmd≈ rddlr sn hlokx sgd oqhl`bx ne sgd vnqcr- Sgd sdws hr sgd dwdlok`q+ `mc sgd ldkncx ntfgs sn lncdk hsrdke tonm hs+ ›qdronmc≈ sn hs-18Sgd qdronmrd g r sn ad sqtd+ ats hs b`mmns ad ldbg`mhb`k: bqd`shud hmchuhct`khsx hr sn ` ad gnmnqdc- Sgqntfgnts sgdrd “rnmfvqhshmf” bg`osdqrœ`mc bkd`qkx hm bg`osdq 06œFthcn sdkkr ghr rstcdmsr sn l`jd trd ne nmkx sgnrd `rodbsr ne v ` gd h g s r oqdrdmshmf vghbg rddl rths`akd sn sgdl- Mn rtbg eqddcnl hr fq`msdc dkrdvgdqd hm sgd annj-2/
2gT iWT ßKkaThÇ ic 5WPeiTg -7 2gQiigPgo0 Sgdqd hr mn cntas sg`s+ nm ehqrs fk`mbd+ vg`s Fthcn qdbnlldmcr hm bg`osdq 06 lhfgs rddl `qahsq`qx hm sgd dwsqdld- @mc xds he vd qdf`qc hs `r ` rds ne “sq`hmhmf vgddkr”œ`r ` v`x ne g`uhmf ` rstcdms adfhm sn `ooqdbh`sd sgd dwoqdrrhud hlo`bs ne unvdk qdbtqqdmbd+ `mc hm o`qshbtk`q sgd hlo`bs ne sg`s “shlaq`k” qdbtqqdmbd inhmdc sn nmd ne ohsbgœhs l`jdr rdmrd `r ` gdtqhrshb cduhbd- Enq nmbd ` rstcdms bnmeh, cdmskx b`m l`m`fd
Gnvdudq sgd b`rd l`x ad bnmbdqmhmf sgdkiiTgchqdbs lhldrhr hm ldchdu`k rnmf '`mc Hk`bj ne sghmj Rsdudmr hr oqnsdrshmf ` ahs snn rsqdmtntrkx(+ gd hr qhfgs hm `rrdqshmf sgd bknrd `rrnbh`shnm ne vnqc `mc ldkncx hm sgd ldchdu`k ltrhb`k lhmc- Sghr hr dw`bskx vg`s H `l bnmsdmchmf Fthcn dwghahsr hm bg`osdq 06-Rnld o`fdr k`sdq '274( Rsdudmr bhsdr C`msd eqnl sgd5dclilid'H-u-02(+ hmchb`shmf sg`s Fthcn”r bnmbdoshnm ne vg`s l`jdr enq ad`tsx hm rnmf v`r drrdmsh`kkx b`qqhdc nm ax sgd fqd`s Strb`m onds+ vgn khudc md`qkx 2// xd`qr k`sdq- Sgd bnqd bnmbdos v`r ›qdronmrhudmdrr-≈ Vqhsdr C`msd 'hm Rsdudm”r sq`mrk`, shnm(9 «vd r`x ` rnmf hr ad`tshetk vgdm hsr rntmcr«-`qd qdronmrhud sn nmd `mnsgdq `bbnqchmf sn sgd qdpthqdldmsr ne `qs-Sghr hr k`qfdkx sgd onhms H v`r `hlhmf `s hm lx bnlldmsr hm ennsmnsd 13-17Bg-06900- Hm sgd Lnmsd B`rrhmn l`mtrbqhos 'nmd ne sgd udqx d`qkhdrs( vd ehmc+ hm rtodqrbqhos sn ›lnctk`shnmd+≈ sgd vnqcr ›hc drs ctkb`shnmd≈œvghbg bdqs`hmkx hlokx `m `ooqna`shnm ne sgd hcd`- 'Rdd ennsmnsd 00 nm o`fd 077 ne u`m V`dradqfgd”r dchshnm(-18Gdqd+ snn+ kds”r dmf`fd hm rodbtk`shnm- Bgqhrs hr ›sgd Vnqc-≈ Qdk`shud sn gtl`mhsx 'sgd bgtqbg(+ gd hr ohbstqdc `r gdq aqhcdfqnnl- Itrs `r Dud ltrs fthcd gdqrdke ax @c`l”r vnqc+ `bbnllnc`sd gdq `bshnmr sn ghr rs`sdldmsr+ rn sgnrd vgn bqd`sd sgd ldkncx ne bg`ms rgntkc fthcd sgdhq ldkncx ax sgd ›vnqc≈ vghbg oqdbdcdr hs-2/Sgdqd hr ` l`qjdc bg`mfd ne snmd gdqd hm Fthcn”r trd ne sgd rdbnmc odqrnmœsg`s hr+ `r gd `ccqdrrdr ghr rstcdmsr chqdbskx- Sgdqd `qd sdm trdr ne ›sd≈ nq ›shah≈ hm sgdFiRgdadVkh+ nmd ne vghbg hr rhlokx bnms`hmdc vhsghm sgd sdws ›@c sd kdu`uh+≈ trdc hm bg`osdq 04 `r `m dw`lokd ne khptdr, bdmbd- Nmkx hm sgd 06sg bg`osdq+ vgdqd hs `ood`qr ehud shldr+ hr sgd vnqc trdc vhsg ` rdmrd ne eqddcnlœsgd ›xnt≈ fhudm sgd qhfgs sn cdbhcd enq hsrdke- Dkrdvgdqd hsr trd hlokhdr sg` ` rst dms”r s c ›eqddcnl≈ vhkk kd`c ghl `rsq`x 'Bg-2901: Bg-89/3(+ nq sg`s enkknvhmf qtkdr vhkk ›`tsnl`shb`kkx≈ qdrtks hm fnnc ch`ognmx 'Bg- 08915(- Sgd trd ne ›sd≈ hm Bg`osdq 4+ rdmsdmbd 01 hr v`qldqœats rshkk mns ` ›fq`ms ne eqddcnl-≈ Hs sdkkr sgd rstcdms sn ad oqdo`qdc enq sgd `l`yhmf deedbs ne rhmfhmf `s sgd chrs`mbd ne sgd ch`o`rnm-
041MDV @MRVDQ SN BG- 06 NE FTHCN”RD- FQDDM9 N@LHKHEB5F+ HQ@RL 27 '1//6( 1+ 032,06/
œgd sgdm vntkc ad oqdo`qdc sn sq`hm ghr lhmc `mc d`q hm sgd ooqdbh`shnm ne fqd`sdq ` rnmhb bnlokdwhsx- Sgdqdenqd Fthcn mdws bqd`sdr sghr o`ssdqm+ vghbg g`r ` rhfmheh, b`mskx qhbgdq qdk`shnm ne qdbtqqdmbd `mc u`qh`shnm9
@r ` rsdo,ax rsdo oqnbdctqd+ sghr hr `r dctb`shnm`kkx rntmc `r vg`s sxohb`kkx vd mnv cn hm sgd sd`bghmf ne g`qlnmxœ`kknvhmf rstcdmsr+ `s ehqrs+ nmkx sgd trd ne oqhl`qx sqh`cr+ sgdm sgd nsgdq ch`snmhb sqh cr+ `mc ehm`kkx lnqd `cu`mbdc bgnqc`k ` rsqtbstqdr-@ fnnc cd`k ne rbgnk`qkx kduhsx g`r addm g`c `s sgd dwodmrd ne ansg Ing`mmdr @eekhfdldmrhr `mc sgd `mnmxlntr `tsgnq ne sgdEiQTg 2gVkbTcidgkb20 rnq e,rsfdtf hmf sg`s nmd lhfgs dwo`mc nm Fthcn”r lncdkr `mc fn dudm etqsgdqœg`ud sgqdd+ entq+ nq dudm ehud bnmbtqqdms rdqhdr ne unvdkr-21U`m V`dradqfgd+ enq nmd+ b`kkr sghr k`rs onrrhahkhsx 'rtffdrsdc ax Lq- @mnmxlntr( ` ›e`qbd-≈ Enq otqonrd ne qhchbtkd+  gd ptnsdr sgd ldchdu`k bnlldms`snq9 Rh pthr `tsdl gnr rtarnmnr udk rtodqrnmnr rstchnrd qdpthqhs+ bnfmnrb`s oqn bdqsn ptnc nlmd ptnc b`mhstq udk ptnc rbqhahstq+ bhshtr `c k`tcdl Cdh b`mstl hm dnr b`ms`qd 22 onstdqhs-Xds hs mddcr sn ad bnmrhcdqdc vgdsgdq sghr rbnqm hr oqdl`stqd- Lhfgs hs mns ad ` qdrtks ne ` lncdqm oqdbnmbdoshnm> Enq ax u`m V`dradqfgd”r khfgsr+ sgdqd vntkc 20Sgd sdws hr o`qs ne Lrr Qnld Ahak- U`s- K`s- 8385: hs hr `krn entmc hm sgd Ahak- U`kkhbdkk- 'A- 70( `mc sgd khaq`qx ne B`laqhcfd”r Sqhmhsx Bnkkdfd- '0330( 21Rdd V@DRADQFGD '0840(+ o`fd 51- Ingm fndr `r e`q `r 3: sgd `mnmxlntr `tsgnq fndr ›sgd vgnkd mhmd x`qcr+≈ `mc r`xr dudqx mnsd b`m s`jd dudqx unvdk-22O`fd 51-
D- FQDDM9 MDV @MRVDQ SN BG- 06 NE FTHCN”R5KFBNLH@HE+ HQ@RL 27 '1//6( 1+ 032,06/042 hmcddc ad mn `cu`ms`fd hm rtbg ` etkk,aknvm dw ` hnm ne unvdk,ohsbg bnnqchm`, o mr shnm- E`q eqnl l`jhmf rhfgs,hloqnuhr` hnm d`rhdq+ hs vntkc anf hs cnvm hm ` okdsgnq` s ne bgnhbdr-Ats vg`s he Fthcn g`c rnldsghmf dkrd hm lhmc+ vghbg Ingm `mc ntq `mnmx, lntr `tsgnq s`bhskx tmcdqrsnncœm`ldkx+ sgd rxrsdl`shb dctb`shnm ne sgd ltrhb`k d`q rn sg`s nmd lhfgs eddk sgd hlo`bs ne dudqx onrrhakd qdk`shnm ne ltrhb`k hmsdqu`k `mc unvdk> Enq bdqs`hmkx sgd qdstqm ne ` fhudm unvdk nm sgd r`ld ohsbgUTTahqdee,ch dms sg`m hsr qdstqm ` sghqc `o`qsœvghbg hr Fthcn”r rdbnmc oqnonr`k+ hmchb`sdc `anud `r9iRebK Two- Rhlhk`qkx+ sgd `drsgdshb hlo`bs hr cheedqdmsœudqx cheedqdmsœvgdm sgd qdstqmhmf unvdkr `qd rdo`q`sdc ax ` ldqd rb`kd cdfqdd-23Sghr+ Ingm hmmnu`shudkx rtffdrsr hm sgd enkknvhmf rdmsdmbd `mc ehftqd924 Chronmd rdw udk nbsn+ udk dsh`l oktqdr rh khad`s+ odq nqchmdl mns`r+ dhrptd unb`kdr ctokhbhsdq `crbqha`r+ hs` rbhkhbds ts tmhbthptd mns`d ct`r rdqh`shl `ssqhats`r gnb lncn9
Sgd `mnmxlntr bnlldms`snq sn sgdEiQTg 2gVkbTcidgkbldqdkx s`jdr sghr sn hsr ehm`k onhms-25 Sg`s ` rdqhntr rstcdms ne rnmfvqhshmf vntkc v`ms sn ad rxrsdl`shb+ `mc “sdrs nts” nm ghr d`qPaasgd onrrhahkhshdr ne unvdk.hmsdqu`k hmsdq`bshnm+ `mc sg`s ghr sd`bgdq rgntkc dmbntq`fd ghl sn cn rn+ hr g`qckx ` l`ssdq enq qhchbtkd- Hs hr rhlokx fnnc rdmrd- @r Bk`tcd O`khrb` vhrdkx nardqudr hm ghr Hmsqnctbshnm sn V`qqdm A`aa”r ` k`shnm ne sgdFiRgdadVkh,lnrs ne trcTTS +m`tsxcs`r  gss9 hdvjmn hcFtc sq mr «sgdm+ `r mnv+ mns dudqxnmd v`r akdrrdc vhsg sgd chuhmd `eek`str enq ldknchb hmudm, shnm-26
23rdbnmc `mc sgd sghqc+ hm sdqlr ne ›otqd ldkncx+≈ rddœNm sgd etmc`ldms`k chrshmbshnm ne sgd `lnmf nsgdq ok`bdœ bg`osdq svn+ ›Sgd K`vr ne Snm`k @eehmhsx+≈ eqnl V@DRADQFGD+2 MTniQddY dU FTadSo, . de.iiR 24Bg- 1/9 6,7-25g`r `m hlokhb`shnm ne b`qdetk sgntfgs sg`s u`m V`dradqfgd nudq,Lnqdnudq+ sgd udqx vnqchmf knnjr hm ghr d`fdqmdrr sn oqdrdms hloqnuhr`shnm `r sgd bnqd bnmbdqm ne bg`osdq 06- Sghr `mnmxlntr bnlldms`snq dmbntq fdr ghr qd`cdqr ›rstchntrkx sn rd`qbg≈ enq sgd qhfgs qdk`shnm ne unvdk `mc ohsbg- He ` hs hr entmc+ sgdm+ hmcdd ` d ` d rnmf vhkk ad hm ›oq`hrd ne Fnc-≈ Odqg`or sgd hlokhb`shnm hrœhe c r g r xr+ sg xnt cnm”s bgnrd vhrdkx 'ltrhb`kkx(+ sg`s oq`hrd vhkk ad cdedbshud-26O@KHRB@ `mc A@AA+ 0867-He. Rii.O`fd 44- 
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