Gestion et économie du cycle de vie faire évoluer les pratiques

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Publié le : jeudi 21 juillet 2011
Lecture(s) : 129
Nombre de pages : 16
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The Value of Unused Interregional Transmission: Estimating the Opportunity Cost for Quebec (Canada) Pierre-Olivier Pineau Associate Professor, HEC Montréal (Canada) 2009 Plan 1. Assessing Transmission Capacity 2. Data and Approach 3. Results and discussion Pineau / HEC Montréal 2 1. Transmission Capacity – Miles per GW 600 500 400 300 200 100 Northeast Power Coordinating Council (NPCC) - Quebec only NERC region NPCC US - NY & New England 0 Pierre-Olivier Pineau / HEC Montréal 3 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Interconnections Pierre-Olivier Pineau / HEC Montréal 4 2. Quebec Interregional Transmission Lines Capacity (MW) Name kV Export Import Ontario Total 1,620 820 Announced for 2009 ON 230 1,250 1,250 DEN 120 325 100 MASS 765 1,800 1,000New York Total 2,125 1,100 HIGH 120 225 170 DER 120 80 0 New England NE 735 2,000 2,000 Total 2,305 2,170 New Brunswick NB 230 & 315 1,080 785 Total 7,130 4,875 Pierre-Olivier Pineau / HEC Montréal 5 2. Approach • Unused Capacity: Total Transfer Capability – reported Exp+Imp • Opportunity cost: – if Hourly Spot Market Price > $30: (Hourly Spot Market Price – $30) * Unused capacity – $0 otherwise Pineau / HEC Montréal 6 3. Monthly Exports, in TWh 1.40 New England New York 1.20 Ontario New Brunswick 1.00 0.80 0.60 0.40 0.20 0.00 Pierre-Olivier Pineau / HEC Montréal 7 Jan-06 Mar-06 May-06 Jul-06 Sep-06 Nov-06 Jan-07 Mar-07 May-07 Jul-07 Sep-07 Nov-07 Jan-08 Mar-08 May-08 Jul-08 Sep-08 Nov-08 3. Monthly Imports, in TWh 1.40 New England New York 1.20 Ontario New Brunswick 1.00 0.80 0.60 0.40 0.20 0.00 Pierre-Olivier Pineau / HEC Montréal 8 Jan-06 Mar-06 May-06 Jul-06 Sep-06 Nov-06 Jan-07 Mar-07 May-07 Jul-07 Sep-07 Nov-07 Jan-08 Mar-08 May-08 Jul-08 Sep-08 Nov-08 Monthly Unused Transmission Capacity (hours with market price above Can$30), in TWh 1.40 New England New York 1.20 Ontario New Brunswick 1.00 0.80 0.60 0.40 0.20 0.00 Pierre-Olivier Pineau / HEC Montréal 9 Jan-06 Mar-06 May-06 Jul-06 Sep-06 Nov-06 Jan-07 Mar-07 May-07 Jul-07 Sep-07 Nov-07 Jan-08 Mar-08 May-08 Jul-08 Sep-08 Nov-08 Transmission Lines Capacity Factor Hours with no Capacity Factor activity Name 2006 2007 2008 2006 2007 2008 DYMO 7459 7333 8460 9% 10% 3% OTTO 5352 2621 3384 45% 67% 53% CHNO 7337 7442 8141 9% 7% 5% P33C 7398 6273 7175 8% 14% 10%Ontario Q4C 1433 2260 538 55% 41% 60% LAW 3566 3110 1699 28% 39% 58% CORN 0 45% CRT 1 18 0 31% 33% 29% DEN 1270 28%New York MASS 649 464 663 40% 54% 47% HIGH 561 579 685 80% 92% 84% DER 644 650 928 25% 24% 23%New England NE 615 482 493 36% 50% 54% Pierre-Olivier Pineau / HEC Montréal 10NB 2193 1645 386 22% 30% 44%New Brunswick
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