Female-biased dispersal in the Greater sac-winged bat (Saccopteryx bilineata) [Elektronische Ressource] : evolutionary causes and consequences of an unusual mammalian dispersal pattern / vorgelegt von Martina Nagy

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Female-biased dispersal in the Greater sac-winged bat (Saccopteryx bilineata) Evolutionary causes and consequences of an unusual mammalian dispersal pattern Der Naturwissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg zur Erlangung des Doktorgrades im Jahre 2010 vorgelegt von Martina Nagy aus Temeschburg, Rumänien Als Dissertation genehmigt von der Naturwissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg Tag der mündlichen Prüfung: 18.06.2010 Vorsitzender der Promotionskommission: Prof. Dr. Eberhard Bänsch Erstberichterstatter: PD Dr. Frieder Mayer Zweitberichterstatter: Prof. Dr. Werner Nezadal Contents 1 CONTENTS Summary........................................................................................................................................................ 3 Introduction.................................................................................................................................................. 5 1 Sex-biased dispersal in birds and mammals............................................................................. 5 1.1 Evolutionary explanations for sex-biased dispersal............................................... 6 1.2 Evolutionary stable patterns of sex-biased dispersal.............................................
Publié le : vendredi 1 janvier 2010
Lecture(s) : 16
Source : D-NB.INFO/1007192305/34
Nombre de pages : 78
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                                !"     #"   $  "  " % &     %' %    &  %     & (  )    *            *  ) *   +    "   , "   -  . )  & . & & /  % & & ,     & ,   %   %  && -  0(  & %    / 1        !     "           )        "   , "   - ) 
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2
 / )  &  ) &+  2       34 &+  5    %  3064 & & . & & 2 7  %  "  & & 2   && & )   34  "  & && 5   "  06 & & -   "  &*  / +  5   06 +  2     )    &  "   ( &    #          Rhynchonycteris naso  !   )        "  & .  /  . + /8%% + 9%  0  8:% ; / 

3
                                                                                                                                          !   !  "                                                                      #                     " $        %&'                (('                           $          )          !             !                 *   !                        +,                            !           ! *              #     #       - 

4
    #        . / - +001            -                 2                  $                                                                    2                                                     )                                     $                                3 "   !                             4       !                 

5
                                                   !           "   ##$% & % ' (  )  *    +            +    ,      -  .              .   +      -     !       /   ##0 1+     ,        +           2 1 ( ' 3 4 5+     1   #                5 ,    !       5,     6   5 5             +    5                   ,    ,   7+      +   5  5             8 #9%  #9% 2 1 ( ' 3 &        +  8 #9          .        :   5 ,   , + ,     ,           8 #9+     #9      ,          .  -              #9 8 #9%  #9   .              5,  * +    5 .

6
   ,*. #9#% ' ( )! % ;!. ( ; 9    ,  .  8 #9% 4   ##3% ;.   $    ,  .   #9% ' ( )! % '<!,8!=! ( ! #    ,5   ' ( 8 % ' ( 2 % 2 8   0         Selective pressures favouring philopatry     +         !"# $$                        > ( 8 ## -           4 5  *.,        ?0@       8 ( 4. #99             : ( * #9#    0@      @           1+                     A          :,   / ( * #93              * #93 7        %!"!# &' '( !!" !(! :         B +              8 #9 '   .                          .               8 #9 -  ) *(! 5                                    ' ( )! % 2 8   0  Selective pressures favouring dispersal - ,   ($( !+!"!,"#        * +    5        5     -     5     5 

7
    #9 /      .        -!+!( % ) *( +         1 ( ) #33% . #39 /            + 1 #03+       .      + . #39 -       ,((- !+!(            +       .    - ##$% :   ##9 *      .       .    .  ' #93% :   #90  .        -   5,                      -    5,            ' ( 8 % 2 1 ( ' 3  7 B!- $#$(  C     5       5      5,  8 #9%  #9% ' ( 8  1+          7                         7                    , *. ## :         5      +          1             )                                          , +             )        -          + +  5              +        .   -+        5          ,       ' (

8
)! % ' ( 8  8     5    #9         '       !  , +           C       #9 ' ( )!         .        5,       -           +        ,   5 ;          ,   &   #   ,   ;  '<!,8!=! ( ! &          5    5,        + ,         &             5,   , ,*.   #9% A   D% 4!   9% '<!, 8!=! ( ! #  7               8 #9   ,  -          5           5          - 5                  *               ,  +         ,        4                 )       C             5       -     ,            +        5,  +            ,    -             '      .     +       +              -          8 #9 ' ( 8                  

9
             ,                 -    8 #9                        ,   E   7 8 #9% :, ),C  2 ##0F  ,   E /.C /   %   *.     -          5,   ,((- !+!(:              * #39% '. #3#% ' #93% : ##+          #9% :   #90  +                 )  7 #9? - 5   ) ( 7 #9? + +                  #3#% .   #9D% ;   0% ;!. ( ; 9 )+     5  '. #9D     6   +    ) ( 7 #9?              -+                            -     G           H  -       5                    -     5           +      8 ###% ' ( )! ### *          5+     5         5+   .           8 ###% ' ( )! ###        5,  ' ( 8           ,                            , 4+                   
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