Computer Architecture: Take I

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CS107 Handout 12 Spring 2008 April 18, 2008 Computer Architecture: Take I Handout written by Julie Zelenski and Nick Parlante Computer architecture A simplified picture with the major features of a computer identified. The CPU is where all the work gets done, the memory is where all the code and data is stored. The path connecting the two is known as the bus. CPU While memory stores the program and the data, the Central Processing Unit does all the work.
  • integer values
  • constant value
  • r1
  • r2
  • instructions
  • store
  • load
  • address
  • memory
  • register
Publié le : mardi 27 mars 2012
Lecture(s) : 79
Source : carrs.msu.edu
Nombre de pages : 7
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ContemporaryIssuesinAnimalHumanRelationships(akaAnimals,PeopleandNature)ACR823105ABerkeyHallLindaKalofFriday3:005:506HBerkeyHallOfficeHours:Th/Fr67orbyappointmentLKalof@msu.eduCourseDescriptionThisgraduatecourseexaminesoneofthemostfiercelydebatedtopicsincontemporaryscienceandculture:theanimalquestionor,whatisthefittingroleofanimalsinhumancultureandofhumansinanimalculture?Throughthelensofinterdisciplinarycontemporaryscholarship,wewillexamineanimalsasphilosophicalandethicalsubjects.Arelanguageandrationalthoughtprerequisitesfortheextensionofjusticeand/ormorality?Whatabouttheassertionthatthereisaconnectionbetweenthehumantreatmentofanimalsandourtreatmentofmarginalizedhumangroups?animalsasreflexivethinkers.Dosomenonhumananimalspossessmaterialculture,socialmorality,andemotionssuchasgriefandsadness?animalsasdomesticates,“pets”andfood.Whatisthelinkbetweenanimaldomesticationandthespreadofcontagiousdiseases,especiallyzoonoticdiseases?Howdohumans“petrify”nature?Whatarethesocial,environmentalandbiologicalconsequencesofusinganimalsasfood?animalsasscientificobjects.Whataretheissuessurroundingtheuseofanimalsinscientificspeculation,classificationandexperimentation,suchasinvivisection,cloningandthehumananimalrelationshipintechnoscience?animalsasspectacleandsport.Whatistheculturalmeaningofpittinganimalsincombativestruggleagainsthumansoragainstotheranimals?Dohumanshaveapenchantforhuntingandforgazingatexoticanimalsinconfinedplaces?Dotheseactivitieshelpshapethemeaningofanimalsinhumanculture,reinforcingMichelFoucault’sideasaboutpowerandsurveillance?Shouldhumansswimwithdolphins,feedstingrays,playwithkillerwhales?Finally,wewillexaminethethornyquestionofthemeaningofnatureanditsreconfigurationfromabinarypurifiedcategorytoafluidnatureculturenetworkcomposedofactantsinrelation.BooksTheAnimalsReader:TheEssentialClassicandContemporaryWritingsLindaKalof&AmyFitzgerald,2007Simians,Cyborgs,andWomen:TheReinventionofNatureDonnaHaraway,1991
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WatchingWildlifeCynthiaChris,2006TheDreadedComparison:HumanandAnimalSlaveryMarjorieSpiegel,withAliceWalker,1996Thebasics:Noexams,fivewrittensummariesofselectedreadings,oneclassproject(finalpaper&oralclasspresentation).ThiscoursecanbeusedasanelectiverequirementforthenewlyestablishedgraduatespecializationinAnimalStudies:SocialScience&HumanitiesPerspectivesseehttp://animalstudies.msu.eduRequirements:Studentswillberesponsibleforalloftheclassreadings.Inaddition,individualstudentswillbeassignedtowritesummariesofselectedreadingsandpresentthemtotheclass.Summariesaretobepreparedaccordingtothedirectionsbelow,withenoughcopiesfortheprofessorandthestudentsintheclass.Thesummariesaretobewrittenasliteraturereviewessays,notlistsofbulletpointsorinoutlineformat.Onthedateduethestudentmustleadaclassdiscussiononthereading.Thestudentmustpreparetwoquestionscenteredbythestudent’sassignedreadingthatwillserveasthefoundationforclassdiscussion.Thepresentershouldbeginthesummaryofthereading.Thediscussionquestionswillthenserveasaguideforamorethoroughanalysisofthematerialthroughclassdiscussion.Thecoursewillbeconductedasaseminar.Attheendofthesemester,eachstudentwillhaveaportfolioofsummariescollectedfromstudentcolleagueswhichwillbehelpfulinpreparingthefinalproject,thewrittenportionisdueatthetimeofourfinalexam(seetheuniversityschedule)andtheoralportionwillbescheduledduringthelast2weeksofclass.Instructionsforthefinalproject:Foryourfinalproject(writtenpaperandoralpresentation),youwillapplythematerialcoveredduringthesemesterinascholarlypaperonthe“animalquestion.”Anyaspectoftheanimalquestionissuitable.Isuggestthatyouchoosesomethingthatismeaningfultoyou,preferablyalsopublishable.Inthatregard,Iwouldliketoseepapersofabout5,000words(theminimumpublishablepiece)ifyouintendtoworktowardsubmittingapapertoajournal.Ifyoudonothavethatgoalinmind,thenapaperoflesswordsisfine,butnotlessthan2,500,please.ThepaperisdueatourlastmeetingduringWeek16,andeachofyouwillgiveanoralpresentationofthepaperduringWeeks1516(seethescheduleforyourassignedpresentationday).Thepapercanbeonanytopicinanimalstudies(hunting,raisinganimalsforfood,usinganimalsaslaborers,bloodsports,ethics/philosophy,vivisection,petkeeping,animalthemeparks,zoos,socalled“problem”animalssuchaspitbulldogsorbackyarddeer,theethicsofhuntingwhateverinterestsyou),butitmustbegroundedintheliteraturewehavereadthissemester.Thus,Iaskthatthepaperincludeatleast25citationsfromthatliterature,andatleasthalfofthosemustcomefromthetextsforthecourse,TheAnimalsReader,WatchingWildlife,Simians/CyborgsandWomen,andTheDreadedComparison.Rememberthatfortheliteraturecoveredinclass,youwillhave
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summariesprovidedbyyourcolleagues.Yourpapermusthaveanintroduction,abody,aconclusionandalistofreferencescited(useanystandardcitationformat).Asyouknow,Iamverykeenonvisualpresentations,soconsiderincludingimagesinyourpresentation,andperhapseveninyourpaper.Youwillhave20minutesduringthelasttwoweeksofclassforyourpresentation,with10minutesfordiscussion(seethescheduleforyourassignedday).Thepresentationcanbeaslideshowinpowerpointoryoumaybringyourvisualstoclass,perhapsashandouts.Finally,Iwanttoapproveyourpapertopic.PleasesubmitaonepagepaperproposaltomebyemailanytimebetweennowandOctober3.I’llgetmyfeedbacktoyouwithin24hoursofyoursendingmeyourproposal,andeveryoneshouldhavefeedbacknolaterthanthenextclassmeeting,October10.Evaluation:Iexpectallofthesummariestobeofverygood(A)quality.Imayaskthatasummaryberewrittenifitisnotofverygoodquality,butitisexpectedallwillbe,andyouwillnothearbackfrommeunlessyoursisnot.YourgradewillbebasedonA’sforthewrittensummaries=50%andthefinalpaperandoralpresentation=50%.FormatandInstructionsforWrittenSummariesandPresentations:Thepresentationdatesareassignedalphabeticallybypositionontheclassroster(seetheschedule).Myapologiesforcrammingsomefolkswithsummariesinsequentialweeks(someoftheassignmentweremadeonthebasisofwhatIknowofstudentinterests).Ifthescheduledoesn’tworkforyou,forexampleyoumightneedtomissclassfortravelorotherreasons,pleasefeelfreetofindsomeonetoswitchwith.JustbesuretoletmeknowoftheswitchsoIcankeeptrackofwhoisdoingwhatwhen.ForanexampleofwhatthewrittensummaryshouldlooklikeseetheChapter7summaryonpostmodernismfromabookI’musinginanotherclass,PracticesofLooking;thesummaryisonAngel.Youneedtobringtwocopiesofyoursummarytoclassforme,andsendacopytoeachstudentbyemailthroughtheAngelsystem.Summariesaretobepreparedaccordingtothedirectionsbelow,withatleastonequestioncenteredbytheassignedreadingthatwillserveasthefoundationforclassdiscussion.Thepresentershouldbeginwitha10minutesummaryofthemajorthemesinthereading.Thediscussionquestion(s)willthenserveasaguideforamorethoroughanalysisofthematerialthroughclassdiscussion.Summariesmustbetyped,singlespaced,preferablytwosidedcopyononesheetofpaper.ThisisNOTACRITIQUEofthereading,justadocumentation,orasummaryofwhattheauthorhadtosay,aliteraturereview.Allcritiquemustbesavedforclassdiscussion,andnotincludedinthesummary.[Critiqueisalsoanappropriateandadmirablepartoftheresearchpaper.]Thelastpartofthesummaryincludesthequestion(s)forclassdiscussion.Somegoodgenericquestionsfordiscussioninclude:
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Whatlinkscanyoumakebetweenthisreadingandotherreadingsforthisclass?Canyouthinkofanylinksbetweenthisreadingandsomeofyourotherclasses?Chooseamajortheorist(suchasAlbertEinstein,MaryWollstonecraftorThomasKuhn)andguesswhattheywouldthinkaboutthisreading.Giveanalternativetheorist’sperspectiveonthisreading(forexample,whatwouldE.O.WilsonthinkaboutHaraway’sessays?)ScheduleofReadings&TopicsACR823Week1:IntroductionsWeek2:TOPIC:Philosophicalbeliefsaboutanimals(ethics,morality,cognition)TheAnimalsReaderPart1Aristotle,BenthamandSingerRyanTheilerTomReganAmySmithMarthaNussbaumMaggieFitzpatrickSpiegel(DefenseofSlavery)(nosummary)Week3:GillesDeleuzeandFélixGuattari(AnimalsReader)StacyRuleTheDreadedComparison(Spiegel)Part1topage65MariaIliopoulouPart2page65toendJenniferKellyTOPIC:AnimalsasreflexivethinkersTheAnimalsReaderPart2Week4:MicheldeMontaigneandRenéDescartesMelissaLiszewskiBekoffRyanTheilerVanSchaik,etal.MariaIliopoulouMassonandMcCarthy(nosummary)SandersandArluke(nosummary)
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TOPIC:Animalsasdomestics,“pets”andfoodTheAnimalsReaderPart3Week5:JimMasonandMaryFinelliPlutarchandCarolAdamsYiFuTuanMithen(nosummary)Ritvo(nosummary)Week6:TOPIC:AnimalsasspectacleandsportTheAnimalsReaderPart4PlinytheElderandGarryMarvinEvans,etal.RandyMalamudMattCartmillNibert(nosummary)
Week7:
WatchingWildlife(CynthiaChris)Introduction,Chapter1(WildlifeFilmEra)andChapter2(TheQuestforNature)Chapter3(Wildlife,RemadeforTV)andChapter4(AnimalSex)Chapter5(TheGiantPandaasDocumentarySubject)andConclusion(LearningfromTV,LearningfromAnimals)MasculinityandAnimalDisplay,Kohlstedt(onAngel)(nosummary)Week8:TOPIC:AnimalsassymbolsTheAnimalsReaderPart5JohnBergerClaudeLéviStraussSteveBaker
MelissaLiszewskiJenniferKellyStacyRule
MaggieFitzpatrickMariaIliopoulouAmySmithRyanTheiler
MariaIliopoulou
MelissaLiszewski
AmySmith
MelissaLiszewskiJenniferKellyStacyRule
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JonathanBurtBoriaSax(nosummary)Week9:TOPIC:AnimalsasscientificobjectsTheAnimalsReaderPart6CoralLansburyLyndaBirkeSarahWhatmore
MaggieFitzpatrick
MaggieFitzpatrickJenniferKellyRyanTheiler
Week10:NoClassI’minChicagoattheAnimalsinFilm&HistoryConference
Week11:SarahFranklinMelissaLiszewskiDonnaHaraway(inAnimalsReader)AmySmithChapter10ofHaraway’sSimians,CyborgsandWomen(BiopoliticsofPostmodernBodies)MaggieFitzpatrickPaulThompson’sReviewofFranklin’sDollyBodies(onAngel)(nosummary)Week12:Simians,CyborgsandWomen(Haraway)Chapter1(AnimalSociology)RyanTheilerChapter2(ThePastistheContestedZone)AmySmithChapter5(ContestforPrimateNature)StacyRuleWeek13:Chapter7(GenderforaMarxistDictionary)JenniferKellyChapter8(ACyborgManifesto)StacyRuleChapter9(SituatedKnowledges)MariaIliopoulouWeek14:NoClassThanksgivingWeek15:StudentPresentationsRyanTheiler
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StacyRuleMaggieFitzpatrickAmySmithWeek16:StudentPresentationsMelissaLiszewskiMariaIliopoulouJenniferKelly
Kinship,authorunknown,circulatedwidelyontheinternet(May2008)
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