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27 Avril 2016
L’AMA publie le Rapport sur les violations des règles antidopage 2014
Le rapport signale 1 693 violations des règles antidopage (VRADs) en 2014, touchant des personnes provenant de 109 nationalités et de 83 sports
1 462 de ces VRADs sont issues de résultats d’analyse anormaux (RAA) et 231, de preuves non
analytiques (renseignements)64 % (1 462) des 2 287 des RAA signalés en 2014 ont été considérés comme des VRADs 185 des 231 VRADs non analytiques ont été commis par des sportifs et 46, par des membres du personnel d’encadrement du sportif. Ces chiffres ont été compilés pendant la dernière année d’application du Code mondial antidopage 2009.

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Publié le 28 avril 2016
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2014 Anti-Doping Rule Violations
(ADRVs) Report

















This Report is compiled based on cases received by WADA Legal Department as of 21 February 2016.

Page 1 of 58

Table of Contents
Page
Abbreviations……………………………………………………………………………………………………….…….….……………………………………3
Executive Summary…………………………………………………………………………………………….…….…………….………………………….4
Section 1: Outcomes of 2014 AAFs* by Sport Category…………………………….............................................….......7
Table 1- AAF Outcomes by Sport Category………………………………………………………….……………………………………….............8
Table 2- AAF Outcomes by Sport Category - ASOIF Sports/Disciplines…………………………………………….…………………….…8
Table 3- AAF Outcomes by Sport Category - AIOWF Sports/Disciplines………………………………………….…………………..….10
Table 4- AAF Outcomes by Sport Category - ARISF Sports/Disciplines…………………………………………….………………….….11
Table 5- AAF Outcomes by Sport Category - AIMS Sports/Disciplines………………………………………………………………….…12
Table 6- AAF Outcomes by Sport Category - IPC Sports/Disciplines……………………………………………………………….…….…13
Table 7- AAF Outcomes by Sport Category - Sports/Disciplines for Athletes with an Impairment………………….…….…13
Table 8- AAF Outcomes by Sport Category - Other Sports - Code Signatories.……………….……………………..……………....14
Table 9- AAF Outcomes by Sport Category - Other Sports………………………………………………………….………………………....14

Section 2: Outcomes of 2014 AAFs* by Testing Authority Category……………………………………….….….…..........16
Table 1- AAF Outcomes by TA Category……………………………………………………………………………………………………….…….….17
Table 2- AAF Outcomes by TA Category - ASOIF IFs………………………………………………………………………………………….…….18
Table 3- AAF Outcomes by TA Category - AIOWF IFs………………………………………………………………………………………………18
Table 4- AAF Outcomes by TA Category - ARISF IFs……………………………………………………………………………………………..…19
Table 5- AAF Outcomes by TA Category - AIMS IFs…………………………………………………………………………………………………19
Table 6- AAF Outcomes by TA Category - MEOs…………………………………………………………………………………………….………19
Table 7- AAF Outcomes by TA Category - NADOs………………………………………………………………………………………..…………20
Table 8- AAF Outcomes by TA Category - NOCs…………………………………………………………………………………………..…………22
Table 9- AAF Outcomes by TA Category - RADOs……………………………………………………………………………………………………22
Table 10- AAF Outcomes by TA Category - Other Code Signatories…….……………………………………………….…………..…….22
Table11- AAF Outcomes by TA Category - Regional Sports Organizations………………………………………………………………22
Table 12- AAF Outcomes by TA Category – National Federations..…………………………………………………….…………………..23
Table 13- AAF Outcomes by TA Category - Other Sports Organizations…………………………………………….….…………..……24
Section 3: Report of 2014 Non-Analytical ADRVs**……………………………………………………………….………..…….……25
Table 1- Non-Analytical ADRV Cases by Sport and Nationality-Athletes………………………………………………………………….26
Table 2- Non-Analytical ADRV Cases by Nationality and Sport-Athletes………………………………………………………………….28
Table 3- Non-Analytical ADRV Cases by Nationality-Athlete Support Personnel.…………………………………………………….30
Table 4- Non-Analytical ADRVs by Type of Violation-Athletes and Athlete Support Personnel………………..……..………31
Section 4: Report of 2014 Total Analytical and Non-Analytical ADRVs………………….……………….……………......32
Table 1- Total ADRVs from Athletes by Sport Category………………………..……………………………………………………..……......33
Table 2- Total ADRVs from Athletes - ASOIF Sports by Nationality………………………………………….…………………..…………33
Table 3- Total ADRVs from Athletes - AIOWF Sports by Nationality…………………………………………………………..……………41
Table 4- Total ADRVs from Athletes - ARISF Sports by Athlete Nationality………………………………………..……………………42
Table 5- Total ADRVs from Athletes - AIMS Sports by Nationality…………………………………….…….……….…..……………..…44
Table 6- Total ADRVs from Athletes - IPC Sports by Athlete Nationality………………………………………….…….…….......…..46
Table 7- Total ADRVs from Athletes - Sports for Athletes with an Impairment by Nationality………….……………….……46
Table 8- Total ADRVs from Athletes - Other Sports - Code Signatories by Nationality………………..……..……..……………47
Table 9- Total ADRVs from Athletes - Other Sports by Nationality…………………………………………………..…….……………….47
Table 10- Total ADRVs from Athletes by Nationality and Sport…….…………….……………………………..……………..…………...49

* The AAFs in this Report are based on results reported by WADA-accredited laboratories in ADAMS for samples received from
1 January to 31 December 2014.
** The Non-Analytical ADRVs in this Report refer to ADRVs related to the World Anti-Doping Code (Code) article 2 other than
presence of a prohibited substance.The cases included in this Report were closed between 1 January and 31 December 2014.

Page 2 of 58

Abbreviations

AAF
ADAMS
ADRV
AIMS
AIOWF
ARISF
ASOIF
ASP
IF
IPC
MEO
NADO
NF
NOC
RADO
TA
TUE


Adverse Analytical Finding
Anti-Doping Administration and Management System
Anti-Doping Rule Violation
Alliance of Independent Recognised Members of Sport
Association of International Olympic Winter Sports Federations
Association of IOC Recognized International Sports Federations
Association of Summer Olympic International Sports Federations
Athlete Support Personnel
International Federation
International Paralympic Committee
Major Event Organizer
National Anti-Doping Organization
National Federation
National Olympic Committee
Regional Anti-Doping Organization
Testing Authority
Therapeutic Use Exemption

Page 3 of 58

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1. ThisReport includes figures on:

-Results management outcomes (including ADRVs) of all AAFs detected by WADA-accredited laboratories for samples
collected from athletes in- and out-of-competition and received by the laboratories in 2014, by sport and discipline
(Section 1) and testing authority (Section 2).

-ADRVs that resulted from non-analytical findings by athletes and athlete support personnel (Section 3).

-The total number of ADRVs in 2014, which includes AAFs that resulted in an ADRV plus all non-analytical ADRVs and
presents the data by sport and nationality. It is further broken down into type of samples (urine or blood), type of
test (in- and out-of-competition) and athlete gender (Section 4).

2. Outcomesof AAFs are classified under five categories in this Report:
TUE:athlete had a valid TUE that justified the presence of the prohibited substance in the athlete’s The
sample.
No Case to Answer: Casesclosed at results management level, excluding TUE cases. Such cases include for example:
authorized route of administration for glucocorticosteroids; departure from International
Standards; medically justified AAF (low-level athletes as per the definition of athlete in the Code*);
cases outside WADA’s jurisdiction (including non-Code signatories); and any other particular cases.
No Sanction:athlete was exonerated or deemed to have no fault or negligence following a full disciplinary The
process. For example, all meat contamination cases where the athlete was exonerated are
included in this category.
Pending: WADAhas not received all the documentation required to validate the case decision. This may
include information such as a reasoned decision, TUE, the athlete’s name, etc.
ADRV: Adecision was rendered and an ADRV was recorded against the athlete following a full disciplinary
process. The sanction was either a reprimand or a period of ineligibility.
*The definition of ‘athlete’ in the 2009 Code (which applies to the 2014 cases) stipulates that “a country could elect to
test recreational-level competitors but not to require therapeutic use exemptions.”As a result, when an AAF is reported
for a recreational-level athlete, the case can be closed if the athlete provides a documented medical justification for the
use of the substance.

3. Atotal of 217,762 samples were received and analyzed in 2014 by WADA-accredited laboratories. 2,287 samples were
reported as AAFs. Of these:

-1,462 (64%) samples were confirmed as ADRVs (sanctions);

-224 (10%) samples were dismissed because of a valid TUE held by the athlete;

-317 (14%) were categorized as “no case to answer” (i.e. case closed for a valid reason other than a TUE);

-132 (6%) samples resulted in “no sanction” because the athlete was exonerated; and

-152 (7%) samples were still pending (44 from IF Code signatories and 92 from NADO Code signatories).

ADRV 64%

AAF Outcomes

TUE 10%

No Case to Answer
14%

No Sanction 6%

Pending 7%


4. Amongthe 1,462 ADRVs as a result of an AAF, the samples were collected from:

-athletes;1,159 male (79%) athletes and 303 female (21%)

-328 out-of-competition (22%) and 1,134 in-competition (78%);

-1,458 urine and 4 blood;

-109 nationalities (as recorded in the case decision received by WADA);

-82 sports (sports/disciplines as reported by the WADA-accredited laboratories in ADAMS)

Page 4 of 58

TUE
No Case to Answer
No Sanction
Pending
ADRV


5. Atotal of 231 non-analytical ADRVs were confirmed in 2014 and involved:

-185 athletes of 39 nationalitiesfrom 30 sports (as recorded in the case decision received by WADA);

-46 athlete support personnel of 20 nationalities (as recorded in the case decision received by WADA)
Non-Analytical ADRVs in this Report refer to violations related to Articles 2.2 to 2.8 of the Code that do not involve the
detection of a prohibited substance by a WADA-accredited laboratory.

6. Bycombining analytical findings from AAFs and non-analytical findings in 2014 the totals are:

-1,693 ADRVs (1,647 from athletes and 46 from athlete support personnel);

-109 nationalities;

-83 sports (connected to the athletes)

Total ADRVs - Top 10 Nationalities

Other
884

RUSSIAN FEDERATION
148
ITALY
123

KOREA - REPUBLIC OF
43

Other
536

Aquatics
32
Rugby Union
40
Boxing
49
Wrestling
56

INDIA
96
BELGIUM
91
FRANCE
91
TURKEY
73
AUSTRALIA
49
CHINA
49
BRAZIL
46

Total ADRVs - Top 10 Sports

Football
80

Athletics
248

Bodybuilding
225

Cycling
168

Weightlifting
143
Powerlifting
116

Page 5 of 58

RUSSIAN FEDERATION
ITALY
INDIA
BELGIUM
FRANCE
TURKEY
AUSTRALIA
CHINA
BRAZIL
KOREA - REPUBLIC OF
Other

Athletics
Bodybuilding
Cycling
Weightlifting
Powerlifting
Football
Wrestling
Boxing
Rugby Union
Aquatics
Other


7. Yearto year comparison of the 2014 data vs. 2013 data:

Year to Year Comparison 2014 vs. 2013
3000

2500

2000

1500

1000

500

0

2540
2287

AAFs

1687
1462

Analytical
ADRVs

266
231

Non-Analytical
ADRVs

1953
1693

Total ADRVs

Page 6 of 58

109 115

Nationalities

83 89

Sports

2014
2013




Section 1: Outcomes of 2014 AAFs
by Sport Category














This Report is compiled based on cases received by WADA Legal Department as of 21 February 2016.

Page 7 of 58

Table 1- AAF Outcomes by Sport Category*
Sport TotalSamples**
ASOIF 168,494
AIMS 6,600
ARISF 11,881
AIOWF 18,229
OTHER 4,332
IPC 3,317
IMPAIRMENT*** 2,518
OTHER-CS 2,391
Grand Total217,762

Total AAFs**
1326
427
159
113
102
58
51
51
2287

TUE
139
10
17
18
1
19
17
4
225

* Seepage 3 and 4 for details of acronyms and terms used in the Report.
** Figuresas reported in the 2014 Testing Figures Report.
*** Sportsfor Athletes with an Impairment.

No Case to Answer
146
19
33
41
64
6
6
2
317

Table 2- AAF Outcomes by Sport Category - ASOIF Sports/Disciplines*
Sport TotalSamples TotalAAFs TUENo Case to Answer
Aquatics 1212057 176
Aquatics 2714 -1
Diving586 31
Swimming 895241 125
Water Polo1806 94
Archery1 1898 7
Archery891 71 1
Athletics 25830261 1320
Athletics 21260208 714
Combined Events90 1-
Cross Country443 61 1
Field 3221
-Half Marathon177 4- 2
Marathon 92621 12
Mountain Running1 1205 4
Race Walk286 6-
Shot-put (R)96 1-
Throws 21
-Track 16408
3Badminton 11393
-Badminton 11393
-Basketball 543937 51
Basketball 542037 51
Boxing 42585546
Boxing4210 554 6
Canoe / Kayak4485 233 2
Canoe Kayak1 23797 19
Canoe Slalom275 1-
Freestyle 51
-Wildwater 462
2

No Sanction
100
6
7
2
4
11
1

131

No Sanction
2
-
1
-
1
1
1
13
8
-
1
-
-
1
1
2
-
-
-
-
-
2
2
4
4
1
1
-
-
-

Pending
75
46
15
2
5
1
8

152

Pending
5
3
-
-
2
-
-
15
10
-
1
-
1
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
2
4
4
1
1
-
-
-

ADRV
866
346
87
50
28
21
19
45
1462

ADRV
27
-
1
24
2
4
4
200
169
1
2
1
1
14
1
4
1
1
5
3
3
27
27
37
37
16
14
1
1
-

* Sports/Disciplinesas reported by laboratories in ADAMS in 2014. Only sports/disciplines with AAF results are listed in the table.
Therefore, the total samples for sport may be larger than the sum of the listed disciplines.

Page 8 of 58

Table 2- AAF Outcomes by Sport Category - ASOIF Sports/Disciplines* (continued)
Sport TotalSamples TotalAAFs TUENo Case to Answer
Cycling 22471221 2044
Amateur 495
-BMX 4983
-Cycling3 118547 87
Cyclo Cross675 83 2
Keirin (R)30 1- 1
Mountain Bike1555 247 9
Road 896774 517
Track 210519 24
Equestrian 61911 14
Equestrian 3888 14
Eventing- -62 2
Jumping56 1-
Fencing
160941Fencing1 -1264 3
Foil 1181
-Field Hockey1641 81 1
Field Hockey1559 81 1
Football 3124214411 25
Football 30664140 1124
Futsal 5124 -1
Golf507 81 2
Golf1 2507 8
Gymnastics 235510
5Gymnastics 10526
4Rhythmic 3251
-Trampoline 3032
1Tumbling- -9 1
Handball 402626 71
Indoor7 13962 26
Judo6 24453 40
Judo 445340 62
Modern
Pentathlon6654-Modern Pentathlon656 4-
Rowing4699 245 2
Rowing4699 245 2
Rugby Union6961 576 6
Rugby Union6315 546 4
Sevens 6463 -2
Sailing1795
2Sailing795 21
Shooting 26162341
Pistol 761
-Shooting2307 184
Shotgun 1474 -1

No Sanction
14
-
-
3
1
-
1
5
4
-
-
-
-
2
1
1
2
2
33
33
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
1
1
2
2
-
-
3
3
3
2
1
-
-
1
1
-
-

Pending
17
1
2
3
-
-
2
7
2
2
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
6
6
-
-
-
3
2
-
1
-
2
2
4
4
1
1
-
-
2
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-

ADRV
126
4
1
67
2
-
5
40
7
4
3
1
-
1
1
-
4
4
69
66
3
5
5
1
-
-
-
1
15
15
26
26
3
3
14
14
40
40
-
1
1
17
-
14
3

* Sports/Disciplinesas reported by laboratories in ADAMS in 2014. Only sports/disciplines with AAF results are listed in the table.
Therefore, the total samples for sport may be larger than the sum of the listed disciplines.

Page 9 of 58

Table 2- AAF Outcomes by Sport Category - ASOIF Sports/Disciplines* (continued)
Sport TotalSamples TotalAAFs TUENo Case to Answer
Table
Tennis99143Table Tennis991 43
Taekwondo 2034222
Taekwondo 203422 -2
Tennis 384115 32
Tennis 384115 32
Triathlon 430821 113
Duathlon 1993
2Triathlon 408918 93
Volleyball 453210
2Volleyball 378610
2Weightlifting8806 1696 12
Weightlifting6 128806 169
Wrestling515460 23
Beach Wrestling33 1-
Freestyle 6713
-Grappling- -16 1
Greco-Roman 7206 -1
Women's Freestyle49 11
Wrestling3665 481 2
Grand Total1684941326 139146

Table 3- AAF Outcomes by Sport Category - AIOWF Sports/Disciplines*
Sport TotalSamples TotalAAFs TUENo Case to Answer
Biathlon 229711 -4
Biathlon 229711 -4
Bobsleigh 13419
2Bobsleigh 11029
2Curling1306
1Curling306 11
Ice Hockey3736 415 12
Ice Hockey4 83491 36
Junior Ice Hockey1 4245 5
Luge 4441 -1
Luge 4441 -1
Skating 434110 52
Figure Skating1 -648 2
Skating 951
1Speed Skating3 22490 7
Skiing57642240 5
Alpine 12623 -2
Cross-Country 263928 118
Freestyle 3551
1Nordic Combined431 11
Ski Jumping340 2-
Skiing294 41 2
Snowboard 4401
1Grand Total18229 11318 41

No Sanction
-
-
5
5
3
3
-
-
-
-
-
4
4
3
-
-
-
-
-
3
100

No Sanction
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
2

Pending
-
-
1
1
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
6
6
3
-
-
-
-
-
3
75

Pending
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2

ADRV
1
1
14
14
6
6
7
1
6
8
8
141
141
49
1
3
1
5
-
39
866

ADRV
7
7
7
7
-
-
21
21
-
-
-
3
1
-
2
12
1
8
-
-
2
1
-
50

* Sports/Disciplinesas reported by laboratories in ADAMS in 2014. Only sports/disciplines with AAF results are listed in the table.
Therefore, the total samples for sport may be larger than the sum of the listed disciplines.

Page 10 of 58