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eurostat Statistisches Bundesamt Country profile Togo 1991 eurostat Statistisches Bundesamt Country profile Togo 1991 * * ***** Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication. STATISTISCHES BUNDESAMT Gustav Stresemann-Ring 11, D-6200 Wiesbaden and EUROSTAT, STATISTICAL OFFICE OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES Plateau de Kirchberg, L-2920 Luxembourg Edited by: Statistisches Bundesamt The French version of this publication is available from the Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. The German version of this publication may be obtained from the publisher, Verlag Metzler-Poeschel, Stuttgart. Delivery: Hermann Leins GmbH & Co KG, Holzwiesenstrasse 2, D-W-7408 Kusterdingen. Fax: 49/70 71/336 53.

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eurostat
Statistisches Bundesamt Country profile
Togo 1991 eurostat
Statistisches Bundesamt Country profile
Togo 1991
* *
*
*
*** Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication.
STATISTISCHES BUNDESAMT
Gustav Stresemann-Ring 11, D-6200 Wiesbaden
and
EUROSTAT, STATISTICAL OFFICE OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES
Plateau de Kirchberg, L-2920 Luxembourg
Edited by: Statistisches Bundesamt
The French version of this publication is available from the Office for Official Publications of
the European Communities.
The German version of this publication may be obtained from the publisher, Verlag Metzler-
Poeschel, Stuttgart. Delivery: Hermann Leins GmbH & Co KG, Holzwiesenstrasse 2,
D-W-7408 Kusterdingen. Fax: 49/70 71/336 53.
Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1991
ISBN 92-826-2727-6
Catalogue number: CA-70-91-613-EN-C
© ECSC-EEC-EAEC, Brussels · Luxembourg, 1991
Printed in Belgium CONTENTS
Page
General Abbreviations 5
The ECU and Official Exchange Rates of
Important Currencies 6
List of Tables 7
List of Diagrams 9
Foreword 11
General Preface2
Maps3
1 General Data6
2 Geographical Location and Climate 2
3 Population 24
4 Health 3
5 Education 40
6 Economic Overview7
7 Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries 51
8 Industry 65
9 External Trade 76
10 Transportand Communications 8
11 Tourism 93
12 Money and Finance7
13 Public Finance 101
14 Employment8
15 Wages and Salaries 11
StBA/Eurostat, Togo 1991 Page
16 Prices 119
17 National Accounts 125
18 Balance of Payments 131
19 Foreign Debt4
20 Development Planning8
21 Foreign Investment 142
22n Aid7
Bibliography 155
List of Addresses9
EXPLANATION OF SYMBOLS
0 = Less than half of 1 at the last occupied digit,
but more than nil
- = Magnitude zero
! = General break in the series affecting comparison
over time
. = Figure unknown
χ = Available information ist not meaningful
StBA/Eurostat, Togo 1991 GENERAL ABBREVIATIONS*)
­ gram <J h hour =
ky = k i logram kW = kilowatt (IO3 watt)
dt = quintal (100 kg) kWh = t hour
t = ton (1 000 kg) = MW megawatt (IO6 watt)
IIII) = millimetre GW = gigawatt (IO9 watt)
cm = centimetre MWh = megawatt hour
m ­ metre GWh = gigawatt hour
km = kilometre = piece p.
m2 = square metre Ρ = pair
lia hectare (10 000 m2) = Mill , = million
km2 = square k i lometre bn. = bi11 ion
1 ­ litre BY » beginning of year
hl = hectolitre (100 1) MY = mmid­year 3
­ cubic metre YE nr = yearend
t km = tonki lometre ΥΛ ­ year average
GRT = gross registered ton Qrt = quarter
NR 1 = net registered ton ■ IIY half­year
tdw = tons deadweight A ­ average
(t = 1 016.05 kg) HA = monthly average
CFA fr .= CFA franc cif = Cost, insurance,freight
US$ = US dollar included
ECU = european currency unit fob = free on board
■> SDR special drawing rights
SELECTED INTERNATIONAL WEIGHTS AND MEASURES
1 inch (in) = 2.540 cm 1 imperial gallon (imp. gal.) = 4.546
1 foot(ft)= 0.305 m 1 barrel (bl.) = 158.983
1 yard (yd)= 0.914 m 1 ounce(oz)= 28.350
1 mile (mi) = 1.609 km 1 troy ounce(troyoz) = 31.103
1 acre(ac)= 4 047 m2 1 pound (lb)= 453.592
1 cubicfoot(ft3) = 28.317 dm3 1 short ton (sh t) = 0.907
1 gallon (gal.) = 3.785 1 1 long ton (1t)= 1.016
*) Special abbreviations are to be found in the respective sections. With only few
exceptions, provisional, revised and estimated figures are not marked as such. Individual
entries may not add up to total because of rounding.
1) See also page 6 (The ECU and Official Exchange Rates of Important Currencies).
StBA/Eurostat, Togo 1991 THE ECU AND OFFICIAL EXCHANGE RATES
OF IMPORTANT CURRENCIES*)
Exchange rates for 1 ECU
bfr/
Year CFA-Franc dkr DM FF Dr 1r£ Lit £ SDR Ml Esc Pta US-S lfr
1980 293.4480 40.5980 7.82736 2.52421 5.86896 59.4178 0.675997 1 189.21 2.76027 69.5522 99.7017 0.598488 1.39233 1.06447
1981 301.9965 41.2947 7.92256 2.51390 61.6230 0.691021 1.11645 0.94548 6.03993 1 263.18 2.77511 68.4948 102.676 0.553111
1982 321.5585 44.7116 8.15687 2.37599 6.43117 65.3419 0.689605 1 323.78 2.61391 78.0066 107.558 0.560455 0.97971 0.88448
1983 338.5390 8.13189 0.83253 45.4380 2.27053 6.77078 78.0884 0.714956 1 349.92 2.53720 98.6886 127.503 0.587014 0.89022
1984 343.5830 45.4421 8.14648 2.23811 6.87166 88.4154 0.725942 1 361.38 2.52335 115.680 126.569 0.590626 0.78903 0.76777
0.74904 1985 339.7515 44.9137 8.01877 2.22632 6.79503 105.739 0.715168 1 447.99 2.51101 130.252 129.135 0.588977 0.76309
1986 339.9880 43.7979 7.93565 2.12819 6.79976 137.425 0.733526 1 461.88 2.40090 147.088 137.456 0.671543 0.98417 0.83756
0.89214 1987 346.4550 43.0410 7.88472 2.07153 6.92910 156.268 0.775448 1 494.91 2.33418 162.616 142.165 0.704571 1.15444
1988 351.8220 43.4285 7.95152 2.07440 7.03644 167.576 0.775672 1 537.33 2.33479 170.059 137.601 0.664434 1.18248 0.87988
1989 351.1935 43.3806 8.04929 2.07015 7.02387 178.840 0.776818 0.673302 1.10175 0.85956 1 510.47 2.33526 173.413 130.406
19901) 345.5475 42.4466 7.84132 2.04823 6.91095 197.282 0.767302 1 510.29 2.30674 180.575 129.491 0.724338 1.22087 0.93036
July 1990 346.8820 1.26158 0.90702 42.5737 7.87182 2.06814 6.93764 202.535 0.771197 1 515.26 2.33019 181.655 126.813 0.698131
19902' 345.5870 42.4482 7.85703 2.05077 6.91174 198.273 0.768132 1 516.81 2.31080 181.050 129.352 0.718265 1.24288
Oct. 1990 344.6270 42.4108 7.86680 2.05889 6.89254 202.776 0.767103 183.201 129.009 0.701785 1.31374 1 541.28 2.32151
*1
' Annual averages of the dally rates.
1) January to July average. - 2) January to October average.
Sources: 1980 - July 1990 : Commission of the European Communities.
Jan. - Oct. 1990 : Conmisslon of then, Dep. IX.
The conversions in the report from US-$ into ECU were done by using the rates of exchange published by the Commission of the
European Communities. LIST OF TABLES
Page
1 General Data
1.1 Basic Data 16
1.2 Important Economic and Social Indicators of African Countries 18
2 Geographical Location and Climate
2.1 Climate 23
3 Population
3.1n Growth and Density4
3.2n Projections by the United Nations
and the World Bank6
3.3 Fertility, Mortality and Population Growth 28
3.4 Population by Age and Sex 30
3.5 Area, Population and Population Density
by Region and Prefecture1
3.6 Urban and Rural Population2
3.7 Population by Selected Cities3
4 Health
4.1 Registered Diseases
4.2 Vaccinations for Infants and Pregnant Woman 37
4.3 Medical Facilities 38
4.4 Doctors, Dentists and Other Medical Personal
4.5 Regional Disparities in Medical Care and in the Health
of the Population 19869
5 Education
5.1 Illiteracy 41
5.2 Schools and Other Educational Establishments 42
5.3 Pupils and Students
5.4 Teachers3
5.5 Pupil-Teacher Ratios4
5.6 Regional and Sex-specific Disparities in the Education
System 1986/87 4
7 Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
7.1 Land Use 5
7.2 Use of Commercial Fertilisers
7.3 Agricultural Production and Producer Prices for Selected
Basic Foodcrops7
7.4l Production and Producer Prices for Selected
Export Crops 60
7.5 Livestock1
7.6 Slaughterings
7.7 Quantities of Selected Animal Products ; 62
7.8 Felled Deciduous Timber3
7.9s of Fish Caught
StBA/Eurostat, Togo 1991 Page
8 Industry
8.1 Installed Capacity of Power Stations 66
8.2 Electricity Production and Imports7
8.3y Consumption
8.4 Industrial Net Value Added by Productive Sector 73
9 External Trade
9.1 Important Exports and Product Groups
9.2 Value, Quantity and Value Per Unit of Togo's Most
Important Exports 78
9.3 Exports to Main Recipient Countries9
9.4 Important Imports and Product Groups 81
9.5 Togo's Imports by Product Groups2
9.6 Imports by Main Country of Origin3
10 Transport and Communications
10.1 Goods and Passengers Carried by Rail7
10.2 Road Lengths by Type of Road8
10.3 Number of Vehicles and Car Density
10.4 Sea-transport Data for the Port of Lomé 90
10.5 International Goods and Passengers Carried by Air Togo
10.6 Air Transport Data for Tokoin Airport, Lomé2
11 Tourism
11.1 Foreign Visitors by Selected Continents and Countries of Origin 94
11.2 Data on the Hotel Trade and Foreign Exchange Earned 9
12 Money and Finance
12.1 Official Exchange Rates 98
12.2 Gold and Foreign Currency Reserves9
12.3 Data on Selected Financial Indicators
13 Public Finance
13.1 Central Government Budget 102
13.2 Budget Revenue of the Central Government5
13.3t Expenditure of the Centralt6
14 Employment
14.1 Economically Active Population in Relation to the Total Population . 108
14.2yen and Activity Rate by Age Groups ....9
14.3y Active Population by Economic Sectors 1981 111
14.4yen in the State Sector
15 Wages and Salaries
15.1 Statutory Minimum Wages of Workers by Economic Sector 113
15.2 Official Annual Salaries ofs in Selected Economic Sectors .... 115
15.3 Actual Hourly Wage Rates for Adult Employees by Selected
Occupation in Lomé 116
15.4 Monthly Salaries in the Public Sector7
StBA/Eurostat, Togo 1991