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1 Reports on ACP countries TANZANIA ■ :'.'.' ' " ' .;.:;-:.' Theme General statistics i Series Accounts, surveys and statistics eurostat OFICINA ESTADÍSTICA DE LAS COMUNIDADES EUROPEAS DE EUROPÆISKE FÆLLESSKABERS STATISTISKE KONTOR STATISTISCHES AMT DER EUROPÄISCHEN GEMEINSCHAFTEN ΣΤΑΤΙΣΤΙΚΗ ΥΠΗΡΕΣΙΑ ΤΩΝ ΕΥΡΩΠΑΪΚΩΝ ΚΟΙΝΟΤΗΤΩΝ STATISTICAL OFFICE OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES OFFICE STATISTIQUE DES COMMUNAUTÉS EUROPÉENNES ISTITUTO STATISTICO DELLE COMUNITÀ EUROPEE BUREAU VOOR DE STATISTIEK DER EUROPESE GEMEENSCHAPPEN SERVIÇO DE ESTATÍSTICA DAS COMUNIDADES EUROPEIAS L­2920 Luxembourg ­ Tél. 43011 ­ Télex : Comeur Lu 3423 B­1049 Bruxelles, bâtiment Berlaymont. rue de la Loi 200 (bureau de liaison) ­ Tél. 2351111 Las publicaciones de Eurostat están clasificadas por temas y por series. La clasificación se encuentra al final de la obra. Para mayor información sobre las publicaciones, rogamos se pongan en contacto con Eurostat. Para los pedidos, diríjanse a las oficinas de venta cuyas direcciones figuran en la página interior de la contracubierta. Eurostats publikationer er klassificeret efter emne og serie. En oversigt herover findes bag i hæftet. Yderligere oplysninger om publikationerne kan fås ved henvendelse til Eurostat. Bestilling kan afgives til de salgssteder, der er anført pá omslagets side 3. Die Veröffentlichungen von Eurostat sind nach Themenkreisen und Reihen gegliedert. Die Gliederung ist hinten in jedem Band aufgeführt.

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Reports on ACP countries
TANZANIA
■ :'.'.' ' " '
.;.:;-:.'
Theme
General statistics i Series
Accounts, surveys and statistics eurostat
OFICINA ESTADÍSTICA DE LAS COMUNIDADES EUROPEAS
DE EUROPÆISKE FÆLLESSKABERS STATISTISKE KONTOR
STATISTISCHES AMT DER EUROPÄISCHEN GEMEINSCHAFTEN
ΣΤΑΤΙΣΤΙΚΗ ΥΠΗΡΕΣΙΑ ΤΩΝ ΕΥΡΩΠΑΪΚΩΝ ΚΟΙΝΟΤΗΤΩΝ
STATISTICAL OFFICE OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES
OFFICE STATISTIQUE DES COMMUNAUTÉS EUROPÉENNES
ISTITUTO STATISTICO DELLE COMUNITÀ EUROPEE
BUREAU VOOR DE STATISTIEK DER EUROPESE GEMEENSCHAPPEN
SERVIÇO DE ESTATÍSTICA DAS COMUNIDADES EUROPEIAS
L­2920 Luxembourg ­ Tél. 43011 ­ Télex : Comeur Lu 3423
B­1049 Bruxelles, bâtiment Berlaymont. rue de la Loi 200 (bureau de liaison) ­ Tél. 2351111
Las publicaciones de Eurostat están clasificadas por temas y por series. La clasificación se encuentra al
final de la obra. Para mayor información sobre las publicaciones, rogamos se pongan en contacto con
Eurostat.
Para los pedidos, diríjanse a las oficinas de venta cuyas direcciones figuran en la página interior de la
contracubierta.
Eurostats publikationer er klassificeret efter emne og serie. En oversigt herover findes bag i hæftet.
Yderligere oplysninger om publikationerne kan fås ved henvendelse til Eurostat.
Bestilling kan afgives til de salgssteder, der er anført pá omslagets side 3.
Die Veröffentlichungen von Eurostat sind nach Themenkreisen und Reihen gegliedert. Die Gliederung ist
hinten in jedem Band aufgeführt. Genauere Auskünfte über die Veröffentlichungen erteilt Eurostat.
Ihre Bestellungen richten Sie bitte an die Verkaufsbüros, deren Anschriften jeweils auf der dritten
Umschlagseite der Veröffentlichungen zu finden sind.
Οι εκδόσεις της Eurostat ταξινομούνται κατά θέμα και κατά σειρά. Η ακριβής ταξινόμηση αναφέρεται στο
τέλος κάθε έκδοσης. Για λεπτομερέστερες πληροφορίες σχετικά με τις εκδόσεις, μπορείτε να απευθύνεσθε
στην Eurostat.
Για τις παραγγελίες μπορείτε να απευθύνεσθε στα γραφεία πώλησης, των οποίων οι διευθύνσεις αναγράφονται
στη σελίδα 3 του εξωφύλλου.
Eurostat's publications are classified according to themes and series. This classification is indicated at the
end of the. For more detailed information on publications, contact Eurostat.
Orders are obtainable from the sales offices mentioned on the inside back cover.
Les publications de l'Eurostat sont classées par thème et par série. Cette classification est précisée à la fin
de l'ouvrage. Pour des informations plus détaillées sur les publications, contactez l'Eurostat.
Pour les commandes, adressez-vous aux bureaux de vente dont les adresses sont indiquées à la page 3
de la couverture.
Le pubblicazioni dell'Eurostat sono classificate per tema e per serie. Tale classificazione è precisata alla
fine dell'opera. Per informazioni più dettagliate sulle pubblicazioni rivolgersi all'Eurostat.
Per eventuali ordinazioni rivolgersi a uno degli uffici di vendita i cui indirizzi figurano nella 3° pagina
della copertina.
De publikaties van Eurostat zijn ingedeeld naar onderwerp en serie. Deze indeling is achter in het boek
opgenomen. Voor nadere informatie over de publikaties kunt u zich wenden tot Eurostat.
Gelieve bestellingen op te geven bij de verkoopbureaus, waarvan de adressen op bladzijde 3 van de
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As publicações do Eurostat estão classificadas por tema e por série. Esta classificação está indicada
no fim da obra. Para mais informações sobre as publicações é favor contactar Eurostat.
Encomendas : serviços de venda cujos endereços estão indicados na contracapa. Reports on ACP countries
TANZANIA This volume is also available in the following language:
FR ISBN 92­825­8394­5
Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication
GERMAN ORIGINAL
Statistisches Bundesamt Published by:
Gustav­Stresemann­Ring 11
D­6200 WIESBADEN
Distribution: Verlag W. Kohlhammer Gmbh
Abt. Veröffentlichung des
Statistischen Bundesamtes
Philipp­Reis­Straße 3
D­6500 MAINZ 42
ENGLISH VERSION
Published by: Office for Official Publications
of the European Communities for:
Statistical Office of the
European Communities
Bât. Jean Monnet
Β. P. 1907
L­2920 LUXEMBOURG
Distribution: Office for Official Publications
of the European Communities
2, rue Mercier
L­2985 Luxembourg
Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1988
ISBN 92­825­8393­7
Catalogue number: CA­NQ­88­002­EN­C
© ECSC­EEC­EAEC, Brussels­Luxembourg. 1988
Printed in Luxembourg - 3 -
LIST OF TABLES
1. General data 11
1.1 Basic data2
1.2 Important economic and social indicators of African
countries4
2 . The national territoryg
2 .1 Climate7
3. Population8
3.1n development and density
3.2 Birth and death rates9
3.3n by age groups
3. 4 Area, population and population density by regions 2
3.5 Population by urban and rural areas 2
3.6n by selected cities2
4 . Health 23
4.1 Medical facilities4
4 .2 Hospital beds
4.3 Doctors and dentists
4 . 4 Other medical personnel5
5. Education6
5 .1 Illiteracy7
5.2 Schools and other educational facilities 2
5.3 Pupils and students
5.4 Teachers8
5.5 Students in foreign countries by selected host country 2
6. Employment9
6.1 Economically active population and total population
6.2yend activity rate by age group.... 30
6.3 Gainfully employed persons by professional status 30
6. 4 Wage and salary earners by economic sector1
7 . Agriculture, forestry and fisheries 32
7 .1 Land use 33
7 .2 Agricultural households and holdings by size in 1980
7 . Consumption of fertilizers4
7 . 4 Index of agricultural production
7 .5 Harvest quantities by selected crops5
7 . 6t of selected crops6
7 .7 Livestock
7.8 Livestock slaughtered7
7 . 9 Selected animal products
7 .10 Timber harvest8
7 .11 Fishing vessels
7 .12 Catches
8 . Manufacturing industry 39
8.1 Undertakings in 1979 by selected economic
sectors/branches and size categories
8 .2 Installed generating capacity of "TANESCO" 40
8 .3 "TANESCO" electricity production and sales
8 . 4 Mining and quarrying products 41
8 .5 Companies in processing industries by branch
8 . 6 Employees ings byh2
8.7 Production of selected products of the processing industries 43
9. External trade4
9.1 External trade
9.2 Major import products/product groups5
9 . 3r exportts7
9 . 4 Exports from major countries of origin
9 . 5s to majors of consignment 48
9. 6 Evolution of EEC - Tanzanian trade
9.7 Major import products/product groups from Tanzania
by SITC classification 49
9.8r export product3/product groups toa
by SITCn 50 - 4
10 . Transport and communications 51
10 .1 Length of railways
10.2 Rolling stock
10.3 Goods and passengers carried by railways
10 .4 Length of roads by class2
10.5 Number of motor vehicles and density of passenger cars 5
10 . 6 New registrations of motor vehicles
10.7 Merchant ves3el33
10.8 Traffic in the ports of Dar es Salaam, Tanga and Mtwara
10.9 Performance of Air Tanzania
10.10c at Dar es Salaam airport4 1 Telecommunications 5
11. Tourism5
11.1 Foreign visitors
11.2 Overnight stays foreign visitors by selected
region/country of origin
11.3 Hotels, rooms and beds6
12. Currency and finance7
12.1 Official exchange rates8
12 .2y reserves
12.3 Data on selected financial and loan institutions 59
13. Public accounts 60
13.1 Central government budget
13.2 Budget revenue of central government1
13.3 Budget expenditure of central government 62
13.4te of Zanzibar
13.5 National debt3
14. Wages and salaries4
14.1 Average monthly earnings by selected sectors
14.2e annuals of employees on the mainland by branches..65
14.3els ofs in ZanzibaR
by selected branch 65
15. Prices6
15 .1 National cost-of-living index
15.2 Cost-of-living index for wage earners in Dar es Salaam 67
15.3 Average retail prices of selected good3 in Dar esm ....68
15.4 Official producer prices ofd crops 6
15.5 Index of import and export prices9
15. 6 Export prices of selected crops
16 . National accounts 70
16.1 Gross domestic product at market prices 7
16.2 Generation of gross domestic product at factor cost 71
16.3 Uses of gross domestic product at market prices at current prices. 72
16.4 Distribution of nationalt at current prices2
17 . Balance of payments3
17.1 Balance of payments4
18 . Development planning5
19 . Cooperation for development .'. 76
19.1 Subsidies granted by donor country 1975-1986 78
19.2 Total ODA net disbursements 1975-19869
20 Sources 81 - 5 -
GENERAL ABBREVIATIONS *)
gram g =
kg kilogram
=
dt quintal =
t ton =
mm millimetre =
cm centimetre =
m metre
=
km kilometre =
m2 square metre =
ha hectare
=
km2 square kilometre
=
1 litre
=
hi hectolitre
=
m3 cubic metre =
tkm ton-kilometre =
GRT gross registered ton
=
NRT netd ton
=
T.sh. Tanzanian shilling =
US dollar US S =
ECU European Currency Unit =
SDR Special Drawing Rights
=
h hour
=
kW kilowatt
=
kWh kilowatt-hour =
MW, GW megawatt, gigawatt =
piece Ρ- =
Ρ pair
=
Mill. million
=
billion Bill. =
BY beginning of year =
MY mid-year
=
YE year-end
=
Qrt. quarter =
HY half year =
D average
=
CIF cost, insurance, freight
=
FOB free on board
=
Explanation of symbols
0 = less than half at the last digit shown, but more than nil.
- = category not applicable
1 = general break in the series affecting comparison over time
. = figure unknown
x = tabular group blocked, because information is not meaningful - 6 -
FOREWORD
Eurostat's series of "Reports on ACP countries" are closely based on
reports compiled by the Statistical Office of the Federal Republic of
Germany, and are published in that institutions' "Statistik des
Auslandes" (Statistics of foreign) series. ACP-EEC
relations are intensifying and improving partly as a result of the
conclusion of the 3rd Lome convention, but the general public, in
particular ine European Community, is very poorly informed about
these countries. The aim of the "new" series of reports is thus to
make readily available the main current statistical material.
The reports published by the Statistisches Bundesamt are ideal as a
basis for the Eurostat series because they are comprehensive, easy to
understand and they set out in a standard form key information, based
on the latest data on the demographic and economic structure and
development of the countries they cover. To make this information
available to a wider international readerhsip, Eurostat is publishing
this European version in French and English. The original report, in
German, is available from the Statistisches Bundesamt in Wiesbaden or
the Kohlhammer Verlag in Mainz. Most of the European version is
directly translated from the German original with the data
essentially unchanged, apart from a few very minor modifications. In
three of the 20 chapters however. Eurostat has made certain additions
to the data on bilateral or international aspects (external trade,
international price comparisons, technical cooperation) to meet the
requirements of non-German readers.
The translation, the modifications and the additional material are
solely EUROSTAT'S responsibility.
The maps in this report are taken from the German original, and are
intended to make things easier for the reader. The names used and
the frontiers shown do not imply any judgment on the legal status of
any territory or any endorsement or recognition of national frontiers
on the part of either the Statistisches Bundesamt or Eurostat. - 7 -
-τ-
30°
ΤΑΝΖΑΝΙΑ
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
POPULATION DENSITY, 1987
UGANDA
Chake­Chake
ZANZIBAR S
State boundaries
Regional boundaries
© Capital city
o Regional capitals
Inhabitants per Km* 1 ARUSHA 8 MARA 16 SHINYANGA
2 DARESSALAAM 9 MBEYA
30- <50 17 SINGIDA 5-<10
10 MOROGORO
18 TABORA 3 D0D0MA
I 60 - < 95 11 MIWARA 10-<20
19 TANGA
4 IRINGA S 12 MWANZA
I Zanzibar L 23g 20 KAGERA 5 KIGOMA 20-<25
I Pemba J 13 PWANI (COAST) izrwA MAGHARI8I) ^
6 KILIMANJARO
14 RUKWA 21 PEMBA I 1068 Oar es Salaam 25-<35
15 RUVUMA 22 ZANZIBAR 7 LINDI
Stat ¡stitches Bundesamt 87 0749 - 8 -
TANZANIA
AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY AND FISHERIES
Main farming areas - subsistence fanning
Statistisches Bundesamt 87 0750