"Local trail: A walk around Bloomsbury with Sir Hans Sloane" (ressources for teachers)

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©National Portrait Gallery, London Outside Montagu House Inside Montagu House Bedford House Bedford House was built Te British Museum Te British Museum in the 1660s by the Earl Te frst building to house the British Te British Museum in Montagu House of Southampton, when Museum collection was Montagu opened to the public in 1759 with small Bloomsbury was mainly House. It was purchased by the groups admitted for a conducted tour. felds. It was originally called museum’s trustees in 1755 from the But the tour was less about sharing Southampton House, but then heirs of the Duke of Montagu, a friend information, than satisfying the curiosity it was inherited by the Duke of Sir Hans Sloane. Sloane’s collection of visitors by seeing the strange specimens of Bedford. It was renowned in of c.71,000 objects formed the basis and exotic objects from Sir Hans Sloane’s Georgian times for the quality of the museum’s collection. Montagu collection. Go in to the British Museum of its design. Te house was House was fnally demolished in to see the Enlightenment Gallery which demolished in 1800. It’s garden 1840s and the current building was displays some of Sloane’s collection. became Russell Square. constructed. Circular Route Start anywhere taking in Great Russell Street, Southampton Row, Bloomsbury Way and Museum Street. 3 Bloomsbury Place Sir Hans Sloane lived at 3 Bloomsbury Place for most of his life until he moved to Chelsea in 1742.

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Publié le 11 septembre 2013
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©National Portrait Gallery, London
Outside Montagu House Inside Montagu House Bedford House
Bedford House was built Te British Museum Te British Museum
in the 1660s by the Earl
Te frst building to house the British Te British Museum in Montagu House
of Southampton, when
Museum collection was Montagu opened to the public in 1759 with small
Bloomsbury was mainly
House. It was purchased by the groups admitted for a conducted tour.
felds. It was originally called
museum’s trustees in 1755 from the But the tour was less about sharing
Southampton House, but then
heirs of the Duke of Montagu, a friend information, than satisfying the curiosity
it was inherited by the Duke
of Sir Hans Sloane. Sloane’s collection of visitors by seeing the strange specimens
of Bedford. It was renowned in
of c.71,000 objects formed the basis and exotic objects from Sir Hans Sloane’s
Georgian times for the quality
of the museum’s collection. Montagu collection. Go in to the British Museum
of its design. Te house was
House was fnally demolished in to see the Enlightenment Gallery which
demolished in 1800. It’s garden
1840s and the current building was displays some of Sloane’s collection.
became Russell Square.
constructed.
Circular Route
Start anywhere taking
in Great Russell Street,
Southampton Row,
Bloomsbury Way and
Museum Street.
3 Bloomsbury Place
Sir Hans Sloane lived at 3 Bloomsbury
Place for most of his life until he moved
to Chelsea in 1742. It was from here
that he practised medicine. Sloane
treated poor patients for free. However,
rich people had to pay. Sloane kept his
collection here too. Can you see the blue
plaque to Sloane here?
St George’s Church - Inside
Hello, my name is Both rich and poor parishioners
Sir Hans Sloane worshipped at St George’s. To avoid
getting too close to the poor, rich and I lived in
parishioners, like the Dukes of Bedford
Bloomsbury and Montagu, preferred to worship in the
in the early galleries. Sir Hans Sloane, who was also a
vestryman at St George’s, had a pew in the eighteenth
south gallery too.century. Come with
me on a tour of the area and I will
show you what it was like living
here and tell you a little about my
extraordinary life.
Acknowledgements
Tis trail was researched, written and designed by Year
5 pupils from Holy Trinity C of E Primary School
in 2012. Tey were helped by historian Katie Potter,
writer Michael McMillan and designer Sav Kyriacou.
Tanks are due to Katharine Hoare, Education
Manager at the British Museum; Pamela Forde,
Archive Manager at the Royal College of Physicians;
Bloomsbury SquareSt George’s Church - Bloomsbury MarketTudor Allen, Senior Ofcer at Camden Local Studies
and Archives and Frank Macey, volunteer at St Outside Bloomsbury Square was frst Te market is now long gone
George’s Bloomsbury. known as Southampton but, in Sir Hans Sloane’s time, St George’s Bloomsbury was Special thanks are also due to the Heritage Lottery Square. In early Georgian Bloomsbury Market was a very designed by architect Nicholas Fund, which provided grant funding for the London
times, Bloomsbury Square was busy and flthy place. Te market Hawksmoor. It was opened in Borough of Camden to run the Healing Histories
thought one of the fnest parts was also quite a dangerous project, of which this Hans Sloane Trail is one element. 1730. Te church is instantly
of London, partly because place. Numerous accounts of recognisable, as it has an unusual All images are ©Trustees of the British Museum
of its good air. However, it robberies exist and punishments except where indicated. We recommend using the steeple showing George I in a toga.
was also a popular place for included deportation to the British Museum’s online collection search to fnd more It also has a lion and a unicorn on
duellists and later became the colonies or even death. Tis artefacts collected by Sloane and many others. it, both fghting for the crown. Te
scene of a destructive riot. was the fate of William Harper, lion represents England and the
Tere is a garden dedicated to sentenced to death in 1733, for unicorn represents Scotland.
Sloane in this square.pickpocketing.
Healing Histories
A W
A
lk
A
round
Bl
ooms
B
ur
y
with Sir Hans Sloane©Royal College of Physicians
©Royal College of Physicians
3 Bloomsbury Place Outside - Montagu House (below)
My collection must have attracted unwanted Tis is my house at 3 Bloomsbury Place. I rise early at 6 Moving along Great Russell Street, we come to A dA y in the life of
attention, because some men: John Shirly, Phillip o’clock and I am fttingly dressed for a busy day. Before Montagu House, which had felds behind where Sir Hans Sloane
10 o’clock this morning, I was visited by an African Wake, James Walters and a few others started a fre at robberies and murders took place. Please do not trespass
my front door and tried to rob us, under the pretence woman and gave her my services for free as I do for My name is Sir Hans Sloane and I was born in 1660 in onto the farm of the two sisters wearing riding habits
that they would help remove our possessions and many of the poor, who would otherwise go ill because and men’s hats. Children have been known to have the Killyleagh, County Down, northern Ireland. As a boy
my valuable collection to safety. But they were soon they can not aford to pay the fees we physicians have I saw local people eating edible seaweed to cure scurvy strings of their kites cut and their clothes stolen if they
caught, charged and sentenced at the Old Bailey for to charge wealthy plums. She told me that she had and as a teenager I was severely ill for three years. Afer decide to bathe there.
been a slave in Jamaica, an island in the West Indies, their crime. I was just as upset about this incident as studying in London and Paris, I eventually became When I passed away in 1753, I bequeathed my collection
when the composer George Frideric Handel visited but was brought to England to be a house servant by physician to George I and George II. Yes, I lived a long of books, manuscripts, natural specimens and antiquities
my house and placed a buttered mufn on one of my a gentleman who had made a fortune from his sugar time: ninety two years. Tough I am famous for treating to King George II for the nation in return for payment of
precious books. Can you believe the audacity! plantations. I was reminded of my two years in Jamaica royalty, I would like you to follow me on this trail back £20,000 for my heirs. Tis created the British Museum,
as a young man, working as physician for the Duke of to the 18th Century to fnd out more about where From Jamaica, I also brought back Peruvian Bark, which was originally in Montagu House. Some of
Albemarle, the new governor of the island and even I lived and worked, and a few other things I am also containing quinine to treat malaria, and a new recipe my collection later helped create the Natural History
treating the infamous ex-buccaneer, Sir Henry Morgan, famous for. Now please do not walk too fast; I am an for mixing chocolate, milk and Museum and the British Library.
who later became Lt-Governor of the island. I saw old man and ill in health. sugar, which have both been
enslaved Africans like this woman labouring on a sugar lucrative.
plantation, which was owned by Fulke Rose, whose To the African woman I said,
widow, Elizabeth, would later become my wife. Apart ‘I advise you to do what I
from other inheritances, a third of the income from practise myself. I never take
his sugar plantations helped me to move into physic when I am well and
this house in fashionable Bloomsbury. when I am ill, I take a little
In Jamaica, I also became and only such as has been well
curious studying and describing tried.’ I prescribed her my milk
several plants, animals and chocolate recipe, because afer
insects and brought back 800 Bloomsbury Square (above) Bedford House (above centre)observing her symptoms, it
specimens that also included slave objects, would be light on the stomach Outside my house across the road is Bloomsbury Moving up alongside Bloomsbury Square, towards
such as the instruments these enslaved and good to consume. Square, the frst square in London, where some said where Bedford Place is now, we come to
peoples produced their music with. My dear that ‘Foreign princes were taken to the square as one of where Bedford House, a grand Georgian Before leaving the house, my next appointment is
late wife and my daughters, Elizabeth and Sarah, Inside – Montagu Housethe wonders in London’ because the houses you could mansion stood, home of my dear friend the with the diarist Samuel Pepys. He complains that he has
do not share my lifelong passion for collecting objects Montagu House was later demolished to create a see were fne examples of Georgian architecture. In to pay, but he is well of unlike the poor woman I saw Duke of Bedford. Near here a gruesome
that has enabled me, and that rude Carl Linneaus, a larger building, which you now see. I am particularly 1713, a mob rioted in this very square, with houses set earlier. I sent him on his way to the dispensary of the murder took place in my time and
greater scientifc understanding of the world around proud of Te Enlightenment Gallery in the new alight, possessions and barrels of beer looted. Troopers Royal College of Physicians, where I am President, for beggars ask for money –
us. Tey see it as an obsession as my collection has British Museum with its walls of books and cabinets of on horses with swords and muskets were brought in to his remedy. Many of the apothecaries, what you would so beware!
since outgrown this house and I have also purchased curiosities that houses many items from my collection suppress the mob. Te cause may have been political, call pharmacists or chemists today, give remedies made
number four next door, where dinner guests can see my of ancient books, parchments, scrolls, Greek pots, though I believe the easy availability of gin had a lot to from tortoise, alligator skin and many other gruesome
extensive collection afer eating my meat and drinking statues and natural specimens. do with it. ingredients, which I do not approve of.
my wine.
Bloomsbury Market
Tis is still a busy and noisy street. When Bloomsbury Outside - St George’s Bloomsbury
Other places to visitMarket was here, you could hear the cries of stall Down from the British Museum is St George’s Church
holders selling all manner of meat and fsh in Barter with its Corinthian columns, where I came to worship Other places related to Sir Hans Sloane that you can Natural History Museum
Street. Te unbearable stench you are smelling is with my family. Before we go inside, please look up at visit in London are: Sloane’s botanical and animal specimens were moved
from the putrefying discarded remains of dead sheep, my dear friend George I in a Roman toga. I am grateful to the Natural History Museum when it was split from
cattle, pigs and poultry led here through the muddy British Libraryto him for making me a baronet, but this poem to be the British Museum in the 1880s.
street, where you’re standing, to be slaughtered by Many of Sloane’s manuscripts and books are kept found inside the church, if you look carefully, does Nearest tube: South Kensington
the butchers. Watch out for the horse manure and be here afer the library of the British Museum was tickle me:
vigilant, there are many pickpockets in the vicinity. Chelsea Physic Gardenincorporated into the new British Library in the 1970s.Te King on the Steeple
Sloane owned the garden and leased it to the Society Nearest tube: Kings Cross/St PancrasIf you look closely, you will see an advertisement for Georgie-Porgie-Pudding-And-Pie of Apothecaries for £5 a year in perpetuity. He also Martin’s Best Virginia, with some little black children
Stands on top of a steeple, Foundling Museum owned the manor of Chelsea and so some of the nearby working on a tobacco plantation. Smoking this
Sloane was a co-founder of the Foundling Hospital. And thence he casts a weather-eye streets are named afer him. tobacco from a pipe has become fashionable, but I do Cofee House Handel was a later governor and performed the Messiah Nearest tube: Sloane SquareOver the London people; not believe inhaling this smoke is healthy and it will
Te trail is over and I will have to leave you now, there to help raise funds for the hospital.probably not catch on. Te folk in Bloomsbury hurry by, Chelsea Old Churchbecause I am tired from walking and talking, but there Nearest tube: Russell Square
Tis is also where the gentry and nobility rubbed Sloane is buried here with his wife Elizabeth. Tere is a But nobody bothers to wonder why are more places to visit. Tese include the Royal College
shoulders with common people from the Rookery, a Royal College of Physicians monument outside with an inscription commissioned Fat German Georgie stands so high of Physicians, the Foundling Hospital, Chelsea Physic
slum in the parish of St Giles in the Fields nearby (see by his daughters. Tere is also a more recent Sloane was a president of the College when it was at Garden and Sloane Square, which I believe is named On top of a London steeple. below, depicted by William Hogarth). monument commemorating his importance inside the Warwick Lane in the City of London. It is now by afer me, as I retired to Chelsea when I was 82.
Georgie-Porgie once was a King I would usually send a servant to the market, so you can church. Regent’s Park. I am ready for some milk chocolate at White’s
Nearest tube: South Kensingtonunderstand me wanting to escape the vile stench here. Nearest tube: Great Portland StreetAnd governed the British people; Chocolate House (see above) and having a good joke
Now he’s only a lonely thing with men of quality, such as the pirate and explorer Handel House Museum GlossaryWilliam Dampier, who went round the world three On top of a London steeple; Handel’s house on Brook Street in Mayfair has been Inside – St George’s Bloomsbury Baronet: a type of noblemantimes and whose adventures inspired Daniel Defoe’s restored to its early eighteenth century splendour and Te Bloomsbury chimneys
All Londoners were afected by pollution from choking Robinson Crusoe. He has a valuable specimen, which I Buccaneer: A pirate, fom a Spanish wordopened to the public. smoke him black sulphurous coal smoke belched out of domestic Physician: A doctorwould like to purchase. Nearest tube: Bond StreetAnd nobody cares but the and industrial furnaces, and to avoid the snufing, Plum: A wealthy personGoodbye and good day.steeple-jack coughing and spitting (see above, as depicted by Vestryman: A church governor
Who washes the face and William Hogarth), a gentleman of means would
scrubs the back usually buy a pew upstairs in the gallery, where
his family could worship in peace and quiet. I Of the King on top of the
would normally have sat in my pew in the south steeple.
gallery close to the Duke of Bedford, as we were
trusted vestrymen who donated to the making
of the altarpiece or reredos made from Cuban
mahogany from the West Indies.