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aa eurostat Statistisches Bundesamt Country profile The Russian Federation 1993 .¿^Λ c f oMoskau ^^\ÛM A( )^ Statistisches Bundesamt Gustav Stresemann-Ring 11, D-65180 Wiesbaden and Eurostat, Statistical Office of the European Communities Plateau de Kirchberg, L-2920 Luxembourg Edited by: Statistisches Bundesamt Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication. The French version of this publication is available from the Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. The German version of this publication may be obtained from the publisher, Verlag Metzler-Poeschel, Stuttgart. Delivery: Hermann Leins GmbH & Co KG, Holzwiesenstrasse 2, D-72127 Kusterdingen; Fax 49/70 71/336 53. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1994 ISBN 92-825-7211-0 © ECSC-EC-EAEC, Brussels · Luxembourg, 1994 Printed in Italy CONTENTS Page Symbols and abbreviations 4 List of tables 6 Foreword 13 Maps4 General survey8 Area 2Population5 Health .

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aa
eurostat
Statistisches Bundesamt Country profile
The Russian Federation 1993
.¿^Λ
<J eurostat
Statistisches Bundesamt Country profile
The Russian Federation 1993
o
o>c
f oMoskau ^^\ÛM
A(
)^ Statistisches Bundesamt
Gustav Stresemann-Ring 11, D-65180 Wiesbaden
and
Eurostat, Statistical Office of the European Communities
Plateau de Kirchberg, L-2920 Luxembourg
Edited by: Statistisches Bundesamt
Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication.
The French version of this publication is available from the Office for Official
Publications of the European Communities.
The German version of this publication may be obtained from the publisher,
Verlag Metzler-Poeschel, Stuttgart. Delivery: Hermann Leins GmbH & Co KG,
Holzwiesenstrasse 2, D-72127 Kusterdingen; Fax 49/70 71/336 53.
Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1994
ISBN 92-825-7211-0
© ECSC-EC-EAEC, Brussels · Luxembourg, 1994
Printed in Italy CONTENTS
Page
Symbols and abbreviations 4
List of tables 6
Foreword 13
Maps4
General survey8
Area 2
Population5
Health . 41
Education and culture
Administration of justice 59
Employment 6
Agriculture and forestry 7
Industrial production 9
Foreign trade 116
Transport and communications 132
Money and credit 140
Public finance5
Wages and salaries 15
Prices 168
Trade 17
National accounts 183
Environment
Assessment of recent economic
developments 19
Bibliography 200 EXPLANATION OF SYMBOLS
Less than half of 1 at the last occupied
digit, but more than nil
Magnitude zero
General break in the series
affecting comparison over time
Figure unknown
Tabular group blocked, because
information is not meaningful
Selected international weights and measures
1 inch (in) = 2.540 cm 1 imperial gallon (imp. gal) = 4.546 I
1 foot (ft) 0.305 m barrel (bl.) =158.983 1
1 yard (yd) = 0.914 m 1 ounce (oz) = 28.350 g
1 mile (mi) 1.609 km troy ounce (troy oz) = 31.103 g
1 acre (ac) = 4 047 m2 1 pound (lb) = 453.592 g
1 cubic foot (ft3) =28.317 dm3 short ton (sh t) 0.9071
1 gallon (gal.) = 3.7851 1 long ton (I t) = 1.0161 GENERAL ABBREVIATIONS*)
g = gram
kg kilogra
dt quintal (100 kg)
t tonne (1 000 kg)
mm millimetre
cm centimetr
m = metre
km kilometr
m2 square metre
ha hectare (10 000 m2)
km2e kilometre
I litre
hi = hectolitre (1001)
m3 cubic metre
tkm tonne-kilometre
BRT gross registered tonne
NRT registered tonne
tdw tonnes dead-weight
1 016.05 kg)
Rbl = rouble
US-$ = U.S. dollar
DM Deutsche Mark
SZR Special Drawing Rights
h hour
kW kilowatt (103 Watt)
kWh =t (103 Watt)-hour
MW megawatt (106Watt)
MWh megawatt-(106 Watt) hour
GW gigawatt(109Watt)
GWh gigawatt-(109 Watt) hour
St piece
Ρ pair
Mill. = million
Mrd. thousand million
(USA billion)
JA beginning of year
JM mid-year
JE = year-end
JD year average
Vj quarter
Hj half-yea
D average
MD monthly average
cif = cost, insurance, freight included
fob free on board
Special abbreviations are allocated to the respective sections. With only a few
exceptions, provisional, revised and estimated figures are not marked as such.
Detail may not add to total because of rounding. LIST OF TABLES
Page
1. General survey
1.1 Basic data 18
1.2 Important economic and social indicators for selected
European countries 21
3. Population
3.1 Total population5
3.2n by age group6
3.3 Area,n and population density by economic
region, autonomous republic and district 27
3.4 Urban and rural population by economic region 30
3.5 Population in cities with 500 000 inhabitants or over2
3.6 Emigration 33
3.7n by selected ethnic groups and languages4
3.8 1989 population by selected ethnic group and
geographical distribution
3.9 Births, deaths, marriages and divorces 38
3.10 Birth and death rates by economic region
3.11 Infant and maternal mortality9
3.12 Birth, death, infant mortality, marriage and divorce rates
in 1990, by selected city 40
3.13 Life expectancy at birth, by sex
4. Health
4.1 Notified illnesses1
4.2 Cases of cancer2
4.3 Illnesses related to alcoholism and drug addiction 4
4.4 Mortality by selected cause of death, 19893
4.5 Abortions 44
4.6 Medical establishments5
4.7 Beds in medical establishments
4.8 Hospital beds by economic region 46
4.9 Doctors by specialization and middle-ranking
medical staff7
4.10s by economic regionPage
5. Education and culture
5.1 Population by level of education 48
5.2n byl of education and sex9
5.3 Pre-school establishments
5.4 Schools and other educational establishments 50
5.5s andrl establishments, 1990/91
by economic region 5
5.6 Pupils/students1
5.7s 1990/91 by economic region2
5.8 Teaching staff
5.9 Shift system in general day schools3
5.10 Entrants, pupils and leavers, specialized schools, by subject.. 5
5.11 First-year students, students and graduates, by specialization5
5.12 Visitors to/users of cultural establishments 56
5.13 Libraries
5.14 Library stocks, users and loans7
5.15 Cultural and community centres 5
5.16 Theatres 5
5.17 Museums and visitors8
5.18 Cinemas
5.19 Production of books, periodicals and newspapers 5
6. Administration of justice
6.1 Recorded offences9
6.2 Offences by sex, age and social group 60
6.3 Convicted offenders by selected offence1
6.4ds by age group2
6.5d offenders by economic region
6.6 Convicted young offenders by selected offence3
7. Employment
7.1 Employees by area of the economy 65
7.2 Employees by sector of the economy6
7.3 Manual and non-manual workers by area/branch of the economy 6
7.4l andls by economic region 68
7.5l workers by area of the economy
7.6 Employees who have completed higher or specialized
education 69
7.7 Working time and production lost through strikes in
1990, by economic region
7.8 Labour productivity and average wage by selected area
of the economy 70 Page
8. Agriculture and forestry
8.1 Agro-industrial complex, 1990, by branch 71
8.2 Private farms 72
8.3 Agricultural cooperatives
8.4 Ancillary agricultural businesses run by enterprises,
organizations, etc3
8.5 Sovkhozes, kolkhozes and inter-enterprise agricultural
organizations etc4
8.6 Use of the leasing system in sovkhozes and kolkhozes 7
8.7 Collective farms (kolkhozes)5
8.8 State farms (sovkhozes)6
8.9 Land use7
8.10 Stocks of machinery and vehicles 78
8.11 Deliveries of mineral fertilizers to agriculture9
8.12 Areas under selected field crops
8.13 Cultivated area by economic region, 1989 80
8.14 Agricultural production 82
8.15 Index of agricultural production
8.16 Percentages of total agricultural production accounted
for by the different forms of holding3
8.17 Harvest volumes for selected crops4
8.18 Yields for selected crops5
8.19t volumes and yields for selected crops on
irrigated land
8.20 Potato, vegetable and fruit losses in wholesaling and
retailing 86
8.21 Livestock populations7
8.22 Livestock populations by economic region, 1990 8
8.23 Livestock populations on private plots 88
8.24 Production of selected animal products and output per
animal9
8.25n of selected animal products on private
plots 90
8.26 Harvest volumes and net yields of cereals and pulses by
economic region1
8.27t volumes of sugar-beet, potatoes and vegetables by
economic region
8.28 Animal production by economic region 92
8.29 Total output of selected crops and animal products from
private plots
8.30 State afforestation and forest maintenance3
8.31 Timber extracted