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[M eurostat Statistisches Bundesamt Country profile Romania 1992 **• • • •*•* m eurostat Statistisches Bundesamt Country profile Romania 1992 • *• • • ••*•* Statistisches Bundesamt Gustav Stresemann-Ring 11, D-65180 Wiesbaden and Eurostat, Statistical Office of the European Communities Plateau de Kirchberg, L-2920 Luxembourg Edited by: Statistisches Bundesamt Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication. The French version of this publication is available from the Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. The German version of this publication may be obtained from the publisher, Verlag Metzler-Poeschel, Stuttgart. Delivery: Hermann Leins GmbH & Co KG, Holzwiesenstrasse 2, D-72127 Kusterdingen; fax 49/70 71/336 53.

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Ajouté le 08 mars 2012
Nombre de lectures 11
Langue English
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[M
eurostat
Statistisches Bundesamt Country profile
Romania 1992
**•
• •

*•* m
eurostat
Statistisches Bundesamt Country profile
Romania 1992
• *•
• •


*•* Statistisches Bundesamt
Gustav Stresemann-Ring 11, D-65180 Wiesbaden
and
Eurostat, Statistical Office of the European Communities
Plateau de Kirchberg, L-2920 Luxembourg
Edited by: Statistisches Bundesamt
Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication.
The French version of this publication is available from the Office for Official
Publications of the European Communities.
The German version of this publication may be obtained from the publisher,
Verlag Metzler-Poeschel, Stuttgart. Delivery: Hermann Leins GmbH & Co KG,
Holzwiesenstrasse 2, D-72127 Kusterdingen; fax 49/70 71/336 53.
Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1994
ISBN 92-826-7316-2
© ECSC-EC-EAEC, Brussels · Luxembourg, 1994
Printed in Belgium CONTENTS
Page
Symbols and abbreviations 3
List of tables 6
Introductory Remark 9
Maps 10
1 General survey4
2 Area8
3 Population 21
4 Health9
5 Education 33
6 Employment7
7 Agriculture, forestry, fisheries 4
8 Production industries 65
9 Foreign trade 7
10 Transport and communications 82
11 Tourism 8
12 Money and credit 91
13 Public finance4
14 Wages and salaries
15 Prices 10
16 National accounts8
17 Balance of payments 113
18 Sources5
EXPLANATION OF SYMBOLS
0 = Less than half of 1 at the last occupied
digit, but more than nil
Magnitude zero
| = General break in the series
affecting comparison over time
Figure unknown
Tabular group blocked, because
information is not meaningful GENERAL ABBREVIATIONS )
gram h hour g
kilogram kW = kilowatt (103 Watt) kg =
dt quintal (100 kg) kWhkilowatt-hour
t tonne (1,000 kg) (103 Watt-hour)
mm millimetre MW = megawatt (106 Watt)
cm centimetre MWhmegawatt-hour
m metre (106 Watt-hour)
km kilometre GW = gigawatt(109Watt)
m2 = square metre GWhgigawatt-hour
ha hectare (10,000 m2) (109 Watt-hour)
km2 = square kilometre St piece
1 litre Ρ pair
hi hectolitre (100 I) Mill. = million
m3 cubic metre Mrd.thousand million
tkm = tonne-kilometre (USA: billion)
grtgross registered ton A average
nrt netd ton MA = monthly average
tdw tonnes deadweight cif cost, insurance, freight
(t = 1,016.05 kg) included
1 leu fob = free on board
US dollar us$ =
DMDeutsche Mark
SDR = Special-Drawing
Rights
Special abbreviations are allocated to the respective sections. With only a few exceptions,
provisional, revised and estimated figures are not marked as such. Detail may not add to total
because of rounding. Selected international weights and measures
1 inch (in) = 2.540 cm 1 imperial gallon (imp. gal).... = 4,546 I
1 foot (ft) 0.305 m 1 barrel (bl) = 158.983 1
1 yard (yd) 0.914 m 1 ounce (oz) 28.350 g
1 mile (mi) 1,609 km 1 troy ounce (troy oz) = 31.103g
1 acre (ac) = 4.047 m2 1 pound (lb) 453.592 g
1 cubic foot (ft3) = 28.317 dm3 1 short ton (sh. t) = 0.907 t
1 gallon (gal) 3.785 I 1 long ton (I t) 1.0161 LIST OF TABLES
Page
1 General Survey
1.1 Basic data 14
1.2 Important economic and social indicators for the countries of Central
and Eastern Europe7
2 Area
2.1 Climate9
3 Population
3.1n development and population density 21
3.2 United Nations' population projections
3.3 Birth and deaths 22
3.4 Population by age group3
3.5 Area, population and population density by district
3.6 Urban and rural population6
3.7 Population in selected cities
3.8n by ethnic group8
4 Health
4.1 Registered illnesses 30
4.2 Mortality by selected cause of death
4.3 Beds in medical establishments1
4.4 Doctors, dentists and nurses
4.5 Pharmacies and staff
5 Education
5.1 Schools and other educational establishments 34
5.2 Pupils and students
5.3 Students by type of studies5
5.4 Teaching staff
5.5s abroad by selected host countries6
6 Education
6.1 Persons of working age as a proportion of the total population 37
6.2 Employed persons and employment rates in 1977 by age group8
6.3 Persons in employment in 1977 by occupational status
6.4s int by area of the economy 39
6.5 Manual and non-manual workers by area of the economy
6.6l andls by sex 40
7 Agriculture, forestry, fisheries
7.1 Area of agricultural holdings by form of ownership4
7.2 Numbers employed by form of ownership of agricultural holdings 4
7.3 Land use 52
7.4 Agricultural machinery
7.5 Consumption of commercial fertilizers 55 Page
7.6 Index of agricultural production 56
7.7 Harvest volumes for selected crops8
7.8 Yields for selected crops
7.9 Livestock population 60
7.10 Slaughterings
7.11 Production of selected animal products1
7.12 Afforestation3
7.13 Timber extraction
7.14 Fishing vessels4
7.15 Catches
8 Production industries
8.1 Enterprises and employment in industry6
8.2 Industrial enterprises by size classes
8.3 Craft cooperatives and services enterprises 67
8.4 Employees by group of industries
8.5 Index of industrial production8
8.6 Power station capacity 69
8.7 Electricity production
8.8y consumption 70
8.9 Mining products, extraction of stones and earth 71
8.10 Production of selected products from the manufacturing industries 7
8.11 Completed dwellings3
8.12ds by number of rooms
9 Foreign Trade
9.1n trade5
9.2 Main import goods/commodity groups6
9.3n exportys
9.4 Imports by major country of origin7
9.5 Exports byry of destination 78
9.6 Trade between Germany and Romania 80
9.7 Major goods/commodity groups imported from Romania by S ITC heading 8
9.8 Majory groups exported toa by SITC heading1
10 Transport and communications
10.1 Length of railway network2
10.2 Amount of traffic carried on the railways3
10.3 Length of road network by type of road
10.4 Number of motor vehicles and car ownership 84
10.5 Amount of traffic carried on the public network
10.6 Inland waterway transport 8
10.7 Number of merchant ships5
10.8 Sea traffic
10.9 Civil air traffic6
10.10 Communications
10.11 Long-distance pipelines7 Page
11 Tourism
11.1 Foreign visitors by route 88
11.2ns by selected country of origin
11.3 Accommodation establishments9
11.4 Beds in accommodation establishments
11.5 Visitors inns and foreign currency receipts 90
12 Money and Credit
12.1 Official exchange rates 92
12.2 Gold and foreign exchange holdings
12.3 Selected data on money and credit3
13 Public Finance
13.1 Consolidated state budget4
13.2d statet revenue5
13.3d state budget expenditure 9
13.4 Gross fixed capital formation by selected sector7
13.5 Government foreign debt
14 Wages and Salaries
14.1 Index of nominal and real wages9
14.2x of average earnings by area of the economy 100
14.3 Average net monthly earnings by area of the economy
14.4e netys of manual workers by area of the economy 101
14.5 Employees by net earnings category
14.6 Average monthly earning of employees by selected occupations 102
15 Prices
15.1 Cost-of-living index 104
15.2g index for goods and services from the state and
cooperative sector5
15.3 Average prices of selected agricultural products in 1990 on free
markets in 95 towns
15.4 Prices of selected energy products6
15.5 Import and export price indices, terms of trade 107
16 National Accounts
16.1 Development of national income9
16.2 Gross domestic product at market prices
16.3 Generation of national income 110
16.4n of gross domestic product at market prices 111
16.5 Use of gross domestic product at market prices2
17 Balance of Payments
17.1e of payments4
18 Sources 115