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A Comparative Introduction to XDG: Adding the Predicate Argument Dimension

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20 pages
A Comparative Introduction to XDG: Adding the Predicate-Argument Dimension Ralph Debusmann and Denys Duchier Programming Systems Lab, Saarland University, Saarbr ?ucken, Germany and ·Equipe Calligramme, LORIA, Nancy, France A Comparative Introduction to XDG: Adding the Predicate-Argument Dimension – p.1

  • attributes link1

  • definitions ?

  • add lexical

  • lexical classes

  • lp multi-dimensional

  • predicate-argument dimension

  • ds multi-dimensioal

  • dimensional principles


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A Comparative Introduction to XDG: Adding
the Predicate-Argument Dimension
Ralph Debusmann
and
Denys Duchier
Programming Systems Lab, Saarland University, Saarbruc¤ ken, Germany
and
·
Equipe Calligramme, LORIA, Nancy, France
A Comparative Introduction to XDG: Adding the Predicate-Argument Dimension ? p.1This presentation

adding the Predicate-Argument (pa) dimension to the
example grammar

new:

type de nitions

one-dimensional principles (dag, valency)

multi-dimensional pr (linking)

lexical classes
A Comparative Introduction to XDG: Adding the Predicate-Argument Dimension ? p.2De ning the new types

edge labels:
deftype "pa.label" farg1 arg2 arge del rootg
deflabeltype "pa.label"

lexical entries:
deftype "pa.entry" fin: valency("pa.label")
out:("pa.label")g
defentrytype "pa.entry"
A Comparative Introduction to XDG: Adding the Predicate-Argument Dimension ? p.3Class of models, valency
useprinciple "principle.graph" f
dims fD: pagg
useprinciple "principle.dag" f
dims fD: pagg
useprinciple "principle.valency" f
dims fD: pag
args fIn: _.D.entry.in
Out: _.D.entry.outgg
A Comparative Introduction to XDG: Adding the Predicate-Argument Dimension ? p.4Extending the multi dimension

add lexical attributes for multi-dimensional principles
defentrytype f%% id/lp multi-dimensional attributes
blocks_lpid: set("id.label")
%% ds/id attributes
link2_dsid: map("ds.label" iset("id.label"))
link2_idds: map("id.label" iset("ds.label"))
%% pa/ds multi-dimensioal attributes
link1_pads: map("pa.label" set())
link2_pads: map( iset("ds.label"))g

instantiate multi-dimensional principles

realize semantic by deep syntactic arguments: linking
principle (pa/ds)
A Comparative Introduction to XDG: Adding the Predicate-Argument Dimension ? p.5Realizing semantic by deep syntactic arguments 1
maria peter liebt
maria peter liebt
A Comparative Introduction to XDG: Adding the Predicate-Argument Dimension ? p.6
subjd
arg1
objd
arg2Realizing semantic by deep syntactic arguments 2
maria einen mann liebt
maria einen mann liebt
A Comparative Introduction to XDG: Adding the Predicate-Argument Dimension ? p.7
subjd
arg1
arg2
detd
objd
arg16
Realizing semantic by deep syntactic arguments 3
useprinciple "principle.linking" f
dims fD1: pa
D2: ds
Multi: multig
args fLink1: _.Multi.entry.link1_pads
Link2:.link2_padsgg

from pa to ds dimension

declarative semantics:
0
l l
0
h! d ) (F (l) =; ) l 2 F (l) ^ h! :::! d)^
1 1 1 2 2
00
l
00
(l 2 F (l)^ ! d)
2 2

F =Link1 and F =Link2
1 2
A Comparative Introduction to XDG: Adding the Predicate-Argument Dimension ? p.8Lexicon

lexical classes:

new lexical classes to specify pa and ds/pa properties

update existing lexical classes to inherit from them

lexical entries:

apply the updated lexical classes
A Comparative Introduction to XDG: Adding the Predicate-Argument Dimension ? p.9De ning new lexical classes: root_pa, part_pa
defclass "root_pa" f
dim pa fin: fg
out: froot* del*ggg

the additional root node collects arbitrary many roots, and
arbitrary many deleted nodes
defclass "part_pa" f
dim pa fin: fdel!ggg

particles are deleted
A Comparative Introduction to XDG: Adding the Predicate-Argument Dimension ? p.10