Chapter1 Ancient Artand Geometry

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  • exposé
Chapter 1 Ancient Art and Geometry Math 4520 Spring 2010 1.1 Introduction In Plato's view, only that which turned the soul's eye from the material world to objects of pure thought was worthy of a philosopher's study. Music, astronomy, arithmetic, and espe- cially geometry were particularly recognized. The idea was to start with certain unquestioned assumptions and precise definitions and proceed logically and rigorously from there. Euclid of Alexandria, a student of the Platonic school, lived from 323 BC to 283 BC.
  • axioms into classes of incidence
  • liberal interpretation of the axioms
  • parent of a worthless progeny
  • existence of a consistent system with an alternative axiom
  • intersection with the sphere of a plane
  • hyperbolic plane
  • model
  • many people
  • system

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User Programming & Automation
• What are User Defined Functions
• Introduction to C
• Set-Up C User Routines in Fluent
• Programming in other CFD Commercial Codes
• Automation
Acknowledgement: this handout is partially based on Fluent training material
ME469B/6/GI 1Introduction to UDF Programming
Why programming in commercial codes?
• The codes are general-purpose but cannot anticipate all needs
• New (physical) models can be developed in a user-friendly environment
• Large number of problems (test-cases) can be addressed with the same implementation
What is a the User Defined Function (UDF)?
• C (Fluent) or FORTRAN (StarCD, CFX) routines programmed by the user linked to
the solver to perform certain operations:
• initialization
• special boundary condition (i.e. space or time dependent)
• material properties
• source terms
• reaction rates
• postprocessing and reporting
• debugging
• ….
ME469B/6/GI 2Geometrical Entities - Reminder
2D 3D
Collection of entities are called “zones”
ME469B/6/GI 3A Simple UDF Example
Specify a Parabolic Velocity Profile at the Inlet
Goal: The UDF (inlet_parab) set the values of the x-velocity component at the cell
faces of the inlet boundary zone
Inlet
zone
1) Determine the cell-faces belonging to the inlet zone
2) Loop on all those faces
3) Determine the coordinate of the face centroid
4) Specify the x-velocity component
ME469B/6/GI 4A Simple UDF Example
Parabolic Velocity Profile:
function inlet_parab
Definitions
Loop over all the inlet cell faces
Evaluate the face centroid coordinates
The function return the velocity
ME469B/6/GI 5A Simple UDF Example
Compile/interpret the UDF:
Define → User Defined
Attach the profile to the inlet zone
Define → Boundary Condition
Equivalent to attach the profile from a separate simulation
ME469B/6/GI 6A Simple UDF Example
Solve the equations
Solve → Iterate
Final Result
ME469B/6/GI 7C Programming
Typical C function:
ME469B/6/GI 8C vs. FORTRAN
ME469B/6/GI 9Basic Programming Rules
Statements MUST end with a semicolon → ;
Comments are placed anywhere in the program between → /* …… */
Statements are grouped by curly brackets → { …… }
Variables defined within the body functions are local
Variables defined outside the body functions are global and can be used by
all the functions that follows
Variables MUST be ALWAYS defined explicitly
Integer/real/double functions have to return a integer/real/double value
C is case sensitive!
ME469B/6/GI 10