Spain: Islamic and European Influences in Spanish Art
265 pages

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Spain: Islamic and European Influences in Spanish Art


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265 pages
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  • cours - matière potentielle : manuscript illuminators
  • cours - matière potentielle : the south of france
376 Spain: Islamic and European Influences in Spanish Art Author Rosie Mitchell Faculty of Arts, University of Cumbria, UK Introduction As a result of both Islamic and Christian invaders fine arts in Spain have been fashioned by both Christian and Islamic influences. However, these styles are not found in their pure form but instead are reinterpreted in a distinctly Spanish manner*. This Spanish quality becomes more pronounced with the rise of nationalism in the 19th century, producing a number of highly influential and individual Spanish artists.
  • art production
  • time of peace
  • use of the column as support
  • islamic rule
  • fusion
  • spain
  • architecture
  • arts
  • view



Publié par
Nombre de lectures 50
Langue English


Mastering New Testament
Greek Workbook

Ted Hildebrandt

Baker Academic
With odd questions answered (handiwork of Katie Ells)
© 2004 by Ted Hildebrandt; (version 2.0)

Published by Baker Academic
a division of Baker Book House Company
P.O. Box 6287, Grand Rapids, MI 49516-6287

All rights reserved. This publication is intended for the personal use of the licensee. It
may be stored in a retrieval system and reproduced for personal use only. It may not be
transmitted in any form or by any means—for example, electronic, photocopy,
recording—without the prior written permission of the publisher. The only exception is
brief quotations in printed reviews.

Verses from the New Testament selected for reading and translation are from The Greek
New Testament, edited by Kurt Aland, Matthew Black, Carlo M. Martini, Bruce M.
Metzger, and Allen Wikgren, 4th revised edition, © 1966, 1968, 1975 by United Bible
Societies, 1983, 1994 by the Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, Stuttgart. Used by permission.
Note to Instructors 4
1. The Alphabet 5
2. Accents, Syllables, and English Grammar 10
3. Present Active Verbs 15
4. Second Declension Nouns 23
5. First Declension Nouns 30
Review of Chapters 3–5 36
6. Prepositions 41
7. Adjectives 49
8. Personal Pronouns 57
9. Present Middle/Passive Verbs 67
10. Future Verbs 75
11. Demonstrative, Relative, Reflexive, and Reciprocal Pronouns 84
12. Imperfect Verbs 93
13. Third Declension Nouns 102
14. Second Aorist Verbs 114
15. First Aorist Verbs 125
16. Aorist and Future Passive Verbs 132
17. Contract Verbs 141
18. Perfect Verbs 153
19. Present Participles 161
20. Aorist Participles 171
21. Perfect Participles 183
22. Infinitives 192
23. Subjunctive Verbs 201
24. Imperative Verbs 212
25. The -mi Verbs 222
26. Numbers and Interrogatives 232
27. Comparatives, Conjunctions, and Clause Types 244
28. Case Revisited 255

3 Note to Instructors 4
Note to Instructors
This workbook has been designed to accompany the Mastering New Testament Greek
interactive program, the printable textbook, and the vocabulary builder frequency list.
One of my motivations for creating it was to keep the cost of first-year Greek materials to
a minimum by leveraging the electronic medium. The program provides an interactive
learning environment, the textbook provides hardcopy that coordinates with the
interactive program, and this workbook gives specific assignments to reinforce what
students are learning. The vocabulary builder frequency list contains all the words down
to nine times, ready for vocabulary builder exercises.
There are about seven pages of exercises for each lesson. In general, each workbook
lesson begins with a parsing or declension section, followed by two translation sections
(one of short portions, the other of longer ones) with usually fifteen exercises in each.
The translation portions are taken directly from the Greek New Testament. Each lesson
also usually includes a vocabulary review and a word puzzle to reinforce the new
vocabulary for that lesson. There is also a “Think Greek” section, with five phrases
enabling students to practice writing Greek for themselves. Instructors may wish to
assign selected translations for homework and then use the others for paired classroom
The translation exercises often draw from the writings of John. This makes for a
natural transition into the interactive Easy Readers John 1–5 and 1 John that are included
on the CD-ROM.
My thanks to Laura Bullock who helped in the preparation of this workbook. An
answer key is available for those schools that have adopted this as their main text for first
year Greek.

In Christ’s Xa<rij,
Ted Hildebrandt
Chapter 1: The Alphabet 5
Name __________________________________
Chapter 1: The Alphabet
1.Write out each letter five times + a capital letter at the end (26 pts)—write
out the sound that each letter makes (e.g., “v as in vet”):













Chapter 1: The Alphabet 6













2. Write out the alphabet in order 3 times, saying the name of each letter
(9 pts)


Chapter 1: The Alphabet 7



3. Give the name in English for each of the following (e.g., a = “alpha”)
(10 pts)

z _________ h _________

q _________ c _________

r _________ s _________
f _________ x _________

y _________ w _________

4. Identify which vowels are always short (put a square around them) and
which are always long (put a circle around them). The others can be
either short or long. (7 pts)

a e h i o u w

Chapter 1: The Alphabet 8
5. Diphthongs: What are diphthongs? (16 pts)
What sound does each of the following make? (a = “a” as in father)
ai ei
oi au
ou ui
eu hu

6. Write out the three iota subscripted letters: (6 pts)
How does the iota subscript change the pronunciation?

_____ _____ ______

7. Transcribe the following Uncial text into lower case letters:


8. Write out and pronounce these 10 vocabulary words: (What does each
(20 pts [+ 6 pts free extra credit to make 100])

1. ______________ angel, messenger
2. truly, verily
3. man, human
4. I
Chapter 1: The Alphabet 9
5. ______________ God
6. and, also, even
7. heart
8. I say
9. ______________ prophet
10. Christ, Messiah

9. Just for fun match up the following: Do you recognize the following
Greek words that have English derivatives. See how many Greek
words you already know! 23 freebies:

_____ 1. a]gwni<a A. therapy 2. a]mh<n B. philosophy
_____ 3. a]pologi<a C. agony 4. a]po<stoloj D. Sabbath
_____ 5. dai<mwn E. icon 6. dia<konoj F. martyr
_____ 7. eikw<n G. amen 8. e]pistolh< H. hosanna
_____ I. schism 9. qerapei<a J. apostle 10. qro<noj
____ 11. ko<smoj K. rabbi
_____ 12. lepro<j L. deacon 13. ma<rtuj M hubris, pride
_____ 14. parabolh< N. demon 15. presbu<thj O. hypocrite
_____ 16. rabbi P. fantasy—Disney 17. sa<bbaton Q. epistle
_____ 18. sxi<sma R. presbyter, elder 19. ubrij S. throne
_____ 20. upokrith<j T. parable 21. fantasi<a U. apology
_____ 22. filosofi<a V. leper 23. w[sanna< W. cosmos, world

Chapter 2: Accents, Syllables, and English Grammar 10
Name _________________________________
Chapter 2: Accents, Syllables, and English Grammar

1. Greek Wisdom: Sound out and “translate” the following proverbs (20)

1. mhk not ior shl tou? big for qe ballast

2. a good art konkerj ill fortun

3. a man mei louz mor in an our qan i kan get in eit

4. all good qingz must kom tou an end

5. all qingz rekuir skill but an appetit

6. qe sekond mauj getj qe xiz

7. a kommon seing seldom liz

8. qe pen iz mitier qan qe sord

9. lerning iz qe ai of qe mind

10. tru preiz routj and spredj

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