Barriers to Innovation in SMEs: Can the Internationalization of R

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  • cours - matière potentielle : thought
Technology and Innovation Management W o r k i n g P a p e r Hamburg University of Technology Schwarzenbergstr. 95, D-21073 Hamburg, Germany Tel.: +49 (0)40 42878-3777; Fax: +49 (0)40 42878-2867 Barriers to Innovation in SMEs: Can the Internationalization of R&D Mitigate Their Effects? Rajnish Tiwari Stephan Buse October 2007, Working Paper No.
  • large counterparts
  • relates to the economic nature
  • findings of a survey by the authors
  • innovation process effect
  • innovation process
  • economic research
  • market
  • innovation
  • research
  • survey

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Gender and Climate Change Africa
Policy Brief 4– Agriculture and Food Security
Working Draft
Background The agriculture sector is predicted to come under substantial stress from climate change-induced increases in temperature, variability in rainfall and extreme weather events which could trigger crop failures, pest and disease outbreaks, and the degradation of land and 1 water resources.These impacts will be felt more acutely in the poorest regions of the world such as sub-Saharan Africa, where 2 agriculture is the mainstay of millions.In Africa, agriculture supports 70 percent of the population and accounts for about 30 3 percent of the continent’s GDP.Women play vital roles in ensuring food security and enhancing agricultural productivity. It is therefore important that responses to climatic stresses on the agriculture sector are informed by the concerns and contributions of women and men, and broader issues of gender equality.
Agriculture is central to the livelihoods of women
It is now widely acknowledged that climate change impacts will not be gender neutral. This is evident from current experiences of extreme climatic events such as droughts and flood. Men and women have different coping and adaptive capacities which translate to gender-differentiated vulnerabilities to 4 the impacts of a changing climate.Gender-based inequalities in access to assets, and gendered social roles are mainly responsible for this difference in adaptive capacities to respond to the effects of climate change. Legal and sociocultural barriers also inhibit women from 5 effectively responding to climatic risk.
hese barriers notwithstanding, women do play  majorrole in agricultural production. Women