COMPUTER PRESENTATIONS OF STRUCTURE IN ALGEBRA
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COMPUTER PRESENTATIONS OF STRUCTURE IN ALGEBRA

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Description

  • cours - matière potentielle : pre - algebra
  • exposé - matière potentielle : structure
  • exposé - matière potentielle : a property
  • cours - matière potentielle : students
  • fiche de synthèse - matière potentielle : instruction
  • exposé
  • exposé - matière potentielle : structure in algebra
Thompson, P. & Thompson, A. (1987). Computer presentations of structure in algebra. In J. Bergeron, N. Herscovics, & C. Kieran (Eds.), Proceedings of the El venth Annual Meeting of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education, 1, 248-254. COMPUTER PRESENTATIONS OF STRUCTURE IN ALGEBRA Patrick W. Thompson Alba G. Thompson Illinois State University Many errors committed by students of algebra appear to be a result of their long-term inattention to structure of expressions and equations.
  • expression tree
  • students disposition to experimentation
  • analysis of computer use
  • algebra
  • expressions
  • structure
  • errors
  • computer
  • expression
  • students

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Informations

Publié par
Nombre de lectures 55

Extrait

SpecialEducation4000EducationofExceptionalIndividualsSpring2012DarciePeterson,M.Ed.EducationBuilding,Room371OfficePhone:7973252Email:SendemailthroughCANVAS(online.usu.edu)OfficeHours:TuesdaysandFridays25andbyappointmentOverview:Thisisahybridcourse.Theoncampusundergraduatespecialeducationprogramconsistsofhybridcourses,whichconsistofbothonlineandlivecourseactivities.Onlineactivitiesaredesignedtoprovideflexibilityforthestudent.Livesessionsareimportantcomponentsofallcoursesandprovideopportunitiesforinteractionswithinstructors,guestspeakers,andclassmates.Exams,readings,classinformationandsomeassignments,etc.willbelocatedonCANVAS.IfyouareunfamiliarwithCANVAS,youcangetfurtherinstructionontheCANVAShomepage(online.usu.edu)under“StudentTutorials”.Also,whereindicatedonthecourseschedule,anumberofclasstopicswillbecompletedonlineonlyusingIRISStarLegacyModules.FurtherinstructionswillbegiventhroughCANVASregardingtheonlinesessions.Onthoseindicatedsessions,studentswillbedismissedfromclassearlyandwillcompletespecifiedassignmentsoutsideoftheclassroom.CourseObjectives:ObjectiveHow/WhenObjectiveisMet1.GainingfactualWeeklyreadingsknowledge(terminology,MidtermExamclassifications,methods,FinalExamtrends).Studentswillcomeawaywithsomebasicfacts,definitions,causes,psychological/behavioralcharacteristics,andeducationalapproachesconcerningpersonswithdisabilitiesasfollows:intellectualdisabilities,learningdisabilities,emotional/behaviordisorders,communicationdisorders,hearingimpairments,and/orphysicaldisabilities.Studentswillhaveabasicknowledgeoflegalissuessurroundingspecialeducation,includingbutnotlimitedto,understandingSection504,ADA,andIDEIA(IndividualswithDisabilitiesEducationalImprovementAct2004).Studentswillbegintoidentifyimportantcomponentsofbehaviormanagementplansfortheirfutureclassrooms.2. LearningtoapplycourseReflectionJournalsmaterial(toimproveUnannouncedClassActivitiesthinking,problemsolving,DisabilityLawinclassassignmentanddecisions).StudentswillbeabletoidentifysimilaritiesanddifferencesbetweenlawsprotectingstudentswithdisabilitiesunderSection504,ADAandIDEIAandapplythistostudentsintheirownclassrooms.Studentswillbeabletoidentifyproblembehavior,potentialcausesforthebehavior,andofferrealisticsolutionstoalleviatethebehaviorintheirownclassrooms.3. Developingspecificskills,ReflectionJournalscompetencies,andpointsIRISModulesaddressingselecttopicsofviewneededbyStudentswillleavethiscoursewithabetterappreciationofwhatitisliketohaveaprofessionalsinthefielddisabilityorhaveafamilymemberwhohasadisability.Thiscourseshouldhelpmostcloselyrelatedtocreatehealthier,positive,butrealisticattitudestowardpeoplewithdisabilities.thiscourse.
CourseResourceMaterialsYouarerequiredtoreadidentifiedhandoutsspecifiedforeachsessionforthiscourse.Informationfromthehandoutswillbefoundontheexams.Studentshavetwooptionstoobtaintheserequiredhandouts.1. READINGSINCOURSEREADER:ThereisacoursereaderavailabletopurchasethroughtheUSUbookstoreforallSPED4000courses.Thiscoursereadercontainsalltherequiredreadingsforthiscourse.OR2. READINGSONCANVAS:ThereadingswillalsobeavailablethroughCANVAS.ItisyourchoicetopurchasethereaderordownloadtheassignedmaterialthroughCANVASCourseAssignments:ExplanationsandfurtherinstructionsforeachassignmentcanbefoundonCANVAS.AvailabilitydatesandduedatescanbefoundonCANVASforeachassignmentand/oronthecourseschedule.Assignmentsaredue½hourbeforethebeginningofclassonthespecifiedduedate.NOassignmentswillbeacceptedonceassignmentsareclosedonCANVAS.1.DisabilityLawThisisaninclassgroupassignment.Itisworth20points.Nomakeuporalternativeassignmentwillbegiventostudentswhomissthisclass.2.ClassroomactivitiesTherewillbe10unannouncedactivitiesthroughoutthesemester.Theseactivitiesmayincludeguestlectures,videos,assessments,handsonactivities,popquizzes,etc.Onthedaysactivitiesareincluded,youwillbeaskedtoturninspecificpaperworkorsignarollgivingyoucreditforparticipatingintheactivity.Youwilldroponeactivity(incaseofillness,familyactivities,awedding,missedalarm,etc.).YouwillNOTbeabletomakeupanyclassroomactivities.3.JournalReflection:AssignedReadingsYouwillberequiredtoreflectontheassignedreadings(handouts).Refertoyourcoursescheduletoidentifytheweekeachentryisdue.Thereareafewweekswherethereisnoentryrequired.UndertheCourseContentpage,youwillfindthelinktopostyourentry.Mostentrieswillbeworth5points(2willbeworth10points)andyouwillNOTbeabletodropanyofyourentries.Aspecificquestionforeachentrywillbeprovided.Yourscorewillbearesultofyourthoroughnessandthoughtfulnessofyourresponse.Ataminimum,yourresponseshouldbeatleast250wordsinlengthincludingbothyouranswertothequestionandyourreflection.ItmighthelpifyouwritetheresponseusingaprogramlikeWordtomeasurelength.ThenyoucancopyandpastewhatyouwroteintoCANVAS.Pleasedemonstrateanunderstandingofthereading.Ifyouusesmallpartsofthereadinginyourresponse,pleaseparaphraseintoyourownwords(changingoneortwowordsinasentenceisnotenough),orusequotationmarkstoreflectthatyouareusingthewordsdirectlyfromthetext.Whenthejournalsaregraded,thegraderwillfirstlooktomakesurethatallpartsofthequestionareansweredcorrectly.So,ifthequestionhasmultipleparts(likeinReflectionJournal5Families),betweenoneandfourpointswillbeearnedbyansweringeachpartofthequestion.Theremainingpointsareearnedbyprovidingsufficientexplanationandreflectionaboutwhatyoulearned.Explanationandreflectionmeansthatyoushouldprovideyourownpersonalviewpoint.Youcantalkaboutwhetheryouagreeordisagreewiththeinformationyouread.Youcantalkaboutsomepossiblefearsorgoalsyouhaveaboutusingtheknowledgeyouhavegained.Youcangiveveryspecific
explanationsabouthowastrategywillworkinaparticularsituationinyourfutureclassroom(forexample,describehowyoupersonallywouldusevisualdemonstrationtohelpachildlearntomeasurethelengthofatableorwhateverisappropriateforyourstudents'agelevelandsubject).Inthereflectionpart,thegraderislookingforyoutoprovidesomethoughtsbeyondwhatyoureadinthehandouts.4.SyllabusQuiz:SeescheduleforquizdateThereisonequizatthebeginningofthesemester.Theinformationonthequizwillcoverclassroomandsyllabusinformation.5.Exams:MidtermandFinalEachexamwillhave50questionsandisworth50points.Examswillbegiveninclassandnotonline.Seescheduleforexamdate.StudyguidesareonthecoursecontentpagewithinCANVAS.OnLineSessionsEachonlinesessionwillbecompletedoutsideoftheclassroom.Typicallyclasswillbedismissedearlyonthedaysoftheassignedmodules.Thetimeusuallyspentinclasswillbedevotedtothecompletionofthemodule.Refertothecoursescheduleformoredetailanddates.1. IRIS:CulturalandLinguisticDifferencesNOCLASSASSIGNMENTDUEDAYAFTERHOLIDAY2. IRIS:CollaboratingwithFamiliesNOCLASS3. IRIS:ResponsetoIntervention(RTIPart1)NOCLASS4. IRIS:AddressingDisruptiveandNoncompliantBehavior(Part1)CLASSDISMISSEDEARLY5. IRIS:InstructionalAccommodationsforStudentswithVisualDisabilitiesCLASSDISMISSEDEARLYStudentEvaluation:Studentswillbeabletoearnupto415pointsforthecourse,asfollows:SyllabusQuiz10pointsDisabilityLaw20pointsIRISAssignments125points(5@25pointseach)Classactivities90points(10activities@10pointseach;droponeactivity)ReflectionJournal70points(10@5pointseach,2@10pointseach)MidtermExam50pointsFinalexam50pointsPercentageGradePercentageGrade94100A7376.99C9093.99A7072.99C8789.99B+6569.99D+8386.99B6064.99D8082.99BBelow60F7779.99C+Note:Studentsearnthegradetheyreceive.Theinstructorwillnotchangeanygradesanytimeduringorafterthesemester.Theinstructorreservestherighttomodifythissyllabusorscheduletoaccommodatestudentneeds,guestspeakers,lectures,informationpresented,etc.
StudentswithDisabilities:Studentswithphysical,sensory,emotionalormedicalimpairmentsmaybeeligibleforreasonableaccommodationsinaccordancewiththeAmericanswithDisabilitiesActandSection504oftheRehabilitationActof1973.AllaccommodationsarecoordinatedthroughtheDisabilityResourceCenter(DRC)inRoom101oftheUniversityInn,7972444voice,7970740TTY,ortollfreeat18002592966.PleasecontacttheDRCasearlyinthesemesteraspossible.Alternateformatmaterials(Braille,largeprintordigital)areavailablewithadvancenotice.
Pleasecontacttheinstructorduringthefirstweekofclasstoarrangesuchaccommodations.TheinstructormusthavetheappropriateformsfromtheDRCinordertoaddressanyaccommodations.
StudentCode:Studentsneedtoadheretostudentcodebynotinterferingwiththeinstructionorthelearningofotherstudents.Theinstructorencourageseachstudenttoactivelyparticipateinclassdiscussions.Participationisdefinedasoccasionalverbalcontributionstoclassdiscussion/activitythatextendandenhancethegroupprocess.ParticipationisNOTdefinedasmerelyattendingclass.Courteousdemeanorisdefinedas(1)arrivingontime,(2)leavingatthescheduledtimeandnotbefore(unlesstheinstructorisnotifiedandhasapprovedtherequest),(3)listening(nottalking)duringthelectureorclassdiscussion,and(4)refrainingfromtheuseofcellphones(includingtexting),internetsurfing,andunrelatedreading.Ifunrelatedcomputerusebecomesexcessiveinclass,laptopsmaybebanned.Ifthisbecomesaproblembyinterferingwiththeinstructionoftheinstructorandinterruptingthelearningandlisteningofotherstudents,youmaybeaskedtoleavetheclass.StudentResponsibilitiesAsmembersoftheacademiccommunityatUtahStateUniversity,studentsshareresponsibilityforitsgrowthandcontinuedwellbeingandformaintaininganenvironmentwhichencouragesfreeinquiryandexpression.Studentsareexpectedtoengageinreasonableandsubstantialpreparationfortheircoursework,tofollowcourseandclassguidelinesassetforthinsyllabiandasannunciatedbytheirinstructors,andtocompleteallacademicexerciseswithintegrity.Allinteractionswithfacultymembers,staffmembers,andotherstudentsshallbeconductedwithcourtesy,civility,decencyandaconcernforpersonaldignity.TheseresponsibilitiesarethefoundationoftheUniversity’sStandardsofConduct(HonorSystemseesectionV3,MisconductseesectionV3).AcademicHonestyPleasereadthroughUSUHonorSystemGuidelinesontheCourseContentpageunderIntroduction&Policies.BeawarethatIusethefollowingdefinitions.AccordingtotheMerriamWebsterOnlineDictionary,to"plagiarize"means1)tostealandpassoff(theideasorwordsofanother)asone'sown2)touse(another'sproduction)withoutcreditingthesource3)tocommitliterarytheft4)topresentasnewandoriginalanideaorproductderivedfromanexistingsource.Inotherwords,plagiarismisanactoffraud.Itinvolvesbothstealingsomeoneelse'sworkandlyingaboutitafterward.Groupworkhasbecomeanissueinclasses.Inpastclassestherehavebeensituationsinwhichgroupworkcouldhavebeenconsideredcheatingorplagiarism.“Legitimate”groupworkisdefinedasthatwhichtakesadvantageofconsultationwithyourpeers,providingyouwithideas,suggestions,corrections,etc.,whichyoutakeintoconsiderationinthedevelopmentofyouruniqueandindividualproduct.Readingthetextandwritinganswerstothestudyguideitems,thenworkingcloselywithotherstudents,comparingstudyguideanswers,andattemptingtoresolvedifferentunderstandingsisanexcellentlearningtechniqueandisstronglyencouraged.Failingtodothereadingandmemorizinganswersthatanotherstudenthaswrittenforthestudyguideisnotlegitimategroupwork;itischeating.Draftingtheassignments,thencomparingspecificaspectsofyourproducttoothers’anddiscussingteachingsituationsandSPEDissuesislegitimateandencouraged.Copyingsomeoneelse’squizzes,assignment,orarticlesisnotlegitimate;itischeating.Completingtheassignmentsasagroupprojectisnotlegitimate;itischeating.Youmustmakeyourowndecisionsabouteverydetailoryourassignment.Always,ifyouareunsureaboutboundariesoflegitimategroupwork,please(1)askforclarificationfromtheinstructor,and(2)makefulldisclosuresothatthereisnoquestionaboutyourintentions.Iamveryhappytotalkabouttheseboundariesandworkwithyoutomaximizeyourlearningandmaintainindividualaccountability.
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SpecialEducation4000ScheduleDarciePeterson,M.Ed.Spring2012(allquizzes/assignmentsopenupafterclassandwillcloseat2:00PMonthefollowingMonday)TopicHandout(H)Assignments&DueDatesAdditional(2:00PMonMondays)Resources(AR) DueIntroductionH1,H3,H7SpecialEducationOverviewNoclassHolidayH4ReflectionJournal1:PersonFirstIRIS:CulturalandLinguisticLanguageDifferences(outofclassassignment)IRIS:CulturalandLinguisticDifferencesDueTues1/17at2PMbecauseoftheholidayIDEIAH5,H6,ReflectionJournal2:IDEIASection504andADAH812SyllabusQuizInclusionH2,H12ReflectionJournal3:Section504SpecialEducationProcessIndividualizedEducationPlan(IEP)DisabilityLawH13ReflectionJournal4:InclusionLearningDisabilitiesADisabilityLaw(inclassassignmentonlynomakeups)LearningDisabilitiesBReflectionJournal5:LearningDisabilitiesNOCLASSMon.classesonTues.IRIS:CollaboratingwithFamilies2IRISModulesIRIS:CollaboratingwithFamiliesReflectionJournal6:FamiliesIRIS:ResponsetoInstructPart1DueTues2/21at2PMbecauseoftheholidayIntellectualDisabilitiesH14,H15,H21IRIS:RTISchoolWidePositiveBehaviorSupportMidterm(coversmaterialinMidtermStudyReflectionJournal7:Intellectualweeks18)Guide(onDisabilitiesIRIS:AddressingDisruptivecoursecontentBehaviors(classdismissedearly)page)ExtraCreditAvailableEmotional/BehaviorDisordersH20IRIS:AddressingDisruptiveBehaviorsClassroomManagementStrategiesH22,H27ReflectionJournal8:AutismationDisordersEmotional/BehaviorDisordersCommunic
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