The Priority of Authority: Holy Scripture and Human Sexuality
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The Priority of Authority: Holy Scripture and Human Sexuality

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Presbyterians for Faith, Family and Ministry Page 1 Theology Matters A Publication of Presbyterians for Faith, Family and Ministry Vol 17 No 5 • Nov/Dec 2011 The Priority of Authority: Holy Scripture and Human Sexuality By Robert P. Mills Introduction “We all agree on the authority of Scripture. We just disagree about interpretation.” Over the past several decades, those, or similar, words have been soothingly intoned by countless liberals to countless evangelicals in countless congregational and denominational discussions of human sexuality.
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  • human sexuality
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Nombre de lectures 31
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 3 Mo


IV. English Language Arts,
Reading Comprehension, Grade 5Grade 5 English Language Arts
Reading Comprehension Test
The spring 2008 grade 5 MCAS English Language Arts Reading Comprehension test was
based on learning standards in the two content strands of the Massachusetts English Language
Arts Curriculum Framework (2001) listed below. Specifc learning standards for grade 5 are found in the
Supplement to the Massachusetts English Language Arts Curriculum Framework (2004). Page numbers
for the learning standards appear in parentheses.
■ Language (Framework, pages 19–26; Supplement, page 10)
■ Reading and Literature (Framework, pages 35–64; Supplement, pages 11–13)
The English Language Arts Curriculum Framework and Supplement are available on the Department
Web site at
In Test Item Analysis Reports and on the Subject Area Subscore pages of the MCAS School Reports
and District Reports, ELA Reading Comprehension test results are reported under two MCAS reporting
categories: Language and Reading and Literature, which are identical to the two Framework content
strands listed above.
Test Sessions and Content Overview
The MCAS grade 5 ELA Reading Comprehension test included three separate test sessions. Each session
included selected readings, followed by multiple-choice and open-response questions. Common reading
passages and test items are shown on the following pages as they appeared in test booklets. Due to
copyright restrictions, certain reading passages cannot be released to the public on the Web site. For further
information, contact Student Assessment Services at 781-338-3625.
Reference Materials and Tools
The use of bilingual word-to-word dictionaries was allowed for current and former limited English
profcient students only, during all three ELA Reading Comprehension test sessions. No other reference
materials were allowed during any ELA Reading Comprehension test session.
Cross-Reference Information
The table at the conclusion of this chapter indicates each item’s reporting category and the Framework
general standard it assesses. The correct answers for multiple-choice questions are also displayed in
the table.
74English Language Arts
Reading CompRehension: session 1
This session contains three reading selections with sixteen multiple-choice questions and two
open-response questions. Mark your answers to these questions in the spaces provided in your
Student Answer Booklet.
The design and construction of ancient Japanese houses were interesting in many ways. These beautiful
homes also provided ideas for Frank Lloyd Wright, a famous architect who designed and built the home
called Fallingwater in the United States. Read the selection and answer the questions that follow.
A Japanese Paper House
This house is an example of traditional Japanese design. (© Nova
Development Corporation)
1 The Japanese islands experience torrential framing and paper walls allowed for easy
monsoon rains, earthquakes, and typhoons. rebuilding after an earthquake. With its sliding
The traditional Japanese house from the partitions,* this “breathing house” opened on
16th century featured an elegant roof with all sides to let in cool, fresh air and to give
wide overhangs to protect against bad weather, glimpses of a beautiful garden outside.
and a raised foor to keep out mud. Wooden
* partitions — panels or screens that divide up a room
75Reading Comprehension Session 1
Woven Flooring Garden Architecture
2 Tatami, which are mats woven of fne straw, 6 The gardens were closely linked to the
architecture of houses and temples. They were formed the foor of the traditional Japanese
house. They continue to be used in some often designed to be seen from inside the
present-day homes. According to Japanese building. The gardens featured painstakingly
custom, visitors must remove their shoes raked gravel, fowering moss, paving stones
when they enter any home, even modern ones. positioned along a path, ponds where colorful
carp swam, pines with twisted shapes, and This tradition helps keep the house clean and
preserves the delicate tatami. delicate bridges. Japanese bridges inspired the
French Impressionist painter Claude Monet,
who had one built in his garden at Giverny A Flexible Layout
and used it in his paintings.
3 The space inside the traditional house could
be divided in many different ways by walls,
Traditional Housesliding doors, and portable folding screens.
Paintings of landscapes, birds, and fowers 7 Intricate wooden brackets without nails
often decorated these interior partitions. supported roofs made of tiles, boards, or
thatch. Only natural materials were used. Moving these partitions could change the
arrangement and the number of rooms in a The traditional Japanese house’s boldness,
few minutes. simplicity, and harmony with its surroundings
infuenced the great international architects of
the 20th century, like Frank Lloyd Wright.Inside Outside
4 Walls made of special strong paper mounted
Convertible Spaceon a wooden frame provided privacy while
allowing light to enter the house. The 8 With its sliding partitions, removable panels,
sections of the wall could slide easily to and folding screens, the house could be
either side to allow a view of the garden. rearranged for different activities at different
This design was especially convenient during times of day. Furniture was limited to pieces
that were easy to move: low tables, lamps, and the hot Japanese summer, when the house
could be completely opened up to catch cotton-flled mattresses called futons that were
passing breezes. put away during the day and rolled out at night.
Modern HousesPrivacy and Shade
5 Blinds made of reeds bound together in 9 Today, most houses in Japan are built of
long fat sheets hung from beneath the roof. concrete because it is quick, easy, and
They could be rolled down to provide shade. inexpensive. This also saves the forests of
Garden walls were made of bamboo, bark, or Japan, which prevent erosion and landslides
caused by heavy rains.twigs.
76Reading Comprehension Session 1
The House on the Waterfall
10 The great American architect Frank Lloyd Wright is known
for his daring designs. In 1936, he built a house in Mill Run,
Pennsylvania, called Fallingwater, which is world-famous.
Its slabs of reinforced concrete are suspended over a natural
waterfall. The roofs and terraces stretch out horizontally into the
forest. When it came time to free the concrete from its casings,
the workers were afraid that the whole house would collapse.
Then the architect himself grabbed a pickax and removed the
wooden supports. The house held fast!
In Japan, a house beside a waterfall
is said to ensure long life. This
Japanese print belonged to Wright.
Katsushika Hokusai, Waterfall at
Ono, ca. 1833 (Ono Waterfall Along
the Kis © Christie’s Images/CORBIS)
Fallingwater (© CORBIS)
L’Art de construire, coll. Les Racines du savoir © Gallimard Jeunesse.
77Reading Comprehension Session 1
ID:259042 A CommonID:259035 B Common
Based on paragraph 10, why was Frank 4Based on paragraph 1, what does the  ●1 ●
Lloyd Wright’s design for Fallingwater description of the paper houses most
considered “daring”?suggest about the people who lived
in them? A. The house was built in an
unusual setting.A. They based their designs on
historical buildings. B. The house was built to look like
an old house.B. They adapted their designs to deal
with nature. C. The house was built using
expensive materials.C. They were unable to get sturdy
building materials. D. The house was built so that the
rooms could be rearranged easily.D. They were trying to copy buildings
from other places.
ID:259045 A Common
How is the information in the selection 5ID:259038 C Common  ●
mainly organized?According to the selection, what was 2 ●
true about Japanese gardens? A. by topic with supporting details
A. The gardens were used as places B. by explaining causes and effects
of worship. C. by the order in which events
B. The gardens were used as a way happened
to escape the tiny house. D. by describing problems and
C. The gardens included many their solutions
beautiful details.
D. The gardens included plants that
could survive in cold weather.
ID:264343 B Common
What is the most likely reason the 3 ●
selection includes a description of
A. Fallingwater was built with paper
walls like a Japanese paper house.
B. The architect of Fallingwater was
inspired by Japanese design.
C. The architect of Fallingwater
was Japanese.
D. Fallingwater had Japanese gardens.
78Reading Comprehension Session 1
ID:259047 A Common ID:259049 C Common
Read the sentences from paragraph 2 in Read the sentence from paragraph 4 in 6 7 ●  ●
the box below. the box below.
According to Japanese custom, Walls made of special strong paper
visitors must remove their shoes mounted on a wooden frame provided
when they enter any home, even privacy while allowing light to enter
modern ones. This tradition helps the house.
keep the house clean and preserves
the delicate tatami. Based on the sentence, the word privacy
refers to preventing other people from
Which word in the sentences helps the A. admiring the house.
reader understand the word tradition?
B. damaging the house.
A. custom
C. seeing into the house.
B. remove
D. stealing from the house.
C. modern
D. delicate
Question 8 is an open-response question.
• Read the question car efully.
• Explain your answer.
• Ad d supporting details.
• Double-check your work.
Write your answer to question 8 in the space provided in your Student Answer Booklet.
ID:259053 Common
Based on the selection, describe how the Japanese paper house was designed to be fexible and 8 ●
convenient for daily life. Support your answer with important details from the selection.
79Reading Comprehension Session 1
The poem “Eraser and School Clock” by Gary Soto describes a school situation that may be familiar. Read
the poem and answer the questions that follow.
Eraser and School Clock
My eraser 35 All would freeze,
Is pink Including my teacher,
And car-shaped. And I could blow
It skids across On the skid marks
5 My math test, Of my eraser.
Which is a mess of numbers, 40 I walk out
All wrong, like To the playground,
When I unscrewed My eight fngers
The back of my watch And two thumbs
10 And the workings Wrapped around
Fell out. 45 A baseball bat.
The teacher frowned The janitor
When she saw Is frozen
The watch, To his broom,
15 Its poor heart The gardener
Torn out. Now 50 To his lasso of
I’m working Hose and sprinkler,
On my math, And the principal
And I think, To his walkie-talkie.
20 I think, I think I hit homer
I know. I look 55 After homer,
Up at the school clock And they stand,
With its hammerlike tick. Faces frozen
I could tear And mouths open,
25 Open its back, Their eyes maybe moving,
And perhaps 60 Maybe following
The springs and gears The fight
Would jump Of each sweet homer.
And time stop. What a dream.
30 This test could stop, I shrug
And my friends 65 And look around
Freeze, pencils The classroom
In their hands, Of erasers and pencils,
Erasers, too. The clock racing
My answers to the fnish.
—Gary Soto
“Eraser and School Clock” from CANTO FAMILIAR, copyright © 1995 by Gary Soto, reprinted by permission of Harcourt, Inc.
This material may not be reproduced in any form or by any means without the prior written permission of the publisher.
80Reading Comprehension Session 1
ID:223570 C Common ID:223579 D Common
Read lines 12–14 from the poem in the In the poem, what does hitting homers 9 11 ●  ●
box below. most likely represent to the speaker?
A. luck
The teacher frowned
B. work
When she saw
C. wealthThe watch,
D. success
What does the speaker suggest about the
teacher in the lines?
A. She is curious.
ID:223576 A Common
B. She is uninterested. What is the effect of using italics in 12 ●
lines 40–62?C. She is disapproving.
A. It shows that the speaker D. She is understanding.
is daydreaming.
B. It shows that the speaker is
thinking out loud.
ID:223575 B Common
C. It shows that the speaker is a Read lines 27–29 from the poem in the 10 ● different below.
D. It shows that the speaker is
remembering the past.The springs and gears
Would jump
And time stop.
In the lines, what does time stopping
A. the speaker’s past
B. the speaker’s wish
C. the speaker’s mistake
D. the speaker’s curiosity
81Reading Comprehension Session 1
Today we know her as Harriet Tubman, a woman who helped many people escape from slavery to freedom
during the late 1800s in the United States. Harriet Tubman’s real name was Araminta Ross. This play tells
how Araminta and a friend frst planned to seek their own freedom in Philadelphia. Read the play and
answer the questions that follow.
Young Harriet Tubman
by Mary Satchell
A courageous slave makes a diffcult
decision. . . .
Araminta Ross [minty], young slave girl
Ben her parents}Harriet
Jim, 16, runaway slave
. . .
Time: 1834; late evening during Christmas season.
Setting: The Ross family’s one-room log cabin on Edward Brodas’ plantation near Bucktown,
Maryland. Wooden bed with pillow, brightly colored patchwork quilt, and worn blanket, is against
wall right. Small bundle is hidden under bed. Large, open freplace with huge pot hanging over
5 low-burning fre is upstage. Rough-hewn table, benches are center; a candle burns low on table.
A window is in the rear wall beside the freplace. A working door is left.
At Rise: Araminta Ross enters, quickly crosses to bed, and kneels beside it. She pulls bundle from under
bed and rises. There is soft knocking at door, which startles her. She hides bundle under bed again,
then moves cautiously left as knocking grows louder.
10 Araminta (Guardedly): Who’s there?
Jim (Offstage, behind door): It’s Jim. (Urgently) Let me in, Minty. (Araminta opens door and Jim enters
Araminta (Closing door): What are you doing here? Our plan was to meet at midnight. We’ve got at least
two more hours till then. (Peers at Jim) Has something happened?
15 Jim (Hesitating): No. Nothing could make me change my mind. (Nervously crosses to table)
Araminta (Suspiciously): Why are you looking like that?

Jim (Defensively): Like what? (Before she can answer) There you go again, Minty. You’re always jumping
ahead of everybody and heading the wrong way.

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