A Chemical Investigation of Roman Pigments from a Shop in the ...

A Chemical Investigation of Roman Pigments from a Shop in the ...

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A Chemical Investigation of Roman Pigments from a Shop in the Area Sacra di San Omobono, Rome Ruth Beeston, Davidson College, Department of Chemistry 5 10 15 20 25 - keV - 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 x 1E3 Pulses Cu K Ca Ti Mn Fe Rb Sn Sn Sb Sb Pb Sr Pd Pd Rh Rh This presentation will describe the use of portable X-Ray Fluorescence spectroscopy to investigate the elemental composition of raw pigments from a 3rd century AD pigment shop at S. Omobono.
  • essential part of the ancient painter
  • ancient painting studies stephanie
  • mn fe rb sn sn sb sb pb sr pd pd rh rh
  • ancient roman
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Tropical Horticulture: Lecture 28
Lecture 28 Other Tropical Starch Crops
Sweet potato:Ipomoea batatas,Convolvulaceae
Sweet potato:Ipomoea batatas,Convolvulaceae
New World Origin, has become naturalized in the Pacific. One theory is that it was carried by Polynesian travelers from Easter Island, but more likely it came from the Philippines where it was introduced by the Spanish conquistadors. Adapted to tropical lowlands and an important food in Asia. In tropics most cultivars are white fleshed. Has now has become an important temperate crop.
Continent World Africa
Sweet Potato Production (2001)
North America South America
Asia
Europe Oceania
1000 tonnes Chief countries 135,919 10,203 Uganda (2,515), Nigeria (2,468), Rwanda (1,137) 1,158 US (651), Cuba (200), Haiti (174) 1,250 Brazil (485), Argentina (335), Peru (273) 122,645 China (115,122), Indonesia (1,686), Viet Nam (1,610) 59 Portugal (22), Spain (21), Italy (14) 602 Papua New Guinea (485), Solomon (79), New Zealand (16)
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Tropical Horticulture: Lecture 28
Morphology of the sweetpotato plant
Sweetpotato in Indonesia
2
Tropical Horticulture: Lecture 28
Potato:Solanum tuberosum,Solanaceae
Also known incorrectly asIrish potato(but is not from Ireland) andwhite potato(but there are yellow and red types). A tropical highland crop but now the most important temperate tuber vegetable. Still grown in tropical highlands. Crop is very sensitive to daylength. S. tuberosum(4x, a tetraploid) tubers in short days and long days = a long day selection of S. andiginum) S. andiginum(4x); tubers only in short days S. demissum(6x); small and colorful potatoes of Peru S. phureja(2x) S. stenotomum(2x)
Continent World Africa
North America
South America
Asia
Europe
Oceania
Potato Production (2001)
1000 tonnes 308,195 11,776
26,646
13,902
118,280
135,839
1,753
Chief countries
Malawi (2,000), Egypt (1,800), South Africa (1,555) US (20,174), Canada (4,030), Mexico (1,610) Colombia (3,013), Peru (2,799), Brazil (2,787) China (64,045), India (25,000), Turkey (5,350) Russian Federation (34,500), Poland (20,401), Ukraine (13,500) Australia (1,250), New Zealand (500), New Caledonia (1)
3
Tropical Horticulture: Lecture 28
. Plant and flowers of potato
The potato tuber is an underground stem. The eyes are buds.
Potato blight
4
Tropical Horticulture: Lecture 28
Minor Peruvian Root Crops
Inca crops in a market in Ipiales, Colombia
Collection of Peruvian Root Crops
Ulluco Ullucus tuberosus
5
Tropical Horticulture: Lecture 28
Oca,Oxalis tuberosus
Palms and Cycads
The stems of Cycads and Palms are a source of carbohydrates inside the stem. They are harvested by cutting down the tree and scraping the stem.
Sago:Metroxylon sagu, Palmaceae An enormous palm, originated in Malaysia. Grows 10 to 15 years before it flowers, during this period it accumulates starch. It is not widespread but found now in New Guinea.
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Tropical Horticulture: Lecture 28
Female
Cycad cone
Cycads
Male
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