Two Short Presentations related to Cancer Modeling
12 pages
English

Two Short Presentations related to Cancer Modeling

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12 pages
English
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Two Short Presentations related to Cancer Modeling A. Habbal and P.-E. Jabin Laboratoire de MathØmatiques J.A.DieudonnØ, UniversitØ de Nice Sophia-Antipolis, Parc Valrose, 06108 Nice Cedex 2, France 1 Introduction This paper contains two short presentations related to the mathematical modeling of Cancer. The first part intends to introduce a tumour-immune system interaction, which describes the early dynamics of cancerous cells, competing with the immune system, potentially leading to either the elimination of tumoral cells or to the viability of a solid tumor. The second part of the paper addresses the case where a solid tumor has grown enough to initiate angiogenesis, a process which equips the tumor with its own blood network. Nash game theory is used to model the interaction between activators and inhibitors of the angiogenesis process. 2 A model for tumor-immune system competition This part is a summary of the results obtained in [DAM01] [DAJ03] [DAJ05] and [Der04]. Those articles derive and study a class of models for the early stage of tumor development when tumor cells are not yet aggregated into a solid form. They may also be applied when cells are residually dispersed in the environment after the removal of a solid form. The spatial distribution of tumor cells is, at this stage, not overly important and the models are therefore homogeneous in space.

  • immune system

  • ∂t f2

  • tumor cells

  • balance between

  • f2 ??21

  • applied when cells

  • simply


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Nombre de lectures 13
Langue English

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TwoShortPresentationsrelatedtoCancerModelingA.HabbalandP.-E.JabinLaboratoiredeMathématiquesJ.A.Dieudonné,UniversitédeNiceSophia-Antipolis,ParcValrose,06108NiceCedex2,France1IntroductionThispapercontainstwoshortpresentationsrelatedtothemathematicalmodelingofCancer.Thefirstpartintendstointroduceatumour-immunesysteminteraction,whichdescribestheearlydynamicsofcancerouscells,competingwiththeimmunesystem,potentiallyleadingtoeithertheeliminationoftumoralcellsortotheviabilityofasolidtumor.Thesecondpartofthepaperaddressesthecasewhereasolidtumorhasgrownenoughtoinitiateangiogenesis,aprocesswhichequipsthetumorwithitsownbloodnetwork.Nashgametheoryisusedtomodeltheinteractionbetweenactivatorsandinhibitorsoftheangiogenesisprocess.2Amodelfortumor-immunesystemcompetitionThispartisasummaryoftheresultsobtainedin[DAM01][DAJ03][DAJ05]and[Der04].Thosearticlesderiveandstudyaclassofmodelsfortheearlystageoftumordevelopmentwhentumorcellsarenotyetaggregatedintoasolidform.Theymayalsobeappliedwhencellsareresiduallydispersedintheenvironmentaftertheremovalofasolidform.Thespatialdistributionoftumorcellsis,atthisstage,notoverlyimportantandthemodelsarethereforehomogeneousinspace.Howeveritisessentialtotaketheactivityorprogressionofthetumorcellsintoaccountasitisaffectedbytheimmunesystemandthequantityoffoodavailable(whichisinlimitedsupplyasangiogenesisdidnotoccuryet).Themodelsalsoconsidertheactivityofimmunecellsandconsequentlyrequiretheintroductionofthetwodensitiesf1(t,u)andf2(t,u).Thefunctionf1isthedensityoftumorcellsattimetwithactivityuR+whereasf2(t,u)isthedensityofimmunecells.Thetwobiologicallyimportantquantitiesarethetotalnumbersn1(t)andn2(t)1
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