A Smaller History of Rome
364 pages
English

A Smaller History of Rome

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The Project Gutenberg EBook of A Smaller History of Rome, by William Smith and Eugene Lawrence
This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.org
Title: A Smaller History of Rome
Author: William Smith and Eugene Lawrence
Release Date: November 1, 2006 [EBook #19694]
Language: English
Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1
*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK A SMALLER HISTORY OF ROME ***
Produced by Alicia Williams, Taavi Kalju and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team at http://www.pgdp.net
THE ROMAN FORUM RESTORED.
A SMALLER HISTORY OF ROME,
FROM THE EARLIEST TIMES TO THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE EMPIRE.
BY WILLIAM SMITH, LL.D.
WITH A CONTINUATION TO A.D. 479. BY EUGENE LAWRENCE, A.M.
Illustrated by Engravings on Wood.
NEW YORK: HARPER & BROTHERS, PUBLISHERS, FRANKLIN SQUARE.
1881.
Map of Italy.
THE STUDENT'S SERIES.
12MO, CLOTH, UNIFORM IN STYLE.
MANUAL OF ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY. By PHILIP SMITH. Illustrated. $1 50.
THE STUDENT'S CLASSICAL DICTIONARY. Illustrated. $1 25.
ANCIENT HISTORY OF THE EAST
. By PHILIP SMITH. Illustrated. $1 25.
HISTORY OF GREECE. By Dr. WILLIAM SMITH. Illustrated. $1 25.
COX'S GENERAL HISTORY OF GREECE. With Maps. $1 25.
LIDDELL'S HISTORY OF ROME. Illustrated. $1 25.
MERIVALE'S GENERAL HISTORY OF ROME. With Maps. $1 25.
GIBBON'S DECLINE AND FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE. Illustrated. $1 25.
LYELL'S GEOLOGY. Illustrated. $1 25.
HISTORY OF FRANCE. By the Rev. W.H. JERVIS, M.A. Illustrated. $1 25.
HUME'S HISTORY OF ENGLAND. Illustrated. Now Edition. $1 50.
STRICKLAND'S QUEENS OF ENGLAND. Illustrated. $1 25.
HALLAM'S CONSTITUTIONAL HISTORY OF ENGLAND. $1 25.
HALLAM'S MIDDLE AGES. $1 25.
OLD TESTAMENT HISTORY. By PHILIP SMITH. With Maps and Illustrations. $1 25.
NEW TESTAMENT Illustrations. $1 25.
HISTORY. By PHILIP
SMITH. With Maps and
LEWIS'S HISTORY OF GERMANY. With Maps and Illustrations. $1 50.
THE STUDENT'S SMALLER SERIES.
16MO, CLOTH.
SCRIPTURE HISTORY. 60 cents.
HISTORY OF GREECE. 60 cents.
HISTORY OF ROME. 60 cents.
COX'S SCHOOL HISTORY OF GREECE. 60 cents.
HISTORY OF ENGLAND. 60 cents.
ANCIENT HISTORY OF THE EAST. 60 cents.
SEEMANN'S MYTHOLOGY. 60 cents.
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PUBLISHED BY HARPER & BROTHERS, NEW YORK.
Any of the above books sent by mail, postage prepaid, to any part of the United States, on receipt of the price.
Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year one thousand eight hundred and sixty-five, by HARPER & BROTHERS, in the Clerk's Office of the District
[Pg v]
[Pg vi]
Court of the Southern District of New York.
NOTICE.
The present History has been drawn up chiefly for the lower forms in schools, at the request of several teachers, and is intended to range with the author's Smaller History of Greece. It will be followed by a similar History of England. The author is indebted in this work to several of the more important articles upon Roman history in the Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography.
The Table of Contents presents a full analysis of the work, and has been so arranged that the teacher can frame from it questions for the examination of his class, the answers to which will be found in the corresponding pages of the volume.
The restoration of the Forum has been designed by Mr. P.W. Justyne.
W.S.
Temple of Janus. (From a Coin.)
[Pg vii]
 B.C.
Julius Cæsar.
CONTENTS.
CHAPTER I. GEOGRAPHY OF ITALY—EARLY INHABITANTS. Position of Italy
Its boundaries
Its two Divisions
I. Gallia Cisalpina Liguria Venetia II. Italia, properly so called Etruria Umbria Picenum Sabini Marsi
Peligni Vestini Marrucini Frentani Latium: its two senses
The Campagna
The Pontine Marshes Campania Bay of Naples Samnium Apulia
Page
1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4
Calabria Lucania Bruttii Fertility of Italy
Its productions
Its inhabitants
I. Italians proper 1. Latins 2. Umbro-Sabellians
II. Iapygians
III. Etruscans Their name Their language
Their origin
Their two confederacies
1. North of the Po 2. South of the Apennines Foreign races— IV. Greeks Gauls
CHAPTER II.
THE FIRST FOUR KINGS OF ROME. B.C. 753-616.
Position of Rome
Its inhabitants
1. Latins 2. Sabines 3. Etruscans
Remarks on early Roman history
Legend of Æneas
Legend of Ascanius
Foundation of Alba Longa
Legend of Rhea Silvia
Birth of Romulus and Remus
Their recognition by Numitor 753. Foundation of Rome Roma Quadrata Pomœrium
4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 6
6 6
7 7 7 7 7 8 8 8 8 8 8 9 9 9 9
[Pg viii]
Death of Remus
753-716. Reign of Romulus Asylum Rape of Sabines
War with Sabines Tarpeia Sabine women
Joint reign of Romulus and Titus Tatius
Death of Titus Tatius
Sole reign of Romulus
Death of Romulus
Institutions ascribed to Romulus
Patricians & Clients
Three tribes—Ramnes, Tities, Luceres
Thirty Curiæ
Three Hundred Gentes
Comitia Curiata The Senate The Army 716-673. Reign of Numa Pompilius Institutions ascribed to Numa Pompilius Pontiffs Augurs Flamens Vestal Virgins Salii Temple of Janus 673-641. Reign of Tullus Hostilius War with Alba Longa
Battle of the Horatii and Curiatii
War with the Etruscans
Punishment of Mettius Fuffetius, Dictator of Alba Longa
Destruction of Alba Longa
Removal of its inhabitants to Rome
Origin of the Roman Plebs
Death of Tullus Hostilius 640-616. Reign of Ancus Marcius
10 9 10 10 10 10 10 11 11 11 11 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
War with the Latins
Increase of the Plebs Ostia Janiculum
Pons Sublicius
Death of Ancus Marcius
CHAPTER III.
THE LAST THREE KINGS OF ROME, AND THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE REPUBLIC DOWN TO THE BATTLE OF THE LAKE REGILLUS. B.C. 616-498.
616-578. Reign of Tarquinius Priscus His early history
His removal to Rome
Becomes king
His wars The Cloacæ Circus Maximus
Increase of the Senate
Increase of the Equites
Attus Navius
Increase of the Vestal Virgins
Early history of Servius Tullius
Death of Tarquinius Priscus 578-534. Reign of Servius Tullius I. Reform of the Roman Constitution 1. Division of the Roman territory into Thirty Tribes 2. Comitia Centuriata Census Five Classes The Equites Number of the Centuries
Three sovereign assemblies—Comitia Centuriata, Comitia Curiata, Comitia Tributa
II. Increase of the city: walls of Servius Tullius
III. Alliance with the Latins
Death of Servius Tullius 534-510. Reign of Tarquinius Superbus His tyranny
14 15 15 15 15 15
16 16 16 16 16 16 17 17 17 17 17 17 18 18
18 18 18 18 19 19 19
20
20 20 22 22 22
[Pg ix]
His alliance with the Latins
His war with the Volscians
Foundation of the temple on the Capitoline Hill The Sibylline books Legend of the Sibyl
Capture of Gabii
King's sons and Brutus sent to consult the oracle at Delphi Lucretia Expulsion of the Tarquins 509. Establishment of the Republic The Consuls
First attempt to restore the Tarquins
Execution of the sons of Brutus
War of the Etruscans with Rome
Death of Brutus
Defeat of the Etruscans
Valerius Publicola
Dedication of the Capitoline Temple by M. Horatius 508. Second attempt to restore the Tarquins Lars Porsena
Horatius Cocles
Mucius Scævola
Clœlia 498. Third attempt to restore the Tarquins War with the Latins
Battle of the Lake Regillus 496. Death of Tarquinius Superbus CHAPTER IV.
FROM THE BATTLE OF THE LAKE REGILLUS TO THE DECEMVIRATE. B.C. 498-451.
Struggles between the Patricians and Plebeians
Ascendency of the Patricians
Sufferings of the Plebeians
Law of debtor and creditor
Ager Publicus Object of the Plebeians to obtain a share in the political power and in the public land
23 23 23 23 23 23
23
24 25 25 25 25 25 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 27 27 28 28 28 28
29 29 30 30 30
30
[Pg x]
494. Secession to the Sacred Mount Fable of Menenius Agrippa
Institution of the Tribunes of the Plebs 486. Agrarian Law of Sp. Cassius Foreign wars 488. I. Coriolanus and the Volscians 477. II. The Fabia Gens and the Veientines 458. III. Cincinnatus and the Æquians League between the Romans, Latins, and Hernicans CHAPTER V.
THE DECEMVIRATE. B.C. 451-449.
Publilian Law transferring the election of the Tribunes from 471. the Comitia of Centuries to those of the Tribes Proposal of the Tribune Terentilius Arsa for the appointment 462. of Decemviri 460. Seizure of the Capitol by Herdonius the Sabine 454. Appointment of three Commissioners to visit Greece
452. Their return to Rome 451. Appointment of the Decemviri The Ten Tables 450. New Decemviri appointed Their tyranny
Two new Tables added, making twelve in all 449. The Decemviri continue in office Death of Sicinius Dentatus
Death of Virginia
Second secession to the Sacred Mount
Resignation of the Decemvirs
Election of ten Tribunes
Valerian and Horatian Laws Death of Appius Claudius The Twelve Tables
CHAPTER VI.
FROM THE DECEMVIRATE TO THE CAPTURE OF ROME BY THE GAULS. B.C. 448-390.
445. Third secession to the Sacred Mount Lex Canuleia for intermarriage between the two orders Institution of Military Tribunes with consular powers
30 31 31 31 32 32 33 34 35
36
37
37 37 37 37 37 37 38 38 38 38 39 39 39 40 40 40 40
41 41 41
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