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Camp and Trail

57 pages
The Project Gutenberg EBook of Camp and Trail, by Stewart Edward WhiteThis eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and withalmost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away orre-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License includedwith this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.netTitle: Camp and TrailAuthor: Stewart Edward WhiteIllustrator: Fernand LungrenRelease Date: June 23, 2010 [EBook #32950]Language: English*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK CAMP AND TRAIL ***Produced by Emmy, Darleen Dove and the Online DistributedProofreading Team at http://www.pgdp.net (This file wasproduced from images generously made available by TheInternet Archive)CAMP AND TRAILFrom a painting by Fernand Lungren The Home of the"Red Gods" From a painting byFernand Lungren The Home of the "Red Gods"CAMP AND TRAILBYSTEWART EDWARD WHITEAuthor of "The Blazed Trail," "The Pass," etc.Frontispiece in color by Fernand Lungrenand many other illustrationsfrom photographs, etc.Garden City New YorkDOUBLEDAY, PAGE & COMPANY1911Copyright, 1906, 1907, byTHE OUTING PUBLISHING COMPANYEntered at Stationers' Hall, London, England.All rights reserved.PREFACEFTER considerable weighing of the pros and cons I have decided to include the names of firms where certainA supplies may be bought. I realize that this sort of free advertisement is eminently unjust to other worthy houseshandling the same lines of goods, but the case is one of ...
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The Project Gutenberg EBook of Camp and Trail, by Stewart Edward White This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.net
Title: Camp and Trail Author: Stewart Edward White Illustrator: Fernand Lungren Release Date: June 23, 2010 [EBook #32950] Language: English
Produced by Emmy, Darleen Dove and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team at http://www.pgdp.net (This file was produced from images generously made available by The Internet Archive)
From a painting by Fernand Lungren The Home of the "Red Gods"From a painting by Fernand Lungren The Home of the "Red Gods"
Author of "The Blazed Trail," "The Pass," etc.
Frontispiece in color by Fernand Lungren and many other illustrations from photographs, etc.
Garden City New York DOUBLEDAY, PAGE & COMPANY 1911
Copyright, 1906, 1907, by THE OUTING PUBLISHING COMPANY
Entered at Stationers' Hall, London, England.
All rights reserved.
Asupplies may be bought. I realize that this sort of free advertisement is eminently unjust to other worthy houses handling the same lines of goods, but the case is one of self-defense. InThe ForestI rashly offered to send to inquirers the name of the firm making a certain kind of tent. At this writing I have received and answeredover eleven hundred inquiries. Since the publication of these papers inThe Outing Magazine, I have received hundreds of requests for information as to where this, that, or the other thing may be had. I have tried to answer them all, but to do so has been a tax on time I would not care to repeat. Therefore I shall try in the following pages to give the reader all the practical information I possess, even though, as stated, I may seem unduly to advertise the certain few business houses with which I have had satisfactory dealings. It is needless to remark that I am interested in none of these firms, and have received no especial favors from them.
 dna sorp eht fog inghei wleaberedt cnuloti ed ddeciave  I hcons RocsndiFETwhs e errtcenain ehsema fo mrif
CHAPTER I The Wilderness Traveler II Common Sense in the Wilderness III Personal Equipment IV Personal Equipment (Continued) V Camp Outfit VI The Cook Outfit VII Grub VIII Camp Cookery IX Horse Outfits X Horse Packs XI Horses, Mules, Burros XII Canoes  Index
PAGE 3 23 35 63 79 97 115 135 149 169 203 221 233
The home of the Red Gods  On the trail (from a painting by N. C. Wyeth) The Author doing a little washing on his own account "Mountain on mountain towering high, and a valley in between" One of the mishaps to be expected "Bed in the bush with stars to see" "We may live without friends, we may live without books, but civilized man cannot live without cooks" When you quit the trail for a day's rest In the heat of the day's struggle Nearing a crest and in sight of game A downward journey In mid-day the shade of the pines is inviting Getting ready for another day of it
(Frontispiece) OPPOSITE PAGE 16 32 48 64 80 104 120 144 160 176 208 224
CHAPTER I THE WILDERNESS TRAVELER ANY Mhh wottreuf lu esesiror d sucableu deilpetatisehn fy;glinmao  norpossess.ler can  Iahevr A wlya sliua atyablu qletsseevarliw nrederednsids cohing tavm sot eh ,sikease av hleoppet lla ,tahw em dThe First Qualification attributes as patience, courage, strength, endurance, good nature, and ingenuity, may prove to be, undoubtedly a man with them but without the sense of direction, is practically helpless in the wilds. The Sense of A sense of direction, therefore, I should name as the prime requisite for him who would become a true woodsman, depending on himself rather than on guides. The faculty is largely developed, of course, byDirection much practice; but it must be inborn. Some men possess it; others do not—just as some men have a mathematical bent while to others figures are always a despair. It is a sort of extra, having nothing to do with criterions of intelligence or mental development, like the repeater movement in a watch. A highly educated or cultured man may lack it; the roughest possess it. Some who have never been in the woods or mountains acquire in the space of a vacation a fair facility at picking a way; and I have met a few who have spent their lives on the prospect trail, and who were still, and always would be, as helpless as the newest city dweller. It is a gift, a talent. If you have its germ, you can become a traveler of the wide and lonely places. If you have it not, you may as well resign yourself to guides. The sense of direction in its simplest and most elementary phase, of course, leads a man back toThe Sense of camp, or over a half-forgotten trail. The tenderfoot finds his way by little landmarks, and an attempt toDirection remember details. A woodsman adds to this the general "lay" of the country, the direction its streams ought to flow, the course the hills must take, the dip of strata, the growth of trees. So if the tenderfoot forgets whether he turns to right or left at a certain half-remembered burnt stub, he is lost. But if at the same point the woodsman's memory fails him, he turns unhesitatingly to the left, because he knows by all the logic of nature's signboards that the way must be to the left. A good mountaineer follows the half-obliterated trails as much by his knowledge of where a trailmustgo, as by the sparse indications that men have passed that way. I have traveled all day in the Sierras over apparently virgin country. Yet every few hours we would come on the traces of an old trail. We were running in and out of it all day; and at night we camped by it. That is, as I have said, elementary. It has to do with a country over which your woodsman has already traveled, or about which he knows something. In the last analysis, however, it means something more. The sense of direction will take a man through a country of which he knows nothing whatever. He travels by thefeelof it, he will tell you. This means that his experience subconsciously arranges certain factors from which the sixth sense we are discussing draws certain deductions. A mountaineer, for example, recognizes the altitude by the vegetation. Knowing the altitude he knows also the country formation, and so he can tell at once whether the cañon before him will narrow to an impassable gorge, or remain open enough to admit of passage. This in turn determines whether he shall choose the ravines or ridges in crossing a certain divide, and exactly how he can descend on the other side. The example is one of the simpler. A good man thus noses his way through a difficult country with considerable accuracy where a tenderfoot would become speedily lost. diffiBcuutl t itf oa  csoemnsmea nodf  tdhiree ncteicoen siss atrhye  ppartiiemnec ree. qAut itshitee ,e tnhdo roof uag hhanreds sd apyr, ewsisteh st hite  callomsoe.s tI t miso rsaol mceerttiaminetsy  tvheartyThoroughness the objective point is just ahead, it is easy, fatally easy, when the next dim blaze does not immediatelyBe Sure You appear, to say to oneself—"Oh, it's near enough"—and to plunge ahead. And then, nine times out of ten,Are Right you are in trouble. "I guess this is all right" has lost many a man; and the haste too great to be sure—and then again sure —has had many fatal results. If it is a trail, then be certain you see indications before proceeding. Should they fail, then go back to the last indication and start over again. If it is new country, then pick up every consideration in your power, and balance them carefully before making the smallest decision. And all the time keep figuring. Once having decided on a route, do not let the matter there rest. As you proceed keep your eyes and mind busy, weighing each bit of evidence. And if you become suspicious that you are on the wrong tack, turn back unhesitatingly, no matter how time presses. A recent expedition with a fatal termination illustrates this point completely. At first sight it may seem invidious to call attention to the mistakes of a man who has laid down his life in payment for them. But it seems to me that the chief value of such sad accidents—beyond the lessons of courage, endurance, comradeship, devotion, and beautiful faith—lies in the lesson and warning to those likely to fall into the same blunders. I knew Hubbard, both at college and later, and admire and like him. I am sure he would be the first to warn others from repeating his error. The expedition of which I speak started out with the purpose of exploring Labrador. As the season isFatal Result of short some haste was necessary. The party proceeded to the head of a certain lake into which they hadnot Being Sure been told they would find a river flowing. They found a river, ascended it, were conquered by the extreme difficulties of the stream, one of the party perished, and the others came near to it. As for the facts so far: The first thought to occur to a man entirely accustomed to wilderness travel would be, is there perhaps another stream? another river flowing into that lake? Encountering difficulties he would become more and more uneasy as to that point, until at last he would have detached a scout to make sure. But mark this further: The party's informants had told Hubbard that he would find the river easily navigable for eighteen miles. As a matter of fact the expedition ran into shallows and rapidswithin a half mile of the lake.
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