Report - Inquiry into women in sport and recreation in Australia
150 pages
English

Report - Inquiry into women in sport and recreation in Australia

Le téléchargement nécessite un accès à la bibliothèque YouScribe
Tout savoir sur nos offres

Description

http://www.outdoorindustryfoundation.org/resources.research.participation.html, ...... to women's sport, along with some men's sports, as 'minority sports'.37 ...

Sujets

Informations

Publié par
Nombre de lectures 30
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 1 Mo





The Senate




Environment, Communications,
Information Technology and the Arts
References Committee
About time!
Women in sport and recreation in Australia






September 2006
' Commonwealth of Australia 2006
ISBN 0 642 71708 7























This document was printed by the Senate Printing Unit, Parliament House, Canberra
Committee membership
Members:
Senator Andrew Bartlett (AD, QLD) (Chair)
Senator Judith Adams (LP, WA) (Deputy Chair)
Senator Kate Lundy (ALP, ACT)
Senator Gavin Marshall (ALP, VIC) (to 11 August 2006)
Senator the Hon. Michael Ronaldson (LP, VIC)
Senator Ruth Webber (ALP, WA) (from 11 August 2006)
Senator Dana Wortley (ALP, SA)

















Committee Secretariat
Dr Ian Holland, Secretary
Mr Peter Short, Principal Research Officer
Mrs Dianne Warhurst, Executive Assistant

Committee Address
S1.57 Parliament House
Canberra ACT 2600
Tel: 02 6277 3526
Fax: 02 6277 5818
Email: ecita.sen@aph.gov.au
Internet: http://www.aph.gov.au/senate/committee/ecita_ctte/index.htm
iii
iv

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Committee membership ................................................................................... iii
Abbreviations ................................................................................................... vii
Chapter 1 - Introduction ....................................................................................1
Note on references in this report ............................................................................2
Conduct of the inquiry............................................................................................2
Chapter 2 - Health Benefits of Participation in Sport.....................................5
Health care costs.....................................................................................................7
Social cohesion10
Commonwealth and State Government initiatives...............................................11
Findings ................................................................................................................13
Chapter 3 - Grass Roots Participation............................................................15
Participation in sport and recreation activities .....................................................15
Participation in particular activities......................................................................24
Barriers to participation........................................................................................28
Encouraging girls and young women’s participation ...........................................34
Encouraging women’s participation .....................................................................40
Groups with special needs....................................................................................45
Concluding remarks..............................................................................................56
Chapter 4 - Elite Participation.........................................................................57
Recruitment and retention57
Remuneration .......................................................................................................59
Balancing work-life commitments .......................................................................63
Career pathways ...................................................................................................65
Support for elite athletes.......................................................................................66
v
Need for female role models ................................................................................69
Other issues...........................................................................................................72
Concluding remarks..............................................................................................75
Chapter 5 - Leadership and Governance .......................................................77
Boards and leadership roles..................................................................................77
Findings ................................................................................................................89
Coaching, officiating and administrative roles.....................................................90
Findings95
Chapter 6 - Women’s Sport and the Media....................................................97
Introduction ..........................................................................................................97
Why does women’s sport get so little attention? ..................................................98
Gendered coverage of women’s sport.................................................................104
Media success: netball in New Zealand .............................................................105
Improving coverage of women’s sport: the options............................................107
Concluding remarks............................................................................................114
Appendix 1 - Context of the inquiry..............................................................117
Appendix 2 - Submissions and Tabled Documents......................................119
Submissions........................................................................................................119
Tabled Documents..............................................................................................121
Appendix 3 - Public Hearings ........................................................................123
Appendix 4 - Responses to letters sent to state and territory
Departments of Education .............................................................................127

vi
Abbreviations
ABC Australian Broadcasting Corporation
ABS Australian Bureau of Statistics
ACE Athlete Career and Education
ACHPER Australian Council for Health Physical, Education and Recreation
AFL Australian Football League
AIHW Australian Institute of Health and Welfare
AIS Australian Institute of Sport
ANPA Australian Netball Players’ Association
AOC Australian Olympic Committee
APC Australian Paralympic Committee
ASC Australian Sports Commission
ASTRA Australian Subscription Television & Radio Association
AWRA Australian Womensport and Recreation Association
AWU Australian Workers’ Union
CALD culturally and linguistically diverse
CBT Commonwealth Bank Trophy (netball)
CHD coronary heart disease
COAG Council of Australian Governments
DAS Direct Athlete Support
ERASS Exercise, Recreation and Sport Survey
FIFA FØdØration Internationale de Football Association
FFA Football Federation Australia
IOC International Olympic Committee
LTC long term health condition
vii
NHMRC National Health and Medical Research Council
NIDDM non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
NSO National Sporting Organisation
OfW Office for Women
PGA Professional Golfers Association
SEIFA socio-economic index for areas
SES socioeconomic status
SPARC Sport and Recreation New Zealand
WNBA Women’s National Basketball Association
WWDA Women with Disabilities Australia












viii
Chapter 1
Introduction
1.1 On 29 March 2006, the Senate asked the Environment, Communications,
Information Technology and the Arts References Committee to conduct an inquiry
into women in sport and recreation in Australia, for report by the first sitting day of
September 2006. On 15 August 2006 the Senate granted the Committee an extension
of time to report to 6 September 2006.
1.2 The terms of reference were to inquire into women in sport and recreation in
Australia, with particular reference to:
(a) the health benefits of women participating in sport and recreation
activities;
(b) the accessibility for women of all ages to participate in organised sport,
fitness and recreation activities, with additional reference to state and
federal programs, including:
(i) the number of women actively participating in organised sport,
fitness and recreation activities,
(ii) characteristics of women not participating in organised sport,
fitness and recreation activities (including, for example, socio-
economic strata, age, women with a disability, Indigenous or
Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CALD) women),
(iii) constraints, including strategies to overcome the constraints that
may prevent these women from participating,
(iv) the effectiveness of current state and federal grant programs that
encourage women to participate,
(v) the retention and attrition trends of grassroots participation,
including comparisons with male athletes at a similar level,
(vi) the remuneration, recruitment, retention and attrition of elite
female athletes, including comparisons with elite male athletes,
(vii) retention of athletes competing in senior and open age state and
national sporting competitions, with possible strategies to retain
female competitors in elite and sub-elite competition,
(viii) opportunities and barriers for national team members and
competitors in international competition, and
(ix) the financial status, success and viability of women s national
league competitions, including strategies to improve these factors;
(c) the portrayal of women s s port in the media, including:
(i) the role of the government to regulate and review the coverage of
women s sport in the media (p rint, radio and electronic),
(ii) the influence of pay television on the coverage of women in sport,
2
(iii) the promotion and publicity of women s national league
competitions,
(iv) the financial status and success of women s national leagues, and
(v) strategies to improve the amount and quality of media coverage
for women s sport; and
(d) women in leadership roles in sport, including:
(i) the number and proportion of women in coaching, administrative
and officiating roles,
(ii) the issues associated with women in leadership roles in both elite
and grassroots activities,
(iii) trends and issues for women in organisational leadership roles,
and
(iv) strategies to improve the numbers of women in coaching,
administration and technical roles.
Note on references in this report
1.3 References in this report are to individual submissions as received by the
Committee rather than a bound volume of submissions. References to Committee
Hansard are to the proof Hansard transcript of hearings. Page numbers may vary
between the proof and the official Hansard transcript.
Conduct of the inquiry
1.4 In accordance with its usual practice, the Committee advertised details of the
inquiry in The Australian. The Committee also wrote contacted a range of
organisations and individuals, inviting submissions. It received 88 written
submissions, as listed at Appendix 2. Public hearings, and the documents tabled at
them, are listed in Appendix 3. The context of this inquiry is outlined in Appendix 1.
1.5 Public hearings of the committee were held in Sydney, Melbourne and
Canberra, which included teleconferences with witnesses from South Australia and
the Northern Territory. Details of the hearings are at Appendix 3. The committee
thanks everyone who made themselves available for hearings, particularly those who
travelled to make it to the capital city locations.
1.6 Physical activity amongst school-age children emerged as an issue in
submissions and hearings, and this led the committee to write, on 3 August 2006, to
all state and territory departments of education, asking them a number of questions
about the status and extent of physical activity within school programs. By the time of
reporting, the Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, Tasmania, Victoria and
Western Australia had responded to this query. Their replies are included in Appendix
4. It is the committee’s intention to pursue responses to its query and it will publish
them on its website as they become available.