Tenth general report on the activities of the Community
592 pages
English
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Tenth general report on the activities of the Community

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Le téléchargement nécessite un accès à la bibliothèque YouScribe
Tout savoir sur nos offres
592 pages
English

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February 1, 1961 - January 31, 1962
Activities of the institutions and bodies

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Langue English
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EUROPEAN COAL AND STEEL COMMUNITY
THE HIGH AUTHORITY
Tenth
GENERAL REPORT
on the
Activities of the Community
(February 1, 1961 - January 31, 1962)
LUXEMBOURG, 1962 EUROPEAN COAL AND
STEEL COMMUNITY
THE HIGH AUTHORITY
THE PRESIDENT
Luxembourg, February 15, 1962.
Mr. President,
In accordance with Article 17 of the Treaty
establishing the European Coal and Steel Community
I have the honour to submit to you the Tenth General
Report of the High Authority on the activities of the
Community.
The portion of the Report dealing with admin­
istrative expenditure, and the budget estimates and
reports provided for by Article 78 of the Treaty, are set
out in separate documents which will be forwarded to
you in the near future.
Please accept, Mr. President, the expression of
my high consideration.
The President
of the European Parliament,
15, rue Beaumont,
Luxembourg EUROPEAN COAL AND STEEL COMMUNITY
THE HIGH AUTHORITY
Tenth
GENERAL REPORT
thi on
Activities of the Community
(February 1, 1961 - January 31, 1962)
LUXEMBOURG, 1962 CONTENTS
Page
INTRODUCTION 13
Chapter One — THE INSTITUTIONS AND THE EXTERNAL
RELATIONS OF THE COMMUNITY 25
Section — The Activities of the Institutions;
Inter-Community Co-operation.... 2
The Institutions 25
The High Authority and the Consultative
Committee, p. 25; the European Parlia­
ment, p. 29; the Special Council of Mi­
nisters, p. 36; the Court of Justice of the
European Communities, p. 40
Inter-Community Co-operation 46
Joint services, p. 46; organizational link­
ups between the Institutions of the three
Communities, p. 53
Section 2 — External Relations and Commercial
Policy 57
Commercial policy in the coal and steel
sectors, p. 58; relations with third countries,
Council of Association, p. 61; relations
with the international organizations, p. 63 CONTENTS
Page
Chapter Two — CO-ORDINATION OF ENERGY POLICIES. . 67
Section 1 — Initial Practical Proposals for Co­
ordination of Energy Policies .... 68
Section 2 — The State of the Energy Market. . 79
Short-Term Energy Balance-Sheets 79
Trends in Demand 80
Overall trend, p. 81; break-down by coun­
tries, p. 84; sector-by-sector analysis, p. 85;
total energy consumption broken down by
forms of primary energy, p. 91
Trends in Supply 93
Trend in costs in the coalmining industry,
p. 93; the supply position regarding oil, p.
100; the movement of the international oil
market in 1961, p. 103; the supply position
regarding electricity, p. 107; the supply
position regarding gas, p. 110
The Energy Balance-Sheet 112
Balance in 1961 and 1962, p. 112; uncer­
tainties in 1962, p.3
THE COMMON MARKET FOR COAL AND Chapter Three
STEEL . . 119
Section 1 — The trend in the Common Market
for Coal and the Work of the High
Authority 119
Trend in the Common Market for Coal 11
General situation, p. 119; trend in demand.
p. 122; trade among Community countries.
p. 130; imports, p. 132; exports, p. 135:
production, p. 137; price trends, p. 142;
alignments, p. 143
The Adjustment of the Coalmining Industry to the
New Situation 146
Action taken by the High Authority 153
Special action on behalf of Belgium, p. 153:
special measures in Germany concerning
imports of third-country coal, p. 162 CONTENTS
Page
Section 2 — The Common Market for Steel .. 164
Market Trends 164
Iron ore, p. 167; scrap, p. 170; pig-iron, p.
173; steel, p. 176; steel production, p. 179;
trade in steel, p. 182; steel prices, p. 185
The Work of the High Authority 191
Winding-up of the scrap-compensation
scheme, p. 191; situation regarding certain
products, p. 193
Section 3 —Implementation of the Rules of Com­
petition 196
Pricing rules and price checks, p. 196; cartels
and the draft "minor revision" of Article
65 of the Treaty, p. 199; concentrations, p.
211 ; cases taken up ; cases disposed of, p.
216; French official regulations governing
purchases of coal from other Community
countries, p. 217; the Belgian Coal Board,
p. 219
Section 4 — Transport 222
General observations, p. 222; market trans­
parency in respect of transport, p. 222 ; rail
transport, p. 226; inland-water transport,
p. 223; road haulage, p. 235; transport
statistics, p. 236
Chapter Four — THE LONG-TERM DEVELOPMENT OF THE
COMMUNITY INDUSTRIES .....' 237
Section 1 —Technical and economic research.. 237
General observations, p. 237; the High
Authority's technical research policy, p. 240.;
technical research: Coal, p. 254; technical
research: Steel, p. 268
Section 2 — Investment 277
Results of the 1961 survey, p. 277; specific
capital expenditure, p. 285; declaration of l schemes, p. 287; High Authority
opinions on capital schemes, p. 293 CONTENTS
Page
Section 3 — Financing of Investment 295
Borrowing and lending operations of the
High Authority, p. 295; the High Authori­
ty's contribution to the financing of invest­
ment, p. 297.
Section 4 — Definition of the General Objectives 304
Hypotheses of general expansion, p. 403;
method employed in defining the General
Objectives for steel, p. 306 ; method employed
in defining the General Ocjectives for coal,
p. 308
Section 5 — The 1962 General Objectives for
Steel 312
General Outline
Future Demand for Steel 328
Internal demand for steel, p. 329; exports
of steel to third countries, p. 437; estimated
total demand for steel, p. 347
Production-Capacity Targets and Raw-Material
Supplies 349
Steelmaking and rolling capacity, p. 349;
flow of raw materials to the steelworks; the
scrap position, p. 361; blast-furnaces: capa­
city required and raw materials, p. 366;
objectives for improving the competitive
capacity of the Community production set­
up, p. 373
Manpower Problems 377
Conclusion 385
Annex9
Chapter Five — SOCIAL POLICY 391
Part One — Manpower Problems6
Section 1 — Trends in Employment in the
E.C.S.C. Industries 39
Iron and steel industry, p. 396; iron-ore
mines, p. 402; coalmining industry, p. 404
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