Observatoire de l emploi des ingénieurs diplômés
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Observatoire de l'emploi des ingénieurs diplômés

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Mutationnelles 09© Global Contact 
   
  
 
MUTATIONNELLES 09 FocusonwomenengineersandscientistsinFrance
                                                                                       
 
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Mutationnelles 09© Global Contact 
Mutationnelles 09
FocusonwomenengineersandscientistsinFrance(synthesis)Claudine Schmuck, Global Contact.  October 2009
    This survey has been developed for the group France Télécom Orange withexclusive data from the 20thannual survey on the CNISF(National Council of Scientists and Engineers in France), analysis of Eurostat figures and group internal data. This synthesis is downloadable on:http://www.orange.com/mutationnelles09/With thanks to: Chantal Darsch CÉFI (Comité d'études sur les formations d'ingénieur, Paris) for the statistical data for the 20th CNISF survey Gérard Duwat (CNISF) Monique Vervaeke,CMH CNRS (for data on innovation)
 
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Mutationnelles 09© Global Contact 
Contents
1  Who are they ____________________________________________________________ ? 7 Sociodemographic characteristics of women engineers in 2008........................ 7 The proportion of certified women engineers is 17.4%....................................... 7 A cause for concern: the proportion of women trained in engineering schools has not increased in the last five years ------------------------------------------ 8 62% of women engineers are aged under 35...................................................... 9 Men and women engineers have similar social origins ..................................... 10 Partners and children ......................................................................................... 10 72% of women engineers are married ------------------------------------------10 2 What training did women engineers receive in their schools? ___________________ 12 Qualifying as an engineer ................................................................................... 12 Women engineers routes into engineering schools are becoming more diversified -------------------------------------------------------------------------12 Field of specialisation is a strong element of differentiation between men and women engineers ............................................................................................... 12 In all specialisations the proportion of certified women engineers is below 50%. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------13 Women engineers are more present in agronomy and chemistry ------------14 There is a strong homogeneity in the specialisations chosen by women engineers in the developed countries -------------------------------------------14 The disciplines chosen by women engineers aged under 30 strengthen their place in most specialisations, except ICST ----------------------------------15  a trend that is confirmed among the younger generations-----------------16 3  What do they do? ________________________________________________________ 19 Being a women engineer is an asset on the French labour market................... 19 Women engineers find their first job more quickly than engineers overall ---19 Men and women perform similar functions, but new trends emerge in 2008 ... 20 Overall, the activities carried out remain similar--------------------------------20 Women engineers and the NTIC ------------------------------------------------20 What are the responsibilities and careers of women engineers? ...................... 21 Technical expertise and team leadership are the two main competences exercised by women engineers -------------------------------------------------21 The organisation of professional life .................................................................. 22 Women tend to opt for part-time work from the age of 30 - 35 --------------22 Overtime---------------------------------------------------------------------------23 4  Who do women engineers work for? ________________________________________ 24 Characteristics of the organisations that employ women engineers in France. 24 Almost half of all women engineers work in the tertiary sector ---------------24 Women scientists and engineers are more present in the service sector ----24 The proportion of women scientists and engineers in knowledge-intensive services is lower high in France than in Europe overall------------------------25 Main sectors of activity ...................................................................................... 26 2008 recruitments do not modify the distribution by sector ------------------26  nor the distribution by type of organisation and its location ---------- -27 ----Labour market: key tendencies of 2008 recruitments ....................................... 28 External recruitments of certified engineers (all sectors, all activities combined) -------------------------------------------------------------------------28 2008 recruitments by type of employer -----------------------------------------28                                                                                                                3 
Mutationnelles 09© Global Contact 
By age groups --------------------------------------------------------------------28 Recruitments by sector of activity-----------------------------------------------29 Recruitments by type of activity -------------------------------------------------31 5  What are women engineers criteria of satisfaction and motivation? 32 _____________ Level of job satisfaction...................................................................................... 32 The main sources of job satisfaction for women engineers are related to the quality of the content of the work -----------------------------------------------32 Life/work balance-----------------------------------------------------------------33 What are the factors of company attractiveness for women engineers? .......... 34 Interesting work and flexible organisation are the two main factors of attractiveness in a company for women engineers. ---------------------------34 6  How much did women engineers earn in 2008? 35 ______________________________ General data on 2008 salaries............................................................................ 35 Breakdown of salaries ........................................................................................ 35 2008 salaries by some major criteria ................................................................. 37 Mean salaries by year of starting employment as an engineer ---------------37 Mean salaries by dominant activity ---------------------------------------------38 Median salaries by detailed types of activity -----------------------------------38 Mean salaries by sector of activity and gender --------------------------------39 Median annual salaries by extent of responsibility if any ----------------------40 Additions to salary.............................................................................................. 40 Bonuses and benefits in 2008............................................................................ 40 Conclusion: 41 _________________________________________________________________ No gy _______________________________________________________ 42 tes on methodolo 1/ CNSIF survey ................................................................................................. 42 2/ Eurostat Database.......................................................................................... 42 3/ Trendence Survey: Baromètre Étudiants, engineers edition ..................... 43
 
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