Local and Community Driven Development
276 pages

Local and Community Driven Development

YouScribe est heureux de vous offrir cette publication
276 pages
YouScribe est heureux de vous offrir cette publication


'Local and Community Driven Development: Moving to Scale in Theory and Practice' provides development practitioners with the historical background and the tools required to successfully scale up local and community driven development (LCDD) to the regional and national levels. LCDD gives control of development decisions and resources to communities and local governments. It involves collaboration between communities, local governments, technical agencies, and the private sector.
Since the 1980s, participatory approaches have received new impetus via participatory rural appraisal, the integration of participation in sector programs, decentralization efforts of developing countries, and greater space for civil society and the private sector. This book traces the emergence of the LCDD synthesis from these various strands.
'Local and Community Driven Development' provides the theoretical underpinnings for scaling up, guidance on how to adapt the approach to the specific institutional and political settings of different countries, diagnostic tools, and step-by-step instructions to diagnose the national context, adapt policies, and expand programs. It will be a useful guide for rural and urban development practitioners, public administrators, and policy makers who wrestle daily with the problems the book addresses.



Publié par
Publié le 12 février 2010
Nombre de lectures 29
EAN13 9780821381953
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 1 Mo


Hans P. Binswanger-Mkhize
Jacomina P. de Regt
Stephen Spector
Local and Community Driven
Moving to Scale in Theory and Practice
Hans P. Binswanger-Mkhize
Jacomina P. de Regt
Stephen Spector
Editors © 2010 The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank
1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
Telephone: 202-473-1000
Internet: www.worldbank.org
E-mail: feedback@worldbank.org
All rights reserved
1 2 3 4 13 12 11 10
This volume is a product of the staff of the International Bank for Reconstruction and
Development / The World Bank. The fi ndings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in
this volume do not necessarily refl ect the views of the Executive Directors of The World Bank
or the governments they represent.
The World Bank does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this work. The
boundaries, colors, denominations, and other information shown on any map in this work
do not imply any judgment on the part of The World Bank concerning the legal status of any
territory or the endorsement or acceptance of such boundaries.
Rights and Permissions
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All other queries on rights and licenses, including subsidiary rights, should be addressed to the
Offi ce of the Publisher, The World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA;
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ISBN: 978-0-8213-8194-6
eISBN: 978-0-8213-8195-3
DOI: 10.1596/978-0-8213-8194-6
Cover photo: Yonggen Li, the Water Resources Bureau of Hebei Province, China.
Cover design: Naylor Design, Inc.
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data has been applied for.NEW FRONTIERS OF SOCIAL POLICY
In many developing countries, the mixed record of state effectiveness,
market imperfections, and persistent structural inequities has undermined
the effectiveness of social policy. To overcome these constraints, social pol-
icy needs to move beyond conventional social service approaches toward
development’s goals of equitable opportunity and social justice. This series
has been created to promote debate among the development community,
policy makers, and academia, and to broaden understanding of social
policy challenges in developing country contexts.
The books in the series are linked to the World Bank’s Social Devel-
opment Strategy. The strategy is aimed at empowering people by trans-
forming institutions to make them more inclusive, responsive, and
accountable. This involves the transformation of subjects and benefi cia-
ries into citizens with rights and responsibilities. Themes in this series
will include equity and development, assets and livelihoods, and citizen-
ship and rights-based social policy, as well as the social dimensions of
infrastructure and climate change.
Titles in the series:
• Assets, Livelihoods, and Social Policy
• Building Equality and Opportunity through Social Guarantees: New
Approaches to Public Policy and the Realization of Rights
• Delivering Services in Multicultural Societies
• Inclusive States: Social Policy and Structural Inequalities
• Institutional Pathways to Equity: Addressing Inequality Traps
• Local and Community Driven Development: Moving to Scale in Theory
and Practice
• Social Dimensions of Climate Change: Equity and Vulnerability in a
Warming WorldCONTENTS
Foreword: LCDD and the World Bank xiii
About the Editors xv
Editors’ Preface xvii
Acknowledgments xix
Abbreviations xxi
Chapter 1. Introduction and Executive Summary 1
Hans P. Binswanger-Mkhize, Jacomina P. de Regt,
and Stephen Spector
Chapter 2. Historical Roots and Evolution of Community
Driven Development 27
Hans P. Binswanger-Mkhize, Swaminathan S. Anklesaria
Aiyar, Jacomina P. de Regt, Rodrigo Serrano-Berthet,
Louis Helling, Julie Van Domelen, David Warren,
and Stephen Spector
Chapter 3. Scaling Up Community Driven Development:
Underpinnings and Program Design Implications 73
Hans P. Binswanger-Mkhize, Swaminathan S. Anklesaria
Aiyar, Jacomina P. de Regt, Deborah Davis, and
Tuu-Van Nguyen
Chapter 4. Lessons from Africa 121
Rodrigo Serrano-Berthet, Louis Helling,
Julie Van Domelen, Warren Van Wicklin,
Dan Owen, Maria Poli, and Ravindra Cherukupalliviii • CONTENTS
Chapter 5. Scaling Up, Step by Step: Analysis,
Policy Reform, Pilot Phase, and Implementation 151
Hans P. Binswanger-Mkhize, Tuu-Van Nguyen,
Jacomina P. de Regt, Willem Heemskerk,
and Gerard Baltissen
Appendix A. Operational Functions and Manuals, by Level 199
Appendix B. Design Elements and Tools for Large-Scale
LCDD Programs 201
Appendix C. The Four Core Expected Outcomes of LCDD 211
References 223
Index 231
1.1. Defi nitions and Names for Local Jurisdictions 5
1.2. Elements of LCDD 6
1.3. Outline of the Steps to Scaling Up 9
1.4. Steps to Scaling Up (Expanded) 21
2.1. India’s Champions of Empowerment 30
2.2. The Comilla Model of Rural Development 32
2.3. From Specialized Agricultural Credit to Microfi nance 34
2.4. A Sample of India’s Target Group Programs 35
2.5. Plan Puebla, Pioneer of IRDPs 36
2.6. Participatory Rural Appraisal 39
2.7. Examples of Sector Programs with Community
Participation 42
2.8. The Integrated Approach in Mexico 49
2.9. The Integrated Approach in Brazil 49
2.10. The Integrated Approach in Indonesia 50
2.11. World Bank Guidance on Key Design Principles for CDD 53
2.12. Six Innovations in Direct Financing of Community
Subprojects 54
2.13. CBD/CDD: An Important Part of the Bank Strategy 61
2.14. Trends in Project Performance 63

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