Amyloid-beta transporter expression at the blood-CSF barrier is age-dependent
11 pages
English
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Amyloid-beta transporter expression at the blood-CSF barrier is age-dependent

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11 pages
English

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Age is the major risk factor for many neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease (AD). There is an accumulation of amyloid-beta peptides (Aβ) in both the AD brain and the normal aging brain. Clearance of Aβ from the brain occurs via active transport at the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier (BCSFB). With increasing age, the expression of the Aβ efflux transporters is decreased and the Aβ influx transporter expression is increased at the BBB, adding to the amyloid burden in the brain. Expression of the Aβ transporters at the choroid plexus (CP) epithelium as a function of aging was the subject of this study. Methods This project investigated the changes in expression of the Aβ transporters, the low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein-1 (LRP-1), P-glycoprotein (P-gp), LRP-2 (megalin) and the receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) at the BCSFB in Brown-Norway/Fischer rats at ages 3, 6, 9, 12, 20, 30 and 36 months, using real time RT-PCR to measure transporter mRNA expression, and immunohistochemistry (IHC) to measure transporter protein in isolated rat CP. Results There was an increase in the transcription of the Aβ efflux transporters, LRP-1 and P-gp, no change in RAGE expression and a decrease in LRP-2, the CP epithelium influx transporter, at the BCSFB with aging. Decreased Aβ42 concentration in the CP, as measured by quantitative IHC, was associated with these Aβ transporter alterations. Conclusions Age-dependent alterations in the CP Aβ transporters are associated with a decrease in Aβ42 accumulation in the CP, and are reciprocal to the changes seen in these transporters at the BBB, suggesting a possible compensatory role for the BCSFB in Aβ clearance in aging.

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Publié le 01 janvier 2011
Nombre de lectures 11
Langue English

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Pascaleet al.Fluids and Barriers of the CNS2011,8:21 http://www.fluidsbarrierscns.com/content/8/1/21
FLUIDS AND BARRIERS OF THE CNS
R E S E A R C HOpen Access Amyloidbeta transporter expression at the bloodCSF barrier is agedependent 1 11 11 2 Crissey L Pascale , Miles C Miller , Catherine Chiu , Matthew Boylan , Ilias N Caralopoulos , Liliana Gonzalez , 1 1* Conrad E Johansonand Gerald D Silverberg
Abstract Background:Age is the major risk factor for many neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimers disease (AD). There is an accumulation of amyloidbeta peptides (Ab) in both the AD brain and the normal aging brain. Clearance of Abfrom the brain occurs via active transport at the bloodbrain barrier (BBB) and bloodcerebrospinal fluid barrier (BCSFB). With increasing age, the expression of the Abefflux transporters is decreased and the Ab influx transporter expression is increased at the BBB, adding to the amyloid burden in the brain. Expression of the Abtransporters at the choroid plexus (CP) epithelium as a function of aging was the subject of this study. Methods:This project investigated the changes in expression of the Abtransporters, the low density lipoprotein receptorrelated protein1 (LRP1), Pglycoprotein (Pgp), LRP2 (megalin) and the receptor for advanced glycation endproducts (RAGE) at the BCSFB in BrownNorway/Fischer rats at ages 3, 6, 9, 12, 20, 30 and 36 months, using real time RTPCR to measure transporter mRNA expression, and immunohistochemistry (IHC) to measure transporter protein in isolated rat CP. Results:There was an increase in the transcription of the Abefflux transporters, LRP1 and Pgp, no change in RAGE expression and a decrease in LRP2, the CP epithelium influx transporter, at the BCSFB with aging. Decreased Ab42 concentration in the CP, as measured by quantitative IHC, was associated with these Abtransporter alterations. Conclusions:Agedependent alterations in the CP Abtransporters are associated with a decrease in Ab42 accumulation in the CP, and are reciprocal to the changes seen in these transporters at the BBB, suggesting a possible compensatory role for the BCSFB in Abclearance in aging. Keywords:aging, amyloidbeta, transport, choroid plexus, bloodCSFbarrier, LRP1, LRP 2, Pgp, RAGE
Background Advancing age is a major risk factor for many neurode generative disorders, and the major risk factor for Alz heimers disease (AD), a disease characterized by progressive memory and cognitive loss [1]. The most accepted hypothesis for the mechanism of brain injury in AD is theamyloid cascade,comprising amyloid accumulation in the brain, the formation of toxic oligo meric and intermediate forms of amyloidbeta peptides (Ab), amyloid plaques, inflammation and the induction of neurofibrillary tangles [24]. There is accumulation of
* Correspondence: geralds@stanford.edu 1 Warren Alpert Medical School Brown University, RI Hospital Department of Neurosurgery 593 Eddy St. Providence, RI 02903 USA Full list of author information is available at the end of the article
Abin both the normal aging brain and the AD brain, thought to be related to defective Abclearance rather than increased Abproduction [47]. This has recently been shown to be the case in AD [8]. Clearance of this peptide from the brain occurs via active transport at the interfaces separating the central nervous system from the peripheral circulation. We have recently shown that the bloodbrain barrier (BBB) undergoes significant alterations in Abtranspor ter expression with aging [5,9]. These changes likely lead to a decrease in amyloid efflux from the brain and an increase in amyloid influx, associated with an increasing CNS amyloid burden. Similar Abtransporter expression changes have been shown in AD brains [1012]. The bloodCSF barrier (BCSFB) also undergoes
© 2011 Pascale et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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