An elementary English grammar and composition, for use in public schools

An elementary English grammar and composition, for use in public schools

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T;'^l.^. •M-WMMMMMMM AH pAMMAHEnglish IMFOR USE IH 'flMTAfl'iCI: (WWIIMMpliMMMpi ^mtmmmtmmmtK'iimmmmmiimmmm presented to Zbc library of tbe Tllntveretti? of ZToronto bT2 Digitized by the Internet Archive in 2007 with funding from IVIicrosoft Corporation htt^//www.archive.org/details/elementaryenglisOOtorouoft AN ELEMENTARY ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND COMPOSITION. FOR USE IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS. ^ TORONTO COPP, CLARK & CO., FRONT9 STREET WEST. 1884. Entered according of ttie Parliament of Canada in the year oneto Act thousand eight hundred and eighty four, by COPP, CLARK A CO., Toronto, Ontario, in the Office of the Minister of Agriculture. PEEFACE English GrammarThe want of a suitable text-book in long felt in our Pubhc Schools.and Composition has been has been written,To supply this want the present work remains with the teachers of the Province to decideand it been attained.whether the object sought has explain-In offering this book to the public, a few words may necessary.ing the plan of the work be of WordsThe First Part treats of the Classification apart from Inflection. By following this arrangement, it progress and gainis believed, the pupil will make more more correct ideas on the subject than by adhering to- each of thethe older method, of taking up exhaustively Parts of Speech in all its relations. Before studying In- flection, the pupil will be thus enabled to tell accurately and clearly the functions of words in a sentence.

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T;'^l.^.
•M-WMMMMMMM
AH
pAMMAHEnglish
IMFOR USE
IH
'flMTAfl'iCI:
(WWIIMMpliMMMpi
^mtmmmtmmmtK'iimmmmmiimmmmpresented to
Zbc library
of tbe
Tllntveretti? of ZToronto
bT2Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2007 with funding from
IVIicrosoft Corporation
htt^//www.archive.org/details/elementaryenglisOOtorouoftAN
ELEMENTARY
ENGLISH GRAMMAR
AND
COMPOSITION.
FOR USE IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS.
^
TORONTO
COPP, CLARK & CO., FRONT9 STREET WEST.
1884.Entered according of ttie Parliament of Canada in the year oneto Act
thousand eight hundred and eighty four, by COPP, CLARK A CO.,
Toronto, Ontario, in the Office of the Minister of Agriculture.PEEFACE
English GrammarThe want of a suitable text-book in
long felt in our Pubhc Schools.and Composition has been
has been written,To supply this want the present work
remains with the teachers of the Province to decideand it
been attained.whether the object sought has
explain-In offering this book to the public, a few words
may necessary.ing the plan of the work be
of WordsThe First Part treats of the Classification
apart from Inflection. By following this arrangement, it
progress and gainis believed, the pupil will make more
more correct ideas on the subject than by adhering to-
each of thethe older method, of taking up exhaustively
Parts of Speech in all its relations. Before studying In-
flection, the pupil will be thus enabled to tell accurately
and clearly the functions of words in a sentence.
The Second Part, Inflection, has been discussed as
fully as the limits of the work permitted. The uses
ofmoods and somewhat fullytenses have been treated
from a conviction that this part of the subject presents
serious difficulties to beginners.
In the Third Part, the Analysis and the Synthesis of
Sentence^ have been taken up simultaneously. By this
arrangement, the pupil is required to apply practically to-
Synthesis the principles of Analysis, and is, at an early—
tIV PREFACE.
In the treatment of Syntax, book containsthe numer-
ous examples of inaccuracies in Knglish, selected with
a view to test the knowledge and exercise the ingenuity
of the pupil. This part of Grammar, partly from the
defect in our text-books, has not received, hitherto, that
prominence which its importance demands.
As every pupil attending our Public .Schools should
have a fair mastery in writing, the elements ofof English
Composition have been introduced, and such suggestions
given as will guide the teacher and aid the pupil.
willIt be observed that in Etymology every important
definition is approached by an explanation This method
has the advantage of fixing vividly and clearly on the
mind of the pupil the statement of the definition. The
language of a definition is no unintelligible jargon of
sounds \yhen once an explanation leading to it is clearly
understood.
Other minor points may be noticed : as the numerous
examples which the book contains the constant review
;
required on the part of the pupil ; the frequent repetition
fulness of the treatment ofof leading principles ; the
the work.Syntax, and the practical method throughout
for classThe work, it is believed, will be highly suitable
instruction.
this work,With this statement, the author submits
Province will give it atrusting that the teachers of the
their classes.fair trial in—— ———
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
PART I.-PARTS OF SPEECH.
Lesson. Page.
I.—Letters—Vowels—Consonants—Syl-
lables 1—5
II.—Etymology—Parts;of Speech—TheNoun 3— 5
III. The —DiflferentPronoun classes 6— 7
IV.—The Different classes 8—Adjective— 10
—V.—The Verb—Transitive and Intransitive ... . 11 12
VI.—TheAdverb—Different classes 12—1$
VII.—The Preposition ...... 14—15
VIII. The —Different classes 1.5Conjunction 17
IX.—The 17—18Interjection . .
PART XL-INFLECTION OF NOUNS.
Lesson. Page.
X. Inflection of —Person 18— Nouns —19
XI,—Gender—Methods of forming Gender, 19
. , . 22
—XII.—Number^Methods of the Plural, 23 26
XIII,—Case—Different Cases 27—31
XIV,—The Personal PronounsPronoun— 32—34
XV.—Demonstrative and Interrogative Pro-
nouns .34—36
XVI.—Relative, and Compound Relative Pro-
nouns 36—38
—XVII.—Indetinite and Distributive Pronouns,... 39 40
XVIII,—The Adjective—Comparison 40 44
XIX.—The Verb—Voice 44—46
XX.—Mood—Participles—Verbals 47—50
XXI.—Tense— —PersonNumber 51—54
XXII,—Model of Conjugation of a Verb in Active
Voice 55—59
XXIII.—Conjugation of the Verb to he 60—62
XXIV.—Model of Conjugation of a Verb in Passive
Voice 62—66—.
TABLE OF CONTENTS.V
PART II.—INFLECTION.—(Con/inw^d)
Lesson. Paoe.
XXV,—Defective ami Auxiliary Verbs—Imper-
sonal Verbs 66—73
Strong and Weak VerbsXXVI.— -List of Strong
Verbs 74—77
XXVII.—List of Weak Verbs 77—80
XXV III.—The Adverb—Comparison 81—83
83—84XXIX.—The Preposition
85—86XXX.—The Conjunction
m.-ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS OFPART
SENTENCES.
Lesson. Paob.
ElementsXXXI.—TheSentence—Analysis—
of a Sentence 87— 90
XXXII.—Adjective and Adverbial .Elements
Analysis of Simple Sentences .... 90— 94
XXXIII.—Grammatical Order of Words—Direct
94—and Inverted Order 96
V^.—Synthesis of Simple Sentences 96—XXXI 97
XXXV.—Analysis of Complex 98—103
XXXVI.—Synthesis of Sentences . . . 103—104
105XXX\' II.—.\nalysis of Compound —106
— —XXXVHI.—Expansion Contraction Indirect
Narration 107—and Direct 109
PART IV.-SYNTAX.
Paob.Lekson.
109XXXIX-—Concord—Government—Arrangement. —110
^y"**^ ®^ *^® ^^^'^ *"*^ Pronoun 110—120
\XLvV
121—129Sy°**^ ^^ *^® Pronoun
1^^Lll*
Article 129—130LIIL—Syntax of the
^Yj Syntax of the Adjective 131—135
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