Color-names and their congeners. A semasiological investigation

Color-names and their congeners. A semasiological investigation

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>f^ UC-NRLF *B bl7 775 'jjjtt&sJLit LIBRARY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA. Class g^E, Digitized by the Internet Archive in 2008 with funding from Microsoft Corporation. http://www.archive.org/details/colornamestheircOOwoodrich COLOR-NAMES THEIR CONGENERS.AND INVESTIGATIONA SEMASIOLOG1CAL BY FRANCIS A. WOOD. HALLE a. S. MAX NIEMEYER 1902. ^NERAL CONTENTS. Page Preface 1 Introduction 4 Words for 'burn, blaze, glitter, shine' 10 62 for 'grow' : 'glow' Words for 'glimmer' : 'gloom' 64 Words for 'separate, distinct' : 'clear, bright' 65 for 'dip' : 'dye' 69 for 'covering' 'color', 'covered' 'dark' 70Words : and : for 'marked' : 'colored' 72 Words for 'sprinkled' : 'speckled' 84 for 'changing' : 'variegated' 87 Words for 'turbid' : 'dark' 88 'dripping, 93 for misty' : 'dark' Words for 'wear away' : 'smolder' 94 for 'disappear' : 'clear up' : 'fade, get dark' 97 Words for 'faded, faint' : 'dark' 103 Words for 'sink, 107droop' : 'become dim' for 'move rapidly' : 'rattle, resound' 109 Partial Index of Words 123 1212. PREFACE. In writing this monograph I have referred to the following publications: =AJP. The American Journal of Philology, edited by B. L. Gildersleeve. Baltimore. Berneker, Die preuss. Spr. Strassburg 1896. Brugm. =Grd. Brugmann, Grundriss der vergleichenden Grammatik der idg. Sprachen. —, Griech. Gr. = Griechische Grammatik, in J. Muller's Handbuch der klass. Altertumswissenschaft, Bd. 2, 3. Auflage. 1900. 4Fick,Wb. = VergleichendesWorterbuch der idg. Sprachen,etc.

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>f^
UC-NRLF
*B bl7 775
'jjjtt&sJLitLIBRARY
OF THE
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA.
Class g^E,Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2008 with funding from
Microsoft Corporation.
http://www.archive.org/details/colornamestheircOOwoodrichCOLOR-NAMES
THEIR CONGENERS.AND
INVESTIGATIONA SEMASIOLOG1CAL
BY
FRANCIS A. WOOD.
HALLE a. S.
MAX NIEMEYER
1902.^NERALCONTENTS.
Page
Preface 1
Introduction 4
Words for 'burn, blaze, glitter, shine' 10
62 for 'grow' : 'glow'
Words for 'glimmer' : 'gloom' 64
Words for 'separate, distinct' : 'clear, bright' 65 for 'dip' : 'dye' 69
for 'covering' 'color', 'covered' 'dark' 70Words : and : for 'marked' : 'colored' 72
Words for 'sprinkled' : 'speckled' 84 for 'changing' : 'variegated' 87
Words for 'turbid' : 'dark' 88
'dripping, 93 for misty' : 'dark'
Words for 'wear away' : 'smolder' 94 for 'disappear' : 'clear up' : 'fade, get dark' 97
Words for 'faded, faint' : 'dark' 103
Words for 'sink, 107droop' : 'become dim' for 'move rapidly' : 'rattle, resound' 109
Partial Index of Words 123
1212.PREFACE.
In writing this monograph I have referred to the following
publications:
=AJP. The American Journal of Philology, edited by B.
L. Gildersleeve. Baltimore.
Berneker, Die preuss. Spr. Strassburg 1896.
Brugm. =Grd. Brugmann, Grundriss der vergleichenden
Grammatik der idg. Sprachen.
—, Griech. Gr. = Griechische Grammatik, in J. Muller's
Handbuch der klass. Altertumswissenschaft, Bd. 2,
3. Auflage. 1900.
4Fick,Wb. = VergleichendesWorterbuch der idg. Sprachen,etc.
Hirt, Idg. Abl. = Der idg. Ablaut. Strassburg 1900.
Horn, Npers. Et.— Grundriss der neupers. Etymologic Strass-
burg 1893.
IF. = Indogermanische Forschungen. Zeitschrift fiir idg.
Sprach- und Altertumskunde.
=JGPh. The Journal of Germanic Philology, edited by
Gustaf E. Karsten. Bloomington, Ind.
5Kluge, Et. Wb. == Etymologisches Worterbuch der deutschen
Sprache. 5. Aufl. Strassburg 1894.
Kluge and Lutz, Eng. Et. = English Etymology, Boston 1898.
Liden, Ein Balt.-Slav. Anlautgesetz. Goteborg 1899.
Mod. Lang. Notes, edited A. M.by Elliott, Baltimore.
Noreen, Urg. Lautl. = Abriss der urgerm. Lautlehre. Strass-
burg 1894.
PBB. = Beitrage zur Geschichte der deutschen Sprache und
Literatur, unter Mitwirkung von Hermann Paul und
Wilhelm Braune herausgegeben von E. Sievers, Halle.
lINTRODUCTION.
'blond, gelb' hat wie viele"Das verwandte lat. flavus
germ. Wort",Bedeutung geandert gegen dasFarbennamen die
blau. Similar remarks are often metsays Kluge, Et. Wb. s. v.
is the generally received opinion.with, indicating that this
fact that color-names vary inThere is no doubt as to the
language maysignification. The word 'white' in onetheir
and'yellow' or 'green' in others; or 'black'stand for 'red',
in related words. But what is the'white' may be associated
several languages changedexplanation? Has usage in the
were these termsoriginal application of color-terms? Orthe
mightloosely, so that according to the application theyused
or 'white'?mean 'red' or 'yellow'
A word signifying primarilyIn part the latter is true.
'white' to'light, bright' might denote any bright color from
But this does not explain the association of 'red' and'red'.
'white'. There must be a reason'green' or of 'black' and
terms as 'bright' or 'dark' tobeyond the loose use of such
must lie inexplain the great variation found. This reason
the origin of the words.
We must then search for the original ideas from which
the color-names came. For we know nothing new about a
present meaning. Mostword until we have got beyond its
for certain ideaswords are now token-coins passing current
exactness of speechmore or less fixed. This adds to the
needand is therefore an advantage. Still we feel the of
expressing ourselves picturesquely and hence often use terms
that are descriptive of the object or the act. It is safe to
say that most words were originally picture-words. It is