Psychological inquiries: in a series of essays, intended to illustrate the mutual relations of the physical organization and the mental faculties

Psychological inquiries: in a series of essays, intended to illustrate the mutual relations of the physical organization and the mental faculties

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POETICAL WORKS. Jc^'Cjj/ar^'^OS- REESE LIBRARY OF THK OF CALIFORNIA.UNIVERSITY "sCJ^O^^:^.,Received iSf/ No.Accessions No.4^^^^S Shelf ^OS* '"fli^K^ POEMS. By Matthew ARl>i88Al^YAiill)..r of by A.Poems 5s.The Secuiid Edition ( 1834). Fci). 8vo. price Cd. SOx\GS, BALLADS, SACREDTflOMAS MOORK'S and SONGS. FimY collected iJrfiY/oH ; with Vignette by R. Uoylk. 16ino. price ; morocco, 12s. tid.5s. JOANNA BAILLIE'8 DRAMATIC and POETICAL in One Volume, with Portrait, Vignette, and Life of theWORKS, coinpU'te morocco,Author. Square crown 8vo. price "ils. ; 42s. MOORE'S LALLA ROOKH. L'lilwu,THOMAS A New with Vignette. l6mo. price 5s. ; morocco, 12s. 6d.—Also an Edition with Steel Plates, in square crown 8vo. price 13s. ; morocco, 28s.13 BOWDLER'S FAMILY SHAKSPEARE, complete in with 36Wood Engravings,from Designs by Smirke, Howard,One Volume, One Guinea.and other Artists. 8vo. price EDITION, in 6 vols. fcp. 8vo. with the 36 Illustrations, SOs.Also, aNEW POETICAL WORKS, edited by BoltonGOLDSMITH'S CoRXEY, and illustrated by the Etchinsr Club; With Wood Engravings. crown 8vo. price 2t8. ; morocco, 36s.Square SEASONS, edited bv Bolton Corney, andTHOMSON'S illustrated by the Etching Club: With Wood Engravings. Square crown price 21s. ; morocco, 36s.8vo. WATTS'S LYRICS of the HEART, and otherALARIC Poems. With 41 liishly-finished Line Engravings. Squarecrown 8vo. price 31s. 6d.; morocco, 45s. Londou : Longman, Broavn, Green, and Longmans. PSYCHOLOGICAL INQUIRIES. London : A. and G. A.

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POETICAL WORKS.
Jc^'Cjj/ar^'^OS-
REESE LIBRARY
OF THK
OF CALIFORNIA.UNIVERSITY
"sCJ^O^^:^.,Received iSf/
No.Accessions No.4^^^^S Shelf
^OS* '"fli^K^
POEMS. By Matthew ARl>i88Al^YAiill)..r of by A.Poems
5s.The Secuiid Edition ( 1834). Fci). 8vo. price Cd.
SOx\GS, BALLADS, SACREDTflOMAS MOORK'S and
SONGS. FimY collected iJrfiY/oH ; with Vignette by R. Uoylk. 16ino. price
; morocco, 12s. tid.5s.
JOANNA BAILLIE'8 DRAMATIC and POETICAL
in One Volume, with Portrait, Vignette, and Life of theWORKS, coinpU'te
morocco,Author. Square crown 8vo. price "ils. ; 42s.
MOORE'S LALLA ROOKH. L'lilwu,THOMAS A New
with Vignette. l6mo. price 5s. ; morocco, 12s. 6d.—Also an Edition with
Steel Plates, in square crown 8vo. price 13s. ; morocco, 28s.13
BOWDLER'S FAMILY SHAKSPEARE, complete in
with 36Wood Engravings,from Designs by Smirke, Howard,One Volume,
One Guinea.and other Artists. 8vo. price
EDITION, in 6 vols. fcp. 8vo. with the 36 Illustrations, SOs.Also, aNEW
POETICAL WORKS, edited by BoltonGOLDSMITH'S
CoRXEY, and illustrated by the Etchinsr Club; With Wood Engravings.
crown 8vo. price 2t8. ; morocco, 36s.Square
SEASONS, edited bv Bolton Corney, andTHOMSON'S
illustrated by the Etching Club: With Wood Engravings. Square crown
price 21s. ; morocco, 36s.8vo.
WATTS'S LYRICS of the HEART, and otherALARIC
Poems. With 41 liishly-finished Line Engravings. Squarecrown 8vo. price
31s. 6d.; morocco, 45s.
Londou : Longman, Broavn, Green, and Longmans.PSYCHOLOGICAL INQUIRIES.London :
A. and G. A. Spottiswoode,
New-Street-Square.PSYCHOLOGICAL
INQUIRIES:
IX A SERIES OF ESSAYS,
INTENDED TO ILLUSTRATE
THE MUTUAL EEUTIONS OF THE PHYSICAL ORGAMZATION
AXD THE MENTAL FACULTIES.
BY
Sir benjamin C. BRODIE, Bart.
CORBESPONDING OF THE IXSTITUTE OF FRi>CE,MEMBER
ETC.
.-^ CjtL'B'T'4^9^^COND EDITION.
LONDON
LOJs^GMAN, LONGMANS.BEOWN, GREEN, AND
1855.II6fi
EDUC.
PSYCH
ilBRARY
"The perceptions of the senses are gi-oss, but even in the senses
there is a differeuce. Though harmonyand properties are not objects
of sense, yet the eye and the ears are organs •which offer to the mind
such materials, by means whereof she may apprehend both the one
and the other. Bj' experiments of sense we become acquainted with
tlie lowerfaculties of the soul ; and from tliem,whether a gradualby
evolution or ascent, we arrive at the highest. Sense supplies images
to memory. These become subjects for fancy to work on ; reason
considers and judges of the imaginations, and these acts of
become new objects to the understanding. In this scale, each lower
faculty is a step that leads to the one above it, and the uppennost
naturally leads to the Deity, which is rather the objectof intellectual
knowledge than even of tlie discursive faculty, not to mention the
sensitive. There runs a chain throughout the whole system of
chainbeings. In this one link drags another ; the meanest things
are connected witli the highest. The calamity, therefore, is neither
strange normuch to be complained of, if a low sensual reader shall,
from mere love of the animal life, find himself di-awn in, surprised,
and betrayed into, some curiosity concerning the intellectual."
SiKiS,A Cliain ofPhilosopliical Reflexions concerning the
Virtues Tar-water,by Geokge Beeklet, D. D.,of
Lord Bishop of Cloyne, s. 303,PREFACE
TO
THE SECOND EDITION.
"In preparing Psycho-another edition of the
"logical Inquiries for the press, I have taken
the opportunity of correcting whatever inaccu-
racies I had found to exist in the original pub-
lication. At I have, in differentthe same time
parts of the work, introduced some new
matter, arising further considera-out of the
tion of the subjects wliich I have ventured to
discuss.
HavinGj received communications from va-
rious correspondents, I have not hesitated to
avail mvself of some of the wliichsusigestions
they have offered. There arei others of which
I should also gladly have availed myself, If it
had not been the greater part ofthat the
volume was in print before I received them.
Among my correspondents there is one who
seems of opinion that I haveto be not suffi-
JL 3;
VI PREFACE.
clently regarded the dignity of human nature
in speaking of the minds of the inferior animals
as belonging to the same mode of existence, or
being of the same essence, with the mind of
man. I not myself how any one, whodo see
does not (with Descartes) believe animals to
mere unconscious macliines, can arrive atbe
feelany other conclusion. I do not, however,
that it is necessary for me to enter further into
the question, as it has been fully considered
by one of much greater authority than myself
I have only refer the observations onand to to
this subject contained in the first chapter of the
Rev. Dr. Butler's Analogy Religion to theof
Constitution and Course Nature.of