Annual report of the Environment Institute 91

Annual report of the Environment Institute 91

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Environment policy and protection of the environment
Research policy and organisation
Environmental research

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UA L-RE PORT-91
JOINT
RESEARCH
_ CENTRE
COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES
EUR 14631 EN AN IM UA L-RE PORT-91
Environment
Institute
PARI EUROP. Btblioth.
• *• JOINT
• •
N.C.f^/ïéh
RESEARCH •
* ** CI. CENTRE
COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES
EUR 14631 EN Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication.
© ECSC-EEC-EAEC, Brussels • Luxembourg, 1992
Neither the Commission of the European Communities nor any person
acting on behalf of the Commission Is responsible for the use which might
be made of the following information.
Reproduction is authorized, except for commercial purposes, provided the
source is acknowledged.
Printed in Italy Contents
The JRC Environment Institute 5
Executive Summary 11
Main Achievements 2
• 1. Specific Research
Programmes 23
1.1 Environmental Protection 24
ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMICALS 24
AIR POLLUTION 33
EUROPEAN MONITORING
NETWORK 42
50 WATER QUALITY
CHEMICAL WASTE 51
ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES OF
THE MEDITERRANEAN BASIN 54
FOOD AND DRUG ANALYSIS 62
1.2 Radioactive Waste
64 Management
2. Scientific/Technical Support
to Community Policies 67
69 2.1 Chemicals
2.2 Waste 70
2.3 Water quality 70
2.4 Atmospheric Pollution 72
2.5 Radioactivity Environmental
Monitoring (REM) 7Ó
2.ó Other Miscellaneous
Contributions 81 3. Exploratory Research 83
3.1 Innovative Laser Technologies
for Chemical Analysis 85
3.2 Laboratory for Separation
Sciences 88
3.3 DNAAdducts 90
4. Third Parties Work5
4.1 Environmental Chemicals 97
4.2 Indoor Air Pollution
4.3 Air Pollution 98
4.4 Water Quality
4.5 Analytical Services9
4.6 ATMES - ETEX 100
4.7ENRESA1
5. Participation to EUREKA
and COST Concerted
Actions 103
5.1 EUREKA5
5.2 Indoor Air Quality and its
Impact on Man (former
COST Project 61 3) 111
6. Associated Laboratories 113
7. Appendices 117
7a. Publication, Conferences 1 19
7b. Glossary of Acronymes
and Abbreviations 128 TheJRC
Environment
Institute The Environment Institute has a total staff of 245 of - Atmospheric Chemistry
which 66 have university degrees. - Atmosphere-Biosphere Interactions
The broad array of disciplines represented, - Environmental Chemicals: Soil, Water, Waste
including chemistry, chemical engineering, -l: Life Sciences
physicis, meteorology, soil science, geology, -l Chemicals: Indoor Air Pollution
botany, ecology, toxicology, mathematics, - Food & Drug Analysis
informatics, nuclear engineering, reflects the - Environmental Informatics
interdisciplinary setting of the Institute and its plus a unit comprising the administrative and
research projects. It is structured in eight scientific technical services.
units: A scheme of the Institutes organization is given
- Atmospheric Physics below.
Administration
Assistant and Technical
Institute Director C Savatten Services '
F. Gei ss
G.Rossi
Deputy Director
B.Versino
Atmospheric Atmospheric Atmosphere/ Environmental Environmental Environmental
Chemistry Biosphere Physics Chemicals: Chemicals: Chemicals:
Interactions Soil, Water, Life Sciences Indoor
Waste Pollution
F. Girardi B. Versino G. Restelli S. Facchetti H. Knöppel ff H. Knöppel
Environmental Food and
Informatics Drug Analysis,
Consumer
Protection
G.Serrini N.N
Institute organigramme The Environmental Informatics unit has not yet been As the multiannual programm 1988-91 of the JRC
set up, the appropriate staff are expected to be has been concluded by 31 December 1991, the
available in 1992. annua! report has kept the same structure as for the
Some twenty five percent of the Institute activities preceeding years, the activities which are
has been geared to scientific and technical support presented here being the logical follow up.
to other Commission services, in particular to the
the Directorates General Environment, Agriculture, Thus the results and the progress accomplished for
Internal Market, Consumer Protection and Social the various projects are presented according to the
Affairs/Health. research areas in which they are included rather
The research activities have been focused on the than to the scientific units where they are tackled.
programme "Environmental Protection", proper
emphasis being given to topics closely linked Section 1 summarizes the achievements for the
within the framework of the more general theme projects included in the Specific Research
"Global Climatic Change" which is going to Programme, while relevant information concerning
constitute a major research area for the Institute in ' the scientific and technical support to the
the coming years. Commission Services are presented in Section 2.
Section 3 and 4 are dedicated to the progress
Of equal significance have been the topics accomplished in the projects included in the
included in the area of the "Environmental Exploratory Research and to the contract work for
Chemicals" and of the "Food and Drug Analysis". third parties respectively.
The latter fits well to the Institute physionomy
because of its long-standing focus on and broad For sake of completeness some statistics
experience in all fields of analytical chemistry. concerning the staff, the research activity and
significant budget data are given prior to the
Research activités in the field of nuclear waste description of the scientific results. It is hoped that
have been further decreased to the extent that it this will help in assessing both the Institute
can be confidently affirmed that the shift of the capabilities and the value of its research output.
relevant competences towards soil conventional
pollution problems has been completed.
Expenditures of the Environment Institute 1991
Sa&rlesors&TStaff*
Salaries or adm Starr s or overhead Staff*
Other overhead costs** 15.0%
Specific credits ***
39.0%
1 Includes travel costs,
social costs
** All infrastructure costs,
energy, telephone, 26.0%
buildings, computer
centre, workshop etc
Instiuments, chemicals,
small expenditures,
contracts