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Forest research capacities in 18 European countries
Research policy and organisation
Environment policy and protection of the environment

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European cooperation
in the field of scientific
European Commission and technical research
Forest research capacities
in 18 European countries
EUR 19217 EN The COST countries subject to the report 'Forest research capacities
in 18 European countries' are highlighted in green. European cooperation
in the field of scientific
European Commission and technical research
Forest research capacities
in 18 European countries
Nadia Bystriakova and Andreas Schuck
Directorate-General
Research
1999 EUR 19217 EN LEGAL NOTICE
Neither the European Commission nor any person acting on behalf of the
Commission is responsible for the use which might be made of the following
information.
A great deal of additional information on the European Union is available on the Internet.
It can be accessed through the Europa server (http://europa.eu.int).
Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication.
Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1999
ISBN 92-828-7576-8
© European Communities, 1999
Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.
Printed in Belgium CONTENTS
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 5
FOREWORD 7
SUMMARY 9
1 INTRODUCTION II
1.1 Relevant studies 11
1.1.1 COST Inventory of Scientific and Technical Research Resources in Forestry 1 1
1.1.2 Public and Private Funding of Forestry Research in Europe 1
1.2 Relevant projects and data bases on the Internet 12
1.2 Purpose of the study3
1.3 Research methodology
1.3.1 Terms and definitions
1.3.2 Using publication statistics4
1.3.3 Questionnaire 15
2 RESULTS7
2.1 Forestry science in terms of publications
2.1.1 Research units and publishing researchers
2.1.2 Institutional type of research units8
2.1.3 Analysis of TREECD keywords 20
2.2 Results of the questionnaire1
2.2.1 Introduction
2.2.2 Status of research units2
2.2.3 Research funding4
2.2.4h time allocation and international research cooperation 26
2.3 Country profiles 3
2.3.1 Austria (AT)7
2.3.2 Belgium (BE) 40
2.3.3 Switzerland (CH)
2.3.4 Germany (DE)
2.3.5 Denmark (DK)6
2.3.6 Spain (ES)8
2.3.7 Finland (FI) 5
2.3.8 France (FR)2
2.3.9 Greece (GR)4
2.3.10 Ireland (IR)
2.2.11 Italy (IT)
2.3.12 The Netherlands (NL) 60
2.3.13 Norway (NO)
2.3.14 Portugal (PT)
2.3.15 Sweden (SE)6
2.3.16 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Nothern Ireland (UK) 68
3. DISCUSSION 71
3.1 Research units and research personnel in 1994 and 1998 7
3.2 Research priorities in 1994 and 19983
3.3 Future studies
BIBLIOGRAPHY9
APPENDICES 8Appendix I. List of countries selected for the study 81 x 2. List of research themes (COST)2
Appendix 3. IUFRO Decimal Classification3 x 4. Questionnaire 85
DIRECTORY OF FOREST RESEARCH UNITS 9
Part I: Forest research units that responded to the questionnaire (250) 9
Austria 9
Belgium 100
Switzerland6
Germany I 1
Denmark 13
Spain9
Finland 147
France 154
Greece 16
Ireland8
Italy 17
The Nertherlands 185
Norway 191
Portugal
Sweden
United Kingdom 207
Part II: Forest research units retrieved from TREECD (520) 222
Austria 22
Belgium9
Switzerland 236
Germany 24
Denmark 274
Spain 280
Finland 291
France
Greece 30
Iceland 312
Ireland3
Italy9
Luxembourg 336
The Netherlands7
Norway 34
Portugal
Sweden 350
United Kingdom8
-4-ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
We are grateful for the support of Aarne Reunala and Eugene Hendrick, who supervised the project
on behalf of the COST Technical Committee on Forests and Forestry Products. We would also like
to thank the other country representatives of the Sector Group on Forestry, especially Vladimir
Camba, Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Austria; Noell Lust, University of Gent,
Belgium; Niels Elers Koch, Danish Forest and Landscape Research Institute, Denmark; Axel
Roeder, The Union of German Forestry Research Organisations, Federal Republic of Germany;
Riccardo Morandini, Institute of Silviculture, Italy; Björn Langerud, Norwegian Forest Research
Institute, Norway; Rui Oliveira e Silva, National Forestry Service, Portugal; A. Hurst, Swiss School
of Engineering for the Wood Industry, Switzerland; and Jim Dewar, Northern Research Station,
UK. We would also like to express our gratitude to Olivier Laroussinie, ECOFOR, France for his
assistance in collecting information about forest research units in France.
The authors would like to express their special thanks to all those representatives of over 200
forestry research institutions, who kindly responded to the questionnaire.