Feeding value of by-products and their use by beef cattle

Feeding value of by-products and their use by beef cattle

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Commission of the European Communities
AGRICULTURE
Feeding value of by-products and
their use by beef cattle
Report
EUR 8918 EN Commission of the European Communities
AGRICULTURE
Feeding value of by-products and
their use by beef cattle
A seminar in the CEC programme of coordination and research on beef production
held at the National Institute for Animal Nutrition, Melle-Gontrode, Belgium,
from 27 to 29 September 1983
Edited by
Ch. V. Boucqué
assisted by
L.O. Fiems and B.G. Cottyn
National Institute for Animal Nutrition
Government Agricultural Research Centre - Ghent
Scheideweg 68
B-9231 Melle-Gontrode
Sponsored by the
Commission of the European Communities
Directorate-General for Agriculture
Coordination of Agricultural Research
1985 EUR 8918 EN Published by the
COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES
Directorate-General
Information Market and Innovation
Bâtiment Jean Monnet
LUXEMBOURG
LEGAL NOTICE
Neither the Commission of the European Communities nor any person acting on
behalf of the n is responsible for the use which might be made of the
following information
Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication
Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1985
IS Β N 92­8 25­5701 ­4 ^^^^^^^^
Catalogue number: J| mt^*
© ECSC­EEC­EAEC,Brussels · Luxembourg,1985
Printed in LuxembourgCONTENTS Page
1
PREFACE
GENERAL INTRODUCTION : Availabilityandutilization ofby-5
products and wastes in EC-countries.E.de Boer
SESSION 1 : Composition, digestibility and feeding value of
various by-products. Chairman : Ch.V. Boucqué
Laboratory determination of the feeding value of some by- 19
products for beef cattle production. K. Vestergaard Thomson
In vivo digestibility and prediction of digestibility of some..2i>
by-products. J. Aufrere and Β. Michalet-Eoreau
Nutritional value of brewing, maize, sugar beet and fruit 55 . V.P. Barber
The effect of high pressure steam treatment on different 4'
tropical waste products. H. Hagemeister, M. Sinner and
W. Kaufmann
Variations of the by-products degradation in the rumen, conse-__61
quences for feed formulation. D. Sauvant, S. Giger,
I). Bertrand and P. Chapoutot
SESSION 2 : Feeding value and use of by-products of plant
origin. Chairman : ΓΊ. Kay
Investigation on the feeding value of maize stover in 71
Denmark. E. Miller
Digestibility and nutritive value of ensiled maize stovers, 77
ensiled pressed beet pulp and dry grape marc. Chemical cha­
racteristics of saw dust grass silage and waste vegetables.
D. Lanari, M. Pinosa, E. Tibaldi and L. Buttazzoni
Feeding trials on young bulls, once bred heifers and '3
suckling cows with maize stover silage. M. Bonsembiante,
G. Bittante and I. Andrighetto
Feeding value and utilization of chemically treated sawdust 10?
for young beef bulls. J.L. Tisserand
Ensiled maize gluten feed as a feedstuff for beef cattle. 113
D. Oostendorp and B. Emits
Use of potato starchmill slurry and slaughter fat as protein —125
and energy sources in rations for beef cattle in the Nether­
lands. W. Davids SESSION 5 : Feeding value and use of by­products of the sugar
industry. Chairman : F.X. Buysse
Feeding value of ensiled pressed sugar­beet pulp added wi~h 133
urea and molasses and their use by beef cattle. A. Théwis,
J. Renard, J. Paques and R. Renaville
Ensiled pressed sugar beet pulp for finishing Belgian white—•1¿l3
blue bulls. Ch.V. Boucqué, 3.G. Cottyn, L.O. Fiems and
F.X. Buysse
Energy and nitrogen supplementation of pressed sugar beet 159
pulp for fattening Charoláis and Charoláis χ Salers young
bulls. M. Cadot and F. Morel d'Arleux
Digestibility and feeding value of dried sugar beet pulp 163
when fed at high levels with concentrates. Giouseljannis
Evaluation of molasses and ensiled pressed beet pulp for 171
beef production. M. Drennan
1 fis
Composition of various molasses residues and their feeding
value for ruminants. E. Weigand
The feeding value of sugar­beet molasses in comparison with 195
barley grain for growing­fattening bulls. A. Karalozos,
J. Katanos and G. Moustakas.
Supplementation of beet pulp and maize silage diets with 203
condensed molasses solubles as protein source for beefpro­
duction. L.O. Fiems, Ch.V. Boucqué, B.G. Cottyn and F.X.
Buysse.
Distillery effluents as animal feed : the use of condensed 223
beet molasses stillage (CBMS) in the fattening of young bulls.
II. Manfredini, C. Cavani and L. Rizzi
SESSION 4­ : Feeding value and use of distillers' by­products.
Chairman : F. de Boer
The chemical composition, digestibility and feeding value of 241
dried brewers grains and its use in diets for beef cattle.
T.W. Griffiths
The use of ensiled breviers' grain and cornstalks for beef 2
cattle. M. Cadot, N. Grenet, J. Legendre and F. Morel d'Arleux
The feeding value and use of pot ale syrup in diets for steers­257
and heifers. M. Kay
Grain stillage and spent mycelium slurry for beef bulls. 263
A. Steg and D. Oostendorp
IV ­SESSION 5 : Feeding value and use of by­products of grapes and
citrus fruits. Chairman : J.L. Tisserand
Feeding value of dried or ensiled grape marc. R. Dumont, 277
L. Messaoudi and J.L. Tisserand
Nutritive value of whole grape marc silage for sheep 283
Y. Reyne and X. Garambois
Composition, digestibility and feeding value of driedcitrus­­291
pulp for fattening bulls. A. Lanza (presented by D. Lanari)
SESSION 6 : Feeding value and use of by­products and wastes of
animal origin. Chairman : J. Connell
Whey, permeate and concentrated whey for young bulls. 2"
F. Strudsholm and H. Refsgaard Andersen
Effects of the addition of small amounts of pooled free 309
amino acids from slaughter residues to diets for beefcattle.
R. Scipioni and A. Mordenti
Conservation and feeding value of pressed rumen content. 321
H. ■Meyer and M. Coenen
Chemical and nutritional characteristics of poultry waste and.333
its use in rations for beef cattle. M. Antongiovanni
Ensiling and feeding mixtures of cage layer manure and whole..349
crop maize to beef bulls. S.F. Spoelstra, L. Tjoonk and
A. Steg
Possible use of biogas slurry as a protein supplement for 361
young ruminants. E.R. Ørskov, D.J. Kyle and R. Summers
CONCLUDING REMARKS 365
LIST OFPARTICIPANTS367
V ­PREEACE
This publication contains the proceedings of a seminar
"Feeding value of by-products and their use by beef cattle"
held in Belgium on September 26 - 29, 1983, under the
auspices of the Commission of European Communities program­
me on co-ordination of research in beef production.
The aim of the seminar was to update the existing
knowledge as regards chemical composition, digestibility
and feeding value of agro-industrial by-products for
ruminants. In addition, the use of various non-traditional
I ;. -products in diets for beef cattle has been emphasized,
because the scope of the theme is very broad, cereal straw
has been excluded from the programme. In spite of this
limitation, 34 papers with relevant current informations
has been presented in 6 sessions.
Thanks are due to the people who contributed in the
organisation and smooth running of the seminar and to all
those who prepared papers, chaired sessions and took part
in the discussions. The sessions were chaired by
ir. Ch.V. Boucqué, Prof. Dr. M. Kay, Director F.X. Buysse,
Director F. de Boer, Prof. J.L. Tisserand and Dr. J. Connell.
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