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Innovations for the improvement of the urban environment

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344 pages
Austria-Finland-Sweden
Environment policy and protection of the environment
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Innovations for the improvement of
the urban environment
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Austria - Finland - Sweden
• *•
• Ezh'ju European Foundation
C~J* for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
• + • Innovations for the improvement
of the Urban Environment
Austria - Finland - Sweden Innovations for the improvement
of the Urban Environment
Austria - Finland - Sweden
Professor Igor Dergalin, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm
Dr Helka-Liisa Hentilä, Helsinki
Mr Jerker Söderlind, Stockholm
Mr Franz Demblin, Vienna
Editor:
Dr. Voula Mega, European Foundation for the Improvement
of Living and Working Conditions, Dublin
-k * * European Foundation

. for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
if Wyattville Road, Loughlinstown, Co. Dublin, Ireland !M
* * * Tel: +353 1 204 3100 Fax: +353 1 282 6456 Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication
Cover design: Voula Mega
Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1996
ISBN 92-827-9014-2
© European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, 1996
For rights of translation or reproduction, applications should be made to the Director, European Foundation for
the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, Wyattville Road, Loughlinstown, Co. Dublin, Ireland.
Printed in Ireland ν
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Preface
Urban Innovations: When Europe Beats with 15 Hearts
by Dr Voula Mega, Research Manager 1
Urban Trends, Patterns and Challenges in the
New Member States of the European Union
by Professor Igor Dergalin, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm 33
Austria
by Mr Franz Demblin, Vienna 85
A. Introduction
A.l. Urban Concepts in Austria 1918-1995 87
A.2. Approach to the selected cases 9
B. The Interests of the Government and Social Partners in Urban Regeneration
B.l. Ministry for Social Affairs8
B.2. Federal Ministry for the Environment
B.3. Confederation of Austrian Industry 99
B.4. Austrian Federation of Trade Unions 100
B.5. The Public Housing Programme of the City of Vienna . . 101
B.6. Viennese Development Company for
the Danube Area (WED) 101
B.7. The Greens
B.8. Urban Development Plan for Vienna, 1994 102
C. Description of the Selected Cases
AUS.l. Karl-Marx-Hof, Vienna3
AUS.2. Residential Estate Breitenfurter Street, Vienna 108
AUS.3. Urban Regeneration in Vienna 112
AUS.4.n 2000, Guertel Plus, Vienna7
AUS.5. Wienerberg, Vienna 12
AUS.6. The Danube-City, Vienna6
AUS.7. Old Airfield Aspern, Vienna 13
AUS.8. Student Hostel in Vienna-Favoriten8
AUS.9. The Salzburg Project and Forellen Way, Salzburg 143
AUS. 10. Government Quarter, St. Poelten 147
AUS. 11. Urban Graz - Space for People 151
Selected Bibliography 158 VI
Finland
by Dr Helka-Liisa Hentilä, Helsinki 161
A. Introduction
A.l. UrbanEnvironmentinFinland163
Α.2.CriteriafortheSelectionof the Cases 164
A.3. Approach to the Selected Cases164
B. The Interests of the Government and Social PartnersinUrban Improvement
B.l. The Trade Unions (SAK): from a Meeting with the Head
of Administration & Development,
Ms Marjaana Valkonen 166
Β.2. The ConfederationofFinnish Industry (TT):
from MeetingswiththeRepresentatives of
the n166
B.3. The MinistryofEnvironment and the Ministry
of Labour:fromMeetingswith the Government
Representatives167
C. Description of the Selected Cases
C.l. Urban Transport Innovations
FIN.l.Rotuaari - All-year Round Lively Pedestrian
Area in Oulu „ 170
C.2. ImprovingtheUrbanMetabolism
FIN.2.StormossenBiologicalWaste Treatment Plant177
C.3. PromotingSocialCohesion and Integration in Cities
FIN.3.Citizens'InvolvementinImproving Suburban
Neighbourhood Unit Pihlajisto in Helsinki 180
FIN.4. Top Toijala Project187
C.4. Promoting Citizens' Participation
FIN.5.Lahti Environmental Forum 190
FIN.6. Milieu ConstructionEducation:Caseof Jyväskylä195
FIN.7.Children as UrbanPlannersinKitee199
C.5. Economic RestructuringofUrbanAreas
FIN.8.Regeneration of HögforsAreainKarkkila 202
FIN.9. Metamorphosis of Aurajoki WestBankinTurku208
FIN.10.The World's Greatest Snow CastleasanUrban
Arena in Kemi 214
Bibliography 217VI 1
Sweden
by Mr Jerker Söderlind, Stockholm 219
A. Introduction
A.l. Criteria for the Selection of the Cases 221
B. The Interests of the Government and Social Partners in Urban Innovations
B.l. The Trade Unions . 224
B.2.e Employers' Organization 226
B.3. The Government 230
C. Description of the Selected Cases
5.1. Northern Riverside, Gothenburg2
5.2. Traditional Town Development, Staffanstorp 24
5.3. Understenshöjden's Ecological Village, Stockholm7
5.4. From Industrial to Cultural Centre, Norrköping 256
5.5. Local Responsibility and Development, Rinkeby 265
5.6. Architecture in the School, Uddevalla 274
5.7. Saltsjöbaden's Citizens' Planning Initiative8
5.8. The Halland Conservation Project 286
5.9. Athena Housing, Örebro 29
S. 10. University in the City, Härnösand 302
Annex 313