Proceedings of the European conference on emergency planning for industrial hazards, held at the Congress Centre, Villa Ponti, Italy, 4-6 November 1987

Proceedings of the European conference on emergency planning for industrial hazards, held at the Congress Centre, Villa Ponti, Italy, 4-6 November 1987

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Industrial research and development
Environment policy and protection of the environment

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COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES
Emergency Planning
for Industrial Hazard!
Edited by
H.B.F.Gowand R.W.Kay
*•*
Q
ELSEVIER APPLIED SCIENCE EMERGENCY PLANNING
FOR INDUSTRIAL HAZARDS Proceedings of the European Conference on Emergency Planning for
Industrial Hazards, organised by the Commission of the European
Communities (Directorate-General Environment, Consumer Protection
and Nuclear Safety (DG XI) in collaboration with the Joint Research
Centre (JR.C) Ispra Establishment) and held at the Congress Centre, Villa
Ponti, Varese, Italy, 4-6 November 1987.
TECHNICAL COMMITTEE
A. AMENDOLA CEC-JRC, Ispra, Italy
A. BAUN National Police, Denmark
Department of Civil Protection, Italy G. CAPRIULO
CEC-DG XI (Chairman), Bruxelles, Belgium G. DEL BINO
M. GENESCO Ministry of the Interior, France
J. HEFFERNAN Department of Labour, Ireland
R. KAY Health and Safety Executive, Great Britain
K. B. KRISTOFFERSEN Civil Defence Corp., Denmark
P. LAGADEC Ecole Polytechnique, France
L. ALCON Ministry of the Interior, Spain
H. J. PETTELKAU y of Environment Nature Protection and Reactor
Safety, Federal Republic of Germany
E. L. QUARANTELLI Disaster Research Center, USA
A. SAMAIN Ministry of Public Health and Environment, Belgium
H. SCHNADT TÜV Rheinland, Federal Republic of Germany
J. NICOLAU National Service for Civil Protection, Portugal
MRS P. TESTORI CEC-DG XI, Bruxelles, Belgium
G. VOLTA CEC-JRC Ispra, Italy
C. J. VAN KUUEN Ministry of Housing, Physical Planning and Environment,
The Netherlands
M. VASSILOPOULOS Ministry of the Environment, Greece
B. WYNNE University of Lancaster, Great Britain
LOCAL ORGANISING COMMITTEE
H. B. F. Gow CEC-JRC Ispra, Italy
MRS A. MANARAC, Public Relations and Press, Italy
MRS M. P. MORETTIC Ispra, Public Relations and Press, Italy
T. SMYRNIOTIS CEC-DG XI, Bruxelles, Belgium >s
EMERGENCY PLANNING
FOR INDUSTRIAL HAZARDS
Edited by
H. B. F. GOW
CEC Joint Research Centre, Ispra Establishment,
Ispra {VA), Italy
and
R. W. KAY
Formerly Health and Safety Executive, London, UK
ELSEVIER APPLIED SC
~» 'i-' i
LONDON and NEW YO
l'ÌQÌk
fc'UR // $g, ELSEVIER SCIENCE PUBLISHERS LTD
Crown House, Linton Road, Barking, Essex IGI1 8JU, England
Sole Distributor in the USA and Canada
ELSEVIER SCIENCE PUBLISHING CO., INC.
52 Vanderbilt Avenue, New York, NY 10017, USA
WITH 19 TABLES AND 39 ILLUSTRATIONS
c 1988 ECSC, EEC, EAEC, BRUSSELS AND LUXEMBOURG
British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data
European Conference on Emergency Planning for
Industrial Accidents.
Emergency planning for industrial hazards.
1. Chemical engineering plants. Accidents.
Emergency action
I. Title II. Commission of the European
Communities. Consumer Protection and Nuclear
Safety. Commission of the European Communities.
Joint Research Centre. Ispra Establishment.
Gow, H. B. F. Kay, R. W.
363.1'1966028
ISBN 1-85166-260-X
Library of Congress CIP data applied for
Publication arrangements by Commission of the European Communities, Directorate-
General Telecommunications, Information Industries and Innovation, Scientific and
Technical Communications Service, Luxembourg.
EUR 11591 EN
LEGAL NOTICE
Neither the Commission of the European Communities nor any person acting on behalf of the
Commission is responsible for the use which might be made of the following information.
No responsibility is assumed by the Publisher for any injury and/or damage to persons or
property as a matter of products liability, negligence or otherwise, or from any use or
operation of any methods, products, instructions or ideas contained in the material herein.
Special regulations for readers in the USA
This publication has been registered with the Copyright Clearance Center Inc. (CCC), Salem,
Massachusetts. Information can be obtained from the CCC about conditions under which
photocopies of parts of this publication may be made in the USA. All other copyright
questions, including photocopying outside the USA, should be referred to the publisher.
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system,
or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording,
or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher.
Printed in Grcut Briluin by Gulliard (Primers) Lid, Grcut Yarmouth Preface
Recent events worldwide have again highlighted the need for effective
emergency measures for hazards connected with the process industries and
the large scale storage of dangerous substances. The Commission of the
European Communities, DG XI, in collaboration with the JRC Ispra
Establishment, has therefore organised the European Conference on
Emergency Planning for Industrial Hazards in order to promote an
exchange of information on the current situation.
Within the European Communities, the Directive on the Major Accident
Hazards of Certain Industrial Activities (82/501/EEC) requires that on-site
and off-site emergency arrangements should be made for certain
potentially hazardous industrial activities. However, the Directive does
not specify the way in which these objectives are to be achieved and one aim
of the conference was to discuss the approaches adopted by the different
national authorities and other organisations. The conference also provided
an opportunity to explore the considerable research effort which is going on
throughout the world on the improvement of systems for emergency
planning.
The conference was arranged in six main sessions which dealt with
organisational aspects, design of plans, exercises and auditing, appropriate
techniques, lessons learned from past incidents and providing information
for the public.
H. B. F. Gow
R. W. KAY