The 1 MW wind turbine at Wieringermeer

The 1 MW wind turbine at Wieringermeer

-

Documents
116 pages
Lire
Le téléchargement nécessite un accès à la bibliothèque YouScribe
Tout savoir sur nos offres

Description

Energy research
Renewable sources of energy

Sujets

Informations

Publié par
Nombre de visites sur la page 115
Langue English
Signaler un problème

* *
Commission of the European Communities
The 1M W wind turbine at Wieringermeer
Demonstration project
Report
EUR 12239 EN The 1 MW wind turbine at Wieringermeer Energy series
Demonstration project Commission of the European Communities
The 1MW wind turbine at Wieringermeer
Demonstration project
A. Van der Steen, H. Overbeek
Postbus 150
2060 AD Bloemendaal, The Netherlands
Contract No WE/154/83 NL
Final report
PARL Wr?. Bibüoih.
Directorate-General
N.C./L .Ί Energy
^EUFM 2239 EN CL 1989 Published by the
COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES
Directorate-General
Telecommunications, Information Industries and Innovation
L-2920 Luxembourg
LEGAL NOTICE
Neither the Commission of the European Communities nor any person acting
on behalf of then is responsible for the use which might be made of
the following information
Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication
Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1989
ISBN 92-825-9992-2 Catalogue number: CD-NA-12239-EN-C
© ECSC-EEC-EAEC, Brussels · Luxembourg, 1989
Printed in the FR of Germany CONTENTS
Paige
0. INTRODUCTION 1
1. PURPOSE OF THE PROJECT
2. LOCATION AND SELECTION OF THE SITE 2
3. NEWECS-45 3
4. THE PROJECT
5. RESULTS OF THE DESIGN, SPECIFICATION AND CONSTRUCTION PHASE 9
6. DEMONSTRATION PHASE 10
7. RESULTS OF THE MEASUREMENT PROGRAMME7
8. ECONOMY AND FINANCE 22
9. CONCLUSIONS AND RESULTS4
10. LIST OF REFERENCES5
11. APPENDICES : RESULTS OF THE NEWECS-45 MEASUREMENT PROGRAMME
STORK FDO-WES
Part 1 - Text7
Part 2 - Figures/Tables 61
-V-0. Introduction
Project NEWECS-45, the first - and up to now only -1 MW wind turbine in
the Netherlands, was primarily a technical tour de force of the Dutch wind
turbine industry. However, it also distinguished itself as a project in which
a comparatively limited number of very enthousiastic and incredibly dedi­
cated people effected a real step forward in the realization of large-scale
wind energy production. The state-of-the-art does not yet allow such pro­
jects to be carried out on an economic basis by any electricity company.
Therefore, we wish to express our heartfelt gratitude to the Directorate Ge­
neral for Energy of the EC commission and the Ministry for Housing, Re­
gional Development and the Environment - on behalf of the Ministry of
Economic Affairs - for their willingness to subsidize this project.
1. Purpose of the project
to create an opportunity for the ECN and the manufacturer of the tur­
bine, STORK FDO-WES, to carry out investigations within the frame­
work of the National Wind Energy Research Programme ('NOW').
the determination of the cost-effectiveness and reliability of a big wind
turbine at a location with a high average wind speed.
with respect to the effect on the electricity grid: the determination of
the voltage and power fluctuations with a periodicity between msec
and hours, as a result of energy being supplied by the turbine.
to study the effect of big wind turbines on the North Holland landsca­
pe.
to study the electromagnetic effect on local radio and TV reception. 2. Location and selection of location
Holland Is the most densely populated country In Europe. Should wind ener­
gy start to play a bigger part In the production of electricity than happens
to be the case at present, many wind turbines and wind turbine fanns will
have to be erected dose to towns and villages. In order to prevent nuisan­
ce to those living In the neighbourhood, when looking for locations for wind
turbines It will be necessary to take Into account all sorts of restrictions such
as military areas, beam transmitter paths, nature reserves, migratory bird
routes and sufficient distance from towns and villages for reasons of noi­
se pollution and possible interference with radio and TV reception. Ano­
ther decisive factor in the case of big wind turbines and wind turbine farms
is the distance to the local electricity grid. In order to prevent undesirable
voltage variations a 1 MW turbine may not be at a distance greater than 3
to 4.5 miles from a substation connected to a high-voltage grid of 50 kV or
more.
figure 1. Location of the NEWECS-45
If all the above restrictions are added up [ref.1] for one of the windiest and
most sparsely populated areas in the Netherlands - the Wieringermeer Pol­
der - it means that some 50 percent of that zone is still unsuitable for wind
turbines. In the end, the location selected for the 1 MW wind turbine of the
PEN (the Provincial Electricity Board of North Holland) was In the Wierin­
germeer Polder, just north of Medembllk (fig.1). Not withstanding its posi­
tion in a sparsely populated district, this location may still be considered
typically Dutch: a location with a high average wind speed and comparati­
vely close to a town. Much attention was paid to problems which could pos­
sibly obstruct the acceptance of wind turbines by the people living in the
neighbourhood.