Feasibility study for a European migration observatory
268 pages
English
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Feasibility study for a European migration observatory

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268 pages
English

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Final Report
Social policy

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Informations

Publié par
Nombre de lectures 12
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 5 Mo

Exrait

FEASIBILITY STUDY FOR A EUROPEAN
MIGRATION OBSERVATORY
Final report
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EUROPEA N
COMMISS ION This report has been produced with the financial assistance of the European
Commission. The opinions expressed by the authors do not necessarily reflect the
position of the European Commission.
A great deal of additional information on the European Union is available on the Internet.
It can be accessed through the Europa server (http://europa.eu.int).
Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication.
Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1998
ISBN 92-B28-3360-7
© European Communities, 1998
Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.
Printed in Belgium FEASIBILITY STUDY FOR A EUROPEAN
MIGRATION OBSERVATORY
FINAL REPORT
Migration Research Unit
Department of Geography
University College London
Institute for Minority and Ethnic Studies
University of Amsterdam
Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Internationales
Paris
May 1996 FEASIBILITY STUDY FOR A EUROPEAN
MIGRATION OBSERVATORY
Personnel
UCL John Salt, Paul Densham, Victoria Cheli,
Helen Prophet, Jennifer Hogarth
in consultation with Ann Singleton and
with the assistance of James Clarke
IMES Rinus Penninx, Jeroen Doomernik
CERI Catherine Wihtol de Wenden,
Vasoodeven Vuddamalay Table of Contents Page i
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Chapter 1 The Feasibility Study
1.0 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 TERMS OF REFERENCE AND STUDY OBJECTIVES
1.2 PROGRAMME OF WORK 2
1.2.1 THE DEMAND FOR A EUROPEAN MIGRATION OBSERVATORY
1.2.2 REVIEW OF EXISTING INSTITUTIONS 3
1.2.3W OF RECENT AND CURRENT RESEARCH LITERATURE
1.2.4 EXISTING OBSERVATORIES 4
1.2.5 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
1.3 RESEARCH TEAMS AND INTERVIEW PROGRAMME
1.4 SELECTION OF INSTITUTIONS AND ORGANISATIONS FOR INTERVIEW 5
1.5 INTERVIEW GUIDELINES 7
1.5.1 ESTABLISHING DEMAND 8
1.5.2 ANALYSING EXISTING RESEARCH AND INFORMATION OUTPUT
1.5.3 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY 9
1.6 ORGANISATION OF THE STUDY 10
Chapter 2 Recent Literature Review on European Migration
2.0 INTRODUCTION1
2.1 THEORETICAL DEVELOPMENTS 12
2.2 THE DEFINITIONAL RANGE5
2.2.1 ACTUALFLOWS, STOCKS AND RETURN MIGRATION
2.2.2 ROOT CAUSES7
Root Causes for Migration from the South 17
Root for from the East 19
Policies to Tackle Root Causes: Overseas Development Assistance (ODA) 20
2.2.3 IMPACT AND INTEGRATION 21
Impact 21
Integration 22
Integration: the General Context 23
Current Integration Topics 25
2.2.4 THE DEMAND FOR MIGRATION
Demographic Demand 27
Labour Demand 28
2.2.5 POLICY EVALUATION9
Recent Studies on Migration Policies 29
2.3 CONCLUDING OBSERVATIONS 3Table of Contents Page ii
Chapter 3 Research by Existing Institutions: Inventory of Data Collection and Analysis
3.0 INTRODUCTION 32
3.1 GENERAL TRAJECTORY OF RESEARCH3
3.2 FIELDS OF ACTIVITY4
3.2.1 ACTUAL FLOWS
Institution and Individual Research Effort 35
3.2.2 ROOT CAUSES 40
Institution and Individual Research Effort 41
3.2.3 THE INTEGRATION OF IMMIGRANTS5
Institution and Individual Research Effort 46
3.2.4 THE DEMAND FOR IMMIGRANTS 5
Institution and Individual Research Effort 55
3.2.5 THE EVALUATION OF POLICIES6
Institution and Individual Research Effort 56
3.2.6 THE IMPACT OF MIGRATION 6
Institution and Individual Research Effort 61
3.3 INDIVIDUAL INSTITUTION EFFORTS IN THE SIX MATRLX FIELDS 63
3.4 POTENTIAL IMPLICATIONS FOR A EUROPEAN MIGRATION OBSERVATORY 6
Chapter 4 Analysis of Information Sources and Requirements
4.0 INTRODUCTION 69
4.1 THE INFORMATION SYSTEM 70
4.2 INFORMATION PROVISION6
4.2.1N SOURCES
Inter-Governmental Organisations (IGOs) 77
Commission DG and Ministerial Research Teams 80
Non-Governmental (NGOs) 81
4.2.2 INFORMATION NETWORKS 81
Formal Networks
Informal 82
4.3 INFORMATION REQUIREMENTS3
4.3.1 GENERALS
Statistical Information 84
Documentary
4.3.2 SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS5
Summary 89
4.4 INFORMATION ACCESS AND USE 90
4.5 GAPS IDENTIFIED IN INFORMATION AVAILABILITY 9
4.5.1 CO-ORDINATION AND ACCESS TO INFORMATION3
4.5.2 POLICY AND LEGISLATION4
4.5.3 BETTER STATISTICS6
4.5.4 ANALYSIS OF STATISTICAL DATA8
4.5.5 COUNTRY REPORTS AND EARLY WARNING 10
4.5.6 RESEARCH 101 Table of Contents Page iii
Chapter 5 Migration Information Provision: EUROSTAT, CIREFI AND CIREA
5.0 INTRODUCTION 103
5.1 EUROSTAT4
5.1.1 DATA COLLECTION AND DISSEMINATION BY EUROSTAT 10
5.1.2 NATURE OF INFORMATION RECEIVED5
5.1.3 DOCUMENTATION AND CHECKING
5.1.4 ANALYSIS6
5.1.5 EVALUATION OF PERFORMANCE
5.2 CIREFI AND CIREA8
5.2.1 INTRODUCTION 10
5.2.2 STRUCTURE9
5.2.3 OUTPUT 110
5.2.4 EVALUATION OF PERFORMANCE
5.3 SUMMARY3
Chapter 6 Existing Observatories
6.0 INTRODUCTION5
6.1 THE CONCEPT OF AN OBSERVATORY 11
6.2 EU-ESTABLISHED OBSERVATORIES6
6.2.1 THE THREE CORE FUNCTIONS OF AN OBSERVATORY8
6.2.2 STRUCTURE 119
5.2.3 OBSERVATORY PROPOSALS 124
6.2.4 OUTPUT :
6.3 OTHER ESTABLISHED OBSERVATORIES7
6.3.1 SOPEMI
6.3.2 MIES 130
6.4 COST RECOVERY1
6.5 CONCLUSION2
6.5.1 THE NATURE AND FUNCTION OF OBSERVATORIES 13
6.5.2 ELEMENTS NECESSARY FOR THE SUCCESS OF AN OBSERVATORY 133
6.5.3 SUMMARY5
Chapter 7 The Role for Information Technology in a European Migration Observatory
7.0 INTRODUCTION 136
7.1 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SURVEY9
7.1.1 Types of Database 140
7.1.2 User Groups
7.1.3 Data Acquisition 141
7.1.4 Output 142
7.1.5 Electronic Systems 145 Table of Contents Page iv
7.2 DOCUMENTARY DATABASES 146
7.2.1 TYPES OF DOCUMENTARY DATABASE
7.2.2 RETRIEVAL OF INFORMATION AND THE ROLE OF THESAURI9
7.2.3 THE RELEASE OF DOCUMENTARY INFORMATION ONTO THE INTERNET 151
7.2.4 BIBLIOGRAPHIC NETWORKS 152
7.2.5 OTHER NETWORKING SYSTEMS: ELECTRONIC DATA ARCHIVES AND STANDARDS FOR
INFORMATION4
7.2.6 THE LANGUAGE PROBLEM
7.2.7 RECENT DEVELOPMENTS7
7.3 STATISTICAL DATABASES8
7.3.1 EUROSTAT9
7.3.2 INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANISATION 161
7.3.3 OECD 162
7.3.4 UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE (UNECE) 163
7.3.5 OTHER STATISTICAL DATABASES
7.3.6 ISSUES5
7.3.7 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS6
7.4 CONCLUSION
Chapter 8 European Migration Observatory: Recommendation and Proposal
8.0 INTRODUCTION9
8.1 RATIONALE AND PRINCIPLES 170
8.1.1 CO-ORDINATION ROLE1
8.1.2 AN HONEST Β ROKER
8.1.3 RELIABILITY2
8.2 THE INSTITUTIONAL STRUCTURE AND MARKET FOR A EUROPEAN MIGRATION
OBSERVATORY
8.2.1 AN OBSERVATORY FOR POLICY MAKERS3
8.2.2 ANY FOR RESEARCH INSTITUTES, NGOs AND THE MEDIA 174
8.2.3 ANY OPEN To ALL USERS5
8.3 TYPE OF OBSERVATORY 176
8.3.1 A NETWORK OF EXISTING INSTITUTIONS
8.3.2 THINK TANK8
8.3.3 A STANDARD RESEARCH INSTITUTION
8.3.4 ORGANISER OF CONFERENCES, SEMINARS, PUBLICATIONS 179
8.3.5 FUNDING AGENCY
8.4 PROPOSAL FOR A EUROPEAN MIGRATION OBSERVATORY
8.4.1 STAGE 1 - NETWORKING 180
The European Migration Observatory and the World Wide Web 75
Establishing the European Migration Obsen>atory's Presence on the World Wide Web 755
8.4.2 STAGE Two-ADDED VALUE7
New Databases 188
A Monitoring and Analytical Role 755
Identifying Those Areas Where Research is Needed9
Creating a Geographic Information System (GIS) 196
Bespoke Information and Research Products 201
8.5 THE STRUCTURE OF THE EUROPEAN MIGRATION OBSERVATORY 201