L'exploitation des métaux précieux au temps des Incas - article ; n°5 ; vol.33, pg 948-966

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Annales. Économies, Sociétés, Civilisations - Année 1978 - Volume 33 - Numéro 5 - Pages 948-966
On the basis of several examples, this article attempts to determine the principal characteristics of the exploitation of precious metals in the Inca period. As in the case of land, cattle, and grazing, it is necessary to distinguish on the one hand, the mines of the Inca, which supplied the needs of the State, of the royal families, and of the official cults, and, on the other hand, the communal mines, which the communities could freely dispose of and which supplied the local chiefs or caciques. These two types of mines were characterized by two very different systems, one based in the centralized power structure (i.e in the State) and the other in the communities (where it was in the hands of the local chiefs). This fundamental difference can be seen in all aspects of mining : in the control of the exploitation of the mines and in decisions concerning the number of workers and where they came from ; in the location of mines, in the types of beds worked, and in the techniques employed; and even in the realm of beliefs and underlying ideologies.
19 pages
Source : Persée ; Ministère de la jeunesse, de l’éducation nationale et de la recherche, Direction de l’enseignement supérieur, Sous-direction des bibliothèques et de la documentation.

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Publié le 01 janvier 1978
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