Shiftwork review

Shiftwork review

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European Foundation for the Improvement of li Living and Working Conditions '. . ■ ■ ; SHIFTWORK REVIEW Research of the European Foundation 1981 -1984 Loughlinstown House Shankill, Co. Dublin, Ireland This publication is also available in the'following languages: FR ISBN 92-825-6420-7 Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1986 ISBN: 92-825-6419-3 Catalogue number: SY-46-86-783-EN-C © Copyright: THE EUROPEAN FOUNDATION FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF LIVING AND WORKING CONDITIONS. 1986. For rights of translation or reproduction, application should be made to the Director, European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, Loughlinstown House, Shankill, County Dublin, Ireland. Printed at the European Foundation Cr" SHIFTWORK REVIEW Research of the European Foundation 1981 -1984 European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions Loughlinstown House, Shankill, Co. Dublin, Ireland. Tel: (01 ) 826888 Telex: 30726 EURF El Department of Production Engineering and Production Management University of Nottingham Review of the European Foundation's Research into Shiftwork 1981 - 1984 - the necessity of Shiftwork in certain sectors - technological change and its impact on shiftwork - the effect on living and working conditions and recommendations for improvement, by S.M. Copsey and E.N. Corlett with Y.

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European Foundation
for the Improvement of li Living and Working Conditions
'. . ■ ■ ;
SHIFTWORK REVIEW
Research of the European Foundation
1981 -1984
Loughlinstown House
Shankill, Co. Dublin, Ireland This publication is also available in the'following languages:
FR ISBN 92-825-6420-7
Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication
Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1986
ISBN: 92-825-6419-3
Catalogue number: SY-46-86-783-EN-C
© Copyright: THE EUROPEAN FOUNDATION FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF LIVING AND WORKING
CONDITIONS. 1986. For rights of translation or reproduction, application should be made to the Director,
European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, Loughlinstown House, Shankill,
County Dublin, Ireland.
Printed at the European Foundation Cr"
SHIFTWORK REVIEW
Research of the European Foundation
1981 -1984
European Foundation
for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Loughlinstown House, Shankill, Co. Dublin, Ireland. Tel: (01 ) 826888 Telex: 30726 EURF El Department of Production Engineering and Production Management
University of Nottingham
Review of the European Foundation's Research into Shiftwork
1981 - 1984
- the necessity of Shiftwork in certain sectors
- technological change and its impact on shiftwork
- the effect on living and working conditions and
recommendations for improvement,
by S.M. Copsey
and
E.N. Corlett
with Y. Queinnec
(Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse)
July 1985
contract no. 84-II-A-2-4030-18 CONTENTS
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
PREFACE
SOURCES OF INFORMATION
CHAPTER 1: Shiftworking in Europe - an introduction ι
CHAPTER 2: Economic and technical constraints on _
shiftwork
CHAPTER 3: Technological developments and their effect
on shiftwork 23
CHAPTER 4: Innovations in shiftworking 47
CHAPTER 5: Analysis of the current shiftwork situation
and recommendations 59
REFERENCES
APPENDIX 1: Glossary of terms X 2: List of abbreviations
APPENDIX 3: Factors which affect the extent, nature and
consequences of shiftwork
APPENDIX 4: Design of the questionnaire used in the
"compensatory functions" approach
APPENDIX 5: Guidelines for the Introduction of New
Technology 11
TABLES
TABLE 1: Employment in U.K. motor vehicle manufacture
1979-1982 and French employment: means of
transport by land 1977-1981)
TABLE 2: Employment in the iron and steel industry
TABLE 3: Breakdown of iron and steel shiftworkers by type of
schedule
TABLE 4: The effect of New Technology in Fiat
TABLE 5: The extent of shiftwork in some industries in some
EEC countries
TABLE 6: Health complaints in a paper mill Ill
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
This report has been compiled from many separate reports
conducted, on behalf of the European Foundation for the
Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, by many
researchers in the various EEC countries. Although this
review has been carried out at Nottingham University, it has
been greatly assisted by the contributions of Yvon Queinnec
and Véronique Prêteur, of the Université Paul Sabatier,
Toulouse. However, the authors accept full responsibility for
any faults or errors. We would also like to acknowledge the
help of the Foundation, and especially the Foundation's
representative, Margaret Kelleher.