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Fundamentals of Friction and Wear

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In the past twenty years, powerful tools such as atomic force microscopy have made it possible to accurately investigate the phenomena of friction and wear, down to the nanometer scale. Readers of this book will become familiar with the concepts and techniques of nanotribology, explained by an international team of scientists and engineers, actively involved and with long experience in this field. Edited by two pioneers in the field, 'Fundamentals of Frictions and Wear at the Nanoscale' is suitable both as first introduction to this fascinating subject, and also as a reference for researchers wishing to improve their knowledge of nanotribology and to keep up with the latest results in this field.

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Contents
Experimental Techniques
1 Friction Force Microscopy R. Bennewitz. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2 Surface Forces Apparatus in Nanotribology C. Drummond, P. Richetti. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3 The quartz crystal microbalance as a nanotribology technique L. Bruschi, G. Mistura. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4 Nanoscale Friction and Ultrasonics M.T. Cuberes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5 Probing of Nanocontacts Inside a Transmission Electron Microscope D.Erts,A.L˜ohmus,J.D.Holmes,H.Olin. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Friction on the Atomic Scale, Superlubricity
1
15
35
49
73
6 StickSlip Motion on the Atomic Scale T. Gyalog, E. Gnecco, E. Meyer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .101
7 Velocity dependence of atomic friction: Rate theory and beyond M. Evstigneev, P. Reimann. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .117
8 The Basic of Nanoscale Friction and Ways to Control it J. Klafter, M. Urbakh. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .143
9 Experimental Observations of Superlubricity and Thermolubricity M. Dienwiebel, J.W.M. Frenken. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .159
X
Contents
10 Theoretical Aspects of Superlubricity M.H. Müser. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .177
11 FirstPrinciples AtomicScale Study of Superlow Friction S. Ciraci, S. Dag, O. Gulseren, T. Yildirim. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .201
Contact Mechanics on the Nanoscale
12 NanoMechanics: Elasticity in NanoObjects L. Merchan, R. Szoszkiewicz, E. Riedo. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .219
13 Mechanical Properties of Metallic Nanojunctions G.Rubio-Bollinger,J.J.Riquelme,N.Agraı¨t,S.Vieira. . . . . . . . . . . . . .255
14 Contact Mechanics, Friction and Adhesion with Application to Quasicrystals B.N.J. Persson, G. Carbone, V.N. Samoilov, I.M. Sivebaek, U. Tartaglino, A.I. Volokitin, C. Yang. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .269
15 A Multiscale Molecular Dynamics Approach to Contact Mechanics and Friction: From Continuum Mechanics to Molecular Dynamics U. Tartaglino, C. Yang, B.N.J. Persson. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .307
16 The Role of Nanoroughness in Contact Mechanics R. Buzio, U. Valbusa. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .345
Dissipation Mechanisms at Finite Separations
17 Energy Dissipation and Nanoscale Imaging in Tapping Mode AFM R.Garcı´a,N.F.Martı´nez,C.J.Gómez,A.Garc´ıa-Mart´ın. . . . . . . . . . . .361
18 Mechanisms of atomic scale dissipation at close approach in dynamic atomic force microscopy T. Trevethan, L. Kantorovich. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .373
19 Theory of Noncontact Friction A.I. Volokitin, B.N.J. Persson. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .393
20 Dissipation at large Separations S. Rast, U. Gysin, E. Meyer, D.W. Lee. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .439
Wear and Fracture on the Nanoscale
Contents
XI
21 SurfaceDamage Mechanisms: from Nano and Microcontacts to Wear of Materials R.Cola¸co. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .453
22 Single Asperity NanometerScale Studies of Tribochemistry J.T. Dickinson. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .481
23 Nanotribology of MEMS/NEMS S. Achanta, J.-P. Celis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .521
24 Nanotribology in Automotive Industry M. Dienwiebel, M. Scherge. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .549
Manipulation of Nanoparticles
25 Nanotribological Studies by Nanoparticle Manipulation U.D. Schwarz, C. Ritter, M. Heyde. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .561
26 Mechanical Properties of Carbon Nanotubes A.J. Kulik, A. Kis, B. Lukic, K. Lee, L. Forró. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .583
27 Theory of Adsorption and Manipulation of C60on the Si(001) Surface N. Martsinovich, C. Hobbs, L. Kantorovich, P. Beton. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .601
Organic Materials
28 Nanoscale Friction of Selfassembled Monolayers K. Mougin, H. Haidara. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .619
29 Sliding Friction of Polymers: The Complex Role of Interface S. Bistac, M. Schmitt, A. Ghorbal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .647
30 Molecular Origins of Elastomeric Friction S. Sills, K. Vorvolakos, K. Chaudhury, R.M. Overney. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .659
31 Nanotribological Perspectives in Tissue Engineering M. D’Acunto, G. Ciardelli, A. Rechichi, F. M. Montevecchi, P. Giusti.677
Index709. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
http://www.springer.com/978-3-540-36806-9