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Physical Properties of Polymers Handbook

De

"...this is a very useful compendium and should have a place on every polymer scientist’s bookshelf," George Christopher Martin, Journal of the American Chemical Society.


This handbook offers concise information on the properties of polymeric materials, particularly those most relevant to the areas of physical chemistry and chemical physics. In the second edition of Physical Properties of Polymers Handbook, each chapter has been extensively updated and revised.. Each chapter has been extensively updated and revised. In addition, a dozen new chapters have been added, increasing the number of topics covered by approximately 25%. Half of these new chapters can be grouped into the general area of "Reinforcing Materials for Polymers." New chapters have increased the number of topics to cover Carbon black, Silica, Clays and other layered fillers, POSS cubic particles, Nanotubes, and Reinforcement theory. Other new chapters focus on Rotaxanes and related materials, Self-assembly materials, Foldamer supramolecular structures, Tribology, Mechanical properties of single molecules, and dendrimers. The study of complex materials is highly interdisciplinary, and new findings are published in a large selection of journals by a wide range of scientific and engineering societies. Physical Properties of Polymers Handbook brings together the work of experts from different disciplines who are contributing to the growing area of polymers and complex materials.


 Key Features



  • Extensive updates and revisions to each chapter, including eleven new chapters on novel polymeric structures, reinforcing phases in polymers, and experiments on single polymer chains

  • Provides concise information on the properties of polymeric materials, particularly those most relevant to the areas of physical chemistry and chemical physics

  • Greatly reduces the effort in finding authoritative and useful information on a great range of polymers and their properties

  • Brings together the work of leading experts from different disciplines who are contributing to the rapidly growing area of polymers and complex materials
Voir plus Voir moins
James E. Mark: Physical Properties of Polymers Handbook 2e prelims Final Proof page v 3.1.2007 4:53pm
Contents
Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Preface to the Second Edition
Preface to the First Edition
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PART I. STRUCTURE 1. Chain Structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P. R. Sundararajan 2. Names, Acronyms, Classes, and Structures of Some Important Polymers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chandima Kumudinie Jayasuriya and Jagath K. Premachandra
PART II. THEORY 3. The Rotational Isomeric State Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Carin A. Helfer and Wayne L. Mattice 4. Computational Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Joel R. Fried 5. Theoretical Models and Simulations of Polymer Chains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Andrzej Kloczkowski and Andrzej Kolinski 6. Scaling, Exponents, and Fractal Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mohamed Daoud, H. Eugene Stanley, and Dietrich Stauffer
PART III. THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES 7. Densities, Coefficients of Thermal Expansion, and Compressibilities of Amorphous Polymers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Robert A. Orwoll 8. Thermodynamic Properties of Proteins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . George I. Makhatadze 9. Heat Capacities of Polymers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Jianye Wen 10. Thermal Conductivity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Yong Yang
v
xi
xvii
xix
3
25
43
59
67
83
93
103
145
155
vi
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
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CONTENTS
James E. Mark: Physical Properties of Polymers Handbook 2e prelims Final Proof page vi 3.1.2007 4:53pm
Thermodynamic Quantities Governing Melting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L. Mandelkern and R. G. Alamo The Glass Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Donald J. Plazek and Kia L. Ngai SubTg. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . Transitions . Joel R. Fried Polymer—Solvent Interaction Parameterx. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Robert A. Orwoll and Pamela A. Arnold Theta Temperatures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P. R. Sundararajan Solubility Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . W. Zeng, Y. Du, Y. Xue, and H. L. Frisch Mark—Houwink—Staudinger—Sakurada Constants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . W. Zeng, Y. Du, Y. Xue, and H. L. Frisch Polymers and Supercritical Fluids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Annette D. Shine Thermodynamics of Polymer Blends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hany B. Eitouni and Nitash P. Balsara
PART IV. SPECTROSCOPY 20. NMR Spectroscopy of Polymers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Alan E. Tonelli and Jeffery L. White 21. Broadband Dielectric Spectroscopy to Study the Molecular Dynamics of Polymers Having Different Molecular Architectures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F. Kremer 22. Group Frequency Assignments for Major Infrared Bands Observed in Common Synthetic Polymers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I. Noda, A. E. Dowrey, J. L. Haynes, and C. Marcott 23. Small Angle Neutron and XRay Scattering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . George D. Wignall
PART V. MECHANICAL PROPERTIES 24. Mechanical Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Witold Brostow 25. Chain Dimensions and Entanglement Spacings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L. J. Fetters, D. J. Lohse, and R. H. Colby 26. Temperature Dependences of the Viscoelastic Response of Polymer Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K. L. Ngai and D. J. Plazek 27. Adhesives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Alphonsus V. Pocius
165
187
217
233
259
289
305
319
339
359
385
395
407
423
447
455
479
28.
29.
30.
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CONTENTS
Some Mechanical Properties of Typical PolymerBased Composites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Jianye Wen Polymer Networks and Gels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ferenc Horkay and Gregory B. McKenna Force Spectroscopy of Polymers: Beyond Single Chain Mechanics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Xi Zhang, Chuanjun Liu, and Weiqing Shi
PART VI. REINFORCING PHASES 31. Carbon Black . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Manfred Klüppel, Andreas Schröder and Gert Heinrich 32. Properties of Polymers Reinforced with Silica . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chandima Kumudinie Jayasuriya and Jagath K. Premachandra 33. Physical Properties of Polymer/Clay Nanocomposites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clois E. Powell and Gary W. Beall 34. Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane (POSS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Guirong Pan 35. Carbon Nanotube Polymer Composites: Recent Developments in Mechanical Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M. C. Weisenberger, R. Andrews, and T. Rantell 36. Reinforcement Theories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gert Heinrich, Manfred Klüppel, and Thomas Vilgis
37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44.
PART VII. CRYSTALLINITY AND MORPHOLOGY Densities of Amorphous and Crystalline Polymers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Vladyslav Kholodovych and William J. Welsh Unit Cell Information on Some Important Polymers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Edward S. Clark Crystallization Kinetics of Polymers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rahul Patki, Khaled Mezghani, and Paul J. Phillips Block Copolymer Melts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . V. Castelletto and I. W. Hamley Polymer Liquid Crystals and Their Blends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Witold Brostow The Emergence of a New Macromolecular Architecture: ‘‘The Dendritic State’’ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Donald A. Tomalia Polyrotaxanes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Feihe Huang, Adam M.P. Pederson, and Harry W. Gibson Foldamers: Nanoscale Shape Control at the Interface Between Small Molecules and High Polymers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Morris M. Slutsky, Richard A. Blatchly, and Gregory N. Tew
/
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487
497
525
539
551
561
577
585
599
611
619
625
641
653
671
693
699
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Recent Advances in Supramolecular Polymers Varun Gauba and Jeffrey D. Hartgerink
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PART VIII. ELECTRICAL, OPTICAL AND MAGNETIC PROPERTIES 46. Conducting Polymers: Electrical Conductivity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Arthur J. Epstein 47. Electroluminescent Polymer Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Leni Akcelrud 48. Magnetic, Piezoelectric, Pyroelectric, and Ferroelectric Properties of Synthetic and Biological Polymers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Andrzej Kloczkowski and Taner Z. Sen 49. Nonlinear Optical Properties of Polymers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . W. M. K. P. Wijekoon, K.S. Lee, and P. N. Prasad 50. Refractive Index, StressOptical Coefficient, and Optical Configuration Parameter of Polymers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Vassilios Galiatsatos
PART IX. RESPONSES TO RADIATION, HEAT, AND CHEMICAL AGENTS Ultraviolet Radiation and Polymers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Anthony L. Andrady The Effects of Electron Beam andg. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Irradiation on Polymeric Materials K. Dawes, L. C. Glover, and D. A. Vroom Flammability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Archibald Tewarson ThermalOxidative Stability and Degradation of Polymers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Vladyslav Kholodovych and William J. Welsh Synthetic Biodegradable Polymers for Medical Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Laura J. Suggs, Sheila A. Moore, and Antonios G. Mikos Biodegradability of Polymers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Anthony L. Andrady Properties of Photoresist Polymers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Qinghuang Lin Pyrolyzability of Preceramic Polymers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Yi Pang, Ke Feng, and Yitbarek H. Mariam
51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58.
PART X. OTHER PROPERTIES 59. Surface and Interfacial Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Afshin Falsafi, Subu Mangipudi, and Michael J. Owen 60. Acoustic Properties of Polymers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Moitreyee Sinha and Donald J. Buckley
715
725
757
787
795
823
857
867
889
927
939
951
965
981
1011
1021
61.
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Permeability of Polymers to Gases and Vapors S. A. Stern and J. R. Fried
CONTENTS
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PART XI. MISCELLANEOUS 62. Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ping Xu 63. Units and Conversion Factors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Shuhong Wang Subject Index. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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