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Proceedings of the 35th International MATADOR Conference

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Presented here are 88 refereed papers given at the 35th MATADOR Conference held at the National University of Taiwan in Taipei, Taiwan in July 2007. The MATADOR series of conferences covers the topics of Manufacturing Automation and Systems Technology, Applications, Design, Organisation and Management, and Research.


The proceedings of this conference contains original papers contributed by researchers from many countries on different continents. The papers cover the principles, techniques and applications associated with: manufacturing processes; technology; system design and integration; and computer applications and management.


The papers in this volume reflect:


• the importance of manufacturing in international wealth creation;


• the emerging fields of micro- and nano-manufacture;


• the increasing trend towards the fabrication of parts using additive processes;


• the growing demand for precision engineering and part inspection techniques;


• measurement techniques and equipment;


• the changing trends in manufacturing within a global environment.


Some of the major generic developments which have taken place in these areas since the 34th MATADOR conference was held in Manchester, UK in 2004 are reported in this volume.

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Contents
1 Bio- and Nano-technologies
1–1 Preheated Carbon Source for Carbon Nanotube Synthesis C.Y. Liu, N.K. Chang, Y.T. Chang, J.H. Hsu and S.H. Chang......................................................................................3............
1–2 Nano Manufacturing of a Small-tipped Stylus for Measurement of Micro-Machine Elements with Concave Surfaces S. Kurokawa and S. Imamura..........................7........................................................................................................................
1–3 Surface Plasmon Resonance Instrument to Detect Biomolecular Interactions C.L. Chiang, H.C. Shih, T.K. Chou and C.T. Yang........1.1.......................................................................................................
2 Coating Technology
2–1 Plasma-Ion Enhanced Optical Multilayer Thin-film Coating for Consumer Electronics Products G.L. Chen, C.C. Chang, S.C. Chien, T.S. Tung, H.H. Lee, W.C. Ling and H.L. Lee.............................................................17
2–2 The Structure and Properties of Electroless Ni-P and Ni-Mo-P Deposits Y. H. Chou, C. Y. Bai, M. D. Ger, C. L. Chao, S. J. Lee, C. Y. Lee........................................................................................21
2–3 The Mechanism of Amorphous Silicon Thin Films Using XeF Excimer Laser Crystallization C. C. Kuo, W.C. Yeh, C.P. Hsiao and J.Y. Jeng.....................................25................................................................................
2–4 Surface Properties of Polypropylene Treated Using Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Jet C.H. Su, T.H. Chen, S.H. Yang, C.H. Liu, S. Lin, J.T. Teng and H. Chen.............................................................................29
3 Computer-Aided Engineering
3–1 Development of STEP-NC Compliant Machine Tool Data Model W.Z. Yang, X. Xu and S.Q. Xie...............................................53................................................................................................
3–2 Geometric Modelling and NC Machining of Scroll Profiles Using Circular Biarcs Fitting J.N. Lee and R.S. Lee................................................................................................1.4............................................................
3–3 Establishing Parametric Design Management to Facilitate Activity-based Costing C.L. Liu and R. Holland................................................................................................................5...4......................................
3–4 An Enhanced Graph and Artificial Intelligence-based Approach for Assembly Sequence Planning Y.Y. Hsu, W.C. Chen, P.H. Tai and M.D. Tsai.......................................................................................................................49
3–5 The Development of an Agent-based Distributed Surface Machining System Y.C. Kao, M.S. Chen and J.S. Lia................................................................................53..........................................................
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Contents
4 Design of Optical Components
4–1 The Improvement of Plastic Aspheric Lens for the Application of Compact Camera Module S.C. Yen, Y.C. Chien and K.M. Chang...............................................................................................95....................................
4–2 Design of O-ring-driven Liquid-filled Lens D. Shaw and C.W. Lin........................................................................36....................................................................................
4–3 Surface Modification for Advanced Light Guide Plate for TFTLCD Display G.-L. Chen, and T.-C. Yu............................................................................76...........................................................................
4–4 Optical Design for Three Mega Pixel Mobile Phone Camera G.-L. Chen, C.-Y. Lee, A. Yuan and P. Chang........................................7.1..............................................................................
5 Electro-physical and chemical Processes
5–1 Micro-Electric Discharge Machining in Standard Setup S. Chatterjee and S. Das7..7......................................................................................................................................................
5–2 Development ofin situMonitoring and Control of Micro-EDM Process S.H. Yeo, W. Kurnia, P.C. Tan, M. Mushan81...........................................................................................................................
5–3 Improvement of Roundness of Cylindrical Parts Using Hybrid Electrochemical Smoothing and Roller Burnishing Process T.A. El-Taweel, and S.J. Ebeid................5.......8.......................................................................................................................
5–4 Workpiece Surface Hardness as an Indicator of Process Regime in Peripheral Electrochemical Grinding J. Atkinson...................................89...........................................................................................................................................
5–5 Design of Compound Processes of Electrochemical Finishing and Rolling–Levelling following Turning P.S. Pa......59.............................................................................................................................................................................
6 Forming
6–1 Investigation of Micro Sheet Metal Forming of Ball Retainer Using Finite Element Analysis R.S. Lee, C.H. Chen and Y.F. Sung................011......................................................................................................................
6–2 Design of Titanium Alloy Superplastic Blow-forming in Ellip-cylindrical Die Using Taguchi Method D.-C. Chen, J.-Y. Lin, M.-W. Jheng and J.-M. Chen................................501...........................................................................
6–3 The Cold Orbital Forging Die and Process Design of a Hollow-ring Gear Part J.J. Sheu and C.H. Yu................................................11..1........................................................................................................
6–4 Semisolid Extrusion of Wrought Magnesium Alloy AZ61 and Its Mechanical Properties S. Sugiyama, J.L. Kuo, S.H. Hsiang and J. Yanagimoto....................................................................1..15................................
6–5 Improving the Productivity and the Quality of a Manufacturing Robotized Cell for MIG/MAG Welding A. Barcellona, M. Bruccoleri, C. D’Onofrio, D. Palmeri and R. Riccobono.......................................................................119
6–6 Surface Finish of the Injection Molding Tool Steel PX4 Using Ball-burnishing, Nickel-plating, and Ball-polishing Processes F.J. Shiou and C.M. Cheng213..................................................................................................................................................
7 Fuel Cell Technology
7–1 The Performance Analysis of a Portable Charger System Using Direct Methanol Fuel Cells Y.D. Kuan, S.R. Lee, S.M. Lee, M.F. Sung and H.S. Chiou................................................................................................129
Contents
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7–2 A Novel Integration Approach for Combining the Porous Silicon on a Micro Fuel Cell C.Y. Lee, S.J. Lee, C.W. Chuang and R.D. Huang........1.33......................................................................................................
8 Laser Processing
8–1 High-performance Laser Technological Processing Systems for Scientific and Industrial Applications Y.V. Chugui, V.P. Kiryanov and A.G. Verkhogliad..............................................................................................................319
8–2 Evaluation of Minimum Distance for Split Rectangular Beam for Glass Cutting S. Nisar, S. Safdar, M.A. Sheikh and L. Li341...........................................................................................................................
8–3 Nonlinear Penetrating Behavior in High Energy Beam Drilling J.E. Ho and H.T. Young................................................14..7.....................................................................................................
8–4 Analysis of Enhanced Thermal Conductivity Approach for Predicting Melt Pool Geometry and Temperature Distribution for Laser Melting Processes S. Safdar, F. Qureshi, L. Li and M.A. Sheikh..............1.15........................................................................................................
9 Manufacturing
9–1 Towards Collaborative Manufacturing in Small and Medium Manufacturing Enterprises H.W. Lin, S. Nagalingam and G. Lin................15..7.................................................................................................................
9–2 Application of Virtual CIM in Small and Medium Manufacturing Enterprises N. Zhou, S. Nagaligam and G. Lin................................................................................................61...1....................................
9–3 Effectiveness Measurement of Facilities Layout D. Raman, S.V. Nagalingam, B.W. Gurd and G.C.I. Lin................................................................5..61...................................
9–4 High-level Business Processes for Agile B2B Collaboration K. Mous, K.L. Ko, S.G. Lee, P.S. Tan and E.W. Lee..........9..61................................................................................................
9–5 Configuring an Optimal Supply Chain of New Products Using Analytical Target Cascading T. Qu, G.Q. Huang, S. Bin and H.P. Chen371...........................................................................................................................
9–6 An Agent-based Inference System for FMS Dispatching C.L. Kuo, C.C. Ku and J.P. Tsai..................................................................................................................................717........
9–7 Investigation of Machines Sequencing Flexibility in Traditional and Flexible Manufacturing Systems (FMS) Using Genetic Algorithms (GA). S.Noor, M.K. Khan, I.Hussain.............................................................................181................................................................
10 Metal Cutting
10–1 Effect of Tool Coatings on the Performance of Small-diameter Drills in Drilling Deep Holes with Higher Cutting Speed R. Heinemann and S. Hinduja.....................................................................1.78........................................................................
10–2 Comparison of Cutting Strategies for High Productive End Milling M.S. Uddin, A. Matsubara, S. Ibaraki and T.Yasuda......1.....................................91................................................................
10–3 Experimental Investigation of Brittle Material Milling Using Rotary Ultrasonic Machining K. L. Kuo..............................................................................................................................................915................................
10–4 Effect of Edge Bevelling on Burr Formation in Face Milling P.P. Saha, D. Das, and S. Das.......................................................................................................19......9................................
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10–5 The Effect of AlCrTiN Coatings on Product Quality in Micro-milling of 45 HRC Hardened H13 Die Steel A. Aramcharoen, P.T. Mativenga and S. Yang................................203....................................................................................
10–6 Theoretical Investigation for the Material Removal Rate of Metal Polishing Process Y.R. Jeng, P.Y. Huang and H.J. Tsai07.2..................................................................................................................................
10–7 Dummy Heat Source Technique for Estimating the Machining Error Caused by Thermal Behavior in Fine Boring Y.L. Tang, H. Sasahara, K. Nishimura and T. Watanabe.........211...........................................................................................
10–8 An Investigation of the Tool–Chip Interface Temperature and Heat Partition in High-speed Machining of AISI/SAE 4140 Steel with TiN-coated Tool F. Akbar, P.T. Mativenga and M.A. Sheikh................................................................5......12...................................................
11 Metrology
11–1 The Study of Using X-Ray Laminography on Printed-Circuit Board Inspection H.C. Chen and S.C. Lin....................................................................21.2...................................................................................
11–2 Realization of Defect Automatic Inspection System for Flexible Printed Circuit (FPC) C.-H. Chen, C.-C. Wang, C.-Y. Lin, Y.-S. Shih and C.-F. Tu...............................................................................................225
11–3 Investigation of Auto-focus Technology for Panel Inspection in the Flat-panel Display Industry C.Y. Chung, C.M. Tseng, Y.C. Lu and K.M. Yeh................................................................................................922..................
11–4 Automatic Optical Inspection on Mura Defect of TFT-LCD S.L. Chen and J.W. Jhou33.........................................................2.............................................................................................
11–5 Development of Simultaneous Confocal Full-field Surface Profilometry for Automatic Optical Inspection (AOI) L.C. Chen and Y.W. Chang............23..................7....................................................................................................................
11–6 Aspheric Lens Decenter Measurement J. Chang, B.-H. Hu, W. Tsai, L. Li and P. Chang........................................................................142........................................
11–7 A High-speed Inspection System of Large Area Component C.Y. Hung, C.L. Chang, S.C. Lu, J.J. Jeng, and W.Y. Chen.................................................................................................245
11–8 An Air-bearing Displacement Sensor with a Micro-ball Stylus for Profile Measurement of 3D Micro-structured Surfaces Y. Yoshikawa, A. Shibuya and W. Gao..............................................................................................................................942...
11–9 In-plane Displacement Measurement with Subnanometer Resolution for Precision Manufacture Platform C.C. Wu, C.C. Hsu, J.Y. Lee, H.Y. Chen and H.F. Weng................................35..2...................................................................
11–10 Width Measurement of Metal Surface Cracks Based on Image Analysis Technique Li M., Wang Z.-y., Shuai M.........................................................................................................752.........................................
11–11 A Multifunctional Scanning White-Light Interferometer (SWLI): Construction of 2-D and 3-D Measurements J.-L. Chen, K. Kuo, C.-H. Tung and C.C. Chang................261.................................................................................................
11–12 The Error Analysis of Cross-section Curve with Contact Mode Atomic Force Microscopy Simulation Measurement by Using Trapezoidal Cantilever Based on Molecular Mechanics Z.C. Lin, J.C. Huang and C.H. Yeh................562......................................................................................................................
11–13 Molecular Dynamics Simulation of AFM/FFM Surface Observation: Influence of Probe Tip Shape J. Shimizu, L. Zhou and H. Eda71......2.....................................................................................................................................
11–14 Measurement of Mechanical Properties of Boron Nanowire Using Nano-manipulation System C.H. Lin, M. Chang, X. Li and J.R. Deka..275..........................................................................................................................
12 Precision Machine Design
Contents
xiii
12–1 Modelling and Simulation Considerations of a Micro-chuck Mechanism Y.M. Chen, T.Y. Wu, S.H. Tu and C.P. Chiang................................................................................281....................................
12–2 Prediction of Machining Accuracy of 5-Axis Machine Tools with Kinematic Errors M. Sharif Uddin, S. Ibaraki, A. Matsubara, and T. Matsushita...........................................................................................285
12–3 Active Aerostatic Bearings for Ultraprecision Applications H. Mizumoto, S. Arii, Y. Yabuta, Y. Kami and Y. Tazoe.................................289......................................................................
12–4 Jacobian Inversion Analysis and Extraction of Dexterous Workspace in PKMs A. Khalid and S. Mekid......................................................................................................29..3................................................
12–5 The Structure Design of a Micro-precision CMM with Abbé Principle K.C. Fan, C.L. Liu, P. T. Wu, Y.C. Chen and W.L. Wang..................................................................................................29..7
12–6 Evaluation of Size Effect on Micro-machine-tools Design for Microfactory M. Yamanaka, S. Hirotomi and K. Inoue................................................................1..........03...................................................
13 Process and Machine Tool Control
13–1 Closed-loop Sensor System for Automated Manufacturing Machines A.A. Shaik, G. Bright and W.L. Xu................................................................................................7..03.....................................
13–2 Friction Compensator for Feed Drive Systems Consisting of Ball Screw and Linear Ball Guide R. Sato and M. Tsutsumi.3..11...................................................................................................................................................
13–3 Radial Basis Function Sliding-mode Control for the Laser Alloying Process H.-Y. Chen and S.-J. Huang.................315................................................................................................................................
13–4 Real-Time Tracking and Stereo Vision-Based Control of a Goldfish-Catching System C.C. Ho and C.L. Shih................................19.3........................................................................................................................
13–5 Nano-positioning Drive with Piezoelectric Actuator Integrated into Support Bearing Unit of Ball Screw A. Matsubara, T. Fujita, D. Kono, N.Tanaka and Y.Watanabe...........................................................................................323
13–6 Real-time Monitoring of a Pulsed Power for Reactive Magnetron Sputtering Using a LabVIEW System F.L. Wen, C.H. Wen, I. Hsu, H.S. Wu and H.J. Wen................................................................723............................................
13–7 Windows CE-based Intelligent Remote Monitoring System S.-L. Chen and T.-H. Lin.......................................................................13.............3..................................................................
14 Rapid Prototyping
14–1 Digital Additive Manufacturing: From Rapid Prototyping to Rapid Manufacturing K.K.B. Hon..........................................37.3................................................................................................................................
14–2 Effects of Mold Pattern with Anti-adhesive Treatment in Nanoimprint Lithography T.L. Chang, F.Y. Chang, H.Y. Lin, W.L. Lai, J.H. Tsai, and S.H. Chang............................................................................341
14–3 Component Repair Using Laser Direct Metal Deposition W. Wang, A.J. Pinkerton, L.M. Wee and L. Li............................................................................................................543.........
14–4 Selective Laser Sintering of High-density Alumina Ceramic Parts Z.H. Liu, J.J. Nolte, J.I. Packard, G. Hilmas, F. Dogan and M.C. Leu ................................................................................351
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Contents
15 Robotics
15–1 Design of High Sensitive Quadruped Robot with Modular Assembly P.S. Pa and C.M. Wu...................................................................................................................................................537........
15–2 Development of a Mobile Platform for Service Robots H.K. Huang, K.S. Tseng, Y.M. Chu and C.Y. Liu.................................................................................................................361
15–3 Study of an Industrial Multi-Agent Framework with an Application to Multi-robots Fire-rescue Simulation Y.-M. Chen, C.-I. Chu, Y.-P. Lee and T.-C. Chou.............................................................................................................3...56
15–4 Motion Diagnosis of a Mobile Platform by Impedance Transduction Y.L. Kuo, J.Y. Lin, Y.N. Lee, and Y.S. Sun.................................................................371..........................................................
16 Sensor Technology
16–1in situMeasuring of Temperature and Humidity within the Membrane Electrode Assembly by Micro-Sensors C.Y. Lee, S.J. Lee and G.W. Wu...........................................................................................................................................737
16–2 Application of Micro-sensors on Diagnosis of Micro-reformer C.-Y.n Lee, S.-J. Lee, C.-H. Wu, C.-H. Lin and, M.-D. Ger.................................................................................................381
16–3 The Development of a Diffraction Optoelectronic Inclinometer W. Jywe, C.-J. Chen, J.-M. Lai and H.-H. Jwo....................................385................................................................................
16–4 A Novel Passive Pressure-relief Valve for Blood Pressure Monitor T.-H. Chen, C.-M. Su, W.-T. Lin and Y.-C. Yang.................................................................................................................389
16–5 3D Data Acquisition and Configuration by Means of Binocular Stereopsis H. Otsuka, Y. Murakami, Z. Qiu, H. Ojima, L. Zhou, J. Shimizu and H. Eda......................................................................393
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